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upon the world, without even a place to hide his head : and thus ad infinitum.-Christian tolerânce, and Christian humanity!!!

Such laws as the foregoing show the spirit of intolerance which characterized Protestant ascendancy, and who can wonder that the Catholics of Ireland were not delighted at the opportunity of embracing a religion, of the justice and lenity of which they had ocular demonstration? The truth is, that every sect of Christianity, when in power, displayed a spirit of cruelty, rapacity, and injustice, as opposite to religion and piety as any of the atrocities of Mahomet, Moses, or any of the other fraudulent impostors, who plundered the world of its treasures, and revelled in the forced embraces of virtuous maidens, in the name of their Creator.

Alas! poor Ireland, how hast thou been abused and degraded. The time, however, is now fast approaching which will reinstate thee in thy rank amongst the nations of Europe. Be prepared for the convulsion; for doubtless a desperate attempt will be made by the military despots to retain their ill used authority: such attempts, however, will be frustrated. In England the laws allow every man to wear arms, and in many parts the People are taking advantage of those laws, and learning to use them; thus preparing themselves to fulfill their duty to their country. Will Ireland be backward in the approaching contest for freedom? Is the spirit which animated a Borhime and a Sarsfield nowhere to be found? Will not Limerick, which for two successive years shed the blood of her citizens in support of the last shadow of freedom in the “ Emerald Islo of the Ocean,” be amongst the first to hail the return of the smiling Goddess, and put forth their hearts' blood upon the soil which cherished them, till her banners wave in triumph over the green hills of liberated Erin. The departed spirits of those heroes who conducted their ancestors to victory will hover over them in the day of trial—will point to those trophies and those fields which registered the greatness of their country's struggles, and even to those fatal hills* where every defeat was hallowed by the tears of the virtuous, the patriotic, and the independent. If any country in this world has stronger reasons than another for asserting her independence vi et armis, that country is Ireland; her accumulated wrongs-her plundered treasury-her galling chains--all, all conspire to induce an union between the sister kingdoms, for the purpose of giving a death-blow to the system of despotism which has crushed both nations to the dust, and crippled their every effort to free.themselves

• Anghriw.

from their tyrants. Laws have been passed prohibiting the inhabitants of Ireland from wearing arms, or even from having them in their houses, unless licensed ; but we are of opinion that the House of Commons has not, nor ever had a right to abrogate or curtail the liberties of the People. Such authority is a gross usurpation, and therefore we imagine that the People are justifiable in their disobedience of it. Eng. land is doing her duty, and we trust that in the hour of danger Irishmen will not shrink from the assertion of their independence, but continue to be what they always have been-the firm, and in this instance, we hope, not unfortunate, advocates of freedom.

It is true that the Reformers of England are many (perhaps most) of them Deists; but all that Deists require is that tolerance, equal tolerance, should be given to every Religion, and that none should in any way be connected with Government. Thus, in the event of success to our united efforts, Ireland has every thing to gain-nothing to lose.

The Jury is now impannelled to try, we might almost say the validity of the Christian Religion: at all events they are to decide whether enquiry after truth is henceforth to be permitted. Upon their verdict depends the fate of millions. What that verdict will be we know not; but this we know, that despotism will benefit in a most dangerous degree byą verdict of guilty. If a contrary verdict be registered, freedom will triumph; and the supporters of arbitrary power will fall, never again to raise their impious heads amidst the good and virtuous part of the community.

SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE.

We have hitherto maintained that the sovereignty is in the People, and we now declare that it is a principle which we will surrender only with our lives. If this axiom be allowed, (and what English monarch will dare to disallow it?) it follows of course that all are equal in their rights and privileges, however unequal in the gifts of fortune. How artfally bave the Ministerial hirelings played upon this word, and enforced the idea of an equality of wealth, as being the summum bonum at which all those aimed who were loud in their outcries for Reforın, We can call to mind the chorus of an old ditty on this head, which will tend to exemplify the meaning which Government deduce from the word “equal."

“ If equal all, then all would fail;

“ Old England sure would rue it. “ We all should like to drink good ale,

6. But tell me who wonld brew it”

Now it must be apparent to the meanest understanding, that equality in point of wealth never could be reduced to practice; for were the wealth of England to day divided amongst the inhabitants in equal portions, ere this day week the system of equality would be overturned; for the industrious would accumulate that which the idle and the prodigal squandered; so that to keep up the plan there should be endless divisions of property, which would be affording encouragement to the idle, and place an impenetrable bar before the exertions of the industrious. We, will, however, endeavour to the utmost of our abilities to explain satisfactorily the real meaning of the word “ equality;" and for this purpose we will recur to our first principle, that “ the sovereignty is in the People.” No man, therefore, is subject to another, though all are subject to the same laws; no man ranks above another, except he is chosen as the executor of the laws, and then in his executive capacity he derives a pro tempore consequence, which, however, he forfeits with his situation; and all this may be without infringing upon the system of equality. When, however, the People lose the power of taking away that authority, there is an immediate end to the fabric. We çannot pretend to any equality in England, unless indeed it be equality of suffering, from the voracious appetites of plunder so conspicuous in the persons of Lords Castlereagh,

Sidmouth, Liverpool, and Mr. Canning, and their nume,rous train of Parliamentary friends, who vote, like Mr.

