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possessed a splendid patrimony till he had dissipated it by. bis pros
digality. Perishable distinctions ! to use the words of a great orator,
compared with the immortality of his genius and his crimes. He
with the gay, severe with the severe, and could accommo
date his manners and conversation to the various descriptions of man
kind. Senates listened while he spoke; legions recoiled from the
wrigour of his arm ; his wit and hilarity were the delight of erery
social circle ; he was the hero of the battle and the orator of the
forum ; he had a mind capable of every design, and a body capable
of every hardship;, neither watching, nor fatigue, nor hunger, nor
the inclemency of the seasons could break the vigour of his constitu
tion; he could carry on at the same time both a private intrigue
and a public conspiracy; and while he meditated the destruction of
the state which repressed his ambition, he was intent upon the ruin
of the woman that enflamed his desires. As far as the word right is
applicable to wickedness, such a man had a right to be ambitious.
Enterprizes of uncommon atrocity and daring, from which common
minds shrink appalled, were suited to a nature like his. He was one
of those destructive spirits whom Providence sometimes sends abroad
to try human virtuc, and to confound human wisdom. He meditated
the destruction of the Roman commonwealth, but he had a Cicero to
contend with, and he failed. Cæsar afterwards succeeded. The name
of Casar comprehends whatever human valour has of heroic, human
sagacity of penetrating, and human wit of elegant and refined. Such
names communicate a splendour to the history of those times. We
admire while we exécrate ; we are shocked at the atrocity of the
purpose, but we are struck by the boldness of the execution; and by
the talents that appear in the execution. Far different are the crimes
of the present day; they answer one great moral end-in the
wickedness appears in all its native deformity. Curious speculators
will search the history of our times to discover the true form of vice,
divested of all the false glare which great talents and clegant accom-
plishments are so apt to throw over it.'-P.24 &
If our limits would allow, we could select many passages not
inferior to the preceding. We were peculiarly gratified by an
animated and splendid panegyric on William Ill. ; whose cha-
racter every man, really interested in the liberty and happiness
of mankind, finds every day new reason to reverence. The
crrors, the crimes, and the calamities of ill-conceived and ill-
conducted revolutions, are daily furnishing us with fresh cause
to admire that great Prince, and the wise and preserving Revo-
lution of which he was the chief,
For DECEMBER, 1799.
Art. 17 Plan of Union for the Military Volunteer Associations within
Great Britain, acting without Pay, recommended to tke Perusal
of the Meinbers of every Volunteer Corps in the Kingdom. By 9. an Officer of Association, 8vo. 6d. Robinsonis. - 1799.
The author of this little tract points out, with great good sense,
and in plain concise, language, the advantages that would accrue if
the different Volunteer Associations, many of which do not exceed
fifty or sixty mesi, were formed into battalions, so as to act together
on an, uniform system ; and we recommend his plan to the attention of
those who reside in large towns, or populous neighbourhoods ; where
it could more easily be carried into effect than in detached villages. Suth. .
Art: 18. Observations on the English and French (Gun) Locks, and
on one newly constructed. By an Officer of the Guards. Svo.
is. 6d. Grellier, Coventry-street. 1999:
*We scarcely ever peruse a military publication, without finding rery
heavy complaints of the great numberofour muskets that missfire in time
of action. Any attempt, therefore, to remedy so serious a defect is
entitled to praise; and we have no doubt that, if the author of this
tract, whom we understand to be Col. Turner of the 3d Guards,
will avow himself, and send a copy of his work to the Master-Genes
ral, (or, in his fordship's absence, to the principal officers of the
Board of Ordnance,) his suggestions will meet with a candid con.
Art. 19. Minutie; or little things for the Poor of Christ's Flock;
hy J. W. Peers, LL.D. 12mo. Pp. 247. 35. Boards. Button.
This performance receives, in our opinion, no recommendation
from the peculiarity of its title; and some of its principles also may
be at least questionable: yet it may nevertheless prove acceptable
and useful to 'many readers, of particular deuominations. The ad.
vertisement, by which it is introduced, is much in the strain of remote
times, and is so peculiar that we cannot refrain from inserting it ;
• Erery star emits light; the least are not useless, though imper-
ceptible by the human eye. Little things are necessary and benefi.
cial, or God would not have made them. The smallest veins,
through which the blood circulates, conduce to the welfare of the
whole body. The widow's mite was acceptedi If my mite of medi-
tation may but be blessed to the poor of Christ's flock, they will,
with me, join in giving glory to God. May grace be upon thee!
