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INTERNATIONAL DIRECTORY OF LARYNGOLOGISTS photographs of patients, and are excellent. The

AND OTOLOGISTs, containing the names and ad- | descriptions of the plates are clear, and the salient dresses of practitioners engaged in the study and points well emphasized. In this first part the different practice of laryngology and otology. Compiled types of muscular atrophy are illustrated and differen. by Richard Lake, F.R.C.S. Eng. Second edition, tiated. The work will take rank with the best revised and enlarged. London: Rebman, Limited, volumes which have been written on Clinical Medicine. 1901,

G.E.R. This directory is published under the auspices of the Journal of Laryngology, Rhinology and Otology, and as far as it goes is a useful book of reference. In the PATHOLOGIE GENERALE ET EXPERIMENTALE. LES preface to the edition it is admitted that the list PROCESSUS GENERAUX. Par M.M. A. Chantemesse, (especially the British) is far from complete, and that Professeur de Pathologie Expérimentale et comthis is due to the fact that the editors of the Journal parée à l'Université de Paris, et W. W. Podof Laryngology, Rhinology, and Otology felt that wyssotsky, Professeur de Pathologie Générale à in this edition, as in the former, the name of l'University d'Odessa, Paris : C. Naud, 3 Rue no resident in Great Britain interested in the Racine, 1901. specialities should be included who had not given his sanction to the same.

This is the first volume of a book on General On turning to Australia we find one specialist is accredited to Balmain, one to

Pathology, by a well-known Parisian Professor of Brisbane, two to Melbourne, and one to Sydney. authors state in their preface that they are not dealing

Pathology in association with a Russian Professor. The Adelaide being conspicuous by having no representative with the description of morbid processes, but, taking at all. In future editions we shall probably find that if only in pure self defence many practitioners of these

as the point of departure the functions of each organ specialities who have hitherto refrained from doing so

or tissue, they deal with the alterations of function of will see that their names are not omitted.

the different organs in each morbid state; that is, G.T.H.

general pathology bears the same relation to patho. logical anatomy that physiology does to anatomy. It

will be seen, of course, that no sharp line of demarca. GOLDEN RULES FOR DISEASES OF CHILDREN. By tion can be drawn. Such a book as this, is necessarily George Carpenter, M.D., M.R.C.P. Lond., Physician

based largely on experiments on animals, and it deals to the Evelina Hospital for Sick Children, London. with those fundamental problems of pathology, which

Bristol : John Wright and Co., 1901. Price, ls. are still exceedingly obscure. This is one of the “Golden Rules " series of books The book begins with a description of the physiology published by the well-known firm of Wright and Co.,

of the cell, which is very well illustrated. Then follows Bristol. So far as it goes the book is reliable, the rules a chapter on the general etiology of disease, which is are judicious and practical, and many useful hints on almost entirely occupied by an account of the influence the diagnosis and treatment of disease in children are of heredity in producing disease. One naturally turns given. The chief use of a work of this kind must be to what is said about tuberculosis and syphilis. Both for students preparing for examination, and for young

these questions are very fully and impartially discussed, practitioners entering upon practice.

but one cannot help feeling how much of hypc thesis and how little of fact there is in our knowledge of

these important and interesting questions. ELEMENTS OF PRACTICAL DEDICINE. By Alfred H. The greater part of the book is occupied with an

Carter, M.D., M.Sc., F.R.C.P., Professor of Medi- account of the various degenerations of the cell, cine, University of Birmingham, and Senior including lardaceous and horny, mucoid, colloid, glycoPhysician to the Queen's Hospital, Birmingham. genic, pigmentary, and fatty. The account given of

Eighth edition. London: H. K. Lewis, 1901. lardaceous degeneration is very good, and very well This well-known student's manual has now reached

illustrated. In the chapter on horny degeneration, its eighth edition, and this fact would seem to show particular attention is directed to the various cell how popular the work has been for the last twenty inclusions, which degenerating squamous epithelial years. It is only intended to be an introduction to the

cells show, and which are particularly common in more exhaustive treatises, and the author has succeeded,

cutaneous epitheliomata, being simply due to the with the assistance of his colleagues and friends, in

ordinary process of degeneration of the cells. These are producing this edition, well brought up to modern

the bodies which were formerly described by some requirements.

observers as cancer parasites.
Next there is a chapter on concretions and deposits,


including renal and biliary

The book Par M.

concludes with a section on necrosis, mortification, and M. Haushalter, Etienne, Spillmann. Agrégés a la Faculté de Médicine de Nancy ; et C. Thiry,

gangrene. Each chapter is accompanied by a very full Ancien Interne des Hôpitaux de Nancy. Fascicule

and complete bibliography.

