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which his services could obtain in the sensible of Mr. Speaker's zeal, as also of unanimous approbation of that House, his ability to fill the high office to which and he congratulated the House on the he had been elected. His zeal and ability choice they had made, since the arduous had been tried and proved in three sucand laborious situation to which his right cessive parliaments, and his Majesty fully hon. friend had been elevated, was filled and readily confirmed the choice made by by a gentleman whose impartiality had his faithful Commons. never been questioned, even in the most The Speaker then said ; - My lords, stormy sessions, and whose patience, tem- with all gratitude and respect, I submit to per, and courtesy had been equally ex- his Majesty's royal pleasure. It therefore perienced and approved by all. This was becomes my duty, in the name of the a subject on which he could dilate with Commons of the united kingdom, to great pleasure to himself; but the topics claim, by humble petition, all the ancient suggested by it had been so ably touched rights and privileges granted to that upon by the mover and seconder, that he branch of the constitution, more espefelt it unnecessary to occupy the time of cially, freedom of arrest for themselves the House by the expression of feelings in and their servants; freedom in debate ; which he was sure every member of that and freedom of access to his Majesty, on House participated.
all requisite occasions; and also, that a Sir Joseph Yorke congratulated the favourable interpretation may be given to House on the selection they had made, all their proceedings. If any involuntary and would only express his hope, that error should occur on their part, I hope every man who took office in the House, that to me, and not to his majesty's faithmight enter upon it with as much integrity ful Commons, the blame may be imputed. as the right hon. gentleman in the Chair. The Lord Chancellor.-Iam commanded The House then adjourned.
by his Majesty to declare his readiness to confirm to his faithful Commons all the
rights and privileges that have ever been HOUSE OF LORDS.
granted to the Commons by any of his Wednesday, November 15. Majesty's royal predecessors; and I am
also commanded to inform you, that his The Lords Commissioners having taken Majesty will at all times put the most their seat on the wool-sack, the deputy favourable construction on all the words usher of the Black Rod was sent to the and actions of his faithful Commons. House of Commons to desire their attend
The Speaker and the other members of ance. Shortly after,
the House of Commons then bowed, and The Speaker, followed by a consider- retired. able number of members, presented himself at their lordships' bar. The right hon. gentleman then said, that he was HOUSE OF COMMONS. commanded by his Majesty's faithful Com
Wednesday, November 15. mons, to inform their lordships that in obedience to his Majesty's commands, they The Speaker having taken the chair on had in the exercise of their ancient and his return from the House of Peers, said ; undoubted privilege proceeded to elect a I have to state to the House, that this Speaker, and their choice had fallen upon House bas been in the House of Peers, him. For his own part, he could only where the lords, authorized by his Majessay, that he was fully aware of the great ty's commission, signified his Majesty's importance of the situation to which he royal approbation and confirmation of me, had been appointed, and was also aware as the Speaker of this House. I proceedof his many imperfections. If, however, ed to lay claim, by humble petition, to all his Majesty should be pleased to disap- their undoubted rights and privileges, prove of the choice made by his most especially those of freedom from arrest faithful Commons, there would be little for themselves, their servants, and estates; difficulty in selecting some other person free access to his Majesty when occasion more competent than he was, to fill so should require, and that all their proceedarduous and dignified a situation. ings should receive the most favourable
The Lord Chancellor, in reply to this construction. The lords, authorized by address, said, that his Majesty was fully his Majesty's commission, signified his Majesty's assurance that all those privileges , your sanction to the provisions of that should be granted, and confirmed by him, order, and for carrying them into effecin as ample a manner as they had ever tual execution. been confirmed or granted by any of his
“I have great satisfaction in being able predecessors. I may now avail myself of this opportunity of again expressing the to inform you, that the hopes entertained most thankful acknowledgments for the at the close of the last session of parliahigh honour you have conferred upon me. ment, respecting the termination of the I know well how to estimate that honour, war in the Burmese territories, have been and I will struggle to deserve it. The fulfilled, and that a peace has been conHouse shall find me ever watchful and determined in co-operation with them, for
cluded in that quarter highly honourable the preservation of our privileges ; 'not to the British arms, and to the councils of ours alone, but the privileges of all the the British government in India. Commons, and I implore of the House to “I continue to receive from all foreign assist me in maintaining a strict attention powers 'assurances of their earnest desire to all established les and ordinances, to cultivate the relations of peace and not only as they are essential for the due and convenient despatch of business, but friendly understanding with me. as they are most important safeguards for
“I am exerting myself with unremitting the property and best interests of the anxiety, either singly or in conjunction people. I have now to submit to the with my allies, as well to arrest the proHlouse, that the proceeding on which we gress of existing hostilities as to prevent are to enter, is to take and subscribe the the interruption of peace in different parts oaths and declarations as prescribed by of the world. law. The Speaker himself then took and
“Gentlemen of the House of Commons, subscribed the usual oaths and declara- “ I have directed the Estimates for the tions; and was followed by numerous ensuing year to be prepared, and they other members.
