« ForrigeFortsæt »
review, and the Prince Regent having given the requisite orders, the Duke of Clarence, as Admiral of the Fleet, on the 19th June hoisted the Union at the main, on board the Jason frigate, at Spithead. On the following day, the flag of the Lord High Admiral (the Admiralty flag), was boisted on board the Ville de Paris, and his Royal Highness then shifted his flag, as Admiral of the Fleet, to the Impregnable. On the 21st, his Royal Highness again shifted it to the Bombay Castle. He received his brother, the Prince Regent, at the Government House, and also the illustrious visitors, the Emperor of Russia, and the King of Prussia.
On the 23d, the Emperor of Russia, the King of Prussia, and the Prince Regent, embarked at the King's Stairs; the Duke of Clarence, as Admiral of the Fleet, in his own barge, leading the larboard line of boats. The Prince Regent, and the illustrious visitors, were received by the Duke of Clarence, on board the Impregnable, in which ship the Royal Standard was hoisted, and the Union was shifted to the Chatham. On the 24th, the illustrious party visited the dock-yard. The Prince Regent and the King of Prussia went on board the royal yacht; the Duke of Clarence gave the signal, and the Fleet put to sea, and went through several manæuvres, returning to Spithead in the evening. On the 26th the royal visitors quitted Portsmouth.
In 1826, his Royal Highness was appointed Lord High Admiral, and during the period he held the office, was very popular in the navy. The Duke set to work, con amore, in making regulations and arrangements, and that too with strict justice and impartiality. He made a tour in person, to inspect the dock-yards and naval establishments, in which his Royal Highness suggested various improvements, some of which were carried into effect. The objection generally made against naval first lords, was, that they were too partial to particular branches or sections of the service, to the exclusion of others ; but this certainly did not apply to the Lord High Admiral, who acted as the patron and chief of the service in general, with perfect fairness and impartiality, and spared no trouble, nor personal attention, in executing the duties of the office with which his Royal Highness had been entrusted. In 1828 his Royal Highness resigned his office.
In his parliamentary career, his Royal Highness was a frequent speaker in the House of Lords. He never, however, followed the fashion of making long speeches, but always spoke sensibly and with animation on points of great national importance. On many occasions his observations have elicited considerable applause. On subjects connected with the army or navy, his Royal Highness was always one of the foremost to award the meed of praise to officers, either of the army or navy, whose distinguished services were deemed worthy to receive the thanks of Parliament, or to whom it was thought right to adjudge rewards. It is also to be remembered that his Royal Highness supported the measure for repealing the penal laws (with certain exceptions) affecting the Roman Catholics.
We now come to the important period of his Royal Highness succeeding to the Throne of the British empire, on the demise of his Royal Brother George IV., by the style and title of WILLIAM THE FOURti. This is the first instance of a collateral succession, since the era of the accession of the House of Brunswick, comprising an interim of 116 years ; and, as already in effect observed, it could at one period, and that too for a considerable time, have been scarcely considered within the range of probability. His Majesty has succeeded to the Throne with many advantages as to knowledge and experience upon several subjects, not hitherto possessed by sovereigns; and with a character that can be more distinctly and justly appreciated by his subjects, marked, as it has been, with an invariable desire to promote, as far as he possibly could, the welfare and prosperity of his country, and contribute to the happiness of mankind. We are quite sure that there is no individual in the empire, who possesses a more truly British heart than our present Sovereign, or whose mind is more completely interwoven with the interests or the destinies of the British Empire. His Majesty may truly say, as his father did, that he glories in the name of Briton; and we are firmly convinced, that with regard to true and genuine British feelings, his Majesty will not give place to any one of his subjects, himself being the representative of all that is truly noble in the English character.
At the conclusion of this brief Memoir of his most Gracious Majesty, his Autograph, which follows, cannot be deemed unappropriate. It has been procured from an exalted quarter as an especial favour, and as such it was inserted in our number for November last. His Majesty's Signature in general being only “ W. R.” this is one of the few specimens in which it has been written in full, since his accession to the Throne, on which account it must be the more gratifying to our readers.
