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claim exemption from sickness, accident, and distressing change. Many there be that think they can say with the weeping prophet, I am the man that hath seen affliction: but where is there one that has lived out the joyous period of youth, and has had any experience of the realities of life, who can honestly say, I have never known grief or trouble; I am ignorant of what it is to be afflicted? Of all men, without exception, it is true, there is a wave of sorrow now breaking over their heads, or there is one on its way coming. It were neither possible nor of any profit to enumerate particularly all the ways in which God sees it good for men to be afflicted, one in this way, another in that: Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man, to bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.

II.-We pass then to consider how and why, in accordance with the experience of David, it is good to be afflicted; or, in other words, to trace some of the ways in which it does men good to be afflicted. It is good for me that I have been afflicted. This is not the voice of nature, but the voice of grace. Nature says, it is good to be in prosperity; it is good to have the smiles of fortune; it is good to have silver and gold increase; it is good to possess houses and lands; it is good to be successful in business, and to live at ease; it is good to be surrounded by and happy in one's friends; it is good to have health and animal spirits, and the free use of one's mind and limbs; it is good to have ambition gratified, to have life flow smoothly, and to have all one's desires fulfilled. This is the voice of nature as to what is good. But in the view of grace, it is good to be afflicted. It is good for a man to be laid low; good to be disappointed and crossed; good to be bereaved and distressed; good to be balked in business; good to have riches take to themselves wings and fly away; good to have self thwarted, and comforts diminished, and pride laid low; good to have the spirits droop, and health decay; good to feel the hard pressure of disease and pain; good to have one's earthly prospects clouded, and to be shut up, hampered, and perplexed; to be destitute, afflicted, tormented; good to have the world look dark, and life look cheerless, and the grave to be desired; good to have the things of time stripped of their delusion and glare, and made to seem empty and unsatisfying as indeed they are; good for a man to have his idols removed, and earthly props taken from under him, hopes blown away, plans broken up, resources cut off, the tide of prosperity turned back, the sun withdrawn, all God's waves and billows going over him, and the soul compelled to turn from creatures to God, and to cry mightily to him for strength and salvation.

In the view of Infinite Wisdom and the rectified wisdom of man all this is good, because its effect is so; because in reality adversity is better for the soul than prosperity; because humiliation and sorrow are in very truth more favorable to man's highest interests, and well being, both for this life and that which is to come,

than a continued flow of success and self-gratification. Lord Bacon was right in saying, "Prosperity is the blessing of the Old Testa ment; adversity is the blessing of the New, which carrieth the greater benediction, and the clearer revelation of God's favor. Yet even in the Old Testament, if you listen to David's harp, you shall hear as many hearse-like airs as carols; and the pencil of the Holy Ghost hath labored more in describing the afflictions of Job, than the felicities of Solomon."

For more reasons than Lord Bacon could give, adversity is better for the soul than prosperity, for it is the effect of long continued success to harden the heart, to keep the soul pleased with this life, away from Christ, and unready for eternity. It tends to make a man contented with his portion here, wedded to this world, and thoughtless about a better. In prosperity I said I shall never be moved. But the tendency of afflictions is to soften the heart, to disgust one with the unsatisfying vanities of time, to put in attractive contrast the wealth and importance of eternity, to wean from this world, and make one prepare for the world to come.

Even a true Christian, in prosperity, when everything goes well with him; when property and honors are increasing; when friends. smile and are dear to him; when health is vigorous, spirits buoyant, and prospects bright, is then in great danger of forgetting God, of losing his spirituality, of becoming worldly, and proud, and self-indulgent, and getting to live too much for himself, too little for his Saviour and the salvation of his fellow-men; and he does not ordinarily enjoy then the spirit of prayer, and he is far from being at such a time the happiest man. But now let his prosperity have a check; let a cherished partner, or child, or dear friend, be taken from him, or something that he feels, that cuts him to the quick; let him be arrested by sickness; let him be bitterly crossed and disappointed, and his way hedged up,now, if really a Christian, he turns to God, he flies to him in prayer, he humbles himself before his Heavenly Father; the world again loses its hold upon him, and sinks into its comparative insignificance; eternity is realized as at hand; the worth of the soul is apprehended, and the value of salvation by Christ; the glory of the Saviour, and the conversion of souls to him, are felt to be the great things to live for; spiritual life that had run so low is again enkindled, and the man so afflicted again becomes happy in serving God, submitting to his will, and growing in grace.

Cecil's remarks in conversation to this effect, as reported by his friend, are very true and striking.-The foolish creature man, he says, gets bewitched sometimes by the enchantments and sorceries of life. "He begins to lose the lively sense of that something which is superior to the glories of the world. His groveling soul begins to say, is not this fine? Is not that charming? Is not that noble house worth a wish? Is not this equipage worth a sigh? He must go to the word of God to know what a thing is worth. He must be taught there to call things by their proper

names. If he have lost this habit, when his heart puts those questions, he will be likely to answer them like a fool; as I have done a thousand times. He will forget that God puts his children into possession of these things as mere stewards; and that the possession of them increases his responsibility. He will sit down and plan and scheme to obtain possession of things, which he forgets are to be burned up and destroyed. But God dashes the fond scheme into pieces. He disappoints the project, and with the chastisement he sends instruction; for he knows that the silly creature, if left to himself, would begin, like the spider whose web has been swept away, to spin again." This now is God's way; how different from Satan's, who would always give us just the thing our heart is set upon, who always sides and leagues in with our own evil inclinations. He would work in with our ambition. He would pamper our lusts and pride. But God has better things in store for those whom he means to sanctify as his children, which they must therefore be brought earnestly to desire and seek after; and this will often be only through the wreck and sacrifice of all the heart holds most dear.

