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cimen offers in the very outset.—It is the over curious ambition of many to be best, or to be none ; if they may not do so well as they would, they will not do so well as they may. I will do my best to do the best ; and what I want in power, supply in will. Thus whilst I pay in part, I shall not be a debtor for all. He owes most that pays nothing.'
Two or three pieces of poetry, in the style of the respected Here bert,* though not equalling him, make up this little volume. Hi Art. 58. The Life of the Rev. John Machin, A. B. a holy and labo
rious Preacher of the Gospel, formerly Minister of the Parish. Church of Astbury, near Congleton, in Cheshire; with a recommendatory Preface, by the late Sir Charles Wolseley, Bart. Revised and re-published by George Burder. 12mo. 8d. bound. Button. 1799.
The original life of Mr. Machin was published in the year 1571;
By Alexander Duncan, D. D. Vicar of Bolam, Northumberland,
The reverend author of these essays writes with the intention of animating our seamen to persevere in a just and necessary warfare, against enemies who, by their impiety and inhumanity, have rendered themselves the just objects of hatred and indignation to God.'
As encouragements to the navy, the Doctor recommends that honorary badges should be conferred on all those who signalize them. selves on any particular occasion; that midshipmen unemployed should be allowed half pay; and that half pay, in times of peace, should be given to twenty or thirty thousand of our seamen. These are encouragements on a grand 'scale, and unfortunately not so well proportioned to the abilities of the nation as to the merits of the objects recommended.—To keep alive the courage of our seamen, Dr. D. proposes that “ martial songs should be learned and sung occasionally. He remarks that • in going into action against an Commonly called the Divine Herbert.
enemy, martial music has the finest effect possible.'—You can work more instantaneously upon the passions in this way than in any other almost you can name. Such advice, if the business were to revive depressed and drooping spirits, might be worth consideration : but we trust that the courage of our seamen irill never be at so low an ebb as to need the assistance of an old song.
With all this attention to the profession of arms, the author has not neglected to bestow notice on his own profession. He informs us that he considers the clergy as a valuable class in society,' and he bestows encomiums on the present amiable Lord High Chancellor for preferring military and naval chaplains who have served with applause.'
The third essay is on the discipline of the navy, and in praise of the articles of war. When a culprit is brought to the gangway,' and all hands are piped by one of the boatswain's mates on such occasions, it is absolutely necessary to enforce a strict observance of these laws,' &c. Respecting the truth of these matters, we have ito intention to make inquiry : but the remarks arrested our notice by the very uncouth appearance which they assume when falling from a person of Dr. D.'s profession. The following opinion, however, we ought not to omit to mention : he asserts that no officer ever punished to gratify any humour of his own. Though the Doctor cannot be warranted in advancing that such is universally the fact, yet his assertion strongly conveys an idea of the excellence of the discipline which, in order to form such an opinion, he must have been accustomed to observe.
The latter essays examine the questions, whether peace can be made with the French Government? How Great Britain in conjunction, with her allies should continue the contest with proud imperious France,' &c. &c.
Capt. B....y. Art. 60. A Letter to the Pope, on the probable Cause of the War ;
and that it waits on his Holiness to invite the Blessings of Peace. By Christophilus. 8vo.
Richardson. 1799. This advice of a pious well-meaning protestant was intended for the late unfortunate Bishop of Rome; whom he treats with much civility and compassion, but whom he earnestly exhorts to relinquish the noxious doctrincs of popery, to disclaim the enormous prerogatives of his predecessors, to abjure the tenets of the invocation of saints, transubstantiation, the celibacy of the clergy, false miracles, superstitions, &c. &c. and thereby to bring about a thorough reformation in the church of Rome.
