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A London Weekly Political Publication.
No. 10, Vol. 1.] Wednesday, November 10th, 1819.
If Humanity shows to the God of this World,
A sight for his fatherly eye,
Resolu'd for their FREEDOM TO DIE.
Through the darkness of human control,
Through the eye of an heavenly soul. C. PAILLIPS.
LETTER THE FOURTH, TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS
THE PRINCE REGENT.
is great and
SIR, My former letters to your Royal Highness have been unnoticed, or if noticed, unattended to, or you would ere now rank higher in the estimation of the People of this enlightened Nation. You seem to me, Sir, to be pursuing a Tine of conduct directly opposite to that which I offered for your consideration, and therefore it is that I once more address you. You imagine (if I am not mistaken) that the People were created subservient to your Royal will and pleasure-to know no other power, and obey no other law. 'If I were inimical to your personal welfare, I would not endeavour to eradicate such an idea, until you were overwhelmed in the fatal consequences of your erroneous cone;
ceptions, for fatal they would to a certainty eventually prove. You have those about you who encourage the idea, that they may continue to profit by your' unprecedented extravagance; but, Sir, the People of England have been taught to consider their Sovereign as elected entirely for their service, and holding his authority only as long as he acts up to the spirit of their Constitution. This idea has been inculcated by every eminent writer which this country could for ages boast of. The great Milton in the following Jines contradicts the doctrine of Divine Right, which has once more been raised by Church and State to scare the sons of freedom, and plunder them of their rights, by conjuring up to their view superstitious and imaginary terrors.
Printed and Published by T. DAVISON, 10, Duke Sirett, Smithfield,
“God gave us only over beast, fish, fowl,
By his donation : but man over man
“ Reserving, human left from human free." Can you, Sir, imagine that a whole People who have early imbibed such sentiments as the foregoing, will ever be brought, even by the sword, to believe that God has chosen you to reign as sovereign absolute of England? or can you imagine that they are such ideots as to believe that the great and just Creator of the Universe could not, upon choosing, make a better choice? If you can persuade yourself to all this, I fear, Sir, that your case is hopeless; for although surrounded by bayonets, and encompassed (metaphorically speaking) in a cage of iron, if the liberties of the People are forcibly torn from their grasp, the dagger of some bold patriot will one day (and that day may not be distant) find its way to the adamantine heart of a remorseless tyrant. Cæsar fell by the daggers of Brutus and of Cassius, and who will dare to vilify the characters of these immortal heroes by the appellation of assassins ? Marat in latter years fell by the dagger of a woman, (Charlotte Cordie); yet who will say that the woman outraged the character of her sex, or the still more sacred precepts of virtue and of honour, by ridding the world of a sanguinary monster ? Who will dare to say that it was not a deed of patriotism worthy a statue of gold rather than a gullotine? Who is there that does not admire the heroism of the noble* Roman, who thrust his hand into the burning turnace, because it failed in the performance of the duty he had imposed upon it, of sending the proud and haughty Tarquin to his grave?
Thus, Sir, in despite of all the sophistry, which can be used to prove to the contrary, you will perceive that the assassination, or rather the slaying, of a tyrant has been considered justifiable, patriotic, and consequently praise-worthy, in the earlier ages, and has been sanctioned by general approbation, even to the present day,
Ere you attempt to subvert, or to sanction the subversion of the British Constitution, (which I am induced to think is your intention, from the preparations which are going forward for the purpose of adding to the military force of the kingdom in tímne of peace,) I would offer for your consideration a matter of the most serious import to yourself. The
* He was not a Lord!! The word Noble has since then altered in its signification,
population of England, Ireland, and Scotland, consists of nineteen millions and a half of souls, or rather of bodies, for one half of the members of the present Cabinet of St. James's are as destitute of souls as the Radical Reformers are of bodies, since the passing of the Corn or Starvation Bill. Would it not, Sir, be absurd to suppose that in such an immense population, thousands would not be ready to hazard their lives to restore liberty to their country, by sending a tyrant weltering in his blood to an early grave. Yes, Sir, thousands would stand forward to avenge their country's wrong's, and believe me when I tell you that the smile of friendship would conceal the heart surcharged with enmity and malice, waiting for the favourable moment to cancel their injuries in blood. If in the commencement of his reign, a tyrant was to know all the dangers attending the exercise of despotic authority—the fears with which he is constantly assailed—the nights of watchfulness--the days of terror-he would rather resign the diadem than pursue a line of conduct which would render his life so miserable and so precarious. He sees an enemy in every facema dagger in every extended hand—and not a single friend to rely upon in the hour of danger or necessity.
