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MEDICAL JOURNT.

below the attendance of 1907, of 194 INDIANA

below 1906, and of 213 below 1905. The eclectic schools show a decrease of 66 since 1907, of 165 below 1906, and of

99 below 1905. The physiomedical ALEMBERT W. BRAYTON, M. D., Editor. colleges had 90 this year as compared THEODORE POTTER, M. D., Associate Editor.

with 97 in 1907, 110 in 1906, and 114 ALFRED HENRY, M, D., Gen'l Mgr. and Treas.

in 1905. Subscription - One Dollar a Year in Advance. The total number of graduates for

the year ending on June 30, 1908, was The members of the profession of this State, whether 4,741, a decrease of 239 below 1907, of subscribers or not, are especially invited to send their con

623 below 1906, and of 859 below 1905. tributions to this Journal. To insure prompt publication, contributions must be

The number graduated from the regmailed by the 15th of each month, and should not or- ular schools was 4,370, or 221 less than dinarily exceed 1,500 words.

in 1907, and 471 less than in 1906. Short practical articles, reports of society meetings, and

From the homeopathic colleges there medical news solicited. The editor is not responsible for the opinions of con

were 215 graduates, or 10 less than in tributors.

1907, and 71 less than in 1906. The The Journal is mailed on the first of each month. Sub

eclectic colleges graduated 116, or 7 scribers who fail to receive their journals should promptly potify the publishers.

less than last year and 70 less than in All letters and communications relating to the scientific 1906. The physiomedical schools had and literary departments of the Journal should be ad

12 graduates this year, as compared dressed to the editor, and all books for review, should be addressed to the manager.

with 11 last year and 22 in 1906. All communications pertaining to the business interests of During the past year there were 835 the Journal, or remittances for either subscriptions or

women studying medicine, or 3.7 per advertisements, should be sent to the Indiana Medical

There Journal Publishing Co., Indianapolis.

cent. of all medical students.
were 185 women, graduates this year.

Of all the women matriculants, 186
SEPTEMBER, 1908.

were in attendance at the three medi

cal colleges for women. Medical Education in the V. S.-Statistics

During the past year seven colleges for the College Year 1907-8.

have been suspended and seven lost The tabulated statistics herewith their identity through mergers. Three presented are for the year ending June new colleges were formed by the merg30, 1908, and are based on signed re- ing of others, however, and two new ports received directly from the medi- colleges were established, making a cal colleges or from other reliable net decrease of nine colleges since last sources.

year, the total now being 152. The The total number of medical stu- regular schools number 123, a decrease dents in the United States for the of eight since last year. The homeoyear ending June 30, 1908, was 22.602, pathic schools number 16, a decrease of a decrease of 1,674 below 1907, and a

1. The eclectic colleges have 8, the decrease of 2,602 below 1906. Of the same number as last year, and the total number of students, 20,936 were physiomedical colleges have decreased in attendance at the regular schools, by one, there being now only 2, while 891 at the homeopathic, 479 at the ec- there are now 3 nondescript schools lectic, 90 at the physiomedical, and 206 which offer to teach all systems of at the unclassified schools. The at

medicine. tendance at the regular schools shows The length of the terms of the same a decrease of 1,367 below that of last colleges fluctuates somewhat from year, of 2,180 below 1906, and of 3,183 year to year, but on the whole there below 1905. In the homeopathic has been a lengthening of college schools there was a decrease of 148 terms. This has reference to tie

over

re

weeks of actual work, exclusive of ginning with and since the college sesholidays. Only 2 colleges this year re- sion of 1900-1901, A. M. A. Jour. has port sessions shorter than twenty-seven been publishing complete statistics, to weeks, as compared with 6 in 1907 and which, since 1905, have been added the 14 in 1906.

special researches of the Council on Oi the 14+ colleges that had grad- Medical Education. uates 96, or 66.7 per cent., are located Eighteen months ago Louisville had in cities of 100,000 or greater popula- five regular medical colleges—the tion, and these colleges had 3.650, or Hospital College of Medicine, the 77.2 per cent. of all graduates of 1908, Kentucky School of Medicine, the while the 48 schools located in cities Kentucky University Medical Departof less than 100,000 had 1,091, or 22.8 ment, the Louisville Medical College per cent of all graduates. In cities of and the University of Louisville Medi

, less than 50,000 there are 31 medical cal Department. A year ago the Kencolleges, which had 595 graduates in tucky University Medical Department 1908, while 8 colleges having 144 grad- merged into the University of Louisuates in 1908 are located in cities hav- ville and a little later the Louisville ing less than 10,000 population.