As usual with French books, the style is very clear, 1 avec Planches ]-7. Paris : C. Naud, 3 Rue

but quite the most remarkable feature of the book are Racine, 1901.

the coloured illustrations. These are very numerous, This is the first part of an Atlas of Clinical Medicine and of most unusual excellence, reminding one of the by some well-known members of the Faculty of Medi. illustrations in Woodhead's “Pathology." cine of Nancy. It does not pretend to be a complete We would only make one criticism on this most treatise on medicine, but is intended to illustrate excellent and thorough book : it is too long. The different diseases, and in the complete work some 300 reader might have been referred to other books for a diseases will be illustrated. The text which accom- description of the minute anatomy of the cell, and for a panies each plate is subordinate to the illustration, and discussion of the various theories of heredity. The style is only intended to be a short resumé, pointing out the also is somewhat diffuse. The whole book might have important features of the disease as represented in the been condensed with advantage. figures. The illustrations are all reproductions of



publish a special Congress supplement, which MEDICAL GAZETTE.

we hope members attending the Congress will find useful at the meeting, as well as a memento

of the visit to Hobart on this occasion. A SYDNEY, 20TH JANUARY, 1902.

copy of this issue is being sent to every

practitioner whose name and address is known OURSELVES.

in Australasia and New Zealand, and we shall

gladly send a specimen copy of the Gazette to WITH this number the Australasian Medical

any medical man who does not receive it. Gazette enters upon the twenty-first year of its existence. Originally started by Mr. L. Bruck,

THE PROPOSED AUSTRALASIAN it was purchased some six years ago by the

MEDICAL ASSOCIATION. New South Wales Branch of the British Medical Association at the suggestion of the As will be seen on reference to our Special late Dr. L. R. Huxtable, at that time the Congress Supplement, the motion bearing on the energetic honorary secretary of the Branch. It proposed Australasian Medical Association is was carried on successfully for some years to be proposed at the last evening meeting of under the editorship of Dr. S. T. Knaggs as the Congress at the close of the discussion on Journal of the Australasian Branches of the cancer, and will only be brought forward British Medical Association. In August last | if sufficient opportunity is offered The proposal Dr. Knaggs resigned his appointment as editor, has not been received with anything like and the present editor was appointed by the general favour, and from a report in another Council of this Branch in October last. We column of this issue of the special meeting of have to thank our many friends for valuable the New South Wales Branch of the British assistance rendered to the Gazette in the past, Medical Association called to discuss the and for the kindly words of welcome and question, it will be seen that this Branch is approval of the innovations in the last two unanimously opposed to it. The opposition to issues under the new regime. We would it is not confined to members of the New South remind our readers that the Gazette is the Wales Branch. As stated by some of the organ of all the Branches of the Association in speakers, it would be extremely difficult to Australia, and no effort or expense will be formulate any constitution which would likely spared in the future to make the Gazette the meet with unanimous approval in all the most widely circulated and influential medium States. The great distance between the for the full discussion of scientific medical capitals alone would render it difficult to secure questions, medical politics, and medical news à quorum at the meeting of the managing in Australasia.

Council of such an Association. An annual Arrangements now in progress for Congress in place of a triennial one, moreover, securing full information on medical matters in would not meet with the same amount of all the States as well as in New Zealand ; and support, nor would the meeting likely be we hope shortly to be brought into direct touch attended by so large a number of medical men with the medical world in Great Britain and at present. The condition of things in America. Special arrangements are being England, of course,

are being England, of course, is very different There, a made to secure a full report of the important very large number of medical men reside discussions which will be held at the approach within a comparatively short distance of one ing Congress in Hobart, and with this issue we another, and of the central place of meeting,




but even there the number of members of so that the resolutions are practically certain to the British Medical Association who attend the be ratified at the February meeting, the clause annual gatherings in the different towns is only requiring such ratification being a well cona small fraction of the total membership of the sidered addition to the main resolutions. After Association in Great Britain and Ireland. In

the February meeting, when it is hoped that Australasia the long distances to be travelled

the same

unanimity will prevail, it will be would necessitate a medical man being absent from his practice for two or three weeks, and to plead ignorance as an excuse for his action in

quite impossible for any member of the Branch in these days of keen competition this is what

continuing to meet in consultation the medical very few medical men can afford.

