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as President and Secretary, respectively. Dr. Hurty is President of the section on Vital Statistics. Eight of eleven papers were from the United States. There were five papers on the International Classification. Dr. Hurty will present a report of the meeting to the Indianapolis Medical Society at its first Autumn meeting.

The city has a population of 125,000, a growth of thirty-five years, and is one of the most progressive and interesting cities in North America.


Notes of Local Physicians. Vacations. Dr. F. B. Wynn and son, Colorado mountain climbing. Dr. E. C. Reyer on the northern lakes with his family. Dr. H. C. Parker, pleasure trip to Maine. Dr. J. L. Masters and family at Maxinkuckee. Dr. S. E.

Crosse and Dr. S. E. Earp in northern Michigan. Dr. and Mrs. T. B. Eastman and son in their touring car to Maine. Drs. T. B. Noble and Garshwiler bass fishing in Canada. Dr. and Mrs. Eugene Buehler and Dr. and Mrs. John Hurty at Am. Public Health Association at Winnipeg. Drs. Chas. R. Sowder and John F. Barnhill, August 10th to September 2d, London and Berlin. Dr. R. O. McAlexander returns from Berlin after three months stay by way of Montreal. Dr. Simon P. Scherer is in the east. Dr. and Mrs. E. F. Hodges at Cavendish, Vermont, in their new country seat.

There are a hundred others scattered over the world from Pordunk to Limerick, but they will be back in time for their fall duties. And a few stayed at home and enjoyed themselves.

Removals. Drs. Clevenger, Langdon and Voyles to the top floor in the Newton Claypool Building. Dr. Frank W. Foxworthy to the Board of Trade. Building. Drs. T. C. Hood and Wm. Shimer to the Willoughby Building. Dr. Theodore Wagner to suite 1001-2-3 Odd Fellows Building.

Dr. H. R. McKinstray has moved his office to the Willoughby Building, 224

North Meridian street, Rooms 44-45. Office phone, New 944; residence phones, New 7627; Old, North 2618. Office hours: 11 to 12 a. m.; 3 to 5 p. m.; evenings 7 to 8; Sundays, 3to 4.

Deaths of Physicians.

Dr. IV. T. Williamson of Fort Branch, July 22, in his 64th year. Died of carbuncle on the neck. He was a member of the Gibson County and State Societies.

Dr. J. C. F. Thorne, born 1883, died in Kokomo, May 24th, from street car injury of 1905.

Dr. F. M. Black of Greencastle, Winona Medical College 1871, died July 18, of gastro-enteritis, aged 67 years.

Dr. Noble P. Howard of Greenfield, Ind., died May, 26th, of pneumonia.

Death of Dr. Eichberg.

Tupper Lake, N. Y., Aug. 18.-Dr. Joseph Eichberg, of Cincinnati, was drowned in Big Tupper Lake. A party including Dr. Eichberg, his brother-inlaw, Mr. Kuhn, and John Champney, a guide, was fishing. In trying to land a large pickerel the boat was capsized. Dr. Eichberg could not swim and sank immediately. Mr. Kuhn held on to the boat. The guide dived twice and got hold of the doctor, but was forced to let go to save himself.

Dr. Eichberg was graduated from the Miami Medical College in 1879, and has until the time of his death been connected with that college as a teacher of medicine. He gave freely of his time and money to increase its influence and prestige. He was also a member of the Cincinnati Hospital staff.

Dr. Eichberg was an eloquent speaker, and his papers presented before the Cincinnati Academy of Medicine were always the occasion of a large attendance. He was an active member of the Ohio State and American Medical Associations. He had a large practice, due to his great skill as an internist and diagnostician.

Dr. Charles A. L. Reed.

At an informal dinner tendered Dr. Chas. A. L. Reed, by 150 friends and admirers at the Zoo, Cincinnati, July 15, his candidacy was formally launched for the high office of United States Senator from Ohio to succeed Jos. B. Foraker. It was a representative gathering, composed of doctors, lawyers, ministers, business men-in fact, every calling was was represented. The enthusiasm and hearty good fellowship that pervaded the gathering was a fine tribute to Dr. Reed, and augurs well for the future.

