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Several antiquarians before Cotton, as Josce line, Noel, Allen, Lambarde, Bowyer, Elsinge, Camden, and others, had diligently collected portions of the scattered fragments. Sir Ro. bert, availing himself of their researches, ob, tained possession, cither by legacy or purchase, of all that was valuable in their several collections. The whole, together with the fruits of his own industry, he reposited in his own house, near the House of Commons, at Westminster. This collection was much augmented by his son and grandson, sir Thomas, and sir John Cotton.
In the reign of king William, an act of parliament was made for the better securing and preserving this library in the name and family of the Cottons, for the benefit of the public, in order to prevent its being sold, or otherwise disposed of. Cotton-house was subsequently purchased, by queen Ann, of sir John, great grandson of sir Robert Cotton, as a common repositary for the royal and Cottonian libraries, when an act was passed for the better securing of her majesty's purchase, and both house and library were settled and vested in trustees. The books were removed into a more commodious room, the
former being damp; and Cotton-house was appropriated to the use of the king's librarykeeper, who had now the care of both libraries. The Cottonian library was removed, some years after, into a house near Westminster Abbey, purchased by the crown of lord Ash, burnham, where one hundred and eleven books were destroyed by an accidental fire, on the 23d of October, 1731, and ninety-nine others rendered imperfect. Upon this, it was conveyed to the new dormitory, and afterwards to the old dormitory, belonging to Westminster School. It is now reposited, as is well known, in the British Museum.
SAMUEL Purchas, a learned divine, but chiefly known as the compiler of a very valuable collection of voyages, was
born at Thaxstead in Essex, in 1577. He was edu. cated at Cambridge, probably at St. John's College, since a record exists. in that college, certifying țhat one - Purchas took his degree of master of arts in 1600. He was presented by the king to the vicarage of East-Wood, Essex, in 1604; but afterwards resigned it in favour of his brother, for the more convenient literary residence of London. In 1615, he was incorporated at Oxford bachelor of divinity; having been somewhat previously collated, by King, bishop of London, to the rectory of St. Martin's Ludgate, in London,
He was also chaplain to Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury; and died about the year 1628.
1. The first volume of his laborious compilation, was published in 1613, with the following title.
“ Purchas, his Pilgrimage, or Relations of the World, and the Religions observed in all Ages and Places discovered, from the Creation unto this present; in four parts. The first containeth a theological and geographical history of Asia, Africa, and America, with the islands adjacent. Declaring the ancient religions before the flood, the Heathenish, Jewish, and Saracenical, in all ages since, in those parts professed, with their several opinions, idols, oracles, temples, priests, fasts, feasts, sacrifices, and rites religious; their beginnings, proceedings, alterations, sects, orders, and successions. With brief descrip tions of the countries, nations, states, discoveries, private and public customs, and the most remarkable rarities of nature or human industry in the same."
The fourth edition, which is the best, much enlarged, was published in 1626, and addressed to archbishop Abbot. In his dedication, he observes: Great is this burthen of a two-fold world, and requires both an Atlas
and an Hercules too, to undergo it. The news ness also, makes it more difficult, being ani enterprize never yet (to my knowledge) by any, in any language, attempted; conjoining thus, antiquity and modern history, in the observations of all the rarities of thie world, and especially of that soul of the world, religion. Yet have I adventured, and (I speak it not to boast, but to excuse myself, in so haughty designs) this my first voyage of discovery, besides mine own poor stock laid thereon, hath made me indebted to above twelve hundred authors, of one or other kind, in I know not how many hundredths of their treatises, episties, relations, and histories of divers subjects and languages, borrowed by myself; beside what (for want of the authors themselves) I have taken upon trust of other men's goods in their hands." This edition is moreover enlarged by an addition of the maps of Mercator and Hondius.
The whole of this great work is compre« hended in five volumes, folio; of which the four last were published in 1625, under the following title: “ Hakluytus Posthumus, or Pura chas, his Pilgrims; containing a history of the world, in sea-voyages, and land travels,