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The title page of this little work contains a summary of its contents. In the Thoughts on Marriage, the author designs to vindi. cate the holy state of matrimony from the heavy charges preferred against it by Miss Wollstonecraft, in her two principal works, the Rights, and the Wrongs, of Women; and this he does by shew. ing that this lady nearly fell a victim to her own system, (our readers will recollect that she is said to have twice attempted her own life,) and actually did suffer more from spurning the vulgar bonds of marriage, than those common minds usually do who patiently submit to the yoke. Miss Wollstonecraft's history is certainly the best refutation of her innovating system ; and the writer of this little tract, paying however great respect to the virtuous principles and acknowleged talents of the lady, fully avails himself of the arguments which her story furnishes in support of the established order of things.

The author's observations on the shameful prevalence of criminal intercourse between the sexes, particularly in higher life, abound with sound morality and good sense ; and we are inclined to think with him, that, if the punishment of this crime were rendered infamous, instead of pecuniary, the disease would soon become less epidemic.

Art. 48. Occasioned by the Death of the Rev. Joseph Towers,

LL.D. delivered at Newington-Green, June 2, 1799, by the
Rev. James Lindsay; to which is added, the Oration delivered at
his Interment, by the Rev. Thomas Jervis. 8vo. pp. 64. Is. 6d.

The object of this discourse is to point out the great advantage which both the common and the enlightened Christian enjoy, above all other men, in anticipating the approach and conquering the fear of death ; together with the gratitude due to God on this account. This topic is illustrated and sustained in a rational, clear, and, to us, very satisfactory manner; and it is farther applied for consolation and fortitude, in that prospect of dissolution which every Human Being has for himself, and also under the removal of virtuous relatives and friends. The subject is here considered with an immediate regard to the death of Dr. Towers, who was well known and respected by many among different parties in the literary world. He was a remarkable instance that knowlege and learning may be acquired without the assistance of a regular education ; for his attainments, we are here informed, were altogether the fruits of his own application ; and such was his improvement that, in the year 1761, when only twenty-four

age, he was so much regarded as a scholar, that he corre. sponded with the celebrated Lord Lyttleton : two years after which, he published a sensible and well-written view of the genuine doctrines of Christianity, in opposition to the tenets of Calvinism ; which, on examination, he saw reason to renounce.' During this period we find him engaged, from the early age

of twelve, in the Stationary business ; which leads us to applaud his in. dustrious endeavours to advance himself in different branches of useful knowlege and science.-At length he aspired to the Christian ministry; and, with the assistance of Dr. Fleming, he regulated his studies more directly with that design: but it is well knows that he did not


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confine them merely to what is deemed theology; he was well ace'
quainted with history, particularly the English history, law, and con-
stitution, as has been made evident by his detection of the errors and
misrepresentations of Hume, Dalrymple, and Tucker;' and by liis tract
on the rights of juries, ' which procured him deserved reputation and
esteem among many of the first political characters of this country.'

It was in the year 1774 that he appeared in the ministerial character, first at Highgate, where he continued about four years ; after which he removed to Newington-Green, and at this latter place finished his labours and his life, having officiated in public about a week before his removal. • The integrity and consistency of his character, observes Mr. Lindsay, entered into all his opinions and all his plans, both in public and private life. It ruse above all consi. derations of worldly advaniage ; nor could any interest whatever de. tach him from what he deemed the interest of truth and virtue.'--His publications are numerous; and in the biographical line he was distinguished, particularly in his connection with the late respected Dr. Kippis, as editor of the Biographia Britannica.

The character of Dr. still more distinctly delineated in the funeral oration ; by one short extract from which, we shall close this article: • At all times,' observes Mr. Jervis, “and especially in un. certain and unquiet times, when the world is up in arms, and the af-, fairs of human beings wear a troubled and threatening aspect ; when the whole moral and political hemisphere looks louring and dark ; when we hear of nothing but wars and rumours; and though they cry, " Peace, peace !” yet there is no peace-but in the grave! in such times, the arguments which should reconcile us to the trial of our faith, constancy, and patience, in the death of those we love, ga. ther strength by the consideration, that they are “ taken from the evil to come.

Addressed to the loyal Pimlico Volunteers, previous to re-
ceiving their Colours from the Hands of the Countess of Carlisle,
in the Rotunda at Ranelagh-house, May 20, 1799, by the Rev.

Weeden Butler. 8vo. Polworth, Pimlico.
Art. 50. Preached in the Royal Hospital Chapel, before the Chel-

sea Armed Association, on receiving their Colours from Miss
North, Daughter of the Lord Bishop of Winchester, May 31,
1799, by the Rev. Weeden Butler. 8vo. IS. Dillon.

