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cessors.

Strong, D. D. Archdeacon of North- and people are set forth in a true and ampton. By the Rev. Henry Rolls, interesting light, and the particular cirM.A. of Balliol College, Oxford, cumstance which led to its delivery Rector of Aldwincle All Saints. Lon- is made the foundation of an impressive don: Rivingtons. 1828, pp. 20. appeal, in furtherance of the object Luke ix. 62.-"No man having put his

which the preacher wished to promote. hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit Dr. Rudge has left a lasting memorial for the kingdom of God."

among his late parishioners, of the The more immediate subject of this

ardour and earnestness with which he Discourse is introduced by some reflec

discharged his duty among them; and tions upon the duties of the ministerial a powerful encouragement to them, in office, as suggested by the replies of attending with diligence and sincerity Christ to three new disciples, as re

to the ministerial labours of his succorded in the verses preceding the text.

In the case of the first of these candidates, we cannot but see how tenderly our Lord The Origin and Character of the points out the necessity of caution and Priestly Office : a Sermon preached deliberation on entering upon an office of at the Visitation, held at West Malso much difficulty and responsibility as that ling, 16th April, 1828, by the Very of a minister of the Gospel.

Rev. Walter King, Archdeacon of In the case of the second, we are re

Rochester. By the Rev. Thomas minded of the indispensable obligations we are under, as ministers of Christ, of with

BOWDLER, Rector of Addington,

Kent. London: Rivingtons. 1828. drawing our heart and affections from the secular affairs of life, and of yielding our- Those of the Clergy who are apselves, not in part only, but wholly and pointed to preach at Visitations, are unreservedly, to the special duties of our usually men of more than ordinary .calling.

endowments, and their Sermons, though And the remarkable answer given by turning for the most part upon the our Lord to the proposal of the third can

same or similar topics, are in general didate, in the words of my text, is eminently

sound and able inquiries into the nacalculated to impress upon our minds the

ture and duties of the ministerial office. guilt and danger of " looking back," or in any degree departing from the full measure

But whatever merit may be due to of duty incumbent on the Christian minister.

Visitation Sermons generally, the one

before us is far above the ordinary It is this last reply which gives rise

cast. After tracing the origin of the to the preacher's remarks upon the

Christian Priesthood to the Son of danger of ministerial delinquency; the

God himself, who was ordained a various gradations of which are classed under the heads of apostacy, wavering

priest for ever after the order of Mel

chisedec, and still exercises his office unsteady principles, over-confidence

at the right of hand of God; and, and self-sufficiency, supineness and irresolution. In conclusion, a salu

having proved its regular descent from tary caution is added, arising out of him, through his Apostles and sucthe peculiar " signs of the times."

cessors, to the ministers of the Gospel at the present day, the author observes :

Thus, then, we arrive at the proof of The reciprocal Duties of a Christian

that assertion which was made at the Minister and his people. A Farewell opening of this discourse, that the Christian Sermon, preached in the Parish priesthood is the ordinance of the Most Church, of St. Anne Limehouse, on High in a sense peculiarly its own; not as Sunday Morning, May 11, 1828. By an institution made for the good of man, JAMES RudGE, D.D. F. R. S. &c. and sanctioned by God; not as a relation London: Rivingtons. 1828.

between different persons originally fixed Although the more immediate oc

and ordained by Him; but as it derives its

existence from the Son of God himself, and casion of this Sermon is of a local

executes, however feebly and unworthily, nature, the Sermon itself is of more

that office for which He came into the than local importance. From Rom. world. Every minister in the church is X. 1, the respective duties of minister the successor of Christ, or he is without

authority. In himself he is nothing: a of them the doctrine of non-bapfeeble mortal-bending under a sense of tismal regeneration is plainly assert. his unworthiness-shrinking even from the ed; and we detect throughout a leanmeanest office in the house of God. But acting in his Master's name, and by au

