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10 were murders, 7 males and 3 fe- greatest injury to the wife.-Medical males. 26 were suicides, 23 males and Record, August 22, 1908. 3 females. 171 were accidents, 129 males and 42 females. Of the mur

Soap Bubble Fountain. ders, 7 were by gunshots, 2 by cutting and one by drowning. Of the suicides,

New York, August 22.-One of the

most novel and fascinating sights 12 were by gunshots, 2 by hanging, 3 by drowning, 6 by carbolic acid, 2 by

among all the

fascinations of the

Franco-British exhibition is the soap strychnia, and 2 by railroad trains.

bubble fountain in the British Hall Of the accidental deaths by violence,

of Textile and Chemical Industries. 45 were by steam railroads, 2 by trolley lines, 5 by gunshots, 11 by burns The fountain consists of a double and scalds, 28 by drowning, 7 by

basin surmounted by a graceful figure; lightning, 12 by horses and vehicles, 9 concealed under the base is an electric by sun stroke, 17 by falls, 6 by as- motor, air blast and pump; the first phyxiation and suffocation, 2 by car- drives the two latter, which force bolic acid and the remainder by vari- soapy water through a pipe conncectous means.

ed with eighty-seven different outlets, each one of which emits thousands and

thousands of bubbles, which in everMarriage from a Medical Viewpoint.

changing hues fall like a kaleidoscopic Charles Green Cumston of Boston, cascade round the base. Mass., divides the discussion of mar

In the day time it is a marvelous riage into two questions, first, health

sight, but at night, when innumerable in the immediate physical relationship, electric lights beneath the bubbles are and, second, the health of husband

turned on, it is the most dazzling scene and wife from the standpoint of hered- possible, and, borrowing an expresity. Tuberculosis, neuroses, gonococ- sion from the "Arabian Nights," one cic infection, chlorosis, dyspepsia, and might most aptly speak of it as the sexual perversions are troubles in "fountain of a thousand jewels,” so which improvement may or may not

sparkling, so radiant is the effect. result from married life. Precocious marriage is not desirable because the

The Dog. excessive sexual relation is not beneficial to the husband and wife, not yet

The dog is man's most faithful developed and confirmed in physical friend. A man may lie, but a dog

a health. It predisposes to medullary

won't; a man may get drunk, a man disease. In tuberculous subjects in

may slander his neighbor, a man may whom the disease is advancing rapidly embezzle and defraud, a man may bormarriage is contraindicated, but in row money, a man may steal money, a slow and chronic cases it may be of man may go into politics, a man may benefit by the regulation of life and

knife his best friend, a man may run the congenial atmosphere obtained. down people with a automobile, a man Pregnancy is always to be avoided on may gamble himself to ruin, a man account of the drain on the mother's

may waste his substance in riotous livsystem.

ing, a man may go to heaven-but a Marriage of neurotics has

dog won't. Can these things be truthmore influence than the case of any

fully spoken of the other friends man other affection. In neurasthenia, mel

has about him? There is a strong ancholia, and mental disturbances due affinity between man and the dog; it to fatigue improvement may be ex- must be the affinity of contrast. Yet pected from marriage. Latent hys

any man will resent being called a dog. teria is not a contraindication to mar- Possibly the dog would resent being riage. Gonorrhea is a source of the called a man if he understoodI do

not know. I only know that the max- bitten this year were bitten by cats. im works but one way; and if we In Russia great trouble is encountered should say “Man is the dog's most because of the disease. The wolves faithful friend." there would be many become infected with it and go from to cavil, saying that it was mighty the forests into the cities and towns, rough o nthe dog.--Success Magazine. where they attack every living thing

in sight. In many places "polecats' Rabies Kill Score-Indiana Deaths

become infected with the disease and

help to spread it about the country. Since 1901.