Dr. Sharp Resigns.

Jeffersonville, Ind., August 5.-Dr. Harry C. Sharp today tendered his resignation as physician at the Indiana. Reformatory to W. H. Whittaker, general superintendent, effective October 1, or sooner if a successor can be

found. The cause of resignation is a desire to look after his private practice, as Dr. Sharp says that a physician must give his entire time and thought to the institution. He also says that the experience in the medical and surgical departments is invaluable. Dr. Sharp has been physician for thirteen years, with a salary of $2,000 a year.

Memoir of Dr. J. H. Crouse.

Jerome H. Crouse, born in Dayton, Ind., December 30, 1843, died June 16, 1908. He was the son of David H. and Rachel Gelwick Crouse. When a young man he attended Wabash College but left that institution at the age of eighteen to enlist in the Tenth Indiana Light Artilery under Captain. J. B. Cox, in which battery he served until honorably discharged, February 1, 1865. He served in the battles of Pittsburgh Landing, Stone River, Chickamauga, Corinth and in the Atlanta Campaign. After the war he entered Rush Medical College and graduated in 1867, and took a special

course in lectures in Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1868. He then located at Dayton, Ind., and practiced medicine continuously in that place until the time of his last illness. He was an elder in the Dayton Presbyterian and an active worker in that church. He was a charter member of Dayton Lodge 758, I. O. O. F., and of Elliott Post 160 G. A. R. He was a Past Master of Dayton Lodge 103 F. & A. M., and had attained to the 32d degree of Masonry. He was married on October 6, 1868, to Sophia Bartmess, who died in March, 1869. Dr. Crouse was again married to Lena Nicely in March, 1894, who died in 1900. He ha sone so living, David H., aged 13.


Dr. Crouse was a man of strong character and active in all religious and political work. To his intimate associates and friends he was a friend in need and deed and his finer qualities were made known only through close association. As a physician he skilled and learned, with his father he practiced in the early years and his main school of learning was the ragged and rough experience of pioneer practice. He was conscientious in his work and left no stone unturned that would better his ability and prolong the lives of his patients.

He himself fought a gallant fight against death, having been the victim of an incurable malady for seven years. But perhaps it still is better that his

busy life is done:

He has seen old views and patients disappearing one by one:

He has learned that Death is master
both of Science and of Art:
He has done his duty fairly and has
acted out his part.

And the strong, old country doctor,
And the kind old country doctor,
Is entitled to a furlough, for his brain
and for his heart.



Dr. John L. Richmond-His Caeserean


July 30, 1908. Dr. Otto Juettner, 628 Elm St., Cincinnati, Ohio.

My Dear Dr. Juettner: Dr. A. W. Brayton, of this city, editor of the Indiana Medical Journal,has handed me a copy of a letter of inquiry which you have written in reference to Dr. John L. Richmond, who in 1829 while practicing in Newton, Ohio, performed the first Caeserean section in the west and possibly the the first in the United States.

I note that you say that Dr. Richmond moved to Indiana in 1831, and

there all trace of him was lost. In compliance with your request for information for use in a History of Medicine in Cincinnati, I have to-day obtained the following facts from my father, Dr. W. H. Wishard, of this city, now in his 93d year.

My father tells me that he knew Dr. John Richmond slightly, but that he knew his son, Dr. Corydon Richmond, quite intimately. Father says that when Dr. Richmond came from Cincinnati into Indiana he settled at Pendleton, Indiana, which is some twenty miles east of Indianapolis. He practiced in Cincinnati from 1826 until the year of the cholera in that city, from. which he suffered, and then removed to Indiana. Dr. Richmond was a Baptist minister as well as a physician, and as I understand from my father, Dr. Richmond practiced medicine and also preached the Gospel while living at Pendleton. He remained at Pendleton for a short time after moving to Indiana when he removed to Indianapolis, and accepted the pastorate of the First Baptist Church of this city, and while preaching for this church he also engaged in the practice of medicine. He evidently soon became quite popular as a physician, as my father tells me that Dr. Richmond's growing practice compelled him to resign as pastor of

the First Baptist Church and to devote his entire time to the practice of medicine. He formed a partnership with the late Dr. Geo. W. Mears, of this city (father of Dr. J. Ewing Mears, now of Philadelphia).

