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abilities which could executę so noble a composition, will for ever rank the name of Roubiliac in the bighest class of human intelligence. It has been his to express the severe pangs of conjugal affliction, when about to be bereaved of its every hope ; to pourtray the last expiring struggle of female imbecility; and to realize the daring idea of the poet Milton, by creating a soul,
under the ribs of Death." If there be any thing that detracts from the gracefulness of this design, it is that the Statue being rather smaller than the life, possesses less dignity than the heroic style requires; but the air of truth and nature, which pervades the whole, fully compensates for this presumed deficiency. A rustic niche of dove-coloured marble, nearly similar to the basement, affords relief to the principal figures, and contains within its concave recess, an artless inscription in memory of the deceased lady and her consort.
SHERIFFS OF LONDON,
The following particulars relating to the office of Sheriff, are derived from a manuscript copy of the Journal of Richard Hoare, Esq. during the year of his Shrievalty, in 1740-41, in his own hand-writing, which is now in the possession of his grandson, Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart., of Stourhead, in Wiltshire. The above year became memorable in the City Annals, from there having been three Lord Mayors during its progress, viz. Sir John Salter, Knight; Humphry Parsons, Esq., and Daniel Lambert, Esq.
Mr. Hoare, who was a Banker, in Fleet Street, and principal of the respectable House which, instituted by one of his predecessors, still bears the family name, was elected Alderman of the Ward of Farringdon without, on St. George's Day, 1740, in the place of Sir Francis Child, who died on the preceding Sunday, April the 20th. This honour was conferred upon him, whilst he was at Bath, and quite unexpectedly; and equally so, was his election to the Sheriffdom, conjointly with Mr. Alderman Marshall, on the Midsummer-day following. Shortly afterwards, they gave bonds under the penalty of 10002. to undertake and enter upon the office on the ensuing Michaelmas eve; and “thereupon, became each entitled to 1001. out of the forfeitures of those, who had this year been nominated to be Sheriffs by my Lord Mayor, but had paid their fines to be excused.”
In the intermediate time they prepared for the due execution of their duties, chose their Under-Sheriffs, &c.; and, “as it is customary for each Sheriff to preside over the two Counters separately, my brother Marshall chose that in the Poultry, and the care of Wood-Street Counter was under my direction, and we agreed, at our joint expense, to give the usual livery gowns to the officers of both, although they are greater in number at the Poultry than in mine; in recompence for which, it was settled that we should equally share in the sale of the places upon any vacancy."
On Sunday, the 28th of September, the Sheriffs elect met at ten o'clock in the morning, at Draper's Hall, " and there entertained several of the Court of Aldermen, and sixteen of the Court of Assistance of each of the Companies, viz: the Goldsmith's and the Drapers, with the usual breakfast of roast beef, burnt wine,” &c. He continues,
Upon notice sent to us, that the Lord Mayor, with George Heathcote, and Sir John Lequesne, Aldermen and Sheriffs for the last year were attending at the Council Chamber, Guildhall, we all repaired thither; the gentlcmen of the Court of Assistance walking two by two, the senior Sheriff's Company on the right hand, the Aldermen following in their coaches; in which, we, though Sheriffs-elect, took our rank as Aldermen. Upon coming up to the area of Guildhall, the two Companies made a lane for the Aldermen to pass through, and after having waited on my Lord Mayor to Guildhall Chapel, to hear divine service, we returned back to the Court of the Hustings, which being opened by the Common Cryer, we were summoned to come forth and take the oath of office;' which we accordingly did, together with the oaths of allegiance and abjuration; and the same was also administered to Mr. Tims, (Clerk to St. Bartholomews,) as Under Sheriff, he kneeling all the while.
" When this was over, the gold chains were taken off from the former Sheriffs, and put on us; and then the Court being dissolved, the Lord Mayor went home, attended by the former Sheriffs, and we returned back to Draper's Hall to our dinner, provided for the Court of Aldermen and Courts of Assistance, at which the senior Alderman took the chair as president, and the rest of the
Aldermen and Gentlemen of Guildhall took their places at the upper table, whilst we, the Sheriffs, sat at the head of the second table, with the gentlemen of the Courts of Assistance of our two Companies. When dinner was over, and the healths of the royal family were drank, the Cryer proclaimed the health and prosperity to the two Sheriffs' Companies in the following manner; that is to say, 'Prosperity to the worshipful Company of Drapers, and prosperity to the worshipful Company of Goldsmiths: to the Goldsmiths and Drapers, and Drapers and Goldsmiths, prosperity to both:' and this is so usually done, naming each Company first alternately, to prevent any dispute concerning preference or priority.
"After dinner, we all retired to one table in the inner room, at which we, though Sheriffs, were placed underneath all the Aldermen; for whatever rank an Alderman may be in point of seniority, yet during the year he serves as Sheriff, he is to give place, and follow the rest of his brethren, both at the court, and all processions and entertainments. About six o'clock, the late Sheriffs, having left the Lord Mayor at his house, attended us to Guildhall, where we were met by our own and the former UnderSheriffs, together with the Secondaries and Keepers of the prisons; and the names of the respective prisoners in each gaol being read over, the Keepers acknowledged them one by one, to be in their custody; and then tendered us the keys, which we delivered back to them again, and after having executed the indentures, whereby we covenanted and undertook the charge of our office, we were invited, according to custom, to an adjoining tavern; and there partook of an entertainment of sack and walnuts, provided by the aforesaid keepers of the prisons.
"Monday, September 29th. This being Michaelmas
day, my brother Sheriff and I sat out for the first time in our new equipages and scarlet gowns, attended by our beadles, and the several officers of our Counters, and waited on the Lord Mayor, at Merchant Taylors' Hall, at which he kept his Mayoralty, and proceeded with him from thence, as is customary, to Guildhall, where the Livery-men of the City were summoned to attend at the Court of Hustings for the election of a new Lord Mayor for the year ensuing. The Recorder made a speech to the Liverymen, apprising them of the custom and manner of choosing a Lord Mayor; which, he observed, was for the Common Hall to nominate two of the Aldermen who had served Sheriffs, to the Court of Aldermen, who had then a right to elect either of them into that great office, and which ever that the Co so fixed on, the Common Hall was bound to accept.' When he had ended, the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen retired into the Council Chamber, and left us to preside at the election, attended by the Common Sergeant and other officers. The me thod of voting is, by each Alderman going up to the Recorder and Town Clerk, who sit at a separate part of the room, and telling the person he would choose, a scratch is made under each respective name."
On the day following, the two Sheriffs again went to Guildhall, with the same Company as on the preceeding day, and waiting on the Lord Mayor in the Council Chamber, requested that his Lordship and the Recorder would present them at his Majesty's Court of Exchequer. Each Sheriff then paid the usual fees, viz. 6l. 13s, 4d. to the Lord Mayor, and 31, 6s. 8d. to the Recorder; after which, they proceeded to the Three Cranes' Stairs, in Upper Thames Street, "the