Horses suffering from rabies someTwenty people have died in Indiana

times not only bite, but fight and kick of rabies, commonly known as hydro

until they kill. In Germany little trouphobia, since the year 1901. These

ble is experienced with rabies, as most figures are shown in the annual reports

of the clogs are muzzled. During the of the State Board of Health.


year 1903 there were no deaths from though the board has no figures on the

rabies in England. Up to that time number of people bitten by rabid dogs,

the deaths had averaged thirty a year. a conservative estimate, it is believed,

A bite through the clothing is less shows that at least 100 people have

dangerous than a bite on the face or been bitten by dogs or other animals

hands, as the clothing serves, to a cersuffering from rabies. Many of these

tain extent, as a protection, absorbing people had the wounds cauterized and

the germ-infected saliva of the animal. never suffered any evil consequences. The large majority, however, were

The average incubation period in

man for the disease is from six weeks finally rendered immune by means of the Pasteur treatment as administered

to two months, although cases have

developed in two weeks' time and as in Chicago, Ann Arbor or Indianapolis.

late as six months or a year.

The It can hardly be said that rabies, as

records of the State Board of Health affecting human beings, has been in

are not indexed in such a way that the creasing in Indiana until the present year. During the year 1901 no people be obtained.

names of parties who die of rabies can

This is due to lack of died in Indiana from the disease. The

sufficient funds, the board not being next year two people met death, and

able to hire the necessary help. in 1903 five people succumbed to the disease. In 1904 only two people died

Dr. J. N. Hurty, secretary of the of rabies, while in 1905 the deaths

State Board of Health, says that in numbered three. Five people died of

Mexico the Government maintains a the disease in 1906 and three in the

Pasteur Institute at the public expense.
Similar institutes are maintained, also,

in many of the state capitals. "The In 1903 a 5-year-old boy, who had

Vexican," said Dr. Ilurty, “evidently been bitten by a seemingly harmless believes that human life is more precur in a park in Milwaukee, came to

cious than a small appropriation." Indianapolis to visit friends on Park

The Indianapolis Star. avenue. He was accompanied by his mother. A short time after he came to Indianapolis the lad became ill. He

A Husband, Wife and Six Children Ill of grew delirious and soon sank into a

Typhoid fever. state of coma, in which he died. The Petersburg. Ind., July 15.-The famboy was treated by Dr. A. II. Cole, iiy of Ellis Gray, consisting of huswho decided that the disease was un- band, wife and six children, who yesdoubtedly rabies. Several other phy- terday were thought to

to have been sicians who saw the case agreed with poisoned by drinking impure milk, are Dr. Cole as to the diagnosis.

now all seriously ill of typhoid fever. It is a fact that many of the people Two physicians are almost in constant

year 1907.



attendance. A coincidence in connec- acid (Hehner's test) or hydrochloric tion with the family illness is that all acid (Leach's test) containing a trace the members were taken sick within a of iron is added to milk containing forshort time of one another, and all have maldehyd. the same disease.

Hehner's Test: To a few cubic cenThe above clipping from the Indian- timeters of concentrated sulphuric acid, apolis News of July 15, represents a to which a trace of some ferric salt has too frequent type of the occurrence of been added, add the milk to be tested typhoid conveyed by milk. The editor

so as to form a distinct layer on top of of this journal recalls such an instance the acid and allow to stand. If formalin his practice, the father, mother and

dehyd be present, even one part to a three children all having typhoid in a million of milk, a violet coloration will period of six weeks from milk taken take place at the junction of the two from a dairy farm, the owners of which 'liquids. had typhoid fever. The family all

Leach's Method: Dilute the milk drank milk freely ; the father is a veter

with an equal volume of water and add inary surgeon; the house was isolated

for each cubic centimeter of the diluted on an elevated knoll; the well was free

milk 1 c.c. of concentrated hydrochlorof contagion ; there


ic acid containing 1 c.c. of 10 per cent. cases in the region. Flies were not

ferric chlorid solution, to each 500 c.c. breeding.

