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Gen. xii. 7. but refers to the promise made to him immediately after Isaac had been offered up intentionally by his father.' p. 33. Is not this a pure begging of the question, supported only by a train of suppositions, each and all equally unfounded? And does the author think that his observation, accompanying this assertion, will make it more palatable to the judicious critic? What renders this more remarkable (says he) is, that this circumstance took place precisely at exactly the half of the period from the creation of the world to the crucifixion of Christ, upon that selfsame mount Moria: as will hereafter be clearly proved, in the course of this work. For these proofs we have anxiously sought, but have not been happy enough to find them. However, that the author may not think that we injure him, we will (with our patient reader's permission) transcribe the proofs of his seventh and last proposition, to which he probably refers us: (p. 104, &c.)
Some authors have entertained the opinion, that Isaac must have been as much as 33 years old at the time he suffered himself to be bound of his father, as bearing more affinity with the age of Christ, Others have contended, that he was not then more than 25. This being the case, and the precise time uncertain, I shall take the liberty of supposing him to be just 28 years old at the time; and we are informed Gen. xxi. 5, that his father Abraham was an 100 when Isaac was born; add to both these the age of the world when Abram was born, viz. 1948, and they make just 2076 to be the year of the world when Isaac was bound by his father Abraham, with the intention of being offered up for a burnt-offering, as a type of Christ. Add then the age of Christ when crucified, viz. 33 years, to the age of the world when Christ was born, as hath been proved by this chronology, viz. 4119, and both will make just 4152, which is just double the period of time which had elapsed previous to Isaac being bound by his father Abraham, with a view to be offered up as a type of Christ. What has induced me to dwell so particularly on this circumstance is, having been given to understand that the last sentence of the 14th verse of the xxii, chap. of Genesis is not properly translated from the original Hebrew text, or it would run thus, "in this mount the Lord shall be seen;" that is, the Lord Jehovah shall be Which was actually verified when Christ suffered upon that very identical MOUNT MORIA, on which, you will observe, the temple was built, sce 2 Chron. iii. 1. And that it was the Lord Jehovah HIMSELF that was seen on that mount, I refer to Christ's own words, as recorded by his beloved disciple, John the Evangelist, see John xiv. 7-11. And I think there can be no manner of doubt, but that it was the same person that appeared to Abram, Gen. xiv. and xviii. chapters. That this is not an unwarrantable construction upon the above passage in John, I refer to Isai. xliii. 10, 11; xliv. 6, 8, 24; xlv. 5 to 23; xlvi. 9; xlvii. 4; xlviii. 17; xlix. 26; liv. 5, 8; sce also John i. 1, 3, 10, 14; 1 Timothy iii. 16; also Hosea xiii. 4, 9, 14.
Having now, I trust, completely cleared up all my propositions collectively as well as severally, I shall only add a few remarks. If this chronology is not incontrovertibly correct, certain it is that the scripture is inadequate and insufficient to furnish us with a connected chronology; which would be a very essential defect, and greatly tend to derogate from its divine authenticity as recorded by Moses, who was, without the least doubt, instructed by God himself for that purpose. And as to the 69 weeks mentioned Dan. ix. 25, which imply 483 years, and which have been proved to commence in the first year of Cyrus; I make no hesitation whatever in firmly relying upon the truth and verity of that divine prophecy, in preference to a vague, uncertain and confused chronology, on which, its very votaries have confessed, there is no certainty or dependance to be placed.'
We imagine that, after this specimen, we need not give our opinion of the style, reasoning, and acumen of this wellmeaning writer.
ART. IV. Poems and Plays. By Mrs. West, Author of "A Tale of the Times," "A Gossip's Story," &c. &c. 2 Vols. 12mo. 10s. Boards. Longman and Rees. 1799.
HE public have already been made acquainted with Mrs. West, by several novels, and by some poetical composi tions, which have been honoured with a respectable share of approbation. The elegant little volumes before us will not depreciate her literary reputation, though it is probable that she will find the Parnassian Mount less fertile of gain than the humbler field of storied fiction.
The dramatic pieces, which Mrs. W. here submits to the closet-judgment of the public, are a Tragedy called Adela, of which the subject is taken from feudal times-the " days of chivalry" which, alas! are now no more!-and a Comedy called How will it end? The tragedy was offered to the manager of DruryLane Theatre, about three years ago, and declined; from an opinion that it was unlikely to succeed on the stage; it met a similar fate from the manager of Covent-Garden; to whom also the Comedy was presented during the last winter, which he likewise refused. We do not think that these circumstances alone are proofs of their demerit; for we recognize the truth of Mrs. W.'s observation that theatrical managers, in our times, look for something different from plot, character, sentiment, or moral, in order to secure a favourable reception to a new piece.' The taste of the times, perhaps, compels them to do so:-a taste which we cannot help calling vicious, as it insists on a seasoning of the supernatural and the marvelious, even in these compositions of which sound criticism has declared probability to be an essential ingredient. The charge of bombast, pageantry, and unnatural inconsistent horrors (Mrs. W. observes) has been proved against tragedy; and comedy labours under
the strong censure of confused plot, exaggerated character, and buffoonery. Our opinion of Mrs. West's comedy is, that it pos sesses very considerable merit, with respect to the conception and delineation of character, the soundness of its sentiments, and the purity of its moral; and, if the public should receive as much pleasure from the representation of it as we have gained from the perusal, we are confident that the exhibition of it would not be either unsuccessful or unprofitable. With regard to her Tragedy, our hopes are less sanguine. Probably the muse of Mrs. West is of too soft and gentle a character, to rise to the energy and pathos which are indispensable when the object is to rouse the stronger passions. She may please, divert, and inform: but she cannot agitate. Biank verse, too, is not perhaps the garb in which Her composishe best knows how to dress her sentiments. tions of this kind seem to want something both of spirit and of · harmony.
Among the detached poems, many possess very considerable merit. The Ode to Poetry abounds with beautiful and spirited imagery, and will afford the reader much of that kind of pleasure which, after all, is perhaps a better criterion of poetic merit than the rules of pedantic criticism. The following stanzas are taken from that part of the ode which is devoted to uncul tivated poetry::
Amid the oaks which now compose
The bulwarks of the British clime,
And taught their mysteries sublime;
• Where nature's wild disorder shocks
Their harps the Scottish minstrels press'd;
Rear on the hill his cloud-built throne,
While trackless as the rushing air,
Heard'st thou the lay the Runic prince
Pour'd in the dungeon's living tomb?
With notes like his, the Cimbrian Thor
And steel'd their hearts to pity's strain
'Oh spare yon cloister's walls, nor aid
The Vandal march'd, resistless foe,
Ah, how unlike that monkish strain,
And intellect expands no more;
From proud Alraschid's splendid court
Accept the verse, sincere and free,
They fancied that I meant to flout 'em,
So, Lady Juno, Queen of Marriage,
To fetch a licence from the Commons;
These volumes are very neatly printed, on fine paper: but elegant printing is no rarity in these hard times!
ART. V. The Rise, Progress, and Consequences of the new Opinions and Principles lately introduced into France: with Observations. 8vo. pp. 272. 5s. Boards. Printed at Edinburgh. London, Wright,
It is scarcely necessary for us to say that a work, with such a