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Buckingham, apparition of the father of the Duke of,

ii. 454•

Buffier, Father, praise of, iji. 102.
Buffon, his rule for ascertaining the different species of

animals, i. 9. This controverted, 10, 11. Asserts
that all men are of the same species, 19. This dis
puted, ibid. Quoted concerning the complexion of
different nations, 20. On the want of domestic ani-
mals' in America, 77. Note. Quoted, 483. Cen-
sured, 488. Remark of, 522. Censured, ii.7. Note.
His account of the Malbrouck, 13. Prayer of, 52,
Note. His conjectures about the peopling of Ame-

rica, 353. Remarks by, 359, 364, 442,
Burgersdick, iii, 18,69,

Cæsar, his account of the marriage of the Germans, i.

438. Of their hospitality, ii. 32.
Caledonians. See Manners and Ossian.
Cameron, Sir Ewan, his idea of luxury, i. 507,-
Camoens, his want of taste, i. 169,-
Canadians, fable of the, ii. 470.
Canghi, Emperor of China, his hardiness, i. 327.
Categories, remarks on the, iii. 10, 20.,
Catherine, Empress of Russia, her plan for polishing so.
ciety in that country, i. 296, 396.

Causes, Final, of the moral laws of our nature, iii. 163,
Celebes, prayer of a king of the, iii. 303.
Celibacy considered as a religious duty, iii. 417. et seq.
Chance, inequalities of, proportional to the paucity of

trials, i. 93. Note, Remarks on, iii. 195.
Character, variety of, in a rude state of society, ii. 81.
Chardin, Sir John, a remark of, iii. 382.



Charity, remarks on, ii. 321. et seq.
Charles V his penance, iii. 337.
Chastity, nakedness friendly to, i. 261. Remarks on, 420.

Accompanied by frankness of behaviour, 463.--
Chillingworth praised by Locke, iii. 87.
Chinese, their way of writing, i. 134. Bad tragic writers,

and why, 157. Jealousy of the, 464. · Beneficence of
their government to those who suffer shipwreck, ii.
99. A.custom of the, iii. 242. Religion of the higher

orders of, 333
Chivalry, its effect on the intercourse of the sexes, i. 468.

On general manners, ii. 124.5
Christianity, its corruption in the middle ages, iii. 433.
Cicero, an assertion of, i. 407. Vanity of, ii. 135,

Qucted, iii, 213
Cincinnatus, congratulation of, ii. 65.
City, a great, considered in a physical, moral and politi-

cal view, ii. 336. French edict for limiting the extent
of, ibid. Similar English edict, 340. Bad effects of
on the constitution, 343.; on morality, 344.; on cir-
culation of money, 345., on life, 347. et seq.; on

tranquillity, 350. Plan for lessening London, 351.
Clarendon, his story of an apparition, ii. 453.
Cleanliness, remarks on, i. 261. et seq. Its effect in

checking putrid disorders, 264. Note. Promoted by

industry, 267.
Climate, the effects attributed to overrated, i. 45. Note.

See Courage and Montesquieu. Has some influence on

the taste for the fine arts, 48.
Cocceius, why termed Great, ii. 425.
Coin, origin of, i. 102. How the quantity of affects com.
merce, II2.


Colonies, fundamental law concerning, ii. 223. Note.
Comedy, ridiculous passages in some of Dryden, i. 168.

Remark on the Greek, 219. On the Roman, 211. et

seq. Causes of its imperfection in ancient times, 214.
Commerce, origin and progress of, i. 100. et seq. Barter,

first mode of, ibid. Defects of this, 101. Succeeded
by gold and silver, ibid. Advantage of this mode of
determining value, 102. Paper money, 103. Labour
not the standard of value, 105. Value chiefly fixed
by the demand, 107. Causes which affect this, 108.
Gold and silver fixed in their value, 109. Standards
in different countries, 110. How commerce is affected
by the quantity of circulating coin, ibid. et seq. Ob-
šervation on the cheapness of labour in India, 116.
Benefit of the exportation of coin thither, 119. Of,
the balance of trade, 120. Of public treasuries, 122.
Of bounties on exportation, 104. Gold in superfluity
hurtful to manufactures, not to agriculture, 124. Ex-
portation of should not be hindered, 125. Whether a
bank is favourable to commerce, ibid. How carried

on in the middle ages, 165.
Contingency, remarks on, iii. 198.
Corelli, his excellence, i. 224. Note.
Courage not peculiar to people of cold climates, i. 33.

Not possessed by all savages, 35. Passive of the Ame-
ricans, 36. Of the Macassars, 38. Depends not on

the quantity of blood, 431; nor on animal food, 49,
** 278. Lessened by commerce and manufactures, ii.

247. et seq.
Courtezans, Athenian, their accomplishments, i. 442.
Credulity, propensity to, ii. 451. et seq.
Croesús, his advice to Cyrus, ii. 247.


Cromwell, suspicious temper of, iii. 147.
Cruelty of different savage nations, i. 283. et seq. Of

the Goths, Greeks, Jews and Romans, ibid.
people of the middle ages, 291. Lessened by civili-
zation and refinement, 294. Instance of, in Russia,

295. A kind of natural principle, ii. 22.
Crusades. See Chivalry.

D'Alembert, unnecessary definitions by, ii. 405.
Dares Phrygius, his tasteless composition, i. 197,
Death, punishment of, better than perpetual slavery,

i. 302.

Definitions, too much sought after by some, ii. 478.

Treated of, iii. 29.
Deity. See Theology.
Democracy. See Government.
Descartes, foolish reasoning of, ii. 476. Remarks cono

cerning, iii. 99.
Despotism. See Government. Small states not liable to,

ii. 96.

Dilemma, instance of, iii. 72,
Dinners early in the middle ages, i. 339.
Dishes, Disguised, a low species of wit, i. 168.
Distinctions, Of, iii. 26. Those of Aristotle, 27.
Division. See Categories.
Divorce, i. 450.
Dogs, not all of the same species, i. 13.
Drama, remarks on the Greek, i. 205. et seq.
Dramatic mode of composition used in the early ages,

i. 180. Its advantages and disadvantages, ibid. et seq.
Its effects when mixed with narrative, 196. Note.


Dress, remarks on, i. 258, et seq.
Dryden refined taste of the English, i. 166. A poeti-

cal quotation from, on this subject, 167. Low passages

in his plays, 168.
Duelling, remarks concerning, i. 335. Note.
Duty. See Morality.
Dwarfs, why once fashionable, i. 165.



Edda, extracts from the, i. 378. ; ii. 438. et seq.
Education, military, advantages of, ii. 289. et seq.
Egyptians, degradation of the, i. 337. Their supersti-

tion to what owing, 403.
Elizabeth, Queen, ceremonies at her dinner, iii. 371.
• Note.
Eloquence, remarks on, i. 203. et seq.
England, low state of morality in, during the dark ages,

iii. 231. et seq. Pensions received by the ministers of,

Entails, Scottish, considered in moral and political views,

iii. 451. et seq.
Erasmus quoted, i. 266.
Escurial, why founded, iii. 309.
Esquimaux, remarks on the, ii. 356.
Euripides. See Drama.
Exportation, remarks on the taxes upon, ii. 200. et seq.

In general should be encouraged, ibid.

Fasting, folly of, iii. 416.
Fayette, Madame, introduced the modern novel, i. 155.
Feasts, great formerly, i. 494


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