of acid. The mixture is heated in a Such notices should be a warning to

casserole over the bare flame to 80 or physicians and health officers, indicat

90 degrees C., rotating to break the ing the danger of a foul milk supply. curd which forms. If formaldehyd be

present, a violet color will appear. One Fatal Personage; The Dunce. 2. The presence of formaldehyd in Carlyle says, speaking of his transla- milk is generally considered injurious tion into English of "Wilhelm Meis- to infants and children. On the other ter's Apprenticeship and Travels,” that hand, some experimental observers whosoever imports into his own coun- have concluded that in the small quantry any true delineation, a rationally tities used in preserving milk (from 1 spoken word on any subject, has done to 50,000 to 1 to 20,000) formaldehyd well. For in our under world there is prevents the development of the more but one altogether fatal personage; the common bacteria without interfering dunce; he that speaks irrationally ; that with the digestibility of the milk. sees not, and yet thinks that he sees.” full review of this subject may be found

in Bulletin No. 41 of the Hygienic Formaldehyd in Milk; Its Detection and Laboratory, U. S. Public Health and Its Harmfulness.

Marine-Hospital Service, from which HAGERSTOWN, Mv., Aug. 19, 1908.

we quote: "It may be said, finally,

however, that the medical and scienTo the Editor: 1. Will you give reliable tests for formaldehyd in milk and

tific opinion is decidedly against the state the sources of possible error in

use of preservatives in milk, not only making the tests? 2.. Is the presence ially to young children, resulting from

on account of possible injuries, especof formaldehyd in milk considered in

the continued use of such preservatives jurious to infants and children, and

in small amounts, but also for the reawhat symptoms does it produce?

son that the use of such substances, if A. C. MAISCH.

permitted, would ultimately tend to ANSWER.-1. The most reliable test carelessness and uncleanliness in the for the detection of formaldehyd in handling of milk." milk is that based on the color which The principal objection made to the is formed when concentrated sulphuric rise of formaldehyd in milk is that it impairs the digestibility of the milk yond resuscitation, but it must be reand tends to injure the digestive or- membered that the heart beat may be gans. It renders the milk less easily so feeble and indistinct as to be impercoagulable by rennin. Immediate ceptible even to the most expert aussymptoms which could be attributed cultator. Hence, one is liable to think with certainty to the presence of for- that the person is actually dead when maldehyd in the milk do not appear to such is not the case. have been observed.

3. From the above it will be seen - Journal A. M. A. that apparently hopeless cases may be

hopeful ones, therefore efforts of reResuscitation After Drowning. suscitation after drowning should be SUPERIOR, NEB., Aug. 6, 1908.

persevered in for several hours unless To the Editor: I would like to see a

signs of death are positive. Cases are discussion of the following points:

on record in which persons have been 1. What is the longest authentic

restored only after efforts had been time that a body has lain under water

continued for over four hours. and been resuscitated after removal?

- Journal A. M. A. 2. If, on recovering a body from the water there is no heart beat perceptible

Dr. Narshall's Story of Perry's Memorable to auscultation, will treatment avail

Expedition to Japan. anything, and if it should, is it not posi- SCOTTSBURG, Ind.. August 6.--Dr. tive proof that the heart had not Nathan M. Marshall, of Knoxville, stopped?

Tenn., now visiting his daughter, Mrs. 3. How long should efforts at resus

S. B. Wells, of this city, is perhaps the citation be continued in hopeful cases? only survivor of the Perry expedition

J. G. WALKER. to Japan in 1853. A few years ago a ANSWER.--The effect of immersion in friend of the doctor wrote to him, tellwater depends on whether the person

ing of reading the obituary of the supremains conscious and attempts to

posed last member of the expedition, breathe or whether syncope occurs and

in a Southern newspaper. If there are breathing stops. In the first case death any other survivors he would be glad occurs in 1 to 5 minutes after water

to hear of them. has entered the lungs. The power to Dr. Marshall was a hospital steward remain under water without breathing on the l'. S. S. Vandalia, a sailing vesvaries considerably and is somewhat sel, which left Philadelphia March 4, improved by practice. According to 1853, bound for Japan. Ile says stops Draper (“Legal Medicine"), the long- were made at Rio de Janeiro, Java and est time on record is that of Professor Singapore. The last-named place was Enochs, namely, + minutes +692 sec- then a rough country, the sea being onds. Draper also cites a report to the much infested with pirates and freeUnited States Life Saving Service of

