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proposed in a sermon before the University of Cambridge, in the year 1811, by which the damnatory clauses of that Creed are confined to the general assertion of the doctrine of the Trinity, whilst the intermediate part is to be considered merely as an explanation of the doctrine, or rather, as a proof of that doctrine, and an appeal to our reason that the doctrine is true.
Taking (says our author) the whole process together, first comes the statement of the matter to be proved; then the form of demonstration, which the author selects; and, lastly, the original proposition is now stated again as proved and determined. What is of consequence to you practically, is the matter finally settled: namely, that the three angles of a triangle, suppose, are equal to two right angles; the mode of proof, if there be different modes, is quite immaterial. Thus it is, then, here; we have a doctrine put simply; and an explanation afterwards at length; and then a conclusion in favour of the original doctrine. To this alone, as being alone of importance, the penalty is annexed. — Vol. IV. p. 76.
By limiting the damnatory clauses to the mere doctrine, as stated in the third and fourth verses, and resumed in the twenty-seventh, we take away all reasonable grounds for the charge of being uncharitable . . . . If a right faith be necessary to salvation as well as right practice, which scripture asserts, the people must be told so, and the certainty of the thing must be constantly brought before their eyes. To do this, is the true charity; to act otherwise, would be downright uncharitableness.— Vol. IV. p. 77.
Our readers will easily imagine that Dr. Warton had little difficulty in combating the infidel cavils of Mr. Compton. They were stale, and hacknied, and frothy, and superficial. He shewed, indeed, that he had made himself master of the objections, which unbelievers have uniformly urged against Christianity, from the days of Porphyry and Celsus, to the age of Paine and Carlile. From the storehouses of Hobbes and Hume he had borrowed many a weapon, wherewith to assault the faith of Christians ;" telum imbelle sine ictu ;” our dauntless defender, however, uniformly silenced his feeble batteries, and planted the Cross upon the ruins of the heathen superstructures, behind whose treacherous bulwarks he would fain have maintained his cause uninjured. Our space will not permit us to follow the Doctor through the many points which challenged his attention; but we assure our readers that they will find a rich repast in the perusal of the conferences between him and Mr. Compton. Doctor's style improves with the occasion, and he pours forth his admirable sentiments with more than his usual eloquence.
Premising that Mr. Compton became, in every respect, a sincere penitent, and piously partook of the sacrament, and busied himself, during the short remainder of his days, in works of christian charity, we take our leave of Dr. Warton, by quoting his own account of the man, whom he found a sceptic and left a Christian.
After the last conversation I saw Mr. Compton several times, and talked with him as usual. His faith and repentance appeared to me to be both of them lively and sincere; and I was glad to perceive no tendency whatever to fanaticism about him, either in his language or conduct ... He always discovered a
proper self-humiliation, and a true distrust of himself. Because he had undergone an entire change of heart and sentiment; he did not, therefore, assure himself of his indefeasible salvation, or arrogantly assume that he was sealed for heaven. He looked back upon his past life, and was abased in his own eyes; and looked forward, not indeed without the hope of a modest diffidence, but still with much of its fear and trembling Of this feeling I greatly approved. I am shocked, and my blood almost runs cold within me, when I hear, as I too often do, of the greatest of sinners, with no time for solid repentance, quitting the world with all the religious assurance of the greatest of saints; dying, in short, in the worst of causes, as if they died in the very best .... It is a bad example for others; it is deeply hazardous for themselves. The conviction of the certainty of salvation is not salvation itself; it may be a most dangerous downfal.—Vol. IV. p. 231.
No man can read these volumes without veneration for the character and principles of its author, nor without being convinced of the usefulness of the holy calling of a Parish Priest. The younger Clergy will see how admirably Dr. Warton contrived to adapt himself to “all sorts and conditions of men." Contemplating the blessed fruits of our Rector's assiduity, they will learn to estimate the importance of visiting the sick within their respective parishes, and know how to take advantage daily of the openings which may be afforded them, for promoting religion. Upon the recommendation of the Clergy, indeed, we have no doubt “ that many persons may be tempted to peruse the book, and may find, unexpectedly, their fancy pleased, their knowledge increased, and their hearts touched and improved."-Preface, p. viii.
