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passages of the Old Testament, and it certainly became general among the Celtic and Scandinavian nations.*

The fullest account of this Stone given by any single writer, is that by Fordun, who, in his "Scoto Chronicon," which was composed in the reign of Edward III., has devoted an entire chapter to its early history; the substance of his statement is as follows.

"There was a certain King of Spain, of the Scottish race, called Milo, having many sons; one, however, named Simon Brek, he loved above all the others, although he was neither the elder nor the heir. His father, therefore, sent him to Ireland with an army, and gave him a marble Chair, carved with very ancient art by a skilful workman, in which the Kings of Spain, of the Scottish_nation, were wont to sit when inaugurated, from which cause it was carefully brought into his region, as if it were an anchor. This Simon having reached the above island with a great army, reduced it under his dominion,

* The connecting the Prophetic Stone with the vision of Jacob was, most probably, an invention of the Monks of Westminster ; for the most ancient document in which it was thus described, was a Tablet, formerly suspended above the Chair in St. Edward's Chapel. Camden, who himself uses the phrase "Saxo Jacobi, ut vocant, &c.," has given the inscription as follows :"Si quid habent veri vel Chronica, cana fidesve, Clauditur hac Cathedra, nobilis ecce Lapis: Ad caput eximius Jacob quondam Patriarcha Quem posuit, cernens numina mira poli. Quem tulit ex Scotis spolians quasi victor honoris, Edwardus Primus, Mars velut Armipotens, Scotorum Domitur, noster validissimus Hector, Anglorum Decus, et Gloria Militia."

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and reigned in it many years. He placed the aforesaid Stone, or Chair, at Themor, the royal residence, a noted place, at which his successors were accustomed to reside, disa tinguished with kingly honours. Gathelus, as some say, brought this Chair, with other regal ornaments, with bim from Egypt into Spain. Others relate, that Simon Brek, having anchored on the Irish Coast, was forced by contrary winds to withdraw his anchors from the billowy surge, and whilst strenuously labouring to that end, a stone, in the form of a Chair, cut out of marble, was hauled

up with the anchors into the ship. Receiving this, both as a precious boon from Heaven, and as a certain presage of future dominion; he, trembling with excessive joy, adored his gods for the gift, as if they had absolutely appointed him to the kingdom and the crown. It was there prophesied, likewise, that he and his posterity should reign wherever that Stone should be found: from which divination some one made this metrical prophecy, which, according to the common opinion, has frequently proved to be true ;

« Ni fallat Fatum, Scoti quocunque locatum

Invenient Lapidem, regnare tenentur ibidem.” In Holinshed's Chronicle is a long account of the above-named Gathelus, who is there said to have been a Greek, 'the sonne of Cecrops, who builded the citie of Athens.'

After leaving Greece, “ Gathelus resided some time in Egypt, where he married Scota, the daughter of King Pharaoh ; but being alarmed at the judgment de. nounced by Moses, who was then in Egypt, he quitted that country with many followers, and landed in Spain ;" here he "builded a citie, which he named Brigantia ;"'. yet not without great opposition from the native Spaniards. Having at length succeeded in making peace with his neighbours, he sat “ vpon his Marble Stone, in Brigantia, where he gave lawes and ministered justice vnto his people, thereby to menteine them in wealth and quietnesse. This Stone was in fashion like a seat, or chaire, having such a fatall destiny (as the Scots say) following it, that whereever it should be placed, there should the Scotish men reigne and have the supreme governaunce."

In the manuscript additions, made by an anonymous writer, in the reign of Henry VI., to the rhyming Chronicle of Robert of Gloucester (now preserved in the College of Arms), it is stated, that

“ The Scottes yclupped were Aftur a woman that Scote hyght, the dawter of Pharaon, Yat broghte into Scotlond a whyte marble Ston, Yat was ordeyed for thare Kyng, whan he coroned wer, And for a grete Jewyll long hit was yhold ther.Kyng Edward wyth the lang Shankes from Scotland hit

fette, Besyde the Shryne of Seynt Edward at Westminstre ther

hitte sette."

In the Lowland Scotch of Wintownis Chronikil,” which was written by the Prior of the very

ancient Monastery of St. Serf's Inch, in Loch Levin, between the years 1420 and 1424, the history of the Stone is thus given in the ninth chapter of the third book. This commences by stating, that in the time of the brothers Romulus and Remus, there was a mighty king

reigning in Spain, who had many sons, one of whom was “ Simon Brek :"

“ A gret Stáne þhis King þhan had,
Dat fore bis Kyngis sete wes made,
And haldyne wes a gret jowale
Wytht-in þe Kynryk of Spayne hále.
Dis King bad þis Simon tá
Dat Stáne, and in-tyl Yrland gá,
And wyn þat Land and occupy,
And halde bat Stáne perpetually
And make at his sege þare

As þai of Spayne did it of are.”Simon Brek (continues the Chronicle) having arrived at, and conquered Ireland,

“ Dare he made a gret Cytd
And in it syne þat Stáne gert he
Be set, and haldyn for jowale

And Chartyr of þat Kynryke hále."-
Fergus, the son of Eric, a lineal descendant from
Brek, long afterwards

“ Broucht þis stáne wyth-in Scotland
Fyrst qwhen he come and wane þat land,
And fyrst it set in Ikkolmkil,
And Scune þare-eftyr it wes broucht tyl:
And þare it was syne mony day

Qwhyll Edward gert have it away."-
“ Now will I be Werd rehers

As I fynd of þat Stáne in wers;
Ni fallat Fatum, Scoti, quocunq; locatu'n,

Inuenient Lapidem, regnare tenentur ibidem.

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« But gyf werdys fályhand be,

Qwhare-evyr þat Stáne yhe segyt se,
Dare sall þe Scottis be regnand,

And Lorddys hále oure all þat land." Sir James Ware states, from the Irish historians, that this Stone was brought into their country by the colony of the Tuath de Danans, and that it had the property of issuing sounds resembling thunder whenever any of the Royal Scythian Race placed themselves on it for inauguration, and that be only was crowned monarch of Ireland, under whom, when placed on it, the Stone groaned or spake. Fergus, the first King of Scotland, who was descended from the blood-royal of Ireland, “is said to have been crowned upon this Fatal Stone, which, as we find in the Histories of Scotland, he had from Ireland about the year of the world 3641, and 330 years before Christ, and he placed it in Argyle, where it continued until the reign of King Kenneth II., who, A. D., 840, having vanquished the Picts near Scone, inclosed the Stone in a Wooden Chair, and deposited it in the monastery there, to serve for the inauguration of the Kings of Scotland."*

Its place in Ireland was the Hill of Tarah; and for

* “ Antiquities of Ireland," Vol, ii., pp. 10 and 24. According to Pennant, its station, when in Argylesbire, was the Castle of Dunstaffnage, and be bas given an engraving of an ivory image, found in the ruins of that Castle, which represents a King with a book in his band, sitting, as be supposes, in the ancient Chair, “whose bottom was the Fatal Stone." Vido “ Tour to the Hebrides," vol. ii. p. 409, and vol. iii. p. 117.

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