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consequence of their rejecting him, a new edition of these fatal denunciations, which we find in Matt. xxiv. Mark xii. Luke xix. 41—44. chap. xxi. and xxiii. 27—30; to which the reader is referred. These were to have a primary fwfilment in the desolation of Jerusalem, and of the Jewish commonwealth. This primary fulfilment Christ assured should take place on that generation. And the denunciation was fulfilled.
This fulfilment, inasmuch as it demonstrated the truth and divinity of our Saviour ; exhibited a type of the destruction of Antichrist, and of the wicked at the end of the world ; and shows the danger of rejecting the Son of God; ought to be duly noted in the church, and frequently contemplated. It is a subject too much neglected, and forgotten in the present christian world. I design then, to give a concise description of the event, in which Jesus Christ came in awful judgment upon the infidel Jews, and vindicated his cause against his persecutors and murderers. But some preliminary remarks will first be made. This noted city was built on two mountains
; and contained two parts, called the upper, and the lower city. The former was built on Mount Sion; the latter on Mount Acra. The city is supposed to have been founded by Melchisedeck, and then called Salem, or Solyma. The warlike Jebusites possessed it, when Israel entered Canaan.
In the higher city they long defended themselves against the Hebrews. Here they remained, till David subdued them; and called their city, The City of David.
Herod the Great, when he repaired (or rather rebuilded) the temple, added vast strength and embellishments to this city ; which accounts for its superb state and strength, when it was destroyed.
Most of this city was surrounded with three walis. In some places, where it was deemed inaccessible, it had only one. The wall, first built, was adorned and strengthened with sixty towers, Fourteen towers rested on the middle wall. The outside one (most remarkable for its workmanship) was secured with ninety towers.
The tower Psephinos, was most celebrated. It was seventy cubits high ; had eight angles ; and commanded a most beautiful prospect. Here the visitor might (in a clear atmosphere) delight himself with a view of the Mediterranean, forty miles to the west; and of most of the Jewish dominions. Some of these towers were nearly ninety cubits in height; and famous for their beauty, elegance and curiosities. They were built of white marble; and had the appearance of vast marble blocks. These huge piles gave to the city, in the view of the adjacent country, a most majestic appearance.
Near the most lofty of these towers stood the royal palace, of the most commanding elegance. Incredible cost had furnishedits pillars, porticoes, galleries, and apartments. Its gardens, groves, fountains, aqueduets, and walks, presented the richest and most delightful scenery. This was the beauty and elegance of the north side of Jerusalem.
On the east side stood the temple, and the fort of Antonio, over against Mount Olivet. This fort was built on a rock of fifty feet in height, and of inaccessible steepness, overlaid with slabs of marble. The castle of Antonio stood in the centre of this fortress. The workmanship of this castle made it more resemble a palace, than a castle. A tower adorned each square of this fortress ; one of which was seventy cubits high, and commanded a full view of the temple.
The temple was, in many respects, the most astonishing fabric ever beheld. Its site was partly on a solid rock, originally steep on every side. The lower temple had a foundation of vast dimensions, said to be three hundred cubits from its lowest base. This foundation was composed of stones sixty feet in length ; and the lower part of the superstructure was composed stones of solid white marble, more than sixty feet long; and seven by nine feet in bigness. Four furlongs compassed the whole pile of building; which was one hundred cubits high ; with one hundred and sixty pillars, to afford both support and ornament.
In the front were spacious and lofty galleries, with cedar wainscot, resting on uniform rows of white marble columns. Josephus asserts that. nothing could exceed the exterior part of this house of God, for exquisite workmanship and elegance. Its solid plates of gold seemed to strive to out-dazzle the rising sun. The parts of the building not covered with gold, had, at a distance, the appearance of pillars of snow, or white marble mountains. And the grandeur of the internal workmanship of this magnificent dome, did not fail of being fully equal to its external magnificence. Nothing superb, costly, or elegant was spared. The different parts of the world had seemed to vie with each other, to pour their most costly treasures into this wonderfulireasury of Heaven. The lower story was decorated with the sacred furniture, the table of shew bread, altar of incense, and the candlestick of pure beaten gold. The altar and table were overlaid
with pure gold. Several doors of the sanctuary were fifty-five cubits in height, and sixteen in breadth, overlaid also with gold. The richest Babylonian tapestry, of purple, blue and scarlet, and of exquisite workmanship, waved within these doors. Golden vines, with leaves and clusters of grapes of gold, were suspended from the ceiling five or six feet, of curious workmanship. The temple had a huge eastern gate of pure Corinthian brass,-a metal in the highest esteem. It would be a task to enumerate all the foldings of golden doors in the chambers ;-carved works, paintings and gildings ;-vessels of gold; scarlet, violet, and purple sacerdotal vestments ; and all the incalculable piles of riches, in this temple of Jehovah. The most precious stones, spices, and perfumes ;-every thing that nature, art, or riches could furnish, were stored within these stupendous and hallowed walls. Here were the city, and temple to be destroyed, for the intidelity, malice, hypocrisy, and persecution of the Lord of glory, (in hinsell, and his followers, which characterized its rulers and people. Here a measure of unprecedented atrociousness, was just filled up ; which should bring down wrath upon them to the uttermost.
This tremendous ruin, our Lord foretold, and fulfilled.
The last noted entrance into Jerusalem of Him, who was God manifest in the flesh, took place on the Monday before the scene of his sufferings. Amidst the acclamation of multitudes he was hailed King of Zion, with every token of joy and praise. The air rang again with their praises, uttered for all the mighty works they had seen. They sang, Hosanna! Blessed be the King that cometa in the name of the Lord! Peace in heav
en; and glory in the highest. Our Lord (superior to all their adulation, and knowing how soon the hosannas of some of them would turn to, "Crucify him;"--and being touched with sympathy and pity for a devoted city, now going to till
up their guilty measure of iniquity) beheld the city, and wept over it." He said, "If thou hadst known, even thou, in this thy day, the things which belong to thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes! For the days shall come when thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round; and keep thee in
and shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee. And they shall not leave thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation."
The day but one after, Christ went into the temple for the last time, to instruct the people. While he was thus employed, the high priest, elders, Herodians, Sadducees, and Pharisees, gathered in turn around him, with a malicious view, to entangle him in his talk. Christ returned such answers, spake such parables, and set home such reproof and conviction to their souls, as not only to astonish and silence them; but to give them some awful prelibation of the final judgment, which awaited them at his bar. He thus, in a most free and pungent address to the disciples, administered the most dignified and keen reproofs forthe cruelty, hypocrisy and pride of the Scribes and Pharisees. He foretold the malicious treatment the disciples would meet with at their hands; and then denounced the vengeance on that falling city, which for ages their crimes had been accumulating. He forewarned that this cup of divine indignation should be poured on that generation, Ilis tender feelings