« ForrigeFortsæt »
they have come to the formation of battalions, in the departments in which the great number of men before initiated in war, whom the conscription reached, and of officers who are again brought into the service, afford great facility in collecting and rapidly appointing this new army. The official returns already presented make the total of troops, which the Republic will have in pay in the month of Oc. tober (1799), from 505 to 575,000 men.
• In order to render this force capable of being employed abroad as efficiently as possible, and to complete the levy in mass, the national guard is again forming; the moveable columns of which are to be employed in the interior, or to re-inforce the garrisons on the frontiers. Such are the efforts which the Republic is making, in order to balance the still increasing numbers of the coalition. We shall have given an exact idea of them, when we have added some observations on the re-partition of the armies, and on the new destination of the Generals.
• The army of Italy, in the environs of Genoa, found itself in nearly the same positions which Bonaparte had occupied before he passed the Apennines, to penetrate into the vallies of Tanaro and La Bormida. The army of which he then took the lead was very little stronger than that commanded by Moreau, after his re-inforcement by the corps of Macdonald ;-it was equally ill-provided, and suffered extremely from the difficulty of communication. It received its reinforcements through the county of Nice, and had not yet possession of Genoa, nor Coni, nor any posts on the high grounds ; which were not obtained until after the battles of Montenotte and Millesimo. In adverting to the very remarkable similitude between this and the former position of the French army, it were superfluous to point out how much more considerable and formidable, in every respect, are the forces of the allies at the present moment, placed betiveen the Alps and the Apennines, on the frontier of France, and on the contines of the state of Genoa, (though acting offensively) in the same posts which they had occupied before Bonaparte, in order to prevent his entrance into Italy. We wished only to shew that the French, in this situation, might yet, if they received considerable re-inforcements, meditate offensive operations, and re-enter Piedmont. This difficult task has devolved on Joubert, disgraced under the oid Directory, and now raised to the command of the army of Italy. Of that which is forming on the Rhine, Moreau is to take the command, and to oppose it against that of Russia and of the empire. This change, which appears so whimsical, was perhaps necessary to prevent the misunderstanding that might easily arise between two armies, which are mutually to support cach other. It has been conceived that the organization of the new French army of Italy would mect fever impediments under a new General.
• Whatever may have been the motives of these changes, Morean had alreatly perforined his part on this great theatre; and Suwarrow hadi borne him henourable testimony that he supported, in defensive war, the character which he had acquired for talents and for courage.
• The army of Gen. Joubert they determined to augment to 10,000 men.
« Gen. Championnet, who had been brought before a council of war by the old Directory, for having endeavoured to put a stop to the disorders of the republican agents in Italy, is appointed to the command of the army of the Alps; and he has been sent to Grenoble, to form that army which is to be occupied chiefly in the defence of Dauphiné and Savoy,-and to re-inforce, according to circumstances, the wings of the armies of Joubert and Massena. It is to be increased to 60,000 men.
• We have already said that the army of Switzerland formed a principal object of the attention of government ; and that they designed to augment it to 80 or 90,000 men.
• The army of the Rhine, of which the head quarters are at Mayence, is to be increased to 60,000 men, distributed between Huningen and Dusseldorff. If, then, we suppose that 40,000 French troops, and 40,000 Dutch, are spread over Holland, in Belgium, and on the coasts of la Manche, menaced by the English, we may conclude that, if these different angmentations take place, they will form together a total of 320,000 men : but, in order that the French armies should attain this complemer., they must receive an addition of at least 100,000 conscripts, exclusively of those re-inforcements which we suppose them to have received on the ist of August.
• In concluding this sketch, this kind of general review, of which we doubt not that our readers will perceive the utility, in order to a perfect understanding of subsequent operations, we cannot helpsuggesting to their observation this afflicting result :—that, if we add to the enumeration which we have above made of the French armies, and of those of the allies, the army of Bonaparte in Egypt and in Syria, and that of the Turks which is opposed to him ; and if we count the troops embarked, the crews of about 400 ships of the line or frigates actually armed on the ocean, in the Mediterranean, and the Baltic; we shall find that, at the close of this, as it is called enlightened, century, at the termination of this golden age which Philosophy had promised us,upwards of one million two hundred thousand men are engaged in com.
and yet this frightful war is, as it has been denominated by Mr. Pitt, but a war of armed opinions.'