Medical College and the Hospital ColOnly two states contributed

lege of Medicine merged under the 2,000 students each this year, these be- name of the Louisville and Hospital in New York with 2.116 and Penn- Medical College. Thus there sylvania with 2,101. Illinois, which mained three colleges which have since last year contributed 2.126, contribut- merged, retaining the name of the Unied only 1,79 this year. The next versity of Louisville Medical DepartStates in the order of the number of ment. In an effort to have the college students contributed are Missouri, 919; thus formed become the Medical DeOhio, 912: Texas, 874 ,and Massachu- partment of the Kentucky State Unisetts, 860. Three states had less than versity, a conference was held July 17

. 20 cach, these being Wyoming, 6; Ne- in Lexington with the trustees of the vada, 8, and New Mexico, 11.

Kentucky State University. At this The average proportion of grad

conference objection was made to havuates to matriculants each year for all ing a medical department in any city colleges is 20.4 per cent., instead of other than the seat of the university. 25, which shows that only about 4 out

This is the same difficulty which came of every 5 students who matriculate

up with the universities of California,

Kansas. Maine, Nebraska, North Carocontinue until they graduate. In this number which do not graduate may be

lina and Indiana in establishing their included those who go into other lines medical departments, as well as in the of activity, those who take special establishment of a medical department courses and those deceased.

of Cornell University in New York

City. In California, Kansas, Maine, The chief sources of information re

Nebraska and North Carolina garding medical colleges of the United States prior to 1890 are the invaluable

problem was solved by offering the reports issued under the direction of

first two years of the medical course

at the seat of the university and the Dr. John Rauch, who was then secre

clinical years in the largest city in each tary of the Illinois State Board of

state. Cornell University adopted the Health. The United States Bureau of Education's reports since 1890 have plan of giving the work of the first contained fairly complete lists of medi

two years both at Ithaca and at New cal schools together with much impor

York City, but all the clinical work tant data. Reports of the New York was to be taken at the latter place. InEducation Department likewise fur- diana Universiy followed the Cornell nish much valuable information. Be- plan and the student may take the first two years either at Bloomington or In- 73. The next session begins SeptemKlianapolis, but his clinical years must ber 22, 1908, and ends June 23, 1909. be taken at Indianapolis. In all these Physiovlle:lical College of Indiana. mergers, the results of which have been Fourteenth Street and College Avenue. reported favorably, the advantage of Organized in 1873. The first class having the clinical work at the largest graduated in 1874. The Dean is Dr. C. city in the state seems to have more T. Bedford. The total registration for than offset the disadvantage of having 1907-8 was 24: graduates, 5. The next a part or all of the medical work in a session begins September 8, 1908, and city other than the seat of the mi- ends May 1, 1909.—Journal A. M. A. versity

[The above is correct in the main.

First, the three colleges comprising Indiana Medical Colleges.

urdue School of Medicine merged Indiana, population 2,710,898, has

in 1805 instead of 1907, as stated above, two medical colleges, the Indiana Uni- graduating two classes at Lafayette. versity School of Medicine, and the

Second, Purdue University is not rePhysio-Medical College of Indiana.

cognized as bringing about the union Both are located at Indianapolis, a city

of the three regular schools of Indioi 219.157 people, except that the work ana.)