Unprepared to encounter a state of splendid misery like this—a state of continual anxiety-of everlasting terror and suspense pause, Sir; listen to the voice of the People, loudly and repeatedly expressed, and as repeatedly treated with sovereign contempt. Your situation is critical in the extreme. Follow Lord Castlereagh but one other step in his career, and nothing, in my opinion, can save your country from destruction. Throw yourself into the arms of the People, and years of happiness awaits you in their enthusiastic and unbought affections. The opportunity is offered you: embrace it, Sir. The inhabitants of the Metropolis have presented to your Royal Highness an Address, founded on a string of Resolutions which were entered into at the late Meeting in Kinsbury Market Place. Return, Sir, a favourable Answer to that Address, and save the kingdom from being deluged in the blood of its inhabitants: save it, and with it your Royal Person, from utter perdition. The patience of the People is worn out is entirely exhausted : drive them not to madness by a perseverance in the wicked views of your present unprincipled Administration. on
Such, Sir, is the advice of one who thinks that the present state of public feeling is (if not attended to in time) the prelude to a Revolution, and in a Revolution you must be aware that no respect is paid either to authority or rank. Fond of peace, nd a lover of good order, I should grieve to see such a state of things, however necessary it might be to save, from tbe iron grasp of despotism, the liberties of England. If
you, Sir, have the welfare of your country at heart, you will favourably answer the remonstrances of the People, and deserve, by your compliance with their demands, their grateful thanks, together with those of your your Royal Highness's fellow-citizen,
THE STATE OF THE NATION, WITH A DEFINI
TION OF WHIGS, TORIES, BÚRDETTITES, AND
The ithabitants of these unfortunate kingdoms are at presept divided into four great parties, or, as some may term tliem; factions ; viz. Whigs, Tories, Burdettites, and Radicals, and of each of these parties, of their aims and pursuits, we will present our Readers with a short definition.
The Tories are an unprincipled set of hypocritical mtauders, who have taken advantage of the extravagant disposition of their Prince, to swindle themselves into power for the purpose of plundering the People. Their aim is to continue such plunder ad infinitum, and to enact laws iuflicting the punisbinent of death on any man or set of men, who might be guilty of the heinous crime of protecting his “ little all” froin their rapacity. They enlarge the Civil List, and are always liberal to their Royal Master, that be may continue to sanction their attacks upon the People, whom he (as the representative of his venerable father) is sworn to protect. Their numbers are few in proportion to the others, but they have the military at their controul, and money and promises to bribe the ill-disposed part of the community to their interest.
The Whigs are equally as 'wealthy as the Tories, and affect to hold their principles in contempt, for the purpose of uniting the People in their interest against the Tories. They would not have the odium of ordering the People to be cut to pieces by the soldiery, although they would, if in power, sooner see them dying by hundreds from starvation, iban curtail the enormous salaries which they would in that case enjoy. Their sole aim is to unite power with wealth, and not to reform the existing abuses of the Administration, which they declare to be an impossibility. They are not a whit inferior to the Tories in ambition, hypocrisy, and avarice. The only difference is, that avarice is the ruling passion of the Tories ambition of the Whigs.