The path of sorrow, and that path alone,
Leads to the land where sorrow is unknown.

Fallen and depraved as men are, naturally averse from God and good, this must be so. It is affliction of some kind that first leads the most of men in adult life to think upon their ways, to turn their feet unto God's testimonies, and to seek durable riches and righteousness in heaven. And it is rare for a grownup person to give the heart to God, in the midst of wordly ease and prosperity, before the experience of painful trial within or without. And it is still rarer perhaps that Christians in this life arrive at eminent holiness, and the state of uniform high enjoyment of religion, uninterrupted union with God and conformity to his will, without passing through great afflictions. It is by this discipline only that they can be emptied of self, and the world, and their idols. What prosperity could never do for us, or allow to be done, adversity slowly though surely brings about: we kiss the rod that smites, and learn what that scripture meaneth, "Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O Lord, and teachest him out of thy law. Behold, I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction." Then how do we joyfully acknowledge, our trials being sanctified by grace, and turned into triumphs, "I know, O Lord, that thy judgments are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me. It is good for me that I have been afflicted, that I might learn thy statutes. Before I was afflicted I went astray, but now have I kept thy law."

It is true, affliction is a harsh instructor, and its lessons hard, like those of a severe schoolmaster: yet we learn thereby most needful lessons.

The heart that God breaks with affliction's stroke,
Oft, like the flower when stricken by the storm,
Rises from earth, more steadfastly to turn
Itself to heaven, whither as a guide,
Kindly though stern, Affliction still is leading,
Even to the home of endless joy and peace.
There on the borders of that better land
Shall Pain's sharp ministry for ever cease.
Then shall we bless thee, safely landed there,

And know above how good thy teachings were;
Then feel thy keenest strokes to us in love were given,
That hearts most crushed on earth shall most rejoice in heaven.

Thus we think it is made plain how "happy is the man whom God correcteth, for whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and Scourgeth every son whom he receiveth." "As many as I love I rebuke and chasten." "It is good for me that I have been afflicted, that I might learn thy statutes."

III. We are then ready for our third inquiry, or a particular consideration of the statutes of God that are learned by affliction. "That I might learn thy statutes."

1. One of the statutes plainly taught by affliction is, that God uses trials as a medicine, to correct the distempers, and cure the spiritual maladies of his children. Very many forms of the great moral disease of sin there are to be treated, often malignant, chronic, and deadly. Sometimes there are dreadful ulcers and plagues of the moral being so deep that they can only be eradicated by the knife and caustic of a Divine surgery; and these God has to use with us, although, of course, while really corrective and friendly, they cannot but give pain, the much talkedof discovery of painless surgery not yet having been introduced. into the kingdom of grace.

It is the nature of almost all medicines and operations that are really effective, to be distasteful and repulsive in taking them; and they excite and produce an impression upon the system, just in proportion to their own strength and the violence of the disease to be subdued. A slight affection or derangement of the health is alleviated and removed by a gentle medicine; but a very strong disease, such as sin often is, can be overcome only by the most powerful remedies. Now in order to cure the distempers and correct the bad humors and vicious habits of his children, God will use such remedies in the form of trials, painful though they be in the immediate application. Hence a good man in affliction may be regarded as a patient under treatment for a cure by the best of physicians; and we can but congratulate him, though the operation may be severe. That is best for a man which keeps his soul near to God, and teaches him the need of watchfulness, and the importance of keeping his armor on, and his shield up, and his sword drawn.

It is founded upon universal experience that the Christian. flourishes most and grows the strongest in trials and storms.

Hence undoubtedly the saying, in substance, of Baxter, that although ordinarily God would have vicissitudes of summer and winter, day and night, in order that the church may grow extensively in the summer of prosperity, and intensively and rootedly in the winter of adversity; yet usually the night of the church is longer than its day, and day itself has its storms and tempests. Who of us has ever talked with any tried, ripe Christian upon his special afflictions, without finding him to prize most highly of all the lessons he had learned and the benefits which had resulted to him from his severest trials? This there are many who will say even when immediately under the operation of the medicine of affliction and if sanctifying grace and the teaching of the Spirit be afforded, we shall hear from all when the trial is over, that they would not have lost one pain or sorrow.

But our danger under affliction lies in having the pain without the profit; in going through our trials and afflictions as a sort of allotted calamity common to all, instead of submissively regarding them as a medicinal process, appointed by Infinite Wisdom and Love for a definite purpose, to cure particular sins. We do not sufficiently watch the symptoms, either of our disease or our remedy. We do not, as we ought, deliver up ourselves to, and fall heartily in with the design of, our great Physician; and therefore, as in the case of a man who takes a medicine by force, and without faith, or good-will, we lose much of its benefit. The remedy does not accomplish its design, until it destroys in us the deep and entwining root of selfishness, and substitutes the graces of the Spirit, and that especially of pure love to God and disinterested kindness to men.

Those graces will only thrive in the soul, when there has been much plowing and harrowing, and weeding out the roots of bitterness, which are the natural productions of the perverse soil of our hearts. The plow, the harrow and the hoe of affliction, are instruments we by no means naturally love, for they bring out to our sight many an ugly reptile of pride and self-will that lay beneath the surface quite undiscovered before. But discover them we must before we can be thoroughly cured, and this is one of the statutes God means we should learn under this wise though trying discipline.

Another of the Divine statutes learned in affliction is, that it is God's will and way to make his children perfect through suffering. Even the Great Captain of our salvation was sealed with the sacred seal of suffering. In the language of the quaint old hymn, so full of genuine religious experience,

"The heirs of salvation,
I know by his word,
Through much tribulation
Must follow their Lord."

"You have entered the ship with Christ," said Luther to his

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