booters. On two occasions the lanthe resuscitation of Stanley S. Holmes, dalia was attacked, once after night, 51/2 years old, after an immersion of 25 but when the visitors (liscovered the minutes. The resuscitation produced noses of several 32 au 68-pounders signs of life at the end of +5 minutes. protruding from the sides of the vessel Draper states that this is the longest they left without further ado. In the time on record. In this case it is prob- second encounter they showed fight, able that syncope occurred and respi

but were

soon scurrying from their ration ceased so that no water entered boat up the hills, with big round shot the lungs.

helping them on. 2. If in a case of drowning the heart

Sill. STRANGE PEOPLE. has actually stopped beating, it is safe The fleet had its rendezvous at the to say that the patient is dead and be- Loo Choo islands, inhabited

by a


strange people, seemingly neither Jap- trip. It was at this place that the anese nor Chinese. The other ships Americans realized the enormity of real were the steam frigates Susquehanna Oriental barbarism. The Ta Ping and Mississippi, the sloops of Wong rebellion was then at its height Plymouth and Saratoga and the frigate and the rebels held the city. OccasMacedonia.

ionally the imperials would advance Commodore Perry was a fit man for against the city in a half-hearted way. the leader, inflexible and of a stern and but accomplished little. A French vescommanding dignity, besides having sel was anchored above the city and it the advantage of a portly figure and rather sympathized with the imperials square shoulders, says Dr. Marshall. while our men were with the rebels.. The first negotiations threw the Japa- Sometimes the American sailors would nese into a spasm of fear, but ulti- slip in and fire their guns for them. mately they sent word for the "bar- One day the French shot down a small barians” to come on.

When the ex- part of the city wall and tried to scale hibits carried by the different vessels it. A young midshipman was the first were uncovered the Japanese awoke to reach the top. No sooner was he from the sleep of centuries to become on the wall than he was struck squarea different nation. They were eager ly on the head with a large knife which and willing to try everything, from the completely divided his head, half fallsewing machine to the various kinds ing on either shoulder. The sight of of farming implement.

this was enough to keep the outsiders TELEGRAPH A MARVEL TO THEM.

from interfering again. A small steam locomotive and track The guns used were mere barrels excited their imagination, but the elec- with a short piece of wood for a siock. tric telegraph was a marvel. A line There was a little pan by the side of the was established between the ships, and

vent. A forked wire holding a piece the Japanese stationed men to see that

of lighted punk, when lowered to the nothing was slipped along the wires. pan, served as a trigger. When fired On the other hand, the Americans the guns had to be inclined upward to were equally amazed at the scenes on prevent the balls from rolling out. the shore. The one that managed to Finally, after a long siege the rebels slip off or was sent on an errand ashore slipped out of the city at night, learwas regarded as fortunate.

ing all the old men, women and chilOne of the most remarkable super

dren. The next morning the Imperials stitions of the Japanese was their belief marched victoriously into the city and regarding the earth. They thought it beheaded every person found there. was supported on the back of a huge

The heads were then tied together by elephant, which, in turn, stood on the the cues in bunches of three or four, back of a turtle. Dr. Varshall could

and raised on pike poles above the not tell what caine next, but supposed

walls as a warning: On all sides were the title must have been in the water. great piles of mangled bodies, some litThe Japanese had a great many spher- erally hacked to pieces. ical bells, a little like the old-fashioned The ambulance they used was a basCOW bells, and unless one of those ket about two feet in diameter with things was being beaten by some one handles on the sides. A wounded man all the time the knees of the elephant was dumped into this with his feet would shake and there would be an hanging out on one side and his head earthquake. One could see this per- on the other. It was amusing to them, formance going on at any place. said the doctor, to take a man along The l'andalia

nine in this manner, and they often would months a little below Shanghai, repair- be seen swinging some poor fellow ing and making ready for the home along, laughing at his discomfiture.



laid up

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