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ment, nor more important in its consequerces, than the union of
Scotland with England. Many of our sovereigns had formed the
design, and had entered into a plan, of effectuating this desirable
purpose. So early as the time of Edward I. an attempt was made to
unite the two countries under one government; and this attempt was
continued, though without success, under the subsequent reigns of
Henry. VIII. James I. (of England) Charles II. and William III.

The author of the volume before us, thinking that no regular and
accurate history of this important event has hitherto appeared ; and
being of opinion that the recent steps which have been taken, for the
purpose of an incorporate union between this country and Ireland,
rendered such an history at this period peculiarly desirable; has offered
to the public the present work. His intentions are certainly good,
and we have little objection to the manner in which they have been
executed; we differ with him only as to the necessity for such a com-
position, for we consider the subject as having been discussed by
various authors of an older date, and lately by Dr. Coote and Dr.
Somerville, with great accuracy of information, and dispassionate
candour of statement. In Mr. Marshal's performance we discover
nothing that is new, or that entitles it to particular attention on
account of the knowlege which it conveys, or the manner in which
it is composed ;—the first being taken from other writers without the
introduction of any new lights, and the latter being inelegant, and
deformed by many Scotticisms.

S.R.
COMMERCIAL.
Art. 50. A Practical Book of Customs, with Excise, upon all

Foreign Articles imported; wherein is exhibited, at one View,
the Consolidated Customs and Branches as levied since that Period';
with the Law which imposed them, Date of its Commencement,
Total Duty paid, and Drawback now allowed ; also Duties Out-
wards, Bounties and Allowances on British Goods exported,
those on Foreign Fisheries, the Duties Coastwise, the Tonnage
and London-Dock Duties; and every Commercial Alteration and
addition, to the 17th of October 1799.

With Tables of Scavage,
Baillage, &c. The whole intended to inform and assist Commer-
cial concerns in general. 4to. 10s. 6d. Boards. Published by,
and to be had of, Edward James Mascall, Long Room, Custom-

House. 1799

A Tariff, or “ Book of Rates," seems as necessary in the com. mercial world, as the anvil, the lathe, or the loom, in mechanics. No business can be conducted without the aid of such inventions. The very nature of trade, especially, is liable to perpetual alterations and vicissitudes, the effects of improvements and of novelty; and hence the necessity of new compilements, such as that which now lies on the table before us.

Our merchants have long been accommodated with books concern. ing customs, &c. of a form similar to Mr. M.'s work : but those Di. rectories, which were so useful in years past, are in a great measure become obsolete, through the amazing extension of our intercourse with almost every part of the globe, the multiplicity of new articles

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of export and import, and the accumulation of our trade and excise laws, &c. From all these sources, new terms are daily added to our language, which are not to be found in Custom-house books.

For an explanation of the plan of the present useful work, we must refer the reader to the fourth page of Mr. Mascall's Introduction; and we shall only add our general observation, that his very elaborate performance seems to have justly merited the sanction which it appears to have obtained from the Commissioners of the Customs, as being the best compendium of the kind that has yet been offered to the public.

IRELAND. Art. 51. Review of a Publication, entitled, the Speech of the Right

Hon. John Foster, Speaker of the House of Commons of Ireland. In a Letter addressed to him by William Smith, Esq. M. P. A New Edition. 8vo. 28. Printed at Dublin; re-printed in London for Wright. 1799.

This appears to be one of the ablest of the several replies that have been made to Mr. Foster's celebrated Speech relative to the proposed Union, &c. Mr. Smith encounters the Speaker's arguments against that measure with perfect candor : but his just regard to the decencies of disputation do not seem, in the least, to have impaired the strength and vigour of his reasoning. The general conclusions, , which he draws from his well digested

statements, may be given in his own words ; which we shall transcribe from the winding up of his performance :