will, in due time, be laid before you.
“I will take care that they shall be HOUSE OF LORDS. formed with as much attention to economy, Tuesday, November 21.
as the exigencies of the public service will The King's SPEECH ON OPENING permit. TIE Session.) This day his Majesty “ The distress which has pervaded the came in state to the House of Peers, and commercial and manufacturing classes of being seated on the Throne, the gentleman my subjects, during the last twelve months, usher of the black rod was directed to has affected some important branches of summon the Commons to attend. The
the Revenue; but I have the satisfaction Speaker immediately presented himself at the bar, attended by a great number of of informing you, that there has been no members. His Majesty then delivered such diminution in the internal consumpthe following Speech to both Houses : tion of the country, as to excite any ap“ My Lords and Gentlemen,
prehensions that the great sources of our “I have called you together at this wealth and prosperity have been impaired. time for the special purpose of communi- My Lords and Gentlemen, cating to you the measure which I judged “I have deeply sympathised with the it necessary to take, in the month of Sep- sufferings which have been, for some time tember, for the admission into the ports of past, so severely felt in the manufacturing the United Kingdom of certain sorts of districts of this country; and I have conforeign grain not then admissible by law. templated with great satisfaction the ex
“I have directed a copy of the Order in emplary patience with which those sufferCouncil issued on that occasion to be laid ings have been generally borne. before you, and I confidently trust that “ The depression under which the trade you will see sufficient reason for giving and manufactures of the country have
been labouring has abated more slowly conjunction with his allies, is endeavourthan I had thought myself warranted in ing, not only to arrest the progress of hosanticipating; but I retain a firm expect-tilities, but also to put an end to those
which already exist. In referring to that ation that this abatement will be progres- part of his Majesty's most gracious Speech sive, and that the time is not distant which relates to the finances, I see much when, under the blessing of Divine Pro- ground for hope, and none for desponvidence, the commerce and industry of dency. During the last eight years, taxes the United Kingdom will have resumed to the amount of twenty-six millions have their wonted activity."
been repealed, and still the income, up to
January, 1826, has been equal to the His Majesty then retired, and the Com- demand upon it, and since that time the mons returned to their House,
deficiency has been less in each succeed
ing quarter. In connexion with the ADDRESS ON The King's Speech at distress in the manufacturing districts, THE OPENING OF The Session. His I will briefly recur to the internal state of Majesty's Speech to both Houses having the country at different periods since the been read by the Lord Chancellor, and conclusion of the late war. The restoraalso by the reading clerk at the table, tion of peace did not at first bring with it
Earl Cornwallis rose, and spoke as its usual blessings, security, and content ; follows :-My lords, in rising to move an but, on the contrary, poverty, distress, Address of Thanks, I trust I shall meet and a long train of ills. Our manufacwith that kind indulgence which others, tures were diminished, and want of emstanding in my place, have invariably ex- ployment had engendered a great degree perienced. For the communication re- of dissatisfaction in different classes of the specting the admission of some descrip-community. Since that period the pic
ons of foreign grain, before the time ture was for a short time most pleasingly allowed by law, there can, I should hope, reversed ; our manufacturers were fully be no objection to thank his Majesty; as employed; our credit had reached its it will be no bar to future discussion, highest pitch ; agriculture, too, was rewhen the Order in Council shall be laid suming its proper position in the different upon your table. In looking to the East interests of the country; and that from Indies, the termination of the Burmese natural causes, and without any interwar affords ample scope for congratula- ference of parliament, not that parliament tion; as I trust that our vast possessions was unwilling to interfere, but that parin that quarter will no longer be exposed liament declined interfering, because it to inroads of a similar description. In could not interfere with effect. This was turning to the continent, it is highly the state of things, when, owing to a gratifying to be told of the friendly dis- plethora of riches, speculations, which for position existing there towards this coun- number, folly and absurdity never were try; which I attribute, in a great measure, exceeded, produced a panic in the merto the wise policy which his Majesty's cantile world, and a run upon all the ministers pursued respecting the war be- country, and most of the London, bankers. tween France and Spain. There were These, my lords, and not the Corn-bill two parties—the one the ever faithful (though I am no friend to the Corp-bill supporters of existing abuses ; the other, in its present form), were