This seems sufficient to give a competent idea of the book, Hi
Art. 20. The principal part of the Old Testament, from the beginning
of Gencsis, to the conclusion of the Second Book of Kings. . By
*tlie Rev. William Ashburner, Vicar of Urswick, and School.
master there. 12mo. pp. 640.
PP. 640. 35. 61. Bound. Robinsons. .
This book is intended for the use of schools, and it has employed
some time and attention in a manner 'very congruous to the author
character and station. The old testament, he observés, is but little
used in schools ; and to remove some objections on this head, he offers
this kind of abridgment, which contains a most important and in-4
teresting history from the creation of the world down to ihe Baby-
lonish captivity, a period of 3407 years. The very short summary,
exhibited in the preface, proves that the instruction hereby con
veyed is highly useful, conducive to the well being both of india
viduals and of society, besides
, which the book is recommended by
a large type, a price as low as possible, and a size not inconvenient.
The abridgment consists in the omission of several parts; and this
curtailment might probably have been with propriety applied to
several other chapters, particularly such as respect the building and
furniture of the tabernacle, with the institutions and rites of the cerea
monial law : on which some more general idea might be sufficient.--
Bibles, in former times, were accompanied with tables of dif-;
ferent kinds, brief notes, explications, &c. for the instruction and
benefit of the reader. The publication before us has an advantage of
this sort, in tables of Scripture weights, measures, money, and chrom
nology; at the head of every chapter, alsų, most of the principal
words in each are placed and properly dívided. The historical parts
of the Old Testament tave, no doubt, often engaged a close atten-
tion from young persons, and afforded them great entertainment :
Mr. Ashburner insists much on this ; and, since he apprehends that
his arguments are founded in truth, he concludes that all young,
persons should be enabled to give some account of this valuable
tion of sacred history, calculated to furnish them with useful instruc-
tion, to afford pleasure, and contribute to their advancement in learn.
ing-Besides the immediate purpose of this volune, the author
thinks that it might be useful in any family, instead of one much
more voluminous and expensive.'
Art. 21. An Apology for Village-preachers y or an Account of the
Proceedings and Motives of Protestant-Dissenters, and serious
Christians of other Denominations, in their Attempts to suppress
Infidelity and Vice, and to spread vital Religion in Country Places
especially where the Means of pious Instruction, among the Poor,
| are rare : with some Animadversions on an Anonymous “ Appeab
to the People :". and. Replies to Objections. By William Kings-
bury, M. A. 8vo. 15. Chapman.
v In the prcface, this author observes, \ some, perhaps, may smile
at my title, as affecting quaintness, I confess, I wish it to strike
the eye in those days of apologies : I have introduced the term vitat
religion, and I adopt it, because I would have the reader at once
understand what cause we wish to diffuse by village preaching; and
because it imports that life, vigour and warmth in religion, without
which the most excellent doctrines are a dead letter; and the persone
who use modes of worship most approved among all denominations;
are little better than machines.' -On the perusal of this paniphlet,
we find ourselves constrained to acknowlege that the appellant, above
mentioned, appears here to disadvantage, as every nan must who
undertakes the treatment of a subject which he has not well condi
sidered, or permits himself to be guided by passion and prejudice.
As to the immediate topic, it does not tall under our discussion.
Merely to propagate opinions, though of what is deemed an orthodox
kind, is effecting little good: but to awaken men from a thoughtless
and sinful course of life, and to render them sober, faithful, bene-
volent, and vötuous, is certainly doing much.-If the method of
accomplishing this be left to the judgment and ability of those who 1
their well-meant endeavours, they may be sometimes greatly des
ceived in the means. We think that we observe in this sensible and
liberal performance, too great a confinement to a particular train of
sentiment, as that train whence alone real Christian advantages are to
be expected but there are, we are told, a numerous body in this king.
dom, differing widely in their opinions from those of Calvin, who
we very assiduous in their labours to disseminate what they regard
as Christian truth, and to advance piety and virtue; although Wesley,
their great leader, is no more. In the conflict of opinions, charity
and morality are too frequently lost : but practical piety, which is
Christianity, will for ever retain its value and importance: Hi.
Art. 22. The sacred History of the Life of Jesus Christ, illustrative
of the Harmony of the Four Evangelists; to which is added
an Index of parallel Passages; by the Rev. Thomas Harwood,
late of University College, Oxford. 12mo. Pp. 149. 35. sewed.