CREATION.-NO, I. The calling into existence that which pre- the work of God. It is revealed to us, 'viously had no existence, is a creation, that God did form all things; and after a We know of no being, save the Almighty lapse of nearly six thousand years, the self-existent, which is capable of such an united efforts of the millions of beings act. Therefore, if this circumstance had that have appeared, and in succession not been made the subject of an express passed away from this universe, have failed revelation in so many words, viz. “In the io discover any other source of being, save beginning God created the heaven and the that Elohim, who announces himself as the earth; " the work itself, visible and tangible creator and builder or former of all things; to his senses, would have pointed him out nor have their united efforts sufficed to add to man. Hence, to the nations where to, or diminish aught from, his creation. copies of this revelation of God do not Therefore, upon the
foundation of the reveabound, or are not known, “the heavens lation of God himself, and the nature and declare the glory of God, and the firma- fitness of things, in the absence of all eviment sheweth his handy work. Day unto dence to the contrary, we must pronounce, day uttereth speech, and night unto night that, “In the beginning God created the sheweth knowledge. There is no speech heaven and the earth,” and assert, with the nor language where their voice is not heard. psalmist, “The heavens are thine, the Their line is gone out through all the earth, earth also is thine : as for the world, and and their words to the end of the world.” the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. This passage confirms the general opinion, The north and the south, thou hast created viz. That the creation noted " in the begin- them.” And, with Zechariah, acknowping," by the Bible, was that of the whole ledge “the Lord, which stretcheth forth solar system.
the heavens, and layeth the foundation of The disposing of created substances into the earth, and formeth the spirit of man order, in the vast, as well as the minute, within him." and therefore forming rich varieties of What does this portion of the creations things, such as the universe and all it con- of God, which we denominate the universe, tains, is also evidently the work of infinite or the solar system, contain? This is a wisdom and power, and must therefore be question of importance to every man, be
cause all mankind are parts thereof, and upon matter. The principal atoms of the
The molecules of water, although they But although God governs the whole consist at least of two atoms, viz., one of creation, he governs it by laws. The laws hydrogen and one of oxygen, cannot be which govern matter he created when he distinguished amidst the Auid; no, not erected the universe, and the laws which with the aid of the most powerful magnigovern spirit, emanated from himself: they fiers. Hence the idea arises, that matter is are holy, just, and good-a transcript of divisible ad infinitum ; because the atoms the Spirit from which they emanated. are so minute, that in a sphere like our
To know the laws by which the Creator earth they approach infinity; and after governs matter, then, is well worthy the every division of its particles by the utmost attention of mankind; but to know well ingenuity of man, these minute particles the laws by which he governs spirit is of individually, contain several atoms. the last importance; because the eternal This immense mass of atoms, when well-being of spirit depends upon its con- newly created, and while unconnected formity to these laws. This question, viz. each with each, would constitute a vast "What does this portion of the creations of fluid. For if water is fluid, which is comGod, which we denominate the universe, posed of molecules, each consisting at least or the solar system, contain ?' will form the of two atoms, this mass of single atoins subject of these essays; and in searching being at least twice as rare, if all atoms are for the answer, the revelations of the Self- of equal size, would be fluid in its primeexistent, and the discoveries of men, must val state. Sand is often found in fuid be placed in requisition.
masses in the arid deserts of the East, and The experiments of men in all ages have is acted upon by the winds similar to the afforded light, and an increase of light, to ocean, and frequently with as awful detheir successors; and during the present age, structions to mankind—burying the travelsplendid additions have resulted from in- ler beneath its billows; yea, even whole vestigations of the most patient and labo- caravans. But those sands are composed of rious cast : these, far from discrediting particles which individually contain several the volume of truth, confirm the revelation atoms : this is proved by the ease with of God as far as they go, in all its parts. which these particles are divided into The day has more than dawned upon the smaller particles. With what propriety, philosophy of the Bible, and meridian then, does the sacred volume call the consplendours await it: a little while, and we gregated primeval atoms, fluids or waters, shall behold the wisdom of God in his and the mass of these, the deep, or the abyss. creation and in his word, as one light from The earth in this stage of creation is heaven, like th
sun at noon, while all represented to be without form, and void. that seemed to shine shall hide their dimi- The earth, I conceive, here means the nished heads. Then will it be known, that whole of the materials previously created ; “In the beginning,” Elohim was infinitely because, although they were at the momore wise than man throughout his gene- ment only unconnected atoms, and conserations; and that even in the end, when quently in a fluid state, they were the every discovery of every age is summed up, actual substance out of which infinite wisthat it was the foolishness of men which dom purposed to form, and subsequently scorned the wisdom of the Bible, and that did form the earth, and all the spheres of it would have been wise in them, had they the solar system. In fact, they then were hallowed it with all their powers.