Both these discourses are suited to the occasions on which they were
delivered The language in cach is correct ; tach contains some sensible
remarks and useful admonitions; and each concludes with a wish for
the superlative blessing of PEACE. The first is, we think, the most
eloquent. One paragraph in both is exactly the same ; which the
author very properly points out to the notice of the reader in the second ,
sermon. The following lines are part of the passage :- It was not,
I trust, the puerile inducement of any who have come forward in this
generous career, to outshine their neighbours in the external garb and
trappings of a military appearance ; or to assume a marked distinca,
tion, without strenuously maintaining the just claim to it among us.'
-Such a remark may not be wholly unseasonable ; and the same,
perhaps, may be said of that which soon afterward occurs:-- nor shall
any of us, I hope, in thought or deed, resemble Ephraim's sons of
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Art. 49.


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old, who being armed, and carrying bows, are said to have turned back, when their services were the most needed.'

Hi. Art. 51. The Fall of Babylon, or the Harmony between Prophecy and

Providence, in the Rise, Duration, and Destruction of Antichrist : delivered to the Independent Congregation, Long. Buckby, Northamptonshire, in which are considered the Opinions of Dr. Valpy, and E. King, Esq. By William Mosely. 8vo. is. Chapman.

The question on which Mr. Mosely principally dissents from the writers above mentioned is concerning the epoch, from which the 1260 years allotted for the rise and ruin of Antichrist is to take ita date. Several opinions have been embraced on the subject. Dr. Valpy and Mr. King have fixed on A. D. 538, the year in which Vigilius is said to have purchased the popedom ; and according to this date they find the destruction of the man of sin in 1793. Mr. Mosely, rejecting this ara, (as it should seemn with good reason,) fixes on the year 606 as the commencement of the reign of Antichrist; at which period, as is generally agreed by writers most eminent for a knowlege of antiquity, the despotical and hateful emperor Phocas was induced to take from the bı-hop of Constantinople the title of ecure. nical, or universal bishop, and to confer it on the Ronan pentiff. The fact appears probable, and almost undoubted though Mosheim delivers the account with some apparent hesitation. Sereral writers of note have favoured the sentiment here espoused; among others, bishop Newton speaks of it as meriting attention. This last mentioned author, many years ago, writing on the Revelation of St. John, considered it as not improbable that the kings of France, who contributed so greatly to the advancement of popery, might some time or other be the principal authors of her destruction.- Mr. Mosely justly observes that ' Antichrist is not yet destroyed. The secular power, indeed, he allows to be lost : but even this, though he does not seem to apprehend it, may be recovered :-present appear, ances lead to a suggestion of this nature: but an impenetrable veil conceals the result. The author before vs discovers à considerable share of that knowlege which is suited to his subject; he is not a random theorist, but writes with attention and propriety, and gives to his speculations a practical direction.

Hi. Art. 52. Divine Mercy, the Refuge of Sinners in Distress : delivered

at the Funeral of the late Mrs. Littlewood, Rochdale, May 28, 1799, by John Fawcett, A. M. To which is added, an Address at the Interment, by John Hindle. Published at the Request of the Hearers. 8vo. 6d. Willis.

This sermon was no doubt acceptable and impressive to those who were present on the affecting occasion of its delivery: It is in the old calvinistic strain : but it presents many seasonable and useful truths in a declamatory style, perhaps rather too diffuse for the press, The annexed address corresponds with the discourse, is adapted to the melancholy occurrence, and is not, as is sometimes the case, drawn out to a tedious and inconvenient lengrh.

Hi. Art. 53. The Consolations of Pure Christianily; delivered at Col.

lumpton, July 5; 1796, before the Society of Unitarian Christians, established in the West" of England, for promoting


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I 2mo.

Christian Knowlege, and the Practice of Virtue, by the Distri. bution of Books. By J. Isaac.

8d. Johnson. Happy would it be, if Christians of every denomination did heartily regard those sentiments of candour, liberality, and truth, by which the sermon before us is introduced. Its principal intention is to propose some considerations, which may support a cheerful frame of mind under the discouragements which attend Unitarian Christians ; and which ought, also, to convince others, that all religious consolation is not contined to those who have embraced the doctrines of Calvin and Athanasius, which they conceive to be core ruptions of Christianity.' Mr. Isaac illustrates his subject with serious simplicity, and concludes by observing,~. We will not triumph in the spread of any opinions; but will rejoice when we see the comforts and truths of the gospel, exciting all about us to more extensive benevolence and piery, and to the practice of the virtues which shone so brilliantly in the conduct of the Holy Jesus.'

