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16th of September, 1519, in his 53rd year, at his house, which he had built, near the palace at Sheen, or Richmond, in Surrey, and was buried in the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral.
ROYAL HUMANE SOCIETY,
The Royal Humane Society owes its origin to the philanthropic exertions of the late Dr. Hawes. This beneficent individual was born at Islington, on the 28th of November, 1736, at the Old Thatched House Tavern, which his father had kept for several years. He first attracted the notice of the public in 1773, by calling their attention to the resuscitation of persons apparently dead, but particularly from drowning. In this, his laudable design, he encountered considerable opposition and ridicule, as its practicability was at that time generally disbelieved ; but, by offering rewards, at his own expense, to persons who should, within a certain period from the occurrence of an accident, rescue the bodies of drowned persons, between Westminster and London Bridges, the lives of several persons were snatched from apparent death. In the following year, with the co-operation of his friend Dr. Cogan, the Humane Society was formed, at a meeting which they called of their friends, at the Chapter Coffee House. It was “instituted to collect and circulate the most approved and effectual Methods for Recovering the apparently Drowned or Dead; to suggest and provide proper Apparatus for, and to bestow Rewards on all who assist in, the Preservation or Restoration of Life." Since the establishment of this Institution, the
lives of nearly 6000 persons have been rescued from a preinature death by drowning, and other cases of suspended animation; and rewards have been given to no less than 21,000 persons, who have risked their own lives in endeavouring to save those of their fellow creatures.
The resuscitative processes, recommended by the Humane Society, are not confined to apparent death from suffocation by water, but extended to the proper treatment for suspension of animation by hanging, noxious airs and vapours, lightnings, still birth, smotherings, excessive cold, drinking cold liquids in sultry weather, and the several poisons of oxalic acid, laudanum, arsenic, and monkshood, or night shade.*
Death may usurp on nature many hours,
For the particular methods of treatment in all this variety of cases, the reader will refer to the very valuable Report of the Society, (the 54th), published in 1828. During the preceding year, out of 195 cases, 175 had proved successful, and of those, ten were instances of still-born infants, who had been restored to animation, at the City of London Lying-in Hospital, by the assi:luous and continued practice of the Matron. The Report contains two wood-cuts of the Apparatus for Resuscitation, and also a lithographic print of a Self-acting Safety Rod, devised by Lieut. Ackerly, R. N., for the preservation of Seamen and others, upset in boats.
The following condensed Manual, for “ Restoring Life to the
This very praiseworthy Institution is governed by a numerous Committee, whose meetings are held in Bridge Street, Blackfriars. His present Majesty is Patron. During the skaiting season, the Society has four men in regular attendance at the Serpentine river, in Hyde Park; two men at the Canal in St. James's Park, and two men at the sheet of water in the Regent's Park. They are provided with ice ladders, ropes, boats, and all other necessary apparatus; and in Hyde Park, this Society has a principal Receiving-House, erected on the north side of the Serpentine river, on a
apparently Drowned," (taken chiefly from the Reports of the Humane Society,) was drawn up by J. J. Wilkinson, Esq. an eminent special pleader, of the Temple. From its very obvious utility, it is here reprinted :—
"CAUTIONS.-Avoid all rough usage. Do not hold up the body by the feet. (By these absurd practices, hundreds of lives are annually sacrificed.) Do not roll the body on casks, or rub it with salt, or spirits, or infuse tobacco.-Lose not a Moment. Carry the body, the head and shoulders raised, to the nearest house. Place it in a warm room. Let it be instantly stripped, dried, and wrapped in hot blankets, which are to be renewed when necessary. Keep the mouth, nostrils, and the throat, free and clean. Apply warm substances to the back, spine, pit of the stomach, arm-pits, and soles of the feet,-rub the body with heated flannel, or warm hands. Attempt to restore breathing, by gently blowing with bellows into one nostril, closing the mouth and the other nostril; press down the breast carefully with both hands, and then allow it to rise again, and thus imitate natural breathing. Keep up the application of heat. Continue the rubbing, and increase it when life appears, and then give a tea-spoonful of warm water, or of very weak wine, or spirits and warm water. Persevere for six hours. Send quickly for Medical Assistance.-250,000 copies printed since 1823."