the real causes the no less dangerous abettors of revolu- of those heart-rending distresses, which tionary movements, who were anxious to have been bome with such exemplary enlist this country under their banners. firmness in the manufacturing districts, Each was telling his Majesty's ministers and which, we are to-day told, from the what tone they should hold, and what throne, are, in some degree, abating. This position they should take up; but they would not have been the case had there wisely chose their own position, and that been much resemblance between the panic upon neutral ground. The late war of 1825 and that of 1797. In 1797, diswill, I trust, be a pretty good lesson to astrous events followed in quick succesthe present, and to all future ministers, sion: a rebellion in Ireland, a mutiny in not hastily to embark their country in a the navy, a run upon the Bank, and war continental conflict; and it is most satis- in its most appalling aspects :-in 1825, factory to be told, that his Majesty, in we were in a state of peace, and order and due submission to the laws prevailed sarily been a departure from the system (with very little exception) in every part established by the existing law, but I cannot, of the country. I cannot sit down with for a moment, anticipate any objection to out reminding your lordships of his Ma- the measure on that account; for, had the jesty's parental anxiety for his people. At Order in Council alluded to, not issued an early period of his reign, when every till the quarterly average prices had been class of the community was suffering from obtained, the country could not, whatever the transition from war to peace, he gave distress might have prevailed, have beneup part of his income for their relief, and fitted by the importation of the grain rewhat he has done within the last year is quired, at so advanced a season of the too well known to your lordships, and 1 year, from the northern ports of Europe.-hope too deeply engraven in the hearts It certainly does appear to me to be matter of his subjects to require any comment of congratulation that peace has been from me. — The noble earl concluded by concluded, on terms so honourable and so moving an Address of Thanks to his Ma- satisfactory, with the Burmese. Your jesty, which was, as usual, an echo of the lordships are well aware that the war Speech from the Throne.
against that people, however just and Lord Colville rose, and spoke as follows: necessary, commenced under circumstances -My lords, in presenting myself to your of peculiar difficulty. The little intercourse lordships, for the purpose of seconding the which had subsisted between Europeans motion which has been made by the noble and the Burmese country had afforded earl, for an Address of thanks to his hardly any means of obtaining much topoMajesty. I cannot but feel how much I graphical knowledge of it, and it was soon shall require that kind and patient indul- discovered that, to an invading army, gence, which you are always disposed to obstacles were opposed of an almost unshew to those who, like myself, are little in precedented nature; added to which, our the habit of addressing you, and who, con- forces had to contend against an enemy sequently, must rise under some degree of much more powerful than the Burmese embarrassment. If I had thought, my themselves, in the effects of the climate of lords, that the task I have undertaken was their country, generally considered one of one which required the powers of eloquence the worst in India. Nevertheless, my to support it, I should have been—as i lords, it appears by his Majesty's most certainly ought to have been—the last gracious communication, that these obstaperson in your lordships' House to have cles have all been surmounted; and we undertaken it; but such is not my opinion, have now the satisfaction of knowing that, and I therefore trust, that the motion of by the energy of the British government in the noble earl will not suffer by not having India, by the zeal, ability, and perseverance, had a more able supporter. Under the of the commanders of the forces, by land present circumstances of the country, and sea, by the valour and discipline of the think, my lords, our gratitude is due to his officers, troops, and seamen, both British and Majesty for baving called his parliament native, a peace has been concluded, on such together. In regard to the first topic to terms as seem to ensure the duration of it. which the Address alludes-I mean the This event, combined with the brilliant special purpose for which parliament has success of our arms in the capture of the been assembled at this time I trust there fortress of Bhurtpoor, in the north-western can be no difference of opinion, and that quarter of India, holds out, I trust, reasonyour lordships will approve of the conduct able grounds for the hope, that the tranpursued by the ministers of the Crown quillity of our Eastern empire will not again first, in recommending, on their own be speedily disturbed.