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The death of the patriotic but unfortunate Robert Emmett is, we presume, still fresh in the recollection of our readers, and to embalm it for ever in their memories is the object for which we present them with his 'speech prior to his condemnation. In this masterpiece of eloquence and patriotic feeling, he was several times interrupted in the most ungen, tlemanly and unfeeling manner by the Judge, Lord Norbury, but truly from such a man, or rather from such a Lord, nothing in the shape of humanity or consideration was to be expected. How he became a judge is best known to himself, but we can safely aver that his promotion did not arise from his conspicuous talent as a lawyer. If the eloquence

of the following speech of Emmett was not apparent in every line, we need only place one of Lord Norbury's morceaus so as to form a contrast, and the talent of tbe young

Hero would be doubly conspicuous. MY LORDS, As to why judgment of death and execution should not be passed on me according to law, I have nothing to say; but as to why my character should not be relieved from the imputations and calumnies thrown out against it, I have much to say. I do not imagine your Lordships will give credit to what I am going to utter: I have no hopes that I can anchor my character in the breast of the court; I only wish your Lordships may suffer it to float down your meinories until it finds some more hospitable harbour to shelter it from the storms with which it is at present buffetted. Was ļ to suffer only death, after beiug adjudged guilty, I should þow iv silence to the fate that awaits me: but the sentence of the law wbich delivers my body to the executioner consigns my character to obloquy. A man in my situation has pot only to encounter the difficulties of fortune, but also the difficulties of prejudice: though'a man dies, bis memory lives; and that mine may not forfeit all claim to the respect of my countrymen, I seize upon this opportunity, to vindidicate myself from some of the charges alledged against me, Wben my spirit will be wafted to a more friendly port, when my sbade will join the bands of those martyred heroes, who have shed their blood on the scaffold and in the field, in defence of their country, I will look down with compla-, cency on the destruction of that pertidions government ibat upholds itself by the cries of the orphan and the tears of the

widow, [He was interrupted by Lord Norbury, who said that “ the mean, wicked enthusiasts, who felt as he did, were not equal to the accomplishment of such wild designs.");

I appeal to the immaculate God! I swear by the throne of heaven, before which I must shortly appear; by the blood of the murdered patriots, who have been sacrificed from time to time, that an ambassador is, at this moment, in France, and accredited there, as the representative of the people of Ireland; there is an Irish agent in every port of the French republic, inspecting the preparations now making for the invasion of this country, think not, my Lord, I say this for the petty gratification of giving you a transitory uneasiness. A man who never yet raised his voice to assert a lie, will not hazard his character with posterity by asserting a falsehood on a subject so important to his coun try. Yes, my Lords, a inan who does not wish to bave his epitaph written, until his country is righted, will not leave such a weapon in the power of envy to impeach the probity which he means to preserve even in the grave. [He was ayain interrupted.] Again, I say, what I have spoken was not intended for your Lordship; it is meant as a compensation to my countrymen ; if there is a true Irishman present, let my last words cheer him in the hour of affliction [He was again stopped by Lord Norbury, who told him, he did not sit on that bench to hear high treason.]

I have always understood, it was the duty of a judge, fenac sometimes thought it his duty to hear with patience, and speak with humanity; and to deliver an exhortation to the prisoner, and pass his opinion of the motives by which he was actuated in the cominission of the crime of which he had been found guilty: that a judge thought it his duty to do so I have no doubt.

Where then is the boasted freedom of your laws? Where is the boasted impartiality, clemency, and mildness of your courts of justice, if an unfortunate prisoner, just about to be delivered into the hands of the executioner, is not suffered to vindicate his principles, and explain the motives by which he was actuated? You, my lord, are a judge, I am the supposed culprit: you are a man, I am a man also; and if I stand at the bar of this court, and dare not vindicate my cbaracter and motives from the aspersions of calumny, how dare you calumniate it? And as a man to whom faine is dearer ihan life, I will make the last use of that life in rescuing my name and memory from the foul and odious imputations

thrown on them: and as men we must appear on the great day, it will then remain for the searcher of all bearts to show the collective universe who was engaged in the most virtuous actions, and actuated by the purest motives. [He was interrupted, and told to listen to the sentence of the law.] My Lord, will ą dying man be denied the legal privelege of exculpating himself in the eyes of the community, of an undeserved reproach thrown upon him during his trial, by charging him with ambition, and attemptipg to sell his country to France ? Ambition! Oh! My country ! Was it ambition influenced me, I might now ránk amongst the proudest of your oppressors. Sell my country to France ! Oh, God! No, my lord ; connexion with France was intended only when mutual interest was considered; were they to assume any authority inconsistent with the purest independence, it would be the signal of their destruction : I would fight thein with the sword in one hand and the torch in the other ; I would burn every blade of grass in the land, sooner than let any foreigrier tyrannize. If the spirits of the illustrious dead can witness the scenes of this transitory life, dear shade of my departed father look down with a scrutiny on your suffering son, and say has he a moment deviated from those moral and patriotic principles which you taught him, and which he now dies for. I ain charged with being the key stone of this conspiracy, or, as your lordship expresses it, the life and blood of this conspiracy. I only acted a subaltern part ; there are men who manage it, that are far above me, or even you my lord, and all your fancied greatness; men, who would not deign to call you friend, who would not disgrace themselves by shaking your blood-stained band. You, my lord, tell me I am accountable for all the blood that has and will be shed on this business. I do not fear. approaching the omnipotent judge, to answer for the conduct of my short life; but, my lord, were it possible to collect all the innocent blood, that you have shed, in one great reservoir, for great indeed it must be, your lordship inight swim in it. (Here he was again interrupted.] My Lords, I have but a few more words to say; I am now going to my cold and silent grave; my lamp of life is nearly extinguished; .. my race is finished; the grave is open to receive me, and I will sink into its bošom; I have but one request to make, at my departure from this world, it is the charity of its silence; let no man write my epitaph; for as no inan, who knows my motives dare now vindicate them, lei no prejudice or ignorance asperse them; let them and me repose in obscurity and peace, and my tomb remain uninscribed, until other times and other men can do justice to my character ; wheir