The tendencies of Union, I have, in the foregoing pages, had occasion to discuss. If these were such as you describe, I should heartily join with you to cry, No Union! but, persuaded as I am, that its tendencies would be to battle all attempts at separation ; that by giving vigour to the Empire, it would give security to Ireland ; that it might remove some of the risks and difficulties which obstruct sound and moderate religious, or political reform; that it would bring an orderly rank of persons in contact with the mass of our people, and fill up, as it were, the chasms of our incoherent com. munity; that it would, by their example, improve the morals of our lower ranks, initiating them in industry, and communicating to them a taste for the decencies of life; in a word, that it would raise and civilize our barbarous and degraded people, and fit them to enjoy the freedom it conferred; that it would bury, in a complete indentifica. tion of interest, whatever jealousies may have subsisted between the kingdoms, would assuage that internal discord of which we have so long been the victims, and permanently enrich and tranquillize our country : satisfied as I am, that such would be the effects of Union, I say to my countrymen, “ Accept the offer, and adhere to the Con. stitution of 1782 *.Preserve the Constitution which you then acquired; it must be invaluable ; for it is that of Britain ; but abo

“Reject the offer, and adhere to the Constitution of 1782." Speaker's Speech, p. 107.'

lish She wishes to represent the case of those, who would be industrions if they might, but are held down by the most powerful influence of 14

12 mo.

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lish a distinctness which impedes the practical enjoyment of its bless.'
ings, and is at variance with a connexion on which your happiness
depends.'

NOVEL.
Art. 52. The A[ysterious Seal, a Romance. By W.C. Proby.

75. sewed. Westley.
As some compensation for the violations of probability and nature
in our old Romances, the imagination is often delighted by beautiful
and glowing description, our best affections are excited by a repre-
sentation of the most noble and sublime virtues, and even our under,
standings may be sometimes improved by moral and religious senti-
mont. Most modern authors, of compositions which may be arranged
within this class, seem to fancy that they have attained their object
if they can excite only astonishment and horror. Now folly and
absurrity, if carried to a certain height, may occasion the former
sensation, and the most wild and improbable stories will give rise to
the latter.- Whether this ductility of the imagination, in yielding
credit to tales gloomy, sad, and frightful, proceeds from that fear
which is interwoven in our nature ; or whether there be a secret
pleasure in indulging contemplations of that sort ; certain it is that.
children are delighted with stories of ghosts and goblins :-hut we
might expect, in an age which calls itself enlightened, and among
persons who have enjoyed the advantages of a polite and liberal
education, a more correct if not a more refined taste.

Respecting the work before us, it would not be easy to give an analysis of the fable, which is wild, strange, and intricate. It contains no delineation of either character or manners; and, although the author disdains to be confined by the restraints of good sense, propriety, consistency, or probability, we meet with little variety of incident: but we are supplied with an abundant store of dark plots, wicked contrivances, and scenes of horror, copied in part from “the Mysteries of Udolpho," and yet more from“ the Castle Spectre.”- Among the smaller faults of this' work, may be noticed the inaccuracy of the language, of which we give the following short example: (vol. I.

• In answer to your question, my Lord, me and my parents are indebted to the kindness and benevolence of your noble father for the asylum we here enjoy, and the benefits we partake of;' &c.

The hero and heroine, however, are virtuous characters; and we perceive nothing of an immoral tendency in the volumes.

Ban!
MISCELLANEOUS.
Art. 53. The Female Advocate ; or an Attempt to recover the

Rights of Women from Male Usurpation; by Mary Anne Rad.
cliffe. Small 8vo. Pp. 189. 35. Boards. Vernor and Hoode-
1799.

This lady's zeal is doubtless exerted in a good cause : but, if she is warmly eloquent, as eloquence is prone to be, she is diffuse.

custom

P. 107.)

custom and misrepresentation; and consequently are incapable, with out the kind assistance of humanity, to find redress, or even again to tread the paths of virtue. But, alas! (she adds) finding herself so feeble an advocate, she can only hold the pen of truth, whilst Teason and justice plead their cause.'—The mischief which she de. plores, with indignation and grief, is of vast magnitude; not merely involving in wretchedness the pitiable female, but, in one way or another, entailing calanity on the other sex While shc feelingly la. ments it all, she directs her shafts against one principal source of the evil: • Look to the shops of perfumers, toymen, and others of a similar occupation; and, above all, look to the haberdashery magazine, where from ten to twenty fellows, six feet high, may be counted in each, to the utter exclusion of poor fenales, who could sell a toothpick or a few ribbons just as well.'-_Thus she observes, in another place, the greatest part of this female distress is not through a vi. cious or depraved disposition, but absolute compulsion; through the encouragement given to a destructive custom, which permits men to enjoy a privilege that nature never assigned them; and they are thereby encouraging vice to predominate, and holding virtue in fetters.'

