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POSTSCRIPT TO ARTICLE ON PROEM TO GENESIS.

I learn with satisfaction that in America, where the stores of geological knowledge have been so greatly enlarged, the business of the Reconciler has been taken into the hands of scientists : Dr. Dana, Professor of Geology in Yale College, and Dr. Arnold Guyot, Professor of Geology and Physical Geography in New Jersey College. Both of these authorities, it appears, have adhered through a long career, and now adhere with increased confidence, to the idea of a substantial harmony between science and the Mosaic text. Professor Dana's latest Tract has recently appeared in the Bibliotheca Sacra for April 1885. He thinks the evidence doubtful as to the priority of birds over the low or marsupian mammals (p. 214); but strong for an abundant early plant life in the Azoic period (p. 213): and he holds, with Professor Guyot, that the first, or cosmogonical, portion of the Proem not only accords with, but teaches, the nebular hypothesis (p. 220).

It is a relief to find that the burden of this argument is shared with witnesses, who are competent and unsuspected on the scientific side ; and who will not be liable to a repetition mutatis mutandis of an old objection : This people, which knoweth not the law, is accursed.'?

Mr. Marsh, Professor of Palæontology in Yale College, holds (Ornithodontes, 1880, p. 137), on the grounds of the wide differences between the archæopteryx and the other types of early birds, that the common ancestor was remote, and probably Palæozoic. He also adheres to the order 1. Reptiles ; 2. Birds; 3. Mammals. (It may be well to refer to Sir C. Lyell, Principles of Geology, vol. iii. p. 175, on the reasons why bird-remains are sometimes rare.)

In my passages referring to geological results, I would ask the reader to substitute priority for succession. The latter implies a continuity of series, which is not found in the scientific record, since it is broken by the absence of reference to the invertebrates of the palæozoic, and the reptiles of the mesozoic, rocks.

W. E. G. i St. John, vii. 49.

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THE

NINETEENTH CENTURY.

A MONTHLY REVIEW

EDITED BY JAMES KNOWLES.

No. 108, FEBRUARY 1886.

PAGE

1. An American View of Popular Government. By E. L. GODKIN. : 177 II. Mr. Gladstone and Genesis . . . . . . . . 191

1. By Professor HUXLEY

2. By Professor HENRY DRUMMOND III. 'Shall we Desert the Loyalists?' By H. O. ARNOLD-FORSTER . . 215 IV. Rural Italy and Peasant Properties. By LADY VERNEY . . . 226

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