] oi the first two years of the Indiana University School of Medicine is of

Ancon Hospital, Panama. iered at Bloomington, population 5,000 A letter from Dr. Nelson D. Bravton, the seat of the University.

in the Government Medical service on BLOOMINGTON AND INDIANAPOLIS. the Isthmus, under date of August 10, Indiana University School of Medi

encloses a report of the laboratory cine.-Organized in 1890, but gave Work in his section of the hospital. only a premedical course until 1905,

This section (F) has 270 beds. There when all the subjects of the first two were 729 different patients admitted in years were offered. In 1907, by union July. Dr. Brayton is at present doing with the State College of Physicians laboratory work. and Surgeons, the complete course in

There were 762 examinations of medicine was offered. In 1908 the In- stools niade by the Doctor with diana Medical College, which ova of wcinaria in 109; ova of Trichoiormed in 1907 by the merger of the cephalus dispar, 37; ova of ascaris, 37; Medical College of Indiana (organized ova of Bilharzia, 2; Amoeba coli, 28; in 1869), the Central College of Physi- ciliated monads, 26; Amoeba dysentercians and Surgeons (organized in ica, 7; pus, blood and epitheliun, 76. 1879) and the Fort Wayne College of

There were 41 examinations of sputMedicine (organized in 1879) merged

um with 32 negative. There were 831 into it. The faculty consists of 99 pro- examinations of urine, with albumin fessors and 70 lecturers, associates and

461; casts, 175. assistants, a total of 175. In 1910, be- There were 738 blood examinations, sides a four-year high school educa- with estivo-autumnal organisms in 358, tion, one year of collegiate work will

and tertian in 73; mixed, 2. White he required for admission. The work blood counts 25; differential, 5. Spinal of the first two years may be taken puncture and examinations, 2. either at Bloomington or at Indian- Of opthalmo-tuberculin reactions, apolis. The clinical work is all done there were 100. The II. K. Vulford at Indianapolis. The Secretary at tuberculin was used; there were Ploomington is Dr. B. D. Myers; at bad results. The writer closes his ar-. Indianapolis, Dr. Edmund D. Clark, ticle by saying that malaria continues Newton-Claypool Bldg. The total reg- to be their greatest enemy, affecting istration for 1907-8 was 308; graduates. particularly the kidneys and producing

was

no

wide spread arterio-sclerosis and pre- in iced sterile bottles. They are to be mature senility.

sold at a nominal price or given to

those found unable to pay for them. Ohio Medical Colleges l'nite.

If any infants under a physician's The Miami Medical College and the

care, in the districts announced are not Medical College of Ohio have entered supplied with milk of a satisfactory into an agreement with the University quality, the station will be glad to coof Cincinnati, by the terms of which operate by supplying milk and the the two colleges have agreed to be

services of a visiting nurse. come the Medical Department of the

Stations are now open at 1753 YanUniversity of Cincinnati. Under this

des, South, East, Norwood and South

West streets in Indianapolis. agreement the new medical department is to become an integral part of the University and shall be on exactly

The Contagious Disease Hospital for the same basis as any other depart

Indianapolis. ment of the University.

The Indianapolis City Hospital has During the session of 1908-09 the never had a brighter future than at two medical colleges will retain their present. Four years ago the County autonomy, but the graduates from Society held a meeting in its interest. both colleges in 1909 shall receive their Mr. John H. Holliday, formerly editor diplomas from the University.

of the News and always the city's highIt is further agreed that each college est exponent of civic righteousness, shall enter the University upon exact- made a strong address urging that the ly the same footing and that all details City Hospital be taken out of politics and plans shall be so arranged as to just as the State Hospitals for Insane open the session of 1909 and 1910 with and the city public schools are out of but the one school, the faculty of politics. Such had been the hope of which shall have been selected from the medical profession for years—in those of the two previously existing fact, from the beginning of the Hosschools, with such additions as may pital under Dr. Woolen, forty-three be deemed expedient by the Board of

years ago. Directors of the University,

This hope, however, was for forty

years little more than an irridescent Pure Milk for Babes in Indianapolis. dream and not the substance of things