After a short time Dr. Richmond's son, Dr. Corydon Richmond, entered the practice with them and the firm was known as Richmond, Mears and Richmond. While practicing here Dr. John L. Richmond had a stroke of apoplexy, which compelled him to retire from the practice of medicine, and his son-in-law, Mr. John Henderson, came to Indianapolis and took the


and his wife to his own home at Covington, Indiana. Dr. Richmond shortly afterwards died at Covington and was buried there, as did also his wife. A few years later his son-in-law, Mr. Henderson, moved to Lafayette, Indiana, and removed the bodies of Dr. Richmond and his wife to Lafayette, where they were re-interred and where their remains still rest. Father says that he learned most of the facts in reference to Dr. John L. Richmond from Dr. Corydon Richmond, his son,. who died at Kokomo, Indiana, a year

or two since.


Father tells me that Dr. Richmond was called to attend a young woman in or near Newtown, Ohio, who about to become the mother of an illenized that normal delivery could not gitimate child. Upon examination he found a deformed pelvis, and recogoccur, and announced that the only hope of saving the mother or child was to do a Caeserian section. This he did at night, assisted by some neighbor women, who held candles to give light for him to see to operate. This was long before the day of anaesthetics, and the only instruments available on this. occasion were those contained in a small pocket case which the doctor happened to have with him. The mother lived, but the child was dead or died immediately after delivery. The case was reported in the Cincinnati Journal of Medicine and Dr. Richmond was

sharply criticised for performing the operation.

Father states that Dr. Richmond's

education before he began the practice of medicine was exceedingly meagre and limited to a few weeks in a local school in the State of New New York, where he lived before coming to Ohio.

The entire family moved to Cincinnati, drifting from Pittsburg, and going from there by flat-boat. His mother, who seems to have been a woman of some education, gave him private instruction which was given while he lad was working in a coal mine to obtain his living. On reaching Cincinnati and while quite a young man he determined to continue the study of medicine, which he had commenced with a neighboring physician in New York. Having practically no education whatever, he was greatly handicapped, and an additional handicap was the fact that he had absolutely no means with which to buy clothes and books, and to pay his board and tuition. He succeeded in getting a position as assistant janitor in the Ohio Medical College and thus worked his way through school.

Father states that he met Dr. Richmond when the latter was called to see a young man in the neighborhood a few miles south of Indianapolis, where my father was then living, and before the latter had entered the practice of medicine. The patient was suffering from an accidental gun-shot wound in the lower part of the abdomen. My father says that he heard Dr. Richmond ask a member of the patient's family if the patient had urinated in the interval between the receipt of the injury and the arrival of the doctor.

Dr. Richmond was told that the patient had passed some urine which was quite bloody, and he promptly told the family that there was little hope for recovery, and my father's youthfulmind was much impressed with the accuracy of the diagnosis and prognosis. Quite a full account of Dr. John L.

Richmond's career may be found in the Indiana Medical Journal of January, 1893, in a paper by Dr. W .H. Wishard, entitled "Medical Men and Medical Practice in the Early Days of Indianapolis." The paper was read before. the Marion County Medical Society December 6, 1892. The paper covers the first fifteen years of the early settlement of the city; that is, from 1821 to 1836, and gives the history of ten leading physicians.

If the foregoing is sot sufficiently ample, I can furnish you additional facts. Respectfully yours. W. N. WISHARD, Indianapolis.


Deaths in Indiana in 1907 Were 26461.

