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i. 504.

Linnæus, censured by Buffon, i. 11. His method of clas-

sing animals, 14. ; censured, 1s. His eulogy of the

Laplanders, 30.
Literature. See Arts.
Livy, his remarks on the introduction of luxury at Rome,

His character of Hannibal, ii. 80. Note.
Quoted, iii. 278. 425.
Locke, his reasoning on taxes, ii. 162. Quoted, iii. 20.

His categories, 23. Remark of, 32. Adrice of, 87.
Logic, account of Aristotle's, iii. 1. et seq. Division of,

16. Reflections on the utility of, 86. et seq. Of the

improvement of, 94.
Longinus, his remark on the priority of verse to prose,

i. 175. His opinion of Homer, 195.
Larcretius quoted, iii. 254.
Luncarty, absurdity of the account of the battle of, ü.

445.
Lucan attributes the courage of northern nations to their

belief of the immortality of the soul, i. 31. His' tu-
mid style, 222. Verses of, concerning the bards, 370.

His remarks on the courage of the northern nations, 375.
Luxury, its fatal effects on population, i. 88. Progress of,

273. et seq. 491. Curious complaints against, 503.
Causes of this, 5c9. Proper definition and instances of,
gio. Bad effects of, 520. Abounds in great empires,

ii. 87.
Lyons, its silk trade, ii. 208,

M

Macrobius quoted, iii. 278. Note.
Mahomet Bey, bis notion of the philosopher's stone, i. 77.

Note.
Malice, its difference from resentment, iii. 189. Note.

Ii 3

Mallet

Mallet attributes the ferocity of the Scandinavians to

their climate, i. 42,
Man, progress of, in society, ii. 3. et seq. His appetite

for this, ibid. et 8. Limitation of this appetite, and
final causes of this, 19. A principle of malevolence
in, 22. Aversion of neighbouring tribes to each other,
25. et seq. Variableness of this, 30. How fitted for
society, 34. Striking instance of this, 35. Objections
to the general principle, 36, et seq. The selfish pas-
sions of, useful, 44. Not formed for ease and securi-

ty, 46. et seq. Not a merely selfish animal, iii. 123.
Mankind, apparently not all of the same species, i, 15.

Considered as probable from their different figure, 19. ;
and complexion, 21. ; and internal disposition, 23, This
exemplified in difference of hospitality, 25; ; Courage,
31. ; Frame of body, 57. Degeneracy of, how intro-
duced, 60, Progress of, with respect to food and po-
pulation, 67. Adaptation of their external structure to
their inward constitution, 68. Wherein the peculiar

excellence of, consists, 324,
Manners, observations concerning, i. 256, et seq. Gene.

ral progress of, 278. Roughness of, fostered by slave.
ry, 298. Indelicacy of, among the Greeks, 303. Ro.
mans, 306.; and in the middle ages, 307. Difference
between lowness and simplicity of, and instances of
the former, 309. Of gallant, 312. et seq. Curious
mixture of, 318. Change of, by conquest or persecu-
tion, 321. Selfish, of barbarians, 322. Of a luxuri.
ous people, and effects of opulence in corrupting, 32 5.
et seq. General, to be distinguished from particular cu.
stoms, 341.

Refinement of the ancient Caledonians,
34 3. et seq. Modified by the soil, 400. Diversity of,

enters into the plan of Providence, 401.
Mathematical Reasoning. Şee Reason.

Matrimony,

Matrimony, proved to be natural and necessary, i. 407. et

seq. Curious marriage ceremonies in different nations,

447. et seq.
Maupertuis, remark of, ii. 416,
Melody, remarks on, i. 324. et seq. Superior to harmony, ,

ibid.
Mexico, account of its customs and laws, ii. 372. et seq.