Thornton, without knowing for what, in hopes of soon being allowed to participate in the profits of their treachery and worse than highway robbery. The law which says that every man should be tried by his peers, would be unnecessary if the foregoing doctrine was established, for all would then be Peers to each other; nor would the honor of one class of persons of privileged pretensions to superior veracity be taken in a case of life or death, or in any case where the oath of another was adjudged to be requisite. Thus we perceive that the real meaning of the word “ equality" is, that all should in the eye of the law be equal, and that no rank should be conferred upon any person which could raise him above the level of his countrymen.

From the foregoing treatise upon equality, our readers may suppose that our principles are republican, and truly they are right; for we think it the species of Government which approaches to the principles of Nature, and consequently to those of liberty and justice. We do not, however, see any serious objection to titles, when bestowed upon merit, totally unconnected with any sort of privileges,

and dying with the possessor. We are apt to imagine that they would act as a stimulus to the exertions of the good and the patriotic, and could not be encroaching upon the rights of posterity, as the son could not inherit the title of the father. There is one law in England, and also in many other Countries where the Governments are approaching to despotism, the abolition of which, though it would not pro-, duce an equality of wealth, yet it would reduce the immense disproportion which now does, and for ages has, existed, and gradually destroyed our almost every privilege. This law is primogeniture, by which the eldest son inherits the estates of the father, in exclusion to his brothers, even though one of them may have entered the world but a minute later than his more fortunate relative. There is something so unjust, so grossly absurd in this law, that we would be at a loss how to account for its adoption, were it not that we see a nation, nay, a whole quarter of the globe, silly enough to believe the infamous lies which are palmed upon them by a still more infamous set of hypocritical Christian and Mahometan divines, or rather demons. There is no general rule without an exception; and we feel a pride in copying the following advertisement from The Morning Chronicle of Saturday last, which proves that at least one Clergyman of the Church of England is willing to resign the emoluments accruing to him, as an inculcator of Christianity, rather than continue his services in a profession not consonant to his ideas of truth and justice,

Douceur.-A Clergyman, after a most laborious and reiterated investigation of all the evidence of the Christian Faith, is induced

to desire an engagement, more compatible with Peace of Conscience, with sincerity and truth, than a further continuance in the Ministrations of the Church. He will make a valuable consideration to any person, who shall procure for him a situation of Honourable Usefulness, which may be held witbout a sacrifice of Religious Liberty.“ Address, post paid, the Reverend Robert Taylor, Edmonton."

« Witness, ROBERT TAYLOR."

What will “ The Society for the Suppression of Vice" say to the advertisement from a man who has made Christianity his study, and although deriving emoluments from it, (which emoluments must be large, if we are to judge by the general port-coloured cheeks and fat paunches of the Clergy, who are in the habit of preaching up temperance aud sobriety) still is he willing to resign them, rather than continue as Minister to a faith which he cannot reconcile to his conscience, or in other wards, which is founded in error, and supported by a set of hypocrites, who again are sup

ported and largely rewarded by a set of despots, out of the pockets of a duped and suffering community. The day, however, is at hand, when tyranny, political and theological, will sink into its native insignificance beneath the soaringflights of reason, unshackled and uncontrouled by pious and hypocritical chicanery, or the more barefaced efforts of fraudulent and usurping despotism. The age of reason and freedom is about to commence, and from the unprejudiced verdict of a British Jury will we date its origin. OBSERVATIONS UPON THE INQUEST AT OLD

HAM, OVER THE BODY OF JOHN LEES.

Ar the commencement of this Inquest we were induced to imagine that Mr. Ferrand, the Coroner, would discharge the duty of his office unbiassed by prejudice or by party. We have, however, been disappointed; his later treatment of the reporters for the Times and Chronicle Papers, and also of Mr. Harmer, has been, to say the least of it, very. rude and uncivil; this change we attribute entirely to the presence of Mr. Ashworth on the part of the Magistrates, Yeomanry, and Constables of Manchester, against whom it is now more than probable that verdict of Wilful Murder will be returned. This Mr. Ashworth is å Barrister, who -has just sufficient brains to enable him to mislead a country Jury, if not opposed, as in this instance, to superior legal knowledge and natural capacity, in the persons of Messrs. Harmer and Denison. He laid down some principles which emanated from his own pericranium, to suit his immediate purpose, as if it were the law of England, but when asked to sign his name to his opinions, he refused, thus proving that his intention was to mislead the Court at an Inquest, when they were endeavouring to discover how an Englishman came by his death. Mr. Ashworth may be a lawyer, but he certainly is not an honest or a conscientious one, or he would scorn to pervert the law for the purpose of screening such fellows as Messrs. Ethelstone, Meagher, Nadin, and company from the vengeance of outraged justice. That a verdict of Wilful Murder will be registered against some wretch there can be but little doubt, and less regret, for the assassin who could coolly whet his knife for the purpose of sheathing it in the heart of a fellow-creature, cannot be a loss to any portion of society. That the Yeomanry Cavalry acted thus is now evident, for it has been sworn to by the journeyman of the cutler to whom the swords were given for the purpose of being sharpened. His evidence before the Inquest is clear and conclusive of the fact, and runs as follows

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