Hi. Art. 54. Occasioned by the sudden Decease of Mrs. Christiana

Perkins, at Wilderly, in Shropshire, 18th March 1799, in the Seventy-First Year of her Age. By Nathan Porteus. 8vo. pp. 44. Johnson.

There may be somewhat peculiar in the air and manner of this discourse : but it is plain, sensible, practical, and useful; while it convinces the understanding, it affects the heart, and exhorts the reader to a life of piety and virtue. The respected person, by whose decease it was occasioned, was the widow of a farmer; who was, like herself, industrious and contented, and discharged with attention, in the fear of God, the duties of his station. Hence, among other instructive remarks, the preacher observes that a rural life is favourable to virtuous habits, and perfecting the moral and religious character. This he does with the design of exciting those who are thus situated, to be sensible of their peculiar advantages, and to improve them wisely. “It is (says he) in your situation, that every thing tends to promote that serenity. of mind so friendly to serious thought and self-examination. That love of liberty and independence which you inhale with the breath of life gives strength and dignity to the mind. Yet, inclined as he is to speak advantageously of rural scenes and employments, and to regard crowded towns and cities as unpropitious to virtue, he farther says, doubtless there are many glorious and shining exceptions-many who have surmounted the wickedness of the world and “come off conquerors :"-and I shall be glad to be convinced that vice is not on the whole, triumphant in metropolitan cities !-- That Paris and London at present are better than Nineveh and Babylon of old.'

The immediate occasion of his sermon leads Mr. P. to take notice of a sudden decease as a blessing to those who are habitually prepared : On this principle, (he adds,) I never join in the prayer against sudden death. In the liturgy, where there is so much to admire and approve, it is by no means wonderful that some exceptionable passages should still remain. When the good man has * finished his work,” why should he not be glad to go home, and “ rest from his labours,'knowing that his works shali follow him?"


Art. 55. A Discourse deliacred on the Fast Day in February 1799, in

the Church of St. Lawrence, Winchester. By the Rev. Henry
Gabell, A.B. Rector. 8vo. Is. Cadell jun. and Davies.

As a political Lecturer Mr. Gabell discovers considerable ability and adroitness in combating the principles of certain theorists. He may not be thoroughly correct in all his positions and reasonings, nor so per. fectly calın and dispassionate as we could always wish the clerical politician to be : but there is a manliness in his style and sentiments which must please ; and, while he labours to expose romantic ideas, he does not wish to repress and chill the noble energies of man, by the beBumbing hand of despotism. He does not, like King James's preachers, quote scripture to prove the Divine right ; nor express a desire to preclude the people of this country from any real improve. meni in the art of civil governinent :-quite the contrary: 'men (he

says) will sooner believe that the Christian religion is false, than that .l. it is unlawful to resist oppression ;' yet he feels himself required to

expose the folly of prescribing revolutions as the remedy for every slight disorder in the state; and to guard his countryinen from rushing, under i e car of regal, on the more fatal extreme of popular des potism. . He fairly puts the question: • Is the British Constitution radically unfavourable to Human Happiness?' Every rational person must assert the contrary.

Mr. G.'s observations on philanthropy may expose him to some critical comments : but we have not room for them. He might otherwise be reminded that his remarks apply as strongly against Christian benevolence, as against what he terms the new philosopby. as Mr. G. obscrves, that general philanthropy can rarely prompt. to any great exertion : but then it tends to expand the heart, and to deliver it from stupid and irrational enmities.

The author farther considers • war as an evil inherent in humanity, as a casualty inseparable from the nature of society ;'--we do not deny. the position : but we may ask how, on this principle, are those pleasing hopes to be realized which our religion excites, and those prophecies to be fulfilled which promise the amity of the lion with the lamb?

Mooy Art. 56. Presentation of Colours by Mrs. William Garrett to the Royal

Garrison Volunteers, under the Command of Major William Garo:
rett; preached in the Garrison Chapel, Portsmouth, May 29,
1799, by the Rev. John Davies. 4to. is. Printed at Portsmouth,

This sermon accords with the occasion, being a popular discourse on the Divine superintendence, and on the circumstances of the times, and of our own country in particular. The writer makes great use, of Scripțural language, and animates us to splendid exertions' at this period, when (he observes). it is evident, the Lord bath a contros versy with us

Hi Art. 57. The Doctrine of Christianity on the Subject of War: preached

at the Consecration of the Colours presented by the Honourable
Mrs. Peachey to the Royston and Barkway Volunteer Corps, ist
Aug. 1799

By George Law, M. A. Prebendary of Carlisle.

Faulder. In consequence of the title prefixed to this sermon, we opened it with some expectation : but Mr. Law makes no discovery of any one doctrine of Christianity on the subject of war ; he only finds out that

It is true,


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