See America.
Migration, not natural to man, i. 62. How occasioned,
seq. Innocence of rude nations, 205. Rise of males
volence, 209. Lowness of morality in the middle ages,
225. et seq. Instances in England, 231. Two errors
in morality fatal to conduct in dark times, 243. et seq.
Considered as a branch of duty to our Maker, 377. et
seq. Bad consequences to, arising from a composition
for sin, 394. From its place being supplied by mere

63. Northern, caused by famine, 76.
Militia, remarks on a, ii. 260. Plan of Harrington for,

ibid. Of Fletcher of Salton, 262. Of the author,

for a, 263. et seq.
Monk, story of a, iii. 406.
Montesquieu asserts that a cold climate produces courage,

i. 46. This controverted, ibid. Quoted with regard
to the northern migrations, 75. His opinion concern.
ing the standard of valuation, 106. His great genius,
257. An error of, 254, Note. Of the large monar.
chies of Asia, ii. 85. Of revolutions, 90. His re.
marks on the divisions in Rome, 122, Note. Of the
increase of soldiers, 259. Of the labours of the Ro-

man soldiers, 280.
Moors, their former flourishing state in Spain, ii. 236.

Their banishment, ibid.
Moral Sense, what, i. 153. Existence of, iii. 114. et

seq.
Morality, principles of, iii. 103. et seq. Analysis of hu-

man actions, ibid. Division of them into right, wrong,
and indifferent, 109. Natural laws respecting our mo.
ral conduct, 122. Division of moral actions, 137.
Principles of duty, 139. Final causes of the moral
laws of our nature, 163. How morality is influenced
by liberty and necessity, 175. Progress of, 201, et

seg.

li 4

ceremonies, 396. From a wrong appretiation of, 410,
Moralities, plays so called, i. 163.
Motives. See Necessity.
Music can only accompany simple poetry, i. 179. Of the

Greeks, 235. See Melody.
Mysteries, plays so called, i. 163.

N

Napier, his credulity, iii. 314.
Natural History, imperfect state of, among the Greeks

and Romans, i. 54.
Necessity, considered with respect to morality, iii. 175.
Negroes, the skin of, colder than that of whịtes, 18. Not

inferior in understanding, 50.
Newton, his great genius hurtful to general science, i,

244. ; ii. 136,
Nobility, defective education of the, ii, 289. Effeminacy

of the French, 290, Note.
Noyon, Bishop of, his account of a good Christian, iii,

403

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Oaths, in taxation, to be avoided, ii. 189. Bad effects of,

in many cases, iii. 246. The Pope pretended to disen-

gage from, 421.
Oedipus, the tragedy of, iii. 245,

Orane

Oran-Outang, his inferiority to man, i. 61, Note.
Oration, funeral, i. 162.
Ossian, proofs of his excellence, i. 180, Note. The works

of, ancient, 343. The manners described by, not fic-
titious, 344. et seq.

His account of the love of fame
in the ancient Caledonians, 349. et seq. Their eleva.
ted sentiments, 353. Their tenderness, 354. Huma.
nity, hospitality, and magnanimity, 358. Their re-
spect for women, 361. Susceptibility to love, 363.
Belief of immortality, 366. Illustration of this refine-
ment of manners, 368. Comparison of the Caledonians
with the ancient Scandinavians, 375. et seq. Opera
form of the poems of Ossian, 399. Extracts from, iii.

345. 365.
Oxen, preferable to horses før husbandry, ii. 193, Note.

P

Pairing of animals, remarks on, i. 481. et seq.
Palmyra, courage of its inhabitants, ii. 250.
Parasites, what, i. 164.
Pascal, false reasoning of, ii. 445. Note.
Patriotism, accompanied by aversion to strangers, ii. 29.

Rise and fall of, 128. et seq. How raised, 132. Of a
Corsican, 133, Note. Causes that relax or destroy it,
137. et seq. Decay of, in Athens, 146, Note. Should
be taught in public schools, 147. Two examples of,

ISI.
Penances, origin of, iii. 334. Instances of, ibid. et seq.

Farther remarks on, 415.
Pennant, remark of, i. 489.
Persecution, its dreadful effects on morality, iii. 423.
When it does not take place, 424. Instances of, 426.

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