ing to Calvinism, to which the

author continually approaches, but thority delegated from Him, he takes his

with an apparent dread of representstation, whatever it be, with an humble confidence which the highest personal en

ing its peculiar tenets in unequivocal dowments can never inspire; for he remem

terms. This apparent indecision is bers the oath by which Christ was made a excessively irksome to the reader, and priest for ever; he has continually sounding certainly not profitable to the hearer; in his ears, "My grace is sufficient for for, while there is nothing which we thee;" and he relies upon that promise can positively condemn, there is a dewhich cannot be too often repeated, “Lo! gree of doubt, as to the real sentiments I am with you alway, even unto the end of of the writer, which renders assent to the world.”

his conclusions, to say the least, unwilMr. Bowdler then proceeds to shew ling and imperfect. that as the origin of the priesthood is divine, so its character is spiritual ; and, consequently, that although any

WORKS JUST PUBLISHED. earthly distinction which the servants

Twelve Lectures on the 'Acts of the of Christ may attain, is accidental, and Apostles, delivered on the Wednesdays may be taken away by the state which

during Lent, in the Years 1827, 1828. To confers it, " that which the Spirit hath which is added a New Edition of Five Lecstamped upon them no human hand can tures on the Gospel of St. John, as bearing erase." Some important considera- Testimony to the Divinity of Jesus Christ. tions are then offered in connexion By C. J. Blomfield, D. D. Bishop of Chester, with this view of the subject; and the

and Rector of St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, Discourse concludes with an energetic

10s. 6d. exhortation to a faithful discharge of

The Testimony of Primitive Antiquity the ministerial office.

against the Peculiarities of the Latin Church : being a Supplement to the Diffi

culties of Romanism; in Reply to an Sermons preached before a Village Con- Answer by the Bishop of Strasbourg (late

gregation. By the Rev. J. JOWETT, of Aire). By Geo. Stanley Faber, B. D. M.A. Rector of Silk Willoughby, and

8vo. Os. domestic Chaplain to Lord Barham.

A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Seeley & Sons. pp. 360.

Diocese of Salisbury at the Primary Visita

tion in August, 1826. With an Appendix. These Sermons are composed in ac- By the Lord Bishop. 8vo. 58. cordance with the opinion maintained An Inquiry into the Means and Exby Bishop Horsley, and supported by pedience of making any Changes in the Bishop Heber

Canons, Articles, or Liturgy, or in the That a theological argument, clearly stat

Laws affecting the Church of England. ed, in terms derived from the ancient

By W. W. Hull, Esq. Svo. 7s.

A Literal Translation of St. Paul's English language exclusively, will generally be both intelligible and interesting to the

Epistle to the Hebrews, with Explanatory lower classes. They do not want acuteness,

Notes. By the late Rev. G. V. Sampson, or the power of attending; it is their vo

M. A. Edited by his Son, the Rev. G. V, cabulary only which is confined: and, if Sampson. 8vo. 78. 6d. we address them in such words as they

The Sacred Calendar of Prophecy; or, understand, we may tell them what truths

a Dissertation on the Prophecies which we please, and reason with them as subtilely

treat of the grand Period of Seven Times; as we can.--Preface p. viii.

and especially of its second Moiety, or the The model which the author has

latter Three Times and a Half. By Geo. thus chosen, he has kept in sight

Stanley Paber, B.D. 3 vols. 8vo. 11. 16.

The Works of the English and Scottish throughout; and there is much good

Reformers. Edited by Thomas Russell, writing in his Sermons, which raise

A. M. Vol. II. 8vo. 10s. 6.1. them above the ordinary class of village The Danger of Resting in Inadequate discourses. At the same time, we do

Views of Christianity. Addressed particunot feel quite satisfied with them in larly to Christian Parents. By Patrick a doctrinal point of view.

In one

Falconer, Esq. 12mo. 6s. bds.