my country takes her place among the nations of the eartha tben, and not till then, let my epitaph be written. A correct copy,

He was executed in Thomas-street, Dublin,


NATURE. At a time when we are on the eve of an important change in our political affairs, which must evidently lead either to the recovery and re-establishment of our liberties, or to a military despotism, those who are connected with the press ought to use every exertion to ellighten their fellow-citizens, and to assert their right of canvassing in the most free and unrestrained manuer, every subject connected with the happiness of Man.

The Priesthood liave ever been convenient tools in the hands of tyrants, to keep the bulk of the People in a degraded servility. By the superstitious and slavish doctrines which they infuse into their minds, they prevent them from thinking for themselves and asserting their own independence. At a moment when National Schools are erectiug in every quarter of the country, not with a sincere desire of enlightening the rising generation, but with the insidious design of instilling into their minds the doctrines of “ CHURCH AND KỊNG," iu order to bolster up a little longer the present rotten, tottering, and corrupt system; at a moinent, 100, when thousands of fanatic preachers are traversing the country with a view to subjugate the human inind to the baleful empire of visionary enthusiasın aud is sectarian bigotry, to the atter extinction of every noble, nanly, hibe

ral, and philanthropic principle;---at such a moment as this, we tbink the “ SYSTEM OF NATURE" cannot fail to render essential Aprvice to the cause both of Civil and Religious Liberty. No work, ancient or modern, has surpassed it, in the eloquence and subhmity of its language, or in the facility with which it treats the most abstruse and difficult subjects. Įt is, without exception, the boldest effort the human mind has yet produced, in the investigation of Morals and Theology--in the destruction of priestcraft and superstition-and in developing the sources of all those passions aud prejudices which have proved so fatal to the tranquillity of the world.

The Republic of Letters has never produced an Author whose Pen was so well calculated to ea.cipate niankind from all those tranımels? Mith which the Nurse, the Sehoolinaster, and the Priest have success. ively locked up their noblest faculties, before they were capable of reasoning and judging for themselves. The frightful apprehensious of the gloomy Bigot and all the appaling terrors of Superstition áre, bere uiterly annihilated, to the complete satisfaction of every unbiassed aud inipartial reader.

We have been led to make these observations from perceiving the intended work announced in a cheap form, and trust it will meet with that encouragement, which every publication of its nature dom ranüs, froin a liberal and enlighten - Public.

Printed and Published by T. DAVISON, 10, Dukt Street, Smithfeid.

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If Humanity shows to the God of this World,

A sight for his fatherly eye,
'Tis that of a PEOPLE with banner unfurl'd,

Resolv'd for their FREEDOM TO DIE.
"Tis a spark of the Deity bursting to light

Through the darkness of human control,
That fires the bold war arm in Liberty's fight,
And springs from the Patriot burving and bright,

Through the eye of an heavenly soul. C. PHILLIPS.

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At an early hour yesterday morning we repaired to
Guildhall, to witness the Trial of Mr. Carlile, but on at-
tempting to enter the Court we were opposed by a posse of
constables, who, by the orders of Lord Mayor Atkins, pre-
vented the admission of the Public to an open Court. This
poor crazed, expectant Baronet, has assumed a most exten-
sive authority, but were we in Mr. Carlile's situation, we
would in the first instance protest against the unfairness and
illegality of filling the Court with the insolent myrmidons
of a few fanatic bigots, to the exclusion of his (Mr. C.'s)
friends. Such inwarrantable conduct as was displayed by
these Jacks in office, we never before witnessed, and were
glad to perceive a few spirited individuals taking down their
names, for the purpose of trying whether Sir John Atkins
has the power of shutting the doors of a Court of Justice on
all but his own friends and dependents.

A few minutes before nine, the doors of the Court were
thrown open, and Mr. Carlile, accompanied by Mr. Hunt
and other gentlemen, came up to the door in several car-
riages, containing an immense quantity of books, papers,
&e. As soon as way could be made through the crowd,
Mr. Hunt and the other Gentlemen entered the Court, when
shortly after Chief Justice Abbot took his seat.

About half past nine, the Attorney-General, the Solicitor
General, Mr. Gurney, and Mr. Littledale, the Counsel for

T. DAVISON, Printer and Publisher, 10 Duke Street, Smịthfield

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