After Collapse: The Regeneration of Complex Societies

Glenn M. Schwartz, John J. Nichols
University of Arizona Press, 15. aug. 2010 - 295 sider
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From the Euphrates Valley to the southern Peruvian Andes, early complex societies have risen and fallen, but in some cases they have also been reborn. Prior archaeological investigation of these societies has focused primarily on emergence and collapse. This is the first book-length work to examine the question of how and why early complex urban societies have reappeared after periods of decentralization and collapse.

Ranging widely across the Near East, the Aegean, East Asia, Mesoamerica, and the Andes, these cross-cultural studies expand our understanding of social evolution by examining how societies were transformed during the period of radical change now termed Òcollapse.Ó They seek to discover how societal complexity reemerged, how second-generation states formed, and how these re-emergent states resembled or differed from the complex societies that preceded them.

The contributors draw on material culture as well as textual and ethnohistoric data to consider such factors as preexistent institutions, structures, and ideologies that are influential in regeneration; economic and political resilience; the role of social mobility, marginal groups, and peripheries; and ethnic change. In addition to presenting a number of theoretical viewpoints, the contributors also propose reasons why regeneration sometimes does not occur after collapse. A concluding contribution by Norman Yoffee provides a critical exegesis of ÒcollapseÓ and highlights important patterns found in the case histories related to peripheral regions and secondary elites, and to the ideology of statecraft.

After Collapse blazes new research trails in both archaeology and the study of social change, demonstrating that the archaeological record often offers more clues to the Òdark agesÓ that precede regeneration than do text-based studies. It opens up a new window on the past by shifting the focus away from the rise and fall of ancient civilizations to their often more telling fall and rise.

Bennet Bronson, Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase, Christina A. Conlee, Lisa Cooper, Timothy S. Hare, Alan L. Kolata, Marilyn A. Masson, Gordon F. McEwan, Ellen Morris, Ian Morris, Carlos Peraza Lope, Kenny Sims, Miriam T. Stark, Jill A. Weber, Norman Yoffee

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From Collapse to Regeneration
The Demise and Regeneration of Bronze Age Urban Centers in the Euphrates Valley of Syria
Amorites Onagers and Social Reorganization in Middle Bronze Age Syria
Lo Nobles Lament the Poor Rejoice
The Collapse and Regeneration of Complex Society in Greece 1500500 BC
Inca State Origins Collapse and Regeneration in the Southern Peruvian Andes
Regeneration as Transformation Postcollapse Society in Nasca Peru
After State Collapse How Tumilaca Communities Developed in the Upper Moquegua Valley Peru
Patterns of Political Regeneration in Southeast and East Asia
From Funan to Angkor Collapse and Regeneration in Ancient Cambodia
Framing the Maya Collapse Continuity Discontinuity Method and Practice in the Classic to Postclassic Southern Maya Lowlands
Postclassic Maya Society Regenerated at Mayapán
Before and After Collapse Reflections on the Regeneration of Social Complexity
Notes on Regeneration

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Om forfatteren (2010)

Glenn M. Schwartz is Whiting Professor of Archaeology at the Johns Hopkins University and coauthor of The Archaeology of Syria: From Complex Hunter-Gatherers to Early Urban Societies. John J. Nichols received his Ph.D. in Near Eastern archaeology from The Johns Hopkins University in 2004.

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