so many earths as there were different kinds “ In the beginning God created the of earthy aloms, and it was only needful to heaven and the earth. And the eart assort, concoct, and connect
hese atoms, without form, and void ; and darkness was in order to form the various earths which upon the face of the deep: and the Spirit crown the planet we inhabit, and every of God moved upon the face of the waters.” other sphere throughout this universe. Here we behold the Elohim in two-fold This whole mass would be globular; action, viz., the creator of and operator for it invariably occurs that fluids assume
that form whenever they are suspended, or their tiny rays could afford no genial heat, fall in space : hence this mass would be no cheering light, at such a distance, at all equally accessible on every side, and equal to the wants of an universe. Every might' revolve or be revolved at pleasure night when the moon is absent, we find the by the Creator. “Without form.'' If this insufficiency of all the stars in the firmament applies to the atoms individually, then, as to furnish either the light or genial warmth only crude matter was created, this points which the earth, and human wants, reus to the necessity of an operation upon quire. each, in order to its being reduced to a What in this exigency of creation is to specific substance and form; and if it ap- be done? That which was done, and that plies to the whole, it refers to the circum- alone: 'The Spirit of God moved upon stance, that the creation of matter, in the the face of the waters.' “ He brooded over first instance, did not imply the formations the abyss”—Auttering like the hen over her which were the result of subsequent opera- brood, inducing action in the mass, and tions; such as a sun, primary and secon. concocting the whole. llere the Creator dary planets, atmospheres, strata, rocks, becomes the operator, and from crude oceans, earths, &c. &c. Without form matter produces genial substances for the and void.' Void of order and beauty- several purposes of his subsequent formaa confused mass- a chaos. Space is an tions. If human reason were to become immense, indeed we may say an infinite the judge in this case, even it would say, void; and it is only in those portions of taking the omnipotence of the Creator into space where the Infinite has created and the account, this was the proper time for planted matter or spirit, or both together, such an operation; then, when the atoms that space is otherwise than void.
of the universe were in one mass, and The creation of the solar system occu- could be operated upon by one continuous pies hundreds of millions of cubic miles; action, then was the proper time to refine this was and is in space, although it ab- and concoct them into substances genial to stracts its whole volume from the void of the worlds that were, in the purposes of the space. While in one mass, and in its pri- Infinite, to be erected out of them; and mitive atoms, it occupied only a small por- not afterwards, when these worlds were tion of that area in space which was des- formed, to disturb or disrupt the spheres, tided to receive it, probably the centre, and for the purposes of refining the materials of therefore the remainder was yet void. Deity which they were formed in detail. occupies space completely; for he is In these mighty works, as no assistant or omnipresent, and of course no place can agent is once named, it is fair to conclude, be found where he is not; nevertheless his that Elohim was the only being engaged as creations, in all probability, do not as com- the creator, and as the operator upon the pletely fill space as he himself does ; al- products of his power. Whatever, therethough they are far and wide, deep and fore, we behold, it is the workmanship of high, approaching infinity; but, if they do his hands. The minute and exact action not completely fill space, then there are of Deity, even when that action is exerted portions of space which are void.
upon the largest scale, points out the per• Darkness was upon the face of the fection of his works. They are not the deep.' This huge mass of opake atoms showy and flimsy productions of a vain had no light in itself, and it appears there mind, but the solid and substantial prowas no light afforded by space, or any pre- ducts of Infinite Wisdom, as well as of viously created substance in space; for Omnipotent Power; and from age to age darkness was upon its face, or exterior. evince these as forcibly as they did in that Without form, void, and dark; what a primeval day, “when all the sons of God chaos was this—what a work, to induce shouted (on beholding them) for joy.” But order and beauty from such a state of however pleasing it is to view the Creator things. Who is equal to this? The infi- in his works, the stupendous character of nite Elohim, and him alone. It is highly these works induces an awe which language probable, that many stars or suns existed cannot paint, an awe which may be felt
, at this moment; for we have a note in the for it is within the scope of every mind, first chapter of Genesis, that “He, Jeho- but it cannot be described by the most vah, made the stars also;" thus, of course, exalted genius among men ; and “ the they were in existence, in the beginning high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, of the solar system; but these stars or suns whose name is IIoly," will ever be apare so immensely distant from that portion proached, even in his works, by the truly of space occupied by it, that darkness wise, with that reverence which induces would and did reign there, maugre these; praise.