NOTICE OF BOOKS.
and we have little doubt that they were
written currente calamo. There is Religious Discourses. By a LAYMAN. nothing particularly striking in them; London, Colburn. 1828. 8vo. pp.
and when we have said that they are 79. 4s. 6d.
two good Sermons, calculated rather Sir Walter Scott in a pulpit! the for private perusal, than for public author of Waverly in lawn sleeves ! delivery, we are sure that the excellent and with all the formality of a Nolo author will expect and wish no other Episcopari! In sober truth, the gifted decision. Of the two discourses, the baronet has "cordially granted” the first is a doctrinal comparison
between request of a friend, to publish for his the Jewish and Christian Dispensabenefit two Discourses, written origi- tions; in which there is no novelty, nally for the sole use of that friend dur- except a curious simile between the ing his theological studies; at the same former and the moon; which is certime that he does not willingly con- tainly more poetical than just. The sent" to their publication, lest he latter is a running paraphrase on the should appear to meddle with matters first Psalm, descriptive of the blessedfor which he has no commission. The ness of the righteous;" in which we author's object in their composition, meet with the following passage : "A was “ to show that a rational and person, distinguished as much for his practical discourse was a task more excesses at one period of his life, as he easily performed, than his young friend was afterwards for his repentance, seemed at the time disposed to believe :" mentioned after his happy change, that
one day when he was in the full career measures which they have ever adopted of wit and gaiety, admired by the society in order to obtain political power have of which he appeared the life, while all formed an unvaried series of invidious applauded, and most envied him, he machinations against the Protestant could not forbear groaning inwardly Church; and in nothing is this more and saying to himself; Oh that I were manifest, than in the artifice to which that dog! looking on one that chanced they have, of late years more especially, to be in the apartment.” (p. 71.) This resorted, of asserting that there is no anecdote is told by Doddridge of Col. material difference in the tenets of the Gardiner, in his singular life of that respective Churches of England and of singular character: a work, by the way, Rome. That this declaration is a which is one of more dangerous ten- breach of faith of the most shamedency to the cause of rational piety and less description, will abundantly appear true religion, than any of the kind with from a perusal of Mr. Todd's pamphlet, which we are acquainted. With respect who, in the particular case of Absoluto the introduction of the incident into tion, has shewn its utter falsehood, and Sir Walter's discourse, we confess that exposed the design for which it has it reminds us strongly of the pious been fabricated. Having first set in ejaculation of an itinerant preacher in array against each other the unflinching favour of himself and his hearers : Oh avowals of the early Catholics and the that we were all old hens! Our readers qualifying assertions of Mr. Butler, have probably heard the story. and Drs. Milner and Doyle in modern
These are the only two points with times; and having produced a Popish which we have not been perfectly document of the year 1662, in which satisfied in this pamphlet, and we may this “underhand" method of proceedbe thought perhaps hypercritical and ing is recommended; Mr. T. adverts fastidious. Gladly therefore would we to the firm opposition of Cranmer and make amends by producing a speci- Bale, against the Popish doctrine of men of an opposite description, but the Absolution and auricular Confession, whole is of that equable merit, which and to the formation and revision of our makes the selection of a particular pas- Liturgy in direct opposition to these sage somewhat difficult, and of course, unauthorised tenets. After an allusion in the present instance, unnecessary, to the want of candour in Mr. Butler as the work will be in every one's hand. and Dr. Milner in their reference to The language is highly characteristic
the first publication of this Liturgy, of the talented author; and the pamph- the author proceeds to point out the let cannot be read without admiring the discordant features in these doctrines, versatility of his genius, and the diver- as maintained by the two Churches sity of his erudition.