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LONDON UNIVERSITY. 1.-Statement by the Council of the University of London, explanatory of the nature

and objects of the Institution. London: Longman and Co. 1827.-Pp. 20. 2.- A Letter to the Right Hon. Robert Peel, on the subject of the London Uni

versity. By CHRISTIANUS. London : Murray. 1828.— Pp. 39. 3.—Thoughts on the London University. By the Rev. Henry NEWLAND, A. M.

Dublin : Milliken and Son. 1828.—Pp. 40. 4.-A Letter to John Hughes, Esq. M. A. Oriel College, Oxford, one of

His Majesty's Justices of the Peace in the County of Berks, on the Systems of Education proposed by the popular Parties. By the Rev. John Philips Potter,

M. A. Oriel College, Oxford. London: Hatchard and Son. 1828.–Pp. 63. 5.-A Sermon preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, on Thursday,

May 8th, 1828, at the Festival of the Sons of the Clergy. By the Rev. Philip Nicholas SHUTTLEWORTH, D. Ď. Warden of New College, Oxford. London: Rivingtons. 1828.---Pp. 48.

In placing the above list of works at the head of this article, it is not our intention to enter on an elaborate criticism of the merits of any one of them. For this we have neither space nor inclination. Neither is it in our contemplation to adopt the favourite modern expectation of giving a dissertation under colour of a review. But we have headed the following observations with the above titles, because, from the works which bear them, we have assembled some valuable facts and arguments relative to a very important subject; and an analysis of these may be acceptable to such readers as may have neither leisure nor disposition to peruse the entire publications. Besides, it may not be useless to collect into one focus the strong rays of information which they severally lend, and direct their blended light to the examination of a very momentous topic. In order to this, however, we must, in the most cursory manner possible, state the object of each pamphlet.

The first is, in our judgment, by far the most important, because it is an authoritative document put forth deliberately by the governors of the new establishment, called the University of London. Whatever arguments therefore are bottomed upon this, stand not on the assertions of enemies, but on the confession of the parties themselves; and the premises being once admitted, the conclusions in this case appear to us inseparable.

The second and third of these publications, have for the most part a common object: to point out the defects and mischiefs of the new project, and to call on the government to counteract them by the establishment of a college of sound learning, based on religious education, for the advantage of the metropolis.

The last two works touch the subject incidentally only, but powerfully. Mr. Potter's letter is, for the most part, directed against an antagonist very unworthy of him: a silly, prating, anticlassical in the Westminster Review, who objects to Latin and Greek, apparently for the best reasons; viz. that he has, as he most classically expresses himself, been “TUTTWedin an unsuccessful struggle with conjugations and declensions. But towards the end of his pamphlet Mr. P. takes a wider range on the subject of the systems of popular education, and very convincingly, though briefly, indicates the dangers inherent in the newly-established University

Dr. Shuttleworth's Sermon is a somewhat original view of a subject in itself hackneyed, because requiring to be so,- the utility of a clerical establishment. He shews that the Clergy are not, as some would have us imagine, less necessary in cultivated than in ignorant periods. On the contrary, he insists on the dangers of irreligious cultivation, and misdirected talent; and from the consideration of the abstract subject, is naturally led to that of the dangerous form in which the error is embodied in the London University.

These publications, therefore, afford tolerably available materials for a clear understanding of the whole question; and we shall now, without further preamble, proceed to what we think will be no unacceptable duty, an abstract of what we have gleaned from them.

Every person acquainted, however superficially, with the facts connected with the Gower-street Establishment, knows that there is one point in its constitution which must necessarily attract the attention of a Christian Remembrancer: the total and avowed absence of any provision for religious instruction. But as we have entered on the subject, we shall intreat the indulgence of our readers if we defer the consideration of this particular evil, while we take a glance at the system collectively.

