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Art. 57. Preached at St. John's, Wakefield, for the Benefit of the

Choir of the said Church, Dec. 16th, 1798. Published at the
Request of the Congregation. By the Rev. Samuel Clapham,
M. A. 4to. S. Rivingtons.

Whatever is intended by the choir abovementioned, we are rather
pleased to find that it does not signify a sett of singers who engross
psalmody to themselves, to the exclusion of the whole congregation
besides. If we recollect rightly, Dr. Secker, in his visitorial charges,
has, with some earnestness, warned the parochial clergy against the
encouragement of this practice, as likely to be productive of incon-
venience and evil. It is the design of this discourse to defend and
support the singing of psalms, a requisite and important part of public
worship ; and to excite the liberality of the audience towards the
support of the choir, whose assistance is supposed to be so beneficial
to this exercise of devotion. These observations are here exhibited
with a plain propriety of language, and with suitable energy. Hi,
Art. 58. Preached before the Loyal Pimlico Volunteers, com-

maned by Major Rolleston, izth August, 1798, at Charlotte. Street Chapel, Pimlico, by the Rev. Richard Harrison. Svo. pp. 18. No Bookseller's Name.

The importance and necessity of real virtue and religion, to the well-being of society, will admit of no dispute ; and it is the object of this discourse, published at unanimous request, to strengthen and enforce this sentiment. In order to establish the principle, it recommerds our entertaining a just and proper sense of the wisdom and excellency of faws tiremselves, and their superiorits to those of the neighbouring states; and next to this, it inculcates a strong sense and conviction of the authenticity of our religion, and its grand leading truths.—The account here given is rather indeterminate : but much suitable, and beneficial exhortation is addressed to those who are immediately concerned, and 'urged with earnestuess, and with pro.

Inace priety of expression. ört. 59. Preached in the Parish Church of Brading, in the Isle

of Wight, February 27, 1799 : being the Day appointed for a General Fast. By the Rev. Leigh Richmond, M. A. Svo. Rivingtons.

This discourse is made public at the request of those to whom it was delivered and contains much important adınonition, too suitable and necessary (we fear) to the state of the times,—without entering into political discussion or declamation. Besides noticing, in the general, a spirit of impiery and libertinism, the preacher enumerates several particular vices, and begins with inebriety; to which he says, in a note, he was, perhaps, induced from having had occasion to lament its frequency in his own neighbourhood but he adds his full conviction of its prevalence, from the peer of the realm to the humblest tiller of the ground ;' farther remarking, that • its baneful effects are but laughed at as a source of harmless merriment, and its votaries too generally held up to the young and inex-, perienced as models for imitation. How far this is strictly just, as nationally characteristic, may be questioned : but the caution to be Serived from it may possibly be daily growing more requisite. We



cannot but approve the author's recommending it to those who have honourably associated for the protection of their country, to remember that our welfare depends at least as much on sobriety of manners, and the cultivation of the virtuous character, as on personal valour and the ardour of political zeal. With a like freedom, he proceeds in the farther unpleasant but most seasonable detail, earnestly urging reformation ; and he concludes with remarking ; . It is thus that Christian patriotisın dictates the means of our deliverance, and, amidst the most ardent struggles for the liberties of her country, she cannot but weep for the iniquities of the land, whilst she prays for the peace of Jerusalem!'


CORRESPONDENCE. We have received a letter from Mr. Crabb, in which (as might he expected) he arraigns the severity of our critique on his German Grammar; (see Rev. August, p. 462.) and, without attempting to refute our remarks in any one point, le labours to set forth the superiority of his work compared with those of other authors. We can by no means, however, retract our former opinion, which was the result of careful. consideration ; and we must repeat (what we then said) that, bad it been consistent with the plan of our publication, it would have demanded no great exertion of inquisitive nicety, to have greatly augmented the list of errors which we pointed out. No one should venture to publish a Grammar of any language with which he is not thoroughly acquainted : if he does, he must unavoidably mislead the beginner ; which is so much the more detrimental, as, according to an axiom founded on daily experience, to unlearn and forget are very difficult.

Hutt Some particular circumstances, which we cannot explain in this place, prevent ps from entering into the discussion suggested by A. B.-It would, indeed, at all tinies, be extra.official.

The letter of a Young Student is received, and we shall take farther notice of it hercaster.

We are obliged to defer the consideration of A. Zi's remarks.

Another correspondent, who also signs A. Z., and who inquires concerning a publication which he apprehends we have overlooked, is informed that we have not forgotten the work in question, which is, now sub judice, and will receive its sentence in turn.

* * The APPENDIX to vol. xxixth of the M. R. is published with this Number.

0 Rev. August, p. 450, in the title of Article 25, the name of the bookseller was omitted. It should read thus : “ &vo. 2s 6d. Faulder. 1799."-P. 473. 1. 27. for · last works, read lost works.

In this ho p. 18.1.2. dele


"authors? 63116.1.2d for respectfully; r-Wpcetively. MONTHLY REVIEW,

For OCTOBER, 1799.

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Art. 1. Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt, by C. S. Sonnini, &c.

&c.; translated from the French by Henry Hunter, D. D. 8vo. 3 Vols. 1l. 7s. Boards. Stockdale. 1799.

[Art. continued from the last Appendix, P: 577-584.] WE

Je commenced our account of these entertaining travels in

our last Appendix, having perused them in the original French edition : but, as Dr. Hunter's translation had just reached us, we copied our extracts from his version, to save ourselves the trouble of translating them. In the farther progress of this article, we shall follow the same method : thus affording to our readers sufficient specimens of the success of Dr. H.'s quickly-executed labours. They will observe the usual consequences of haste, in various places, in the language of the performance : but it is on the whole well executed ; and the Doctor's notes manifest considerable attention.