respectively, by a comparison of the
statements respecting them as conOf Confession and Absolution, and the
tained in the Romish Councils, and the Secrecy of Confession, as maintained writings of their most esteemed advoby the United Church of England and
cates, and in the Articles, Homilies, Ireland, and as opposed to the State
Canons, and other authorised documents of Modern Romanists, and their ments of the English Church. The Advocates, both in Writings, and before opinions of the most eminent Divines Parliamentary Committees. Ry Rev. are then produced; and the pamphlet H. J. TODD, M. A. F. S. A. and
concludes with the following remark. M. R. S. L. Chaplain in Ordinary to “ Finally, our Church with sound judgHis Majesty, and Rector of Settering- ment, and true piety, wholly opposes the ton. 1828. London. Rivingtons. noted Trentine Canon, upon which the
doctrine of Romish Confession to this hour Let the Papists say what they please, it is nevertheless a most distinguished
rests ; namely, “if any shall deny sacra
mental confession to be instituted by divine feature in their Creed, that no faith is
right, or to be necessary to salvation; or to be kept with heretics ; and the very shall say, that the manner of confessing means which they have employed to
secretly to the priest alone is not of the make us believe otherwise, are the most institution and command of Christ, but a convincing evidence of the fact. The human invention ; let him be accursed.” She denies this, we have seen; and, with occasioned by the Sudden Death of it, she denies sacramental absolution in any Oliver Hatch, Esq. late Treasurer sense whatever. In short she asserts, in of the City of London National the words of one of her ablest sons, that
Schools, fc. By the Rev. Robert “the confession that is necessary to the Black, Curate and Alternate Afterobtaining our pardon, must ever be understood of confession to God. Whosoever
noon Lecturer of the said Parish, humbly and sorrowfully confesses his sins
and Honorary Secretary to the City to Him, and endeavours to forsake them,
of London National Schools. Rivingsuch a man shall find pardon whether he
tons. confess to men or no. THIS IS THE PRO- “The memory of the just" is not TESTANT DOCTRINE ; AND LET US ALL only " blessed” in itself, but may well ADHERE TO IT, AND PRACTISE IT." be rendered applicable to encourage in While upon this subject, we may as
their survivors an imitation of the good well notice a small volume of Dis
deeds, which they performed during courses (seven in number) upon the
their earthly pilgrimage. In furtherGeneral Confession in the opening of
ance of this end, Funeral Sermons the Liturgy; by the Rev. Thomas
cannot fail of being eminently useful; Bartlett, rector of Kingstone. Calv
especially if delivered while the recolism does not exactly suit our taste :
lection of one who has departed in the
true faith and fear of God is still fresh otherwise we should say they are above mediocrity.
in the minds of the audience, to incite them to follow his good example.
Such an opportunity was seized by Mr. Historical and Biographical Atlas, or
Black, upon an occasion of all others Charts of Sacred and Profane History
most calculated to produce so desirable and Biography, from the Creation
an effect. The true philanthropy of to the birth of Christ.
By John Mr. Hatch, his eminent services and BRUCE, Author of an Introduction to
unwearied zeal in promoting the inGeography and Astronomy. 1828.
terest of the Church, and more especially
his entire devotion both of his time This Atlas consists of ten well en- and wealth to the support of the graved folio plates, the object of which National Schools; and the pure and is to exhibit at one view, the history, disinterested motives by which he was the biography, and the miscellaneous actuated throughout his good and useevents of each period. The author ful life, were duly estimated by all who notices the principal publications which knew him: and it is no idle panegyric have preceded his on the same subject, which Mr. B. has pronounced upon his and we think he shews, successfully, departed friend. From Luke xii. 35, that his work deserves the patronage of 36, the excellent preacher urges the the public as well for the novelty of the necessity of being alway in a state of plan as for its utility. “Nor is the author preparation for death; and proves, from without hope that the christian reader, the instance of Mr. Hatch, that such whilst perusing the Sacred Volume, will a state is easily rendered compatible find the Atlas useful, in enabling him with the most busy scenes of life. At to obtain a distinct and connected view the end of his discourse Mr. B. has of the history of the people of God; and subjoined a private meditation and of seeing the various periods when the prayer, composed by the lamented Old Testament Prophets lived. It will deceased, which affords the most also give an additional interest to trace striking evidence of his habitual piety the connexion between sacred and pro- and devotion. We have not hesitated fane history.” The Atlas has, we must to copy them into another part of our notice, an useful Companion,'-a present number.—(See p. 338.) summary of Ancient History.