Had the new establishment been called “ the London United Lecture Rooms," the thing might have been unobjectionable; but it is not easy to see that it could have been very serviceable. For students in the liberal profession can always be accommodated with professional instruction, on the very ground to which their pursuits lead them; and lectures on literature and science may be had in perfection at the British and London Institutions. Even many of the lectures at the medical hospitals are on matters of pure natural philosophy, and they are of the best kind. But to call such an institution an University, is a misnomer calculated to produce the most injurious deceptions, insomuch as it bears no more resemblance to the Universities of this land, than the “Catechism of Astronomy" does to the “Principia," or the “Mécanique Celeste."

Mécanique Celeste.” The College lectures, as they are called at our Universities, are, in fact, as they ought to be, lessons, so termed cúpuvíaç xapiv: nor is it possible to teach a language or a pure science in any other way. But the lectures of the London University are properly lectures: excellent means, unquestionably, of illustration and assistance, but utterly insufficient as foundations. A little Cæsar, Virgil, and Xenophon, is all the classical knowledge that is required for matriculation; and this eminence once attained, the proudest heights of classic literature are to be scaled by simple attendance on the lectures of the professors. Vulgar and decimal fractions are the maximum of mathematical knowledge required from a probationer, and the rest is to be entirely effected by listening to scientific essays! It is true the professors are required to examine their pupils : but here two obstacles necessarily occur. In the first place, it is utterly impossible that the pupil should have gleaned from a grammatical, geometrical, or algebraical lecture, any

VOL. X. NO, VII.

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very definite, disposable, produceable knowledge, where he has no other kind of instruction. And if he is to have a private tutor, who is much more necessary here than even at the Universities, he must remunerate him; and the impudent vaunt of a cheap education is shown to be baseless. But if the pupil cannot produce that knowledge which he cannot possess, what is to be done?- the knowledge is required, but there is no discipline to compel it. Discipline beyond the walls of the establishment the Council themselves disclaim; and though they inform us that it is their intention to adopt some discipline within them, they have not disclosed what that is to be. They have felt the difficulty of legislating without the power of enforcing. They have no degrees to withhold; that powerful and ever ready controul over the contumacious student of our Universities. Their suspensions will be considered vacations, and their rustications-what pleasure does that word convey to a Cockney ear! The subject of their anathema will scarcely treat them with more ceremony than Milton treated Cambridge; and, if he can muster Latin enough, will sympathetically re-echo the poet's valediction:

“ Si sit hoc exsilium, patrios adiisse penates,

Et vacuum curis otia grata sequi,
Non ego vel profugi nomen sortemve recuso,

Lætus et exsilii conditione fruor." It may be said, they have a certificate, which they may refuse. But to what is this certificate a passport? Will its presence or absence ever have any weight in any profession, or in any society? Will the Church, or the Bar, or Surgeon's Hall ever inquire, or care, whether the candidate for their distinctions has been certified by the London University ?

Thus an inefficient means of instruction, and an inefficient means of compelling the use of such instruction, lie at the very heart of this incongruous institution. Its lectures may be good, as lectures, but as lessons (which are the things wanted) they are nugatory, and require the private tutor to make them intelligible. While at our Universities, the private tutor is the auxiliary of the lecturer ; here the lecturer is the subservient party. If the youth is to learn any one of the multifarious objects of his studies solidly, he must incur great additional expenses. But the total absence of a salutary discipline completes the mischief of a system of education radically perverse and defective. And the parent who sends his child to these lecture rooms under the impression that they are tantamount to an university in all but expense, is grossly and most lamentably imposed on.

The great point of objection, however, is one of the gravest character. Religion, it is well known, is studiously and distinctly excepted from the studies of the place. The foundation of all mental excellence is totally rejected from an establishment expressly intended for universal mental improvement. “ Wisdom unto salvation,” is the only wisdom banished. The one thing needful is the one thing proscribed. And the motives of this arrangement are so extraordinary, that justice can only be done them in the language which they have at first assumed.

It is a fundamental principle of the University of London, that it shall be open to persons of all religious denoininations ; and it was manifestly impossible

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