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and the attention of this lady are better employed than they often are by the dissipated part of her sex.
The plants represented in these plates are the Bombax gossipium, Apocynum erectum, Poinciana pulcherrima, a species of Guaiacum, Bixa orellana, Ricinus palna Christi, Syringa Laciniata *, Hematoxylon campechiense, Canella alba, a species of Mimosa, Solanum virginiacum, Carica papaya, Convolvulus batatas, Coffea occidentalis.
Correa. Art. 18. Menthe Britannice : being a new Botanical Arrangement
of the British Mints hitherto discovered. By W. Sole. Folio, pp. 63. with 24 Plates. il. is. Boards. White.
The elucidation of a genus such as the Mints is perhaps one of the most difficult tasks that a botanist can undertake. The genus is truly natural, but the specific differences are very few, and the inter. vals between the species are almost imperceptible. Under these circumstances, Mr. Sole certainly deserves well of science, for having endeavoured to give distinct figures of all the Mints which persevering attention has afforded him an opportunity of seeing, and for having recorded every difference which he could observe between them. He thus prepares materials for farther inquiries : of which undoubtedly we stand in need, in order to determine with accuracy which are really distinct species, and which are mere varieties.
In his preface, Mr. Sole gives some account of what had been done by former botanists in respect to Mints; and he ascribes the confusion hitherto prevailing in this genus, chiefly to the want of good figures, and to the small number of Mints of which plates have been given. These, no doubt, are some of the causes, but perhaps not the greatest. The want of proper observations, and of a criterion by which we could judge of the degrees of stability of the several differences that may be remarked among plants so nearly related, has probably hitherto prevented the limits of the species of this genus from being more strictly fixed.
In the arrangement of the British Mints, Mr. Sole follows the Lin. Dæan division in three series ; Ist, of spiked Mints ; 2d, round-headed Mints ; 3d, whirled Mints ; and under these different heads, he makes us acquainted with his observations on 25 sorts of Mints growing in Great Britain, 24 of which are represented in as many plates. His descriptions are minute, and bear the stamp of accuracy and fidelity. D: Art. 19. Synopsis Plantarum Insulis Britannicis indigenarum ; com
plectens Characteres Genericos et Specificos, secundum Systema Sexuale distributos. Curante S. Symons, A B. Soc. Linn. S. J2mo. pp. 207. . 55. Boards. White,
The utility and expediency of enchiridions for cvery branch of na. tural history, and for botany in particular, are obvious to all lovers
This plaitt, if we can judge from the figure, belongs to the natural family of the
Melie ; consequently, it is as far as possible from being a syringa. The author herself has been sensible that, whatever it might be, it certainly was not a species of this genus ;---why then give it this name?
of science. In this class of publications, the synopsis now before us deserves particular commendation, for the knowlege and taste displayed in the choice of the materials. The 3d edition of Dr. Withering's Botanical Arrangement of British Plants is the ground-work of the present book, but in some respects improved by Mr. Symons. Though. he most generally gives the essential and specific characters from the 13th edition of the Systena Nature, and the 14th of the Systema Vegetabilium, as well as from the ad edition of the Species Plantarum, he has occasionally adopted the improvements suggested by some recent authors, whom he enumerates. The species, in particular, of Carex, Agrostis, Polypodium, Viola, and Orobanche, are here exhi-, bited according to the corrections which they have fately received from the skill and industry of Drs. Goodenough and Withering, Mr. Forster jun. and Dr. Smith. In defining the species of Geraniums and Willows, the observations of L'Heritier and Hoffman have been of some use.
Of the Cryptogamia, only the ist and ad divisions, viz. the Misa cellanes and Filices, are given in this Synopsis ; and the insufficiency of the present characters is assigned as a reason for omitting the reanaining orders. We believe, however, that the readers of this valuable little work will join with us in wishing to see these orders inserted in any future impression of it.
DO AFRICAN SLAVE-TRADE. Art. 20.
Substance of the Speech of the Right Hon. the Earl of Weste moreland, in the House of Lords, on the Motiop for the Re-commitment of the Slave-Trade Limitation Bill, July 5, 1799. Published at the Request of the West-India Merchants and Planters. Svo. pp. 28. is. 6d.* Rivingtons.
We are glad to see our nobility bestowing their attention on subjects of consequence to the commercial welfare of the country, and to the general interests of humanity.