Of this distinguished performance, we have to lament that the commencement was not coincident with that of the war itself. Had it been so, with what ease might the reader at this day re-trace the
progress of a contest, at every stage of which his bosom must have beaten high with hope or fear, with pleasure or dismay. Since, however, it has unfortunately begun so late, we console ourselves with the hope that, until the long wished-for return of peace shall furnish more pleasing topics for the exertion of genius, the talents of these authors will continue to be exercised in recording the operations of the war.
In a future Review, we shall resume our attention to this work, and report the contents of Nos. V, VI, & VII, which have recently come to our hands. A translation of the riumbers is publishing by Mr. Egerton, Military Library, Whitehall.
Ι Ν D E X
To the R3MARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or. Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prejíxed to the Volume.
B ADDINGTON, Mr. cases of Barbauld, Rev. Mr. his expe
Gonorrhæa, 65. See also rience at Dr. Beddoes's Pneu. Gonorrhæa.
matic institution, 406. Alps. See Denina.
Mrs. Barbauld's, 407 America, North. See Weld. See
Darıhélémy, M. manner of his Washington, city of, described. imprisonment and deportation See Atmosphere. See Canada. to Cayenne, 131. His illness, See Niagara. See Brandt.
escape to Surinam, Ancillon, M. his mem. on Cer 134
tainty, or human certainty, 553. Bedoes, Dr. his publication of Anderson, Dr. his account of the “ Contributions to Physical
Bread-fruit tree, as cultivated and Medical Knowlege,” 60. in the Botanic Garden at St. Hisplan for reforming the public Vincent's: with its botanic or hospitals, 61. scientific name, 53.
ment of bodies according to Antigua, botany of that island, their principles, 63. His recollected by a lady, 333.
fiections on carbuncle, 67. On Antimony. See Hassenfratz.
the use of nitrous acid in res. Apostles and Evangelists, their training sickness, 69. character defended, on general strontian found near Bristol, ib.
principles of evidence, 45. On the use of mercury in fedihenian Letters, Ld. Hardwicke's brile diseases, 70. Observa
edition of that valoable and en tions made at the Medical tertaining work, 319. Speci Poeumatic Institution, 403. men of the letters, 321. Key
The Doctor's own experience to the names of the writers, of effects, &c. 407. 323•
Biography, general, observation's Atmosphere, great vicissitudes of on the different modes and
in North America, 9. Che. plans in use for works of that mical experiments on the de
kind, 241. composition of the atmosphere, Bishop, Mr. specimens of his ser. 490.
Boltoa, Mr. his machine for draw also • View of the Rassian
iog bolts in and out of ships, Empire during the Reign of
Cayenne, Ramel's account of the
miserable deportation of Bar-
ed in regard to his report of country, 129. Manner in which
their time there, 132.
Chapial, M. on cotton-dyeing,
cultivated at St. Vincent's, 53: Christian of Brunswick, mem. con-
cerning him in the Berlin aca.
Ethiopic expedition found in Christian philosophy, excellent
tracts on, 101.
pecting the reality of the Troud, Condillac, M. his curious disqui-
Cook, Mr. letters, &c. relative to
rest in Lincolnshire, 150.
cribed, with their manners, &c. viewers. From Mr. Crabb,
complaining of the unfavoura
grammar, 120. A. Z. inquir-
The severity of the cli ing after a work which he sup-
202. Cataract described, 203. for three grains of calomel, 237.
the manners and habits of the conjunction nor for or, 239.
J. C, on sentiment hazarded
Appeal, &c. on the English Travels, 240. Dr. Lettsom,
on the preservation of seeds for
history of, by Castera, 548. on the infusion of digitalis, ib.
Cotton, mem, on the method of, Dubois, M. his Cupid, a fagitive,
from Moschus, 377
Education, practical, admirably
Richard Lovel Edgeworth, Esq.
travellers with respect to health,
serving the dead, ib. Journey
through the Desart to Cairo
described, 123. Bedouins, some
His eminence in 124. Monastery of the Cophts,
poverty, 128. Miserable go-
M. Sonnini's journeyinto Upper
count of the Courtezaos, 298.
of the temple of Dendera, 301.
of his account af the passage ners, habits, &c. 149.
terary mistakes, Berlin aca-
culture of poppies, 51. Experiments, chemical, on the de.
of, by M. Fourcroy, 563.
rai Son,) how altered by an Greece, &c. obs. on, 545.
Felix, M. on the method of dyeing
Female education, strictures on,
vations on, 411-417.
does on the use of digitalis in the nature and proper treat.
ment of, 281.
etherifications, 563, 564.