But a
who serve

the Brisbane Associated further strong argument against the proposal is

Friendly Societies' Medical Institute. It is that if such an Association were formed it would practically mean the disruption of the also the intention of the Branch to acquaint by

circular every member of the profession in present State Branches of the British Medical Association, and the severance of a very large tioners of Brisbane, by doing which the hands

Queensland of the stand taken by the practinumber of members from the Association, with

of practitioners in other towns where medical no corresponding benefit. We esteem it a high

institutes are in existence will be strengthened. honor and privilege to belong to the great

Already there is a feeling of disquiet in the British Medical Association, which has done so much for the welfare of the profession through- minds of the executive officers of the Brisbane

Institute,"—they do not wish it to be known out Great and Greater Britain, and we should

that by taking office in their service, medical not appreciate severing our connection with

men place themselves on a level which carries such a world-wide and influential Association.

with it a sense of degradation. The Secretary Even the combination of all the Australasian

of the Institute" has expressed his unwillingBranches of the British Medical Association in

ness to give a copy of the agreement to a one large Australian Branch, with sub-branches

member of the Branch for the reason that a in the different States would, we think, bo

more satisfactory agreement is in course of impracticable, and the best work and best results will be obtained by the different preparation. The action of the Queensland

Branch can have only a good effect upon Branches continuing their steady work in their


terms of the own States, and endeavouring to embrace every the executive

agreement, unless

executive of the “Institute" blindly member of the profession in the Association, decide to take up the gauntlet in which the which is not the organisation of any party or

branch resolutions are enclosed. It is possible, clique, but whose sole object is the furtherance

also, that benefit may accrue to those medical of professional brotherhood.

men who hold club appointments unconnected

with the “Institute,” some at least of which THE BOYCOTTING OF THE BRISBANE MEDICAL INSTITUTE.

are held under unsatisfactory conditions

guinea confinements, absence of wage limitation, The Queensland Branch of the British Medical inclusion of anæsthetics and of all operations, Association is to be congratulated upon the fee-less examination for admission to the lodge, results of the discussion which was held at its insignificant mileage rates, the custom of calling last meeting, particulars of which appear in for tenders for such appointments, and so on, another part of the present issue. The meeting all of which require modification in the interests was a representative and largely-attended one of the profession and of the public. A word of

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praise should be accorded to the senior members been to reduce the number of applicants, and of the profession in Brisbane for the cordial to lower the standard of men who are applying

for this lodge. The matter of fees to be paid manner in which they have supported this for examinations for life insurance has also movement, since to many of them it is a matter been under discussion, and it was resolved that of personal (monetary) indifference ; from the

no further action be taken at present in the

matter of life insurance fees As regards point of view of the profession it is mainly to burials without medical certificates the council the advantage of its junior members that forwarded the following recommendation to the

Solicitor-General : “That no Deputy Registrar success is desired. It is not surprising that a

shall register a death or still-birth without young man, whose financial resources have been

medical certification, and that where the entirely exhausted by the prolonged and expen- certificate is not filled in by a registered medical sive education which he has necessarily practitioner, the Deputy-Registrar must report undergone, and who finds that the beginning of desirable e.g., Coroner or police officer.” The his troubles is synchronous with the attainment Council accepted the resignation of Dr. W. L. of his degree or diploma, should accept an Mullen with regret, and recorded its high “Institute" appointment, in ignorance of the appreciation of the real and interest

always shown in the Association and the sound degrading nature of his service, and of the slur legal advice he had given it. which he unwittingly places upon his name and

The North Sydney Water Famine. the value of his work—a slur which a long life will with difficulty remove. That such a North Sydney have been suffering acutely from

During the past few weeks the inhabitants of condition of ignorance may no longer exist it is a water famine, but we are glad to note that desirable that during the fifth year of his the very serious state of matters as regards the

water supply has been remedied, at any rate career, the student should have an opportunity

temporarily. It is not necessary to point out of attending a short course of lectures upon how serious from a sanitary point of view a ethical and kindred subjects delivered by a shortage of water at this time of the year is to practitioner whose motives were above all all classes. There has not only been a deficiency

of water for the morning bath, but the amount suspicion of prejudice. We congratulate the available for food and drink has been very Queensland Branch on the firm position which small; and what is of still more serious they are taking up, and wish them success in moment the water closets have been choked up

in such a way as to render life anything the fulfilment of their laudable desires.

but pleasant. The trouble appears to have arisen, not from the general shortage of rainfall

but from a defect in the pumping arrangements THE MONTH,

and in the size of the water pipes.

only have been due to a want of foresight on The Medical Defence Association of the part of the officers responsible for the Victoria, Ltd.