The journey to Cairo, the capital of Egypt, occupies the Second Volume, and contains a variety of highly curious matter. After having mentioned the silly stories that have been propagated by travellers respecting the qualities of the waters of the Nile in producing fecundity in women, as well as several other strange properties both injurious and beneficial, the author treats those tales as the dreams of those who relate them. That the waters are perfectly innocent, he testifies on his own experience; for he drank plentifully of them during his residence in Egypt, without suffering any inconvenience. From the heavy charge of being the native seat of that dreadful scourge of the eastern world, the plague, he also vindicates the climate of Egypt. M. M. Volney and Savary had endeavoured to do so before him. For twelve years prior to M. Sonnini's residence there, the plague had not been known in Lower Egypt, though vessels from Constantinople had frequently ar, rived there, and the inhabitants observed no precautions to prevent the introduction of the disorder. In fact, no epidemic diseases prevail in this country; nor is the stranger ever at. .VOL. xxx.



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tacked by those violent and inflammatory fevers, which in America and the West Indies are generally so fatal to him.

The disorders most prevalent in Egypt are those which prina, cipally attack a bilious temperament.--Dysenteries sometimes appear; and hernia is not uncommon, which is partly attributable to a relaxation of the habit from the perpetual use of the warm bath. Instances of the leprosy, and of the horrible elephantiasis, also occur: but the distinguishing malady of the country. appears to be an inflammation of the eyes. It is indeed riot common, says the author, to meet a person perfectly free from this disorder.-Those who are deeply affected by it are even formed into corporations, and that of the BLIND at Cairo has sometimes revolted in such force as to make the government tremble for its existence.'

Of the manner in which the Egyptians preserve their dead, the author gives a short but interesting account:

• As soon as a person is dead, the Egyptians hasten to press the different parts of the corpse, to free it from all impurities; wash it several times; shave it ; pull out all the hair ; stop up every aperture closely with cotton ; and

pour over it odoriferous waters, so that all its pores are penetrated with the perfumes of Arabia. After a profusion of these attentions to cleanliness, and marks of respect for the inanimate remains of the deceased, the corpse is committed to the earth, and deposited in the bosom of eternity. A little pillar of stone, terminated by a turban, is erected over the spot, where the head of the deceased reposes ; and to ihis mark his friends repair every Friday, to repeat their melancholy adieus. The women never fail to pay these visits, and express their hopes and regrets in religious ejaculations : the tears of the daughter water the face of the mother, and the sighs of the mother prolong in her mind with painful remembrance the existence of the children she has lost. I say nothing of the tears of husband and wife, for in this country their relation is merely that of master and clave.

• This pious expression of regard to the dead, so neglected by us in the West, is a sacred duty among the people of the East, and is no where more punctually fulfilled. The idea, that in death we must renounce every mark of affection from all who have been most dear to us, afflicts the mind, and sinks it into despondency but he, who is assured, that expressions of regret and the most tender sentiments will accompany him in the grave ; that an affectionate and durable intercourse will subsist between the living and the dead ; that, when his eyes are closed to the light, he will nevertheless be surrounded by those who were the objects of his regard ; feeling as if his mental enjoyments would be perpetuated, and be more delicious because less distracted by other objects, will enter with courage into that species of immortality, which sensibility prepares for him."

By those who are not naturalists, it will perhaps be thought that M. Sonnini has been rather too ample in his detail of na6


tural productions, as plants and animals : but to those who indulge in this rational pursuit, the particulars so copiously imparted by this author will be very acceptable.- Having solaced himself sufficiently in the delightful neighbourhood of Rosetta, (delightful in contrast with Alexandria,) the traveller resolved to put in execution his design of passing through the desart to Cairo, and returning thence by the Nile. Of the danger of this expedition he had been apprised, and the most earnest solicitations of his friends had been employed to dissuade him from so hazardous an undertaking : but he was not to be deterred ; and accordingly, on the 29th of December, having hired mules for his people (they were five in all-three Europeans and two Egyptian servants-besides

himself) and a camel for their luggage, he departed from Rosetta, guarded by a Janissary, who was ordered by the Consul to escort him to Aboukir. Here, at the instance of his friend the Drogman of Aboukir, (a Jew,) he engaged a chief of Arab Bedouins, of whom there was a camp near Aboukir, to provide him with a horse and four camels for crossing the desart, and to accompany him as a guide and guard. Of the camels, and their manner of travelling, he gives some remarkable particulars :

•With qualities of high general utility, these valuable animals possess a great degree of instinct and intelligence. They are said, indeed, to be extremely sensible of injustice and ill-treatment. The Arabs assert, that, if a person strike them without cause, he will not find it easy to escape their vengeance; and that they will retain the remem. brance of it, till an opportunity offer for gratifying their revenge, having in this point a striking similarity of character with their masters. They are the least patient in rutting time. At this season they frequently emit a kind of hoarse lowing, a strong rattling in the throat, and push out of their throat a reddish bladder, as large as a hog's, and of a disgusting appearance. It is said, that in their fits of rage they sometimes take up a man in their teeth, throw him on the ground, and trample him under their feet. Eager to revenge themselves, they no longer retain any rancour, when once they are satisfied : and it is even sufficient, if they believe they have satisfied their vengeance. Accordingly, when an Arab has excited the rage of a camel, he lays down his garments in some place near which the animal will pass, and disposes them in such a manner, that they appear to cover a man sleeping under them. The camel knows the garments of him, by whom he has been treated with injustice ; seizes them in his teeth ; shakes them with violence; and tramples on thein in a rage. When bis anger is appeased, he leaves them, and then the owner of the dress may make his appearance without fear, load and guide wherever he pleases the animal

, who submits with astonishing docility to the will of a man, whom before it was his wish to destroy.

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