A fund has been started in Indian- hoped for, until within the last three apolis by the Children's Aid Associa- years when Mayor Bookwalter gave tion for furnishing pure milk to the

the Health Board a free hand, and did needy bottle-fed babies during the all in his power to make the City Hossummer months. This has been done pital modern and efficient. A permaonly after a careful investigation prov- nent superintendent has been elected; ing that the rate of infant mortality a new laundry and heating plant inin Indianapolis is higher than it should stalled, the nurses, some forty in numbe and the standard of milk available ber, and the six house physicians detoo low.

cently quartered, the official residence According to the plan proposed, dis- rebuilt and steps taken to make the tributing stations in charge of trained building safe from fire. To these ends nurses and supervised by competent

the Health Board has spent over $150,physicians will be established in as 000, and the cost of maintenance has many needy districts as the commis- been increased to over one dollar a sion can afford. The milk distributed day, which is little enough for decency will be the purest available, scientifical- and humanity. ly prepared according to the needs of The present effort of the Board is the child, and delivered to the station to establish a Contagious Disease Hospital separate from the main building No half-way measures will be tolerwith wards for erysipelas, scarlet fever, ated by the present Board of City diphtheria and other diseases requir- Health, and they have the entire city ing isolation. The smallpox hospital back of them in their efforts to make is on a plat of fifteen acres on the the City Hospital as safe, as comfortbanks of Fall Creek far from resi- able and as modern as the needs of a dences. It is in good order and has great city like Indianapolis requires had from two to twenty occupants and demands. each day for the year past. By the The opposition of the Council to the use of this isolation hospital and vacci- Health Board is simply a renewal of nation of all exposed in those parts of the old fight to keep the hospital out of the city where smallpox was found, politics. The course of the Council the disease-mild in its formis furnishes an admirable text for opera controlled; all are recent arrivals to bouffe. We may smile at its absurdthe city, mostly from Kentucky, and ities but at the same time must grieve children born since the universal vacci- at its tragedies of wide-spread disea e nation of eight years ago.

There is and death. no compulsary vaccination in the city. In some of our central western cities Children unvaccinated attend

the the Council has been coerced into schools-frequently with smallpox. righteousness by a display of ropes and mistaken for chickenpox.

threats of violence. Happily IndianA recent epidemic of scarlet fever in apolis citizens have never resorted to the City Orphans' Home, some 16 03 violence. The City Commercial Club 20 cases, has intensified the interest in has taken the matter up with the City a contagious disease hospital to cost Health Board and City Council, and S60,000, and separate from the City there is every probability that the Hospital, but on the same grounds.

Council will yield and leave the manThis movement has been supported by agement of the hospital to the Board the medical society, all of the news- of Health. papers and the Mayor.

The City Council has not as yet issued the nec- Sanitary Association Organization. essary bonds, but has left the orli

The Indiana Sanitary and Water nance sleeping in committee for nearly Supply Association, affiliated with the a year. In middle August the ord:

State Board of Health, was organized nance was brought up but failed to

July 18 at Indianapolis by superintendpass as it was vigorously opposed by

ents of water works, water chemists, Mr. Harry E. Royce, Chairman of the

health officers and members of the Finance Committee, whose speech of

State Board of Health. II. E. Barnard, two columns against the measure was state water commissioner, was elected printed as a paid advertisement in the

president, and Frank Jordan of the Indianapolis Neri's at a cost to Ir.

Indianapolis Water Company, secreRoyce or the City Council of over $75.

tary. The purpose of the organization There is little doubt that the Coun- is to study the source of the public cil will yield and make the required water supplies, their preservation, conappropriation, as every voice and influ- servation and purification, and to work ence in the city demands the hospital. for advanced legislation looking to that The Board of Health, Dr Edmund end. Clark, chairman, Drs. Spencer, lorrison and Noble. members, have American Public Health Association at the entire confidence of the physicians

Winnepeg. and people of the city, and while they Drs. Ilurty and Wishard attended are in charge the City Hospital will be the meeting. Ipril 25 to 28. representrun as it shoul be or it will be closed. ing the Indiana State Board of Health

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