An Introd:ction to the Critical Study Mr. Horne is really indefatigable. The Substance of a Sermon, preached in Not content with having given to the the Church of the United Parishes of world the most useful and complete
and Knowledge of the Holy Scrip. Christian Readiness. A Sermon, preach- tures. By T. H. Horne, M. A. Sixth
ed at St. Andrew's, Holborn, on Edition. London. Cadell. 1828. Sunday Afternoon, March 2, 1828, 31. 3s.
St. Andrew by the Wardrobe, and St. body of theological information ever Ann, Blackfriars, London : on Sunpublished; every edition of his excel- day, March 2, 1828, in consequence lent work comes forward with increased of the Fall of the Brunswick Theatre. claims to public attention. The sixth By John CLEMENTSON, Lecturer of edition, which has just appeared, has
the said United Parishes. Seeley & been very considerably improved ; and
Sons. 8vo. 1s. by a new arrangement of the second and third volumes, a great part of
We treat our readers with the followwhich has been re-written, and in some
ing morceau from this precious tirade instances condensed, the author has
against our venerable Establishment, been enabled to introduce nearly two
which the author has dignified with the hundred pages of new and valuable appellation of a Sermon ! matter. A great addition has also been
It is true that to the doors of our Metromade to the Bibliographical Index;
politan Churches are annually attached a list and in short no labour has been spared
of Clergymen, appointed to preach in Lent. to render the work worthy of that atten- But are they all distinguished as men of tion, which it has so justly received. God, who blow the trumpet in Zion,We cannot conclude without speak. Watchmen who sound an alarm in God's ing in terms of the highest praise of holy mountain, ---as Sons of Thunder, who the liberality of the publisher, who has make the inhabitants of the land tremble, furnished the work, printed as it is on
and mourn and turn to the LORD? Or are a larger paper, with a beautiful new not many of them men, who wink at the type, at the old price of the former prevailing corruption,---Men whose minisedition. In truth, Mr. Horne's book
terial apathy leaves unruffled the stagnant
pool, -Men whose indifference confirms is the cheapest, as well as the most use
and perpetuates the formality of the Church ful, which has ever been offered to the
of England's fast ? public.
This, gentle reader, is from the
of a man, who calls himself a ClergyA Monitor for Young Ministers of the man of the Church of England, and was
Gospel : in a Series of Letters from actually delivered in one of the Parish a Father to a Son. London. Long
Churches of this Metropolis. But how man and Co. 1828. 12mo. 78.
dares Mr. Clementson to calumniate
from a London pulpit a set of men, who, There is so much sound sense, solid whether we regard their public usefulargument, and sober advice in this
ness or private virtues, rank among the little volume, that we cannot be too most worthy members of the commuearnest in recommending it to those nity ? Although we wonder at the for whom it is more immediately de- effrontery of the gentleman, we are signed. The light in which the writer well acquainted with the motive which has viewed the principles by which suggested the attack; that most Christhe younger clergy should be actuated tian of all christian graces, Revenge ! Be in the performance of their duties, in it known that in one or more instances, their amusements, and in society, is it has been thought proper by these that which every rational Christian Lent Preachers to exclude Mr. C. from must admit to be most correct and their pulpits, in consequence of the judicious. We may safely affirm that known heterodoxy of the tenets which if the clerical character were generally he inculcates. There is abundance of formed upon the model which is here
proof in the sermon before us, that they exhibited, the cavils which are raised did not act unadvisedly; but we forby the thoughtless on the one hand, bear to stain our pages, and nauseate and the fanatic on the other, against the public, by any additional specimens. the sacred profession, would be render- The thing is beneath criticism : and ed far less frequent, or, to say the least, the author of course never saw the far more groundless.
inside of a College.