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• In 1747 he married his first wife, a daughter of Dr. Trebecka She died in 1754; and in Sept. 1761 he married the widow of the Rev. Hand, an illegitimate daughter of John Lord Viscount Lisburne. In the same month, he kissed the king's hand for his Bishopric. Previous to which appointment he was lecturer of Sto George's Hanover-square, Prebendary of Westminster, and Dean of Salisbury.
• In 1764 Bishop Newton was offered the primacy of Ireland, which he modestly refused.
• From the year 1769, to his death, ill health was almost his constant companion ; and on the 14th of February 1782, this truly good man expired without a sigh, or the least visible emotion, his countenance still retaining the same placid appearance which was so peculiar to him when alive.
• He was author of Discourses on the Prophecies, and many other valuable works*:
Had Mr. Shaw reckoned Garrick among the Lichfield heroes, we should have found in his story something more interesting even than the Memoirs of the Bishop afford us: but Garrick, according to Mr. Shaw, was not a Lichfieldian ti and he therefore gives no farther information respecting that celebrated man, than what is connected with the epitome of Johnson's life. He however obliges us with the elegant epitaph written for the tablet beneath his bust in Lichfield cathedral by Miss Seward ; which was composed, says Mr. Shaw, at the earnest request of Dr. V-- but the present ill-chosen prose inscription was preferred, though by whom selected is not known. The following is the epitaph by Mise Seward :
« While o'er this marble bends thy pensive eye,
Here, stranger, breathe the tributary sigh!
Hid from the world the noblest part he play'd." The last lines of this epitaph do credit to Miss Seward :but it does still more honour to Mr. Garrick that the idea, which they express, is not the creation of the poet's fancy, but the dictate of strict truth.
* The Bishop's edition of Milton's poetical works surely ought not to be passed over in silence.
+ Mr. Garrick was born at Hereford, but was always considered as a Lichfield man.
Of a work containing such a multiplicity of various matter as occurs inf a county history, it were idle to attempt to give a competent idea by extracts - let it suffice, therefore, to inform the reader, in addition to what we have already said of this publication, that whatever he may wish to learn of any given spot in Offlow Hundred, (to which this volume is confined,) or of the gegeral history of the county, he will most probably find here.-He will also meet in the commencement with some curious fac similes of passages in Domesday Book, with an explanation of its terms; and, in the end, with a curious collection of letters of Sir Ralph Sadler, and Secretary Walsingham, written during the period of Queen Mary's confinement in Tutbury castle, and relating to the situation of that unhappy princess.
Among the materials not necessarily connected with the great business of the work, and which are here introduced as embellishments, is an elegant poem from the pen of Miss Seward, addressed to Mr. Lister of Lichfield; in which, besides abusing the Reviewers, (who, alas ! but too often provoke the genus irritabile vatum,) she commemorates many literary and poetical characters who have given distinction to that city. Persuading Mr. Lister to tempt his muse, notwithstanding the many discouraging circumstances which surround the poet, she says:
" Yet oft, for candid friends, persuade
" Ah! witness many a sparkling rhyme
“ Witness the bright, the jocund powers
* Dr. Green and Dr. Newton, afterward Bishops of Lincoln and Bristol.' Ray, Dec. 1799.
When, as their festal influence glow'd,
is Witness the lays that still engage
“ With vigorous mind, whose efforts bend
For thou canst gem each link they frame.”
Wall..e Art. XIII. Mr. Kirkman's Memoirs of the Life of Charles Macklin,
Esquire. [ Art. concluded from p. 112.] year 1767, Macklin returned from Dublin to London, with a determination to end his days in the English capital. On his arrival, he immediately entered into an agreement with the managers of Covent Garden Theatre; and on the 28th of November he brought out his True-born Irishman, under the new title of The Irish fine Lady. This was its first representation in London. The several parts were very strongly cast ; yet it is allowed by his biographer, who in the first volume had already spoken pretty fully concerning the merits of this piece,' that
• * The late Rev. Arch-Deacon of Lichfield. Epigrams and gay ballads of exquisite spirit flowed ex tempore from his lips, but he declined publishing them.' of Late Dr. Davies, Canon of Lichfield.'
f.Dr. Darwin, author of Botanic Garden - inhabitant of Lichfield from 1757 to 1781.'