The second part of this volume is more directly intended to de. monstrate that the frailty of female virtue more frequently originates from embarrassed circumstances, than from a depravity of disposition. In this part, as in the former, we find much feeling, together with some sensible and striking remarks ; though, we think, too much of repetition. The whole is concluded by the story of Fidelia, for which we refer the reader to the 77th, 78th, and 79th numbers of that well known and esteemed work, Hawkesworth's Adventurer :-but it should be remembered that the distress there related was in a great measure to be ascribed to the arts of seduction practised by a young man, who, degrading his rank, manifested hiinaelf a villain.

Hi: Art. 54. Moral Reflections, suggested by a View of London from off

the Monument; by John Evans, A.M. I 2mo. 61. Crosby.

The situation which this writer has chosen, while it presents an extensive and crowded prospect, awakens at the same time, in the contemplative mind, a great variety of entertaining and useful reflections : several of which, as suggested to himself on this occasion, Mr. Evans here consigns to public notice. His little work may, po doubt, be perused by numbers with advantage: moral and pious, it can hardly fail of some beneficial effect. The short

passage selected
from the faithful account given by Vincent, who was hinself a spec-
tator of the aweful conflagration in the year 1666, might have been
better expressed in the present writer's own language; rattle, rattle,
rattle,-tumble, tumble, tumble, though natural and appropriate to Vin-
cent's ideas at the time, are not suitable phrases now, and become
rather ludicrous on such a subject.
Art. 55. The Indian Cottage, by James Henry Bernardin de St.

Pierre, ; translated by Edward Augustus Kendal. 12mo. Is. 6d.
Vernor and Hood. 1799.

The

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This humorous and sarcastical, but at the same time beautiful, instructive, and benevolent tale, is too well known and esteemed, to require from us very particular notice. This is at the least its third appearance in an English dress. Its moral is excellent : but mistaken and unhappy will he be irho should draw inferences from it to the disadvantage of revelation. The amiable philanthropist, St. Pierre, though he freely lashes priests, literati, &c. was not cither infidel or atheist. He speaks honourably of the English nation, and endeavours to exculpate himself from any intention of directing his satire more pointedly to that than to other countries : as this translator properly remarks,- - the introduction of an Englishman into the story is merely incidental. So far as regards the purpose of the fable, the Englishman is to be understood as the representative of the learned world.', Hi. Art. 56. The Rational Humourist : consisting of a Selection of Anecdotes, Bons Mots, &c. Elegant, Sentimental, and Mirthful.

Vernor and Hood. 1799: Young people, or others, may entertain themselves, and occasi. onally the company into which they fall, from the generality of such collections as this now before us : but if this be their principal mental furniture, or they want judgment to manage it with propriety, it is likely that they will tind themselves unacceptable or neglected. We have not remarked in the present selection any thing prejudicial to virtue ; and the mirth which it may excite is of an innocent kind. Some of the anecdotes are of little worth ; some have been often circulated ; others are less known, and may afford amusement; as may also the former, since what is not novel or is become even trite to one person is not always so to another. A lively story or anecdote, well and seasonably introduced, will occasionally prove pleasant: but it requires a degree of taste and judgment to succeed in this mode of entertainment. A man who forms the plan of recommending lumself mersbe in such a line will often meet with disappointment and chagrin.

The few pieces of poetry at the end of this volnme might perhaps
as well have been omitted.
Art. 57. Spare Alinutes ; or Resolved Meditations, and Premeditated

Resolutions : written by Arthur Warwick.
Boards. Arch. 1799:

This title will materially apprize the reader wliat he is to expect. The age of quaintuess has nearly expired, and we cannot wish its revival : yct, acuteness with oddity may gain attention from some, on whom sober reasoning and accurate expression, though united with a degree of fervour and spirit, would have no effect. Of Arthur Warwick we know little : he appears to have been of the clerical profession in the last century ; and this production of his pen had passed through a seventh edition as early as the year 1640; from which the présent publication is printed, with some • alterations in the orthography, and no farther deviation than what seemed necessary to render the sense clear, and to divest it of such parts as were less likely to please, in an age of grlater refinement.'-The two prints, as indeed some other parts of the book, brought to our recollection Quarles's Emblems. Many just and useful remarks occur; of which a spe. Rev. Dec. 1799.

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