RESULTS; OR, THE HUNTSMAN'S DEATH. overleaping every impediment, horses and
bounds bounded. One horseinan far out(By The Rev, J. Young.)
rode his companions. His snorting steed,
with ears erect, and distended nostrils, "How vast and endless the results which flow, heeded neither bridle nor bit. The des Like ocean-tides of happiness or woe;
scription furnished by Virgil, of the war-
spirit by Dryden, seemed in part to be Or wand'ring bosts be gather'd to the skies.
The sprightly trampets, and the shouts of war, The sun was not high in the heavens ; Pricks ears, and trembling with delight, only some of the loftiest bills in their high- Shifts pace, and paws, and hopes the promis'd
fight. est altitudes had yet caught its first bright On his right shoulder his thick mane roclin'd, beams. Morning's grey still hung like a Rutlles at speed, and dances in the wind.
His horny hoofs are jetty black and round; curtain of gauze over a considerable portion His chine is double ; starting with a bound, of the fair county of Leicestershire. Day's He turns the turf, and shakes the solid ground. bright regent marched on with majestic
Fire from his eyes, clouds from his nostrils dow;
He bears his rider headlong on the foe." strides, until the lofty hill of Bardon looked
He who bestrode the animal was a fine as if encircled by a vest of fire; while the dewy exhalations which hung thick upon
horseman of about five-and-twenty; ele. the hawthorn hedges, appeared, as they gant in person, and of a connexion, such glittered in its speery rays, like strings of
as prided itself upon its ability to trace an pearls or diamonds, affixed there by fairy blood, at least from some of the most noble
uncontaminated descent, if not from royal hands, to give unearthly beauty and magic and heroic, from the time of the Norman richness to the scene. No inroads had as yet been made upon the empire of silence conquest. llis companions pressed hard
IIis by the busy huntsmen, the lowing of cattle, after him, and envied his speed. or the bleating of sheep, -all was profound triumph appeared nearly complete. Reystillness, as upon the first morning of crea
nard already lost ground; the dogs were tion, when God said, “ Let there be light, the hunted animal had looked round
close his haunches ; more than once and there was light,” and while as yet no creature breathed the breath of life.
“ grinned horribly," at his cruel pursuers, The clock in the tower of the church of and again fled for his life. Melton Mowbray struck five, sending
forth; the horse, sunk into a deep hole, which had
At this eventsul moment, the fore-feet of from its Gothic elevation, a deep sound which reverberated through the still country, he stumbled and fell, while his rider was
been overgrown with weeds and rushes and passed from valley to valley, as in mock response.--All was again solemn silence- hurled with incredible violence against a when, suddenly a loud “hallo" --and the large oak at a few yards' distance. His
heart cry of a pack of hounds Aoated upon the breath of morn," and seemed at once to
" Heav'd but one groan, and was for ever still." break the magic spell. The exhilarating “ Beauclerk is unhorsed" - burst at horn called the huntsmen to the field, and once from a dozen lips, and instant aid was presently, nearly a score of handsome steeds, rendered him, but, alas ! it was too late,-bearing, as if unconscious of the weight, his career was ended. Ile had been sumtheir anxious riders, snorted for the moned, thus unexpectedly, to render his chase, and, dashing across the country, account at the tribunal of God, for the deeds through Holy, Sileby, and Woodhouse, done in the body. directed their way towards Charnwood With all possible despatch, he was conForest.
veyed to Huclescote, and medical assistThe object of their pursuit was soon dis- ance procured, when it was discovered covered ; a beautiful male fox was unearth- that his head had been dreadfully fractured, ed. The yelping of the dogs, and the cry and that his neck was dislocated by the fall, of the huntsman, soon made the information so that, whatever human assistance could general, and those who before were far in have been supposed available, even on the the rear, in a moment came up with their spot on which he fell, all would have been fellows. The wily animal, for awhile, how- in vain. ever, contrived to elude the vigilance of As the distance from Iuclescote to Lein both men and dogs, and when it again cester is only eleven miles, no surprise can broke cover, it was seen at a considerable be excited from the fact, that two hours had distance in the country. In that direction, not elapsed after the accident, before the