• It seems reserved for thee, most Holy Father, to bring about this reformation, or else, tottering to its fall, fate hovers round to overwhelm it [the church] in destruction. The great and good Ganganelli was persuaded by kings and princes to dissolve that seminary of danger to the world, the jesuits ; by which he gained an immortal reputation. Then let awakened hope expect that you, Holy Father, by a better influence, the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, will have the eyes of your understanding opened, accompanied by resolution of soul to eradicate the errors, the false doctrine, and K k 2
the vile practices, that have by degrees, since the primitive system,
Again : That there is a bad superstition in your church, you and
We doubt very much whether the Holy Father would have listened to these coun
unsels, had they ever come in his way. – Were he to bare perused and answered thein, he would probably have turned the tables on his adviser, and have imputed all the evils that have fallen on the church to the restless spirit of heresy, and seditious ir novation : so true is it that every question has two sides, and that real or pretended error may be defended by the same weapons which are employed to defend real cr pretended truths.
The reader will see, from the foregoing specimens, that Christob philus lias no claim to chastity of diction and elegance of style: but he secms to possess, what is preferable to both, an upright mind and an honest heart.
be derived by Great Britain from the Restoration of Egypt to the
Lay-Preaching. By John Jamieson, D. D. Minister of the
Gospel, Edinburgh. 8vo. is. Ogle. 1799.
In what may be deemed the second part of these remarks, Dr. J.
Art. 63. The Days of Visitation : preached in the Cathedral Church
of St. Paul, before the Lord Mayor, &c. &c. the Hon. the Ara
Mr. Bowen's merit as a preacher is not unknown to the world;
tion of individuals, whatever may be our more public and political character among surrounding nations.
HU Art. 64. The Duty of Rulers to encourage Public Worship; preached
in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, before the Lord Mayor, the Tudges, &c. &c. the 14th of April 1799. By Thomas Bowen, M. A. Chaplain to the Lord Mayor. 4to. is. Rivingtons.
Public worship is so reasonable a duty that few persons, compą. ratively speaking, are insensible to its obligation. Piety towards God, and benevolence towards our fellow-creatures, unite with a regard to ourselves to enforce its observance. This sermon with great propriety urges a careful attention to it, from persons of every rank and station. When Mr. Bowen, however, invites the interference of the civil magistrate, farther than example and general influence extend, he enters on a subject of delicacy, and perhaps of some danger. Great numbers in the metropolis, no doubt, attend on public worship, who are seldom seen at places more directly established for the purpose. The mode should be left, and in a land of liberty,, like this, is left to each person's own judgment and choice. Force and fear may produce hypocrites, but can never render men religions, nor form real Christians.
Hi Art. 65. Preached at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, before the
Lord Mavor, the Judges, &c. &c. 26th May 1799, By Thomas Bowen, M. A. 4to. Is. Rivingtons.
Stedfastness and żeal in the support of important practical truth, guided by knowlege and attended with charity, are laudable and valuable. Su is the subject of the present discourse; the author of which is already known as an accurate and agreeable writer. With propriety and energy, he maintains, in several respects, the benefit and excellence of Christianity: we peruse his remarks with satisfaction and pleasure ; and we concur heartily with him in lamenting any and all eiforts which are exerted to weaken its influence, or to persuade the more uninformed to doubt its truth, and reject its authority. • To take from us the firm basis of the Christian faith,' is, we think, to do the greatest injury to mankind : yet, towards the close of the sermon, when justly censuring that licentiousness of language and of sentiment which some pens have indulged, Mr. Bowen (unwarily it may be) expresses himself in a manner which his good sense, candour, and picty, may possibly induce him to correct. Christians ever have differed, and ever will differ, in the explication of some phrases, yet still are firm believers.
H Art. 66. The Blessing and the Curse; preached at the Cathedral
Church of Norwich, 29th November, 1798, the Day of General Thanksgiving By T. F. Middleton, A. M.
4to. I S. Rivingtons.
We may term this a political and a philosophical discourse, but the philosophy has religion for its basis. After having recounted our national advantages, and the security which we have enjoyed at home annid the general calamities of Europe, the author remarks, we trust, we are not guilty of impious presumption, if we conclude