control of the water supply and sewerage, for the Judging from the last quarterly report of this rapid growth of the northern suburbs in recent Association, it would appear to be a most years has been a matter of common knowledge vigorous institution, and to do a large amount and comment, and provision should have been of work which in other States is done by the made years ago for an efficient water supply. Branches of the British Medical Association. Now that matters have reached the present Amongst the subjects which have occupied its crisis, it is absolutely necessary that the whole attention during the last quarter are, the of the water supply and sewerage systems of the matter of prescribing by chemists, the issuing city and suburbs be thoroughly investigated by of a "black list,” the raising of the rates for some independent authority, for recent events women's lodges, etc. The profession in Bendigo have shaken the faith of the inhabitants in the is at war with the Bendigo United Friendly present Water and Sewerage Board, and we Society, and is endeavouring to raise the rate of know not when some similar serious break down remuneration of the medical officers. The may affect not only one suburb, but perhaps result of the united efforts of the professsion has the whole of Sydney.

This can

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A New Morgue for Sydney. a great boon to many also who have undergone Up to a short time ago Sydney had two some surgical operation, and to whom fresh air morgues, the South Sydney morgue in the and good food are of the highest importance. Devonshire Street Cemetry overlooking Belmore The hospital has had to deplore the death of Park; and the North Sydney morgue situated Dr. C. Dagnall Clark, of North Sydney, one of on the western side of the Circular Quay. The the honorary examining physicians since its former, which was the most convenient and establishment. Dr. Newmarch has succeeded better of the two in every way, has been Dr. Clark on the honorary medical staff. Dr. demolished in consequence of the site being Spiers Kirkland, resigned his appointment as required for the new city railway station, and one of the visiting medical officers and Dr. the North Sydney morgue has had to do duty Sydney Littlejohn, of Croydon, has been for the whole of the city and suburbs. This appointed to the vacant position. building is inconvenient in situation and construction, and quite unfit for the important The Coast Hospital, Little Bay, Sydney. work which has to be carried on in it.


The report of the select committee appointed need for a new and commodious morgue in the ' by the Legislative Assembly of New South centre of the city has long been felt by those "to inquire into and report upon all the who are engaged in the medico-legal work of circumstances connected with the removal from the Coroner's department. A short time ago the public service of Mr Glynn, late assistant proposal was made that a morgue with all storekeeper at the Coast Hospital, and on the necessary appliances for pathological work action of the Public Service Board and Chief should be erected in the north-west corner of Medical Officer to the Government in connection the University grounds facing Parramatta with the exposures made by Mr. Glynn Road. The Senate however refused to consent contains some serious reflections on the officials to this, and the matter is again in abeyance. of the Health Department. It would appear A more central site and one which has much to that there has been some laxity in the matter of commend it, is the south-east corner of the supervision of the character of the food supplied Domain in Woolloomooloo, which is in a quiet to this institution, and that some confusion part of the city, and is convenient of access has arisen from the fact that the Board of both by land and water. We hope that the Health officials in specifying in the contract Minister whose province it is to deal with dairy butter and “ fresh eggs," showed this matter will lose no time in securing this ignorance of their duties, as both of these are or some equally central site, and in erecting a trade terms for second-grade articles, the firstbuilding fully equipped in every way for grade being designated" factory butter" and important medico-legal post mortem work, and new laid

eggs respectively.

It is not a providing for a suitable Coroner's Court and desirable state of things that what is, after all, offices.

now a general hospital should be under the conThe Thomas Walker Convalescent trol of the President of the Board of Health. Hospital, Sydney.

The management of this hospital and of the Since this hospital was opened eight years Asylums for the destitute and infirm should be ago 6491 patients have been received, and of vested in a Board of Charity Commissioners, and these only seven have died. The number of detached altogether from the Board of Health. patients treated during the year ending September 30th, 1901 was 979, which is an The Newington Asylum for Destitute increase of 61 over that of the previous year.

Women Of these, 791 were discharged cured, 109 This is the only public institution in Sydney relieved, and 5 unrelieved.

There was

where infirm and destitute women are received, death, the patient being a man of 64, who and it is a matter of urgent necessity that some died from suppuration and exhaustion following other institution or some modification in the an operation for hydronephrosis. There were present system of management of the Newington 72 remaining in the bospital on September Asylum should be provided. Many very poor 30th, 1900, and 73 on September 30th, but respectable women positively refuse to 1901, the average daily resident being 75. enter the asylum in consequence of the During the recent epidemics of influenza and prevailing conditions, and prefer to starve pneumonia large numbers of convalescents from outside than accept the coldest charity of this these diseases were admitted to the ho institution