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compiled. But, notwithstanding this great disadvantage, BEAtson's Political Index is, even to this day, a favourite, though wanting the character of a standard, Work. No other Work has hitherto been attempted to supply its place, or in continuation of it; and latterly it has become so scarce, as to have entirely disappeared from the shelves of the modern bookseller.

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In the Work we now place before the Public, we owe little more than the plan to BEATSON. The Book OF DIGNITIES includes many lists (among them, the Administrations of England, and the Judges of the Ecclesiastical Courts) not to be found in the Political Index, and we have rejected other lists that had neither antiquarian research nor usefulness to entitle them to a place in the present volume. For the earlier dates we have consulted our most esteemed antiquaries, drawing our information directly from the authors themselves, instead of relying upon the transcripts made from th

by a writer who errs so frequently. Were we to enumerate those authors here, we should crowd a page with the most illustrious names in our literature; but as we quote, with scrupulous fidelity, our authority in every case throughout the Work, we deem such an

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It is right to observe, that we have had a pre-eminent advantage over BEATSON. We have been honoured by the chief members of the Government with their especial permission to search the records of their respective departments, and where records did not exist, either on account of the comparative newness of the office, or some particular contingency, they have graciously directed that the information essential to the completion of our Work should be supplied to us from the minutes of their Boards, or from some equally authentic

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To acknowledge, in this place, the condescension of the highest personages in the State, might seem ostentatious and impertinent, yet we may be allowed to mention, that the roll of the Privy Councillors has been compiled from the registers of the Council, and is now published, for the first time, by permission of the Marquess of LANSDOWNE, the Lord President. Several of our lists are the contributions of the most distinguished individuals. Our lists of the Judges of England are (from the Restoration to the present year) the compilations of the late Lord LANGDALE.

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Of the numerous writers that have sprung up within the past half-century, we have, of course, availed ourselves. We have not gone, for instance, to DUGDALE for our list of the Lord Chancellors. The indefatigable antiquary, Mr. HARDY, of the Tower, has recently produced, after much laborious research, a roll of the Lord Chancellors, the most accurate that has ever appeared, and of this roll, ours is nearly a transcription.

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We conclude with the expression of our humble hope, that the Book OF DIGNITIES will be found of some usefulness to the Official Gentleman, the Historian, and the Scholar. If we shall have achieved this chief object of our labours, we shall be satisfied to mingle undistinguished in the crowd of useful writers, desiring no higher fame, or greater reward.

London, October 1851.

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CASTER

Page

Page

Ministers To Persia

86 PRINCIPAL SECRETARIES of State

- 170

To Poland

80 Home Departmert

- 173

To Portugal

80

Foreign Department

174

To Prussia

80 War and Colonies

· 174

To Russia

81 Secretaries of State for Scotland

- 175

To Sardinia

82 Under-Secretaries of State for the dif-

To Saxony

82

ferent Departments

175

To the (Two) Sicilies

82 Commissioners of the Board of Trade 177

To the New States of South America 87 Present Establishment

182

To Spain

83 PRESIDENTS of the Board of TRADE 183

To Sweden

83 Vice-Presidents

18+

To the Swiss Cantons

81 Secretaries

184

To Turkey

84 Board of ContROUL, or India Board 185

To Tuscany

85 Secretaries to the Board

188

To the United States of North America 86 CHANCELLORS of the Duchy of Lan-

To Venice

8.5

189

To Wurtemberg

85 SECRETARIES-AT-WAR

- 190

MASTERS-GENERAL of the ORDRINCE 191

Lieutenants-General of the Ordnance 192

Surveyors-General of the Ordnance

193

First COMMISSIONERS of Woons and

ADMINISTRATIONS of ENGLAND from the

FORESTS

193

reign of HENRY VIII. to the reign of Surveyors - General of the Woods and

VICTORIA

88

Forests

193

Surveyors-General of Land Revenues 194

Commissioners of Woods, Forests, and

Land Revenues

194

GREAT OFFICERS of State of ENGLAND:

Treasurers of the Navy

· 195

Lord High STEWARDS

99 Comptrollers of the Navy,

· 196

Lord High CHANCELLORS

100 Surveyors of the Navy

196

LORD High TREASURERS, First Lords

PAYMASTERS-GENERAL

197

of the TREASURY, and Lords Com-

PosTMASTERS-GENERAL

198

missioners of the Treasury

106

Secretaries of the Post-Office

200

Secretaries

117

MASTERS of the Mint

200

Assistant-Secretaries

118 Judge-Advocates General

202

LORD PRESIDENTS of the COUNCIL

118

Privy COUNCILLORS of England, from

Lord Stewards of the Household

203

the reign of Charles II.

119

Treasurers of the Household

204

Lords PRIVY SEAL

146

Lord Chamberlains of the Ilousehold

206

LORD GREAT CHAMBERLAINS

148

Grooms of the Stole

Lord High CoxsTABLES

207

149

Masters of the Horse

EARLS-MARSHAL

208

- 150

Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms

- 209

Deputy Earls-Marshal

151

Yeomen of the Guard

211

Lord High ADMIRALS, First Lords, and

Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty 151 The SUPPRESSED STATE OFFICES:

Secretaries

166 Masters of the Great Wardrobe

· 213

Second Secretaries

167 Cofferers of the Household

213

CHANCELLORS of the EXCIIEQUER

Treasurers of the Chamber

214

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254

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