- Considering, my responsibility, a measure which I think i lords, how desirable it is, that the nation's may safely assert that circumstances, up to of Europe should continue to enjoy that the present hour, have proved the neces- repose, still so necessary, after the exersity of; and, secondly, in their having had tions of a war, unprecedented in its durarecourse, as speedily as possible, to parlia- tion, it must be highly satisfactory to your ment for that sanction to the measure, lordships to know, that “his majesty conwhich the constitution requires it should tinues to receive from all foreign powers have, and to which, in my opinion, it is so assurances of their earnest desire to cultijustly entitled. I am aware, my lords, that vate the relations of peace and friendly in the measure alluded to, there has neces- understanding with his Majesty;" and our gratitude is due to his Majesty for the ex- that day from the throne. All the fault ertions, which his Speech, delivered this which he had to find was, that the Speech day from the throne, informs us“his Ma- did not go far enough-that it omitted jesty is making, either singly, or in con- the most material occurrences. As far as junction with his allies, as well to arrest it went, it was good enough, but it did the progress of hostilities, as to prevent not say enough: it did not describe the the interruption of peace in different parts real state of the country, and it was thereof the world.” Your lordships will, I am fore his intention to move an Amendment. sure, feel grateful to his Majesty for the Their lordships had been told, both in the deep sympathy which he has expressed Speech from the throne, and in the speech for the sufferings which have been so se- of the noble seconder, a great deal about verely felt in the manufacturing districts the distress which had prevailed; and this of the kingdom, and it is highly gratifying was repeated in the proposed Address, so to know, that “the depression under that it was a seven-times repeated tale. which the trade and manufactures of our To speak of that deep distress in such a country have been labouring, and which manner was to no purpose. It was not a has led to that distress, has, in some de- bit more manly or more useful, than the gree, abated, and that there is reason to proclamation published yearly, at every believe that that abatement will be pro- assize town, in the name of his Majesty gressive.” From a topic which alludes George 4th. Talking of the distress did to the sufferings of any class of our fellow. no more to relieve it than that proclamasubjects, it is indeed a difficult task to find tion could do. He would rather see some subject for consolation; yet, my lords, I can- remedial measures; a determination to not but think that even there some consola- reduce the expenditure of the country; a tion is to be found : I mean, my lords, in determination to diminish the army, to that patience with which those sufferings diminish the national burthens, and to get have been borne; because that patience, and rid of the Corn-laws. It was all vor et the implicit obedience to the laws, which præterea nihil-mere opiates to lull them have been every where observed, afford the asleep, and what parliament wanted was, strongest proofs, that the operative classes not opiates, but something to rouse it to of the kingdom are well aware, that their examine the state of the country. The sufferings do not proceed from causes, beginning of a new parliament was a fawhich it is in the power of man imme- vourable opportunity to revise their past diately to remove ; and that they enter- acts, to repent their manifold sins and tain a full reliance on receiving all that transgressions, and to resolve to lead a aid which can be afforded in the paternal new life. The last parliament had done anxiety of their sovereign, and in the something good; but might have done watchful attention of bis ministers to avail more, if they had adopted the Corn-bill of themselves of every means that offer to the noble earl opposite, and the economy wards alleviating their distress. The recommended by that side of the House. feverish excitement consequent upon the That parliament did many things it ought sudden changes which arose from the not to have done, and it left undone many transition from war to peace, appears to things it ought to have done. have subsided, and the illusions which it liament voted a profligate expenditure, gave birth to have disappeared. Time and for that he found fault with it. It and patience will, by the blessing of Pro- was also an army-voting parliament, and vidence, soon, I trust, restore our com- for that he condemned it. mercial pursuits to their wonted prospe- lace-voting parliament, and he hoped this rity—that prosperity which has placed our would not be a palace-voting parliament. country on the proud eminence on which That parliament did many incorrect and she stands amidst the surrounding nations many foolish things; but the worst and of Europe. I shall not, my lords, avail most foolish thing it did was that relative myself of your kindness any longer; but to the Dead Weight, which surpassed in beg to add, that I have the honour to se- mystery the mystery of transubstantiation, cond the motion of the noble earl.
The Catholics were often derided in that Lord King rose to assure their lordships, House for their absurd faith ; but they that he had no objection either to the Ad- might now retort on the Protestant chandress proposed by the noble earl, or to the cellor of the Exchequer of that day, Speech which his Majesty had delivered who had proposed the extraordinary mys
It was a pa