• It is rather too long, and calculated only for the meridian of Dublin, where it was repeatedly performed with great approbation ; and where several local witticisms, which it contains, particularly of a political nature, contributed greatly to its success. Here, how ever, it was so universally condemned, that Mr. Macklin, at the end of the representation, thought it necessary to make the following apology to the audience :
“ Ladies and Gentlemen, “ I am very sensible, that there are several passages in this Piece which deserve to be reprobated, and I assure you, that they shall never offend your ears again.”
• As soon as Mr. Macklin had finished this address, the audience testified their approbation of his determination, by loud and reiterated plaudits. The Farce was immediately withdrawn, and has not been performed since.'
After this concession, nearly 30 pages are expended in blackening the memory of the late Mr. Colman : but to revive theatrical quarrels, and relate only the provocations received on one side, at the distance of so many years from the transaction, can be of no use but to fill the author's book. Whatever were Mr. Colman's faults, as their effects at the time can now have no power of injuring either the public or individuals, we think that, without the exercise of great Christian charity, the humane and merciful Pagan axiom, De mortuis nil nisi bonum, ought to have saved his memory from this attack, With Mr. Kirkman, however, the precept is to operate only in favour of Macklin. Throughout the work, he has exalted his hero at the expence of Garrick, Quin, Barry, Colman, Mossop, &c.
When we reached the end of the first volume, we were unable to divine whence materials for a second could be supplied: but, to our surprize, we found 200 pages occupied with a circumstantial account of a trial. Previously to this detail, however, the author tells us, with great truth and propriety, that
« In the year 1768 many events took place, which proved highly distressing to the Drama.' That excellent Actress, Mrs. Pritchard, died in the fifty-eighth year of her age; and Mr. O'Brien left the stage. This Gentleman, Mr. Macklin has declared, was the only Actor who ever filled the Parts of Mr. Wilks in genteel Comedy, with elegant deportment. In the course of this
Mrs. Clive also retired from the Stage. This admirable Actress was long the darling of the public. If ever there was a true comic genius, Mrs. Clive was one ; she perhaps never was equalled, certainly never excelled. We cannot describe her better than by introducing the following lines from a celebrated poct, which may, with great propriety, be applied to her
G g 2
“ Haste thee, nymph, and bring with thee
Jest and youthful Jollity ;
And Laughter, holding both his sides." In 1769 Macklin lost his mother, at the advanced age of apwards of 99, bequeathing to her son a still more extended bongevity. In this year, the stage was deprived of two actors of considerable merit, Powell and Holland ; and
• This year was also remarkable for the celebration of a Jubilee in honour of Shakspeare, which lasted three days, during which time entertainments of Oratorios, Concerts, Pageants, Fireworks, &c. were presented to a very brilliant and numerous company, assembled from all parts of the Kingdom. Many persons of the highest quality and rank, of both sexes, some of the most celebrated beauties of the age, and men distinguished for their genius and love of the elegant arts, thought themselves happy to fill the grand chorus of this high Festival. There was an Amphitheatre erected at Stratford, upon the plan of Ranelagh, decorated with various devices. In the Town-hall Shakspeare's most striking characters were seen, and the old House, where the immortal Bard was born, was covered with a curious emblematical transparency; the subject was, the Sun struggling through clouds to enlighten the World!
In 1771 our hero made a trading voyage to Leeds, Liverpool, and Dublin; and though we have been told, when he fast quitted that city, that he had determined never again to leave England, his biographer now says that when he left London, in 1771, he shipped all his furniture, plate, pictures, and a very choice and valuable library of books, worth upwards of five thousand pounds, on board a Dublin trader, then lying in the River Thames; but, unfortunately, this ship was stranded on the coast of Ireland, off Arklow, and almost the whole of Mr. Macklin's property was lost.' This seems to imply a resolution to end bis davs in Ireland.
Notwithstanding the extreme bitterness with which he speaks of and writes to Nr. Colman, in 1768, Mr. K. informs us that.
- On the 12d of December, 1772, Mr. Macklin wrote from Dublin to Mr. Colman in London, and oñered his services at CorentGarden Theatre ; and on the 24th of January, 1773, Mr. Colman ansirered Mr. Macklin's Letter, and concluded his Epistle in the fol. lowing inviting terms.--" Draw up your own plan, and send it to me, and I make no doubt of the matter being settled to our mutual satisfaction.” On the 17th February, 173, Mr. Macklin, in conformity to Mr. Coltan's' kind invitation and request, sent him his plan, and at the same time informed him of the Parts that he intended