The deaths in Indiana in 1907 have

just been classified by the international system. This work, which was done by the State Board of Health, shows the number of deaths which came from various causes during the year ending December 31 last. Some of the general diseases and epidemics which caused the greatest number of deaths were typhoid fever, 933, and influenza, 666. Of course, tuberculosis of all forms comes under the heading of "general diseases." Tuberculosis caused 4.522 deaths. Of this number, 3,837 were due to tuberculosis of the lungs. Abdominal tuberculosis caused 341 deaths. Cancer, also classified under the head of general diseases, caused 1.513 deaths. Cancer and other malignant tumors of the stomach and liver caused 591 deaths.

Under the head of diseases of the nervous system and organs of special sense, congestion and hemorrhage of the brain leads with 1,559 deaths. Softening of the brain caused 112 deaths. Simple meningitis took 384 lives. Diseases of the eye caused 1 death, and diseases of the ear were the cause of the los sof 18 lives.


In the class of diseases of the circulatory system, organic diseases of the heart stand at the head of the list,

the number of deaths from this cause being 2,766. Pneumonia led among the diseases of the respiratory system, the number of deaths from this cause being 2,353. Congestion and apoplexy of the lungs caused 264 deaths, and broncho-pneumonia. was responsible for 585. Diseases of the thyroid body caused 4 deaths.

In the class of diseases of the digestive system, diarrhea and enteritis stood at the head of the list, with 1,620 deaths of those under two years old and 586 deaths or persons over two years old. Diseases of the stomach, cancer excepted, caused 542 deaths. Simple peritonitis caused 222 deaths.

Bright's disease was the cause of 1,644 deaths. Diseases of the skin and cellular tissues caused 164 deaths during the year. Of this number gangrene was responsible for 115 Thirty-seven deaths were due to diseases of the locomotor system. Non-tuberculosis diseases of the bones caused 33 deaths. Senile debility was the cause of 1,090 deaths.


By the international system, deaths are classified into those due to diseases and those due to external causes. Under "external causes" come suicides and accidents. The numbers of suicides was 361. Poisoning was the favorite method, being used in 163 cases. Railroad accidents and injuries headed the list under "accidents," the number of deaths from this cause being 508. Injuries by horses and vehicles caused 80 deaths. Accidental gunshot wounds caused 46. Absorption of deleterious gases (nonsuicidal) caused 21 deaths.

The total number of deaths from all sources in the State during the year was 36,461.

Doctors Properly Rebuked. To The Indianapolis Star:

In Tuesday's issue of The Satr, I noticed an article from Princeton, Ind., to the effect that the local medical society had unanimously agreed to ask

the City Council to pass an ordinance muzzling all dogs the year round.

How a body of medical men could asck the passage of such an ordinance without a dissenting voice is beyond my comprehension. Had a society of farmers whose flocks had been invaded by dogs met and while in the heat of passion asked for such an ordinance there might possibly be some excuse for their action, but I can seen o reason why a body of medical men should go to such an extreme.

I am not writing this as a reflection on the intelligence of this medical society,as no doubt it is made up of intelligent physicians who feel that their whole duty is to relieve suffering humanity, but they must fail to realize that the rest of God's creatures are entitled to a share of their good intentions. I have been a practicing physician for thirty-five years among families the most of whom owned from one to six or more dogs, and during this time I never have treated or seen a case of rabies, and in conversation with other physicians I never have found one that had actually seen a case of it; so we must conclude that the disease is extremely rare. I wish I could know how many of the physicians that voted to "muzzle the dogs" have ever seen a case of rabies.

Suppose we had a national law muzzling all dogs the year round. Think of the untold suffering there would be to these poor dumb animals. Would the medical fraternity wish to be responsible for it? Better ask for a law to prohibit the breeding or owning of a dog, for I hardly think anyone would desire to own a dog and have him wear a muzzle 365 days in the year. I am not the owner of a dog and have not owned one for a number of years, but I a in favor of putting the muzzle on any medical society that will advocate an ordinance so inhuman as this law would be.

JACOB D. HAYNIE, M. D. Richmond, Ind., August 6, 1908.

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