Cadell jun. and Davies. 1798.
It was well observed, in antient times of the Christian church, concerning the four gospels, that, had the writers maintained an exact agreement as to time, place, and expression, few would have believed them, because they would have regarded it as human contrivance ; whereas the difference in some smaller things prevents such suspicion,
and proves their authenticity. If in matters of principal moment they 11
differ not, why should it surprize us if, in such as are inferior, there
may be some variation ?- Those pens have nevertheless been laudably
employed, which have endeavoured to alleviate or remove these
smaller. difficulties. It is obvious, as Mr. Harwood remarks, that the
evangelists have not observed the same order in their details, and
were rather careful to relate the events themselves, than the order of
time in which they arose. He has therefore applied himself, in the
cight chapters which form this work, to present the reader with a
view of this important history according with the manner in which
the different transactions might probably occur. - Hammond and
Cave appear to have been his principal direction and authority, with
which may be joined Nelson on Feasts: but several references are
made to other writers, such as Josephus, Grotius, Gasselius, God,
vin, Bunting's travels, &c. once also, we observe, to Justin Martyr,
Euscbius, and Chrysostom; and once to, Lardner's Credibility at
the conclusion of his preface, the writer remarks To the Içarned,
neither the authorities nor the references will be new.; they may
Rot, however, be without use to the young and the uninformed.'
We apprehend that there are other Harmonies, or works of the kind,
which might have assisted and improved the performance. Mr. H.
occasionally adds some notes.; if a few morc had in some instances.
been given, they might have proved bencficial. He does not lead the
reader much to what is controversial, but attends with care, to what
is practical. -On the sermon on the mount, which he scems too
regard as the saine with that mentioned by Luke 19 delivered A,
the plain, he dwells with apparent satisfaction : bus, when relating
a conyersation with the Jews, recorded in the sixth chapter of St.
Joha's Gospel, he says (on verse 27th) 'going into the synagogue,
he (Jesus) took occasion to recommend to them spiritüal meat, the belief of bis word, and receiving of bis sacrament that mystical food which nourishes for eternal life:'We have never seen reason suffis cient to convince us that our Lord had here any reference to the institution which he ordained in commemoration of himself, and intended by the sacrament in the passage just recited.
On the whole, this little volume, which is not designed to supersede but to assist a careful perusal of the four gospels, may in this view be employed to advantage. It is agreeable to many to read accounts of them in different forms; and though Harmonies vary, and the best are still uncertain and somewhat conjectural, a regular diso position of events may in some respects prove informing and pleasant. -The index of parallel passages, which has cost the writer some thought and labour, may amuse and instruct those who assiduously, examine it.
Hi. Art. 23:- A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of London in
the Years 1798 and 1799. By the Right Rev. Beilby Lord Bishop of the Diocese. 8vo. Is. Cadell jun. and Davies.
It is highly proper 'and commendable in a Christian Bishop to notice the state of Infidelity, to manifest zeal in resisting it, and to afford his instructions to his clergy on the most effectual means of combating and subduing so active and dangerous an enemy. From a man of the Bishop of London's distinguished character and emi: tience in the church, something may be expected on this alarming subject in a Charge delivered in these perilous times, and the well disposed will readily forgive him, if his apprehensions transport kim in his oratory beyond the line of cold and unimpassioned modcration. Who en doubt that Deistical notions, indifference to religion, and profigacy of manners, prevail among us to a serious degree? Who can doubt the necessity of calling tắe attention of our religious in structors to this apparently growing evil -If, in his picture of the times, every statement exhibited by the Bishop of London be not strictly correet, the general fact must be admitted; which is amply sufficient not merely to justify but to confer praise on his exhort, ations. We hope that the instructions given in this Charge will receive attention not only from those to whom it is immediately addressed, burt from every one in these kingdoms who has a cure of suols. We particularly admire the Right Rev. prelate when he recommends to his clergy the enforcement of all good doctrines by a goodi and' exemplary conduct. We are of opinion that what in general passes among the common people for infidelity proa ceeds, for the most part, from vicious habits; and therefore the advice here given will commonly be found to be true : 'banish from the hearts of your parishioners all sensuality, pride, vanity, vain-glory, and selfsuficiency, and I will venture to engage that you shall not have a single infidel in your parish.
'Ílie prudent caution here suggested to our spiritual guides, to be on the wateh against those who are endeavouring to say every sentiment of religion and morality," is followed by the conseling asürance that the reception given to some modern publications, para