In our last month's Review, p. 230, we attended to the Speech of his Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence, on the same occasion which called forth the Earl of Westmoreland ; and we duly acknowleged the merit of that production. The oration now before us is also eloquent, and Lord W. appears to have been well informed on the subject : he took the same side' in the debate with his Royal Highness. Our readers, doubtless, will recollect that the West-India merchants, &c. were victorious in the issue of the proceedings when the subject came before the House.
IRELAND. Art. 21. A concise Account of the material Events and Atrocities which
occurred in the late Rebellion, with the Causes which produced them;
* Perhaps there is a mistake of the press in regard to the price of this small pamphletWe are particularly led to this conjecture, by the declaration of the merchants, &c. at whose expence the tract seems to have been printed. In their advertisement, acknowleging their obligations to the Earl of W. they say they are earnestly solicitous to render the circulation of his sentiments . as extensive as possible.' 15
and an Answer to Veritas's Vindication of the Roman Catholic Clergy of the Town of Wexford. By Veredicus. Third Edition. 8vo. 25. Dublin, Milliken; London, Wright, 1799.
A number of the most shocking cruelties which were committed in Ireland during the late rebellion, and which were apparently produced by the operation of religicus fanaticiem on the Irish catho. lics, are here deiailed; evidently with the view of proving that the catholic creed cannot be safely tolerated in a protestant state.
In order to effect this purpose with greater certainty, the writer prefixes to his detail of crimes committed by the Irish catholics, a dissertation designerl to show that many doctrines of the popish church not only encouraged but even recommended persecution and bloodshed ever since the beginning of the 12th century, and that these abominable doctrines have been constantly enforced in every country in Europe, where the Roman pontiff had obtained any authority.'
Without pretending to vindicate the popish creed, or to enter into a question which has been so often discussed, we cannot but ask what is the olject of this writer ? Does he mean to stimulate govern. ment to exterminate its catholic subjects ; to raise again a spirit of religious persecution ; and to perpetuate and inflame the unhappily existing animosities between protestant and catholic in Ireland? We can scarcely believe that any man is wicked enough to entertain such views; and yet we find it equally difficult to discover any other Cause for such a publication as the present. If the catholic be really, and necessarily as a catholic, such a man as he is here described, no protestant governinent should tolerate him :-if the charge be meant to be confined to the ignorant and uncivilized among the Romanists, it should be made rather against barbarism and ignorance, than against the religious community. Admitting (what cannot be denied) that religious fury, interweaving itself with the principles of rebellion in Ireland, bas perpetrated in some parts of that unhappy country the 13:03t enormous crimes, we yet cannot perceive that good of any kind can result from angry invective, and virulent abuse, against general descriptions of religionists. Let the arm of justice punish crimes : let the voice of reason combat superstition and bigotry :but reproach and crimination, not of guilty individuals, but of sects and of creeds, can tend only to inflame the worst passions, and to exasperate evils which they can never cure.
Wallue Art. 22.
A fair Representation of the present Political State of Ireland; in a Course of Strictures on Tuo Pamphlets, one entitled “ the
Case of Ireland re-considered," &c. * the other, " Considerations : on the State of Public Affairs in 1799, - Ireland † ;” particularly
a Pamphlet entitled “the Speech of Lord Minto, in the House of Peers,” &c. I” By Patrick Duigenan, LL. D. one of the Representatives of the City of Armagh in Parliament. &vo. 45. 60. sewed. Wright.
We are led, by the perusal of this very critical performance, to consider Dr. Duigenan as a brother Reviewer, and so able an one, * See M. Rev. March 1799, p. 337.
+ M. Rev. June 17999 P. 219. | Ib. p. 217.
that were he to honour us by taking a seat at our Board, we are persuaded that we should have reason to be satisfied with our asso. ciate for the department of Ireland.
The Doctor is a zealous advocate for the proposed National Union : but, as a firm Protestant, he strongly reprobates the notions held out by some other supporters of the same cause, who, in their speeches and writings, have pleaded in favour of the high claims of the Roman Catholics of Ireland. He is particularly severe in his criticisms ou Lord Minto, a Brother Unionist ; whom he pointedly censures for having, in his Speech of April 11th, in the House of Peers, 'consumed sixteen pages in arguing for the right, as he styles it, of Irish Romanists to political equality with Irish Protestants. He styles their exclusion from Parliament, and from about thirty of the great offices of the State, such as those of Viceroy, of Lord Chan. cellor, of Judges, and of General in Chicf, &c. the present humilialing and degrading exclusion of the Calholic part of the Irish nation ; through. out styling Irish Romanists, Cathclics, not Romanists, or Roman Catholics, excluding Protestants from all title to Catholicity, though Christians.'
On the fallacy and dangerous tendency of such doctrine, our author expatiales at great length, and with no small degree of energy: but he allows that in all other respects, (excepting only what relates to the pretended rights of the Romanists,) lis Lordship's Speech merits the highest applause.
From Lord Minto, the Doctor extends his censure to the Speech of Lord Sheffield * ; whom he censures for favouring the claims of the Irish Romanists, and for depreciating the established rights and real importance of the Protestants of that kingdom.
Speaking of himself, and of his principal view in regard to his present work, Dr. D. observis,
• Although I have been for many years the avowed friend of the measure, and in the year 1793 declared in the Irish House of Com. mons my settled opinion on the subject, and was then the only man who did so, stating at the same time some of the reasons on which my opinion was founded ; and although I hare, by the occurrences of cvery day since, been more and more confirmed in my sentiments upon it, and convinced not only of the expediency, but of the necessity of the measure ; yet I do not mean to trouble my readers with any arguments on the subject : my design in the present publication is, to expose the base falsehoods and malignant misrepresentations of the State of Ireland, contained in some pamphlets which have lately appeared, professedly written on the subject of the Union, but in truth for a very different purpose ; and io add a few observations on other pamphlets published in England, as the substance of Speeches spoken in the British Houses of Parliament, on the subject of an Incorporating Union, by men in the highest stations in Britain ; from which it would seem, that these great men entertained very erroneous ideas of the present State of Ireland, and of the Strength, Views, and Interests of the different classes of its inhabitants : and
See M. Rev. vol. xxix, p. 344.
I am not without hope that I may, by fair and honest representations, conduce to the success of a measure, which has for many years beçn, the object of all my feeble exertions in the political world.'
In fine,- for we must not enlarge in a catalogue article,-we highly recommend to the attention of such of our readers on this. side of the water, as are desirous of gaining true information on the present political state of Ireland, the whole contents of the representation given by Dr. D. We would particularly point out to their notice, his strong observations on what he conceives to be the erro. nieous doctrines respecting the claims of the Irish Romanists to: Political Equality with the Protestants; asserting that they are entitled to that equality by common right,-i.e. a right founded on the immutable rules of reason and justice. This position is here discussed in a masterly way; such as could only be expected from one who is thoroughly acquainted with the circumstances, principles, habits, and rooted prejudices of the claimants.
In various parts of this work, the shrewd and penetrating author incidentally glances at the political tenets and principles of the late celebrated Mr. Edmand Burke, and their dissemination by his disciples; who now, we are given to understand, zealously apply them to the case and the claims of the Romanists :-principles which, Dr. D. apprehends, have been, of late years, unhappily too much adopted among the GREAT: among people whose infiuence and example are too likely to fix the fashion of public opinion. Even the • BRITISH COUNCILS,' he fears, have not entirely escaped the infection.
Should the curiosity of our readers be excited to learn a little more respecting the person of Dr. Duigenan, and his rank in society, than he bas announced concerning himself in his title-page, we can in some degree gratify them by the addition of a few words. Speaking of the clergy of the county of Wexford, he says, “I have been, for fifteen years last past, Vicar General of the Diocese of Ferns ; I have therefore an opportunity,' sc. p. 231. Again ; I am attached to no party, unless my stead, adherence to the principles of the constitution of the British Empire in church and state be considered as attachment to a party. I am neither placed nor pensioned, but am a loyal Protestant subject of his majesty.'-p: 233. Art. 23. Impartial Relation of the Niilitary Operations which took place
in Ireland, in consequence of the Landing of a Body of French Troops under General Humbert in August 1798. By an Officer who served in the Corps under the command of his Excellency Marquis Cornwallis. 8vo. 2s.6d. Egerton. 1799. This pamphiet is professed to have been written in consequence of very gross misrepresentations which have been made of the means employed to defeat the enemy's object’in the invasion of the last year.
if Lord Cornwallis has been misrepresented as having been deficient in cither courage or skill in resisting the French army, we are convinced that there is not a man in either Great Britain or Ireland, who could be deceived by the falschood; on that ground, therefore, this