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this book is now in the press, and will be published as speedily as the author's stated avocations will permit.

IV.

EXERCISES ON THE GLOBES *; interspersed with hiftorical, biographical, chronological, mythological, and

miscellaneous

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and persons, occurring in history, from the creation to the present

The author, by appropriating circumstances to every day in the year, has rendered it an agreeable as well as useful diary of interesting and important information; and a copious index, which refers to every name in the work, adds much to its utility.

European Mag. for August 1799, p. 112. " Mr. BUTLER has here selected some of the most interesting events of modern history.; and arranged them according to the days of the year on which they happened. This is an excellent mode of imprefling the memory, and mult prove highly beneficial to the young mind.

" We recommend this ingenious work to masters of schools and heads of families ; because by its asliftance they can, with ease, store the minds of young people with useful information. Indeed, to perSons of every description, it will prove an acceptable present, since it furnishes materials for rational conversation,

Montbly Viftor for November 1799.

" Mr. BUTLER has, on former occafions, proved that he has been no idle attendant on the rising generation. He has, at least, the merit of having itrewed over with flowers the steep and thorny paths of instruction.

“ This volume contains a greater number of problems than we . remember to have seen before collected : and the examples, by which each problem is illustrated, are many and various.

“ In the part of the work that treats of the Celestial Globe, the remarks of poets, mythologists, and historians, concerning the various constellations, are introduced, and, sometimes, a brief sketch of the natural history of the several animals which they represent ; together with some very pleasing anecdotes. If our limits would allow us, we should have pleasure in transcribing some extracts from this part of the volume.

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V.

A numerous Collection of ARITHMETICAL TA

“ The didactic part of this work is well arranged and perspicuously expressed ; and no small pains have evidently been bestowed in garnishing it with anecdote, micellaneous information, and poetical extracts. Upon the whole, Mr. BUTLER deserves well of the public for having prepared the cup of useful elementary knowledge, and at the same time tipped its rim with honey."

Critical Review for July 1805

* This work has undoubtedly merit, and contains much useful information."

Monibly Review for Sepi. 1805.

" This ingenious work is well worthy the attention of those for whom it is designed-Young Ladies.”

Monthly Mirror for Sept. 1805.

" In a judícious manner this Author has here, as in his former productions, contrived to blend amusement with instruction. The Problems are more numerous than in any book of the kind that we have beiore seen, and the definitions are precise and ealy of comprehension. But, in a manner that we think peculiar to himself, Mr. BUTLER has contrived to intersperse so much miscellaneous information among the scientific parts of his work, as muft necessarily cultivate the mind and enlarge the ideas of the fair pupil on general subjects, while the seems to be studying geography only. On the whole, we think these “ Exercises" a very desirable acceffion to the tock of school literature."

London Review, European Magazine for August 1801.

« Of Mr. BUTLER'S “ Exercises" it may be affirmed, that it would be difficult to fix upon any book of equal fize, that contains fo much interesting matter, collected from various sources, on almost every subject ; and always illuftrative of some historical fact, or of some important invention, or devoted to the celebration of heroic deeds in ancient and modern times.

AIKIN'S Ann. Review, 1808, Vol. vii.

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ARITHMETICAL QUESTIONS.

AR I T H M E TIC

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a fcience, which explains the properties of numbers,

and shows the method or art of computing by them. It has five principal rules, NUMERATION, ADDITION, SUBTRACTION, MULTIPLICATION, and Division ; and these are the foundation of all arithmetical operations.

We have very little information respecting the origin and invention of arithmetic : history neither fixes the author of it, nor the time of its discovery. Some imagine, that it must have taken its rise from the introduction of commerce, and ascribe its invention to the Tyrians. That it had a much earlier introduction into the world, however, even before the deluge; we may gather from the following expression in the prophecy of Enoch, as mentioned by Jude : “. Behold the Lord cometh with ten thousand of his faints." This shows that, even in those days, men had ideas of very high numbers, and computed them likewise in the fame manner that we do ; namely, by tens. The directions also given to Noah, concerning the dimensions of the ark, leave us no room to doubt that he had a knowledge of numbers, and likewise of measures. When Rebecca was sent away to Isaac, Abraham's fon, her relations wilhed that she might be the mother of thousands of millions ; and if they had been totally unacquainted with the rule of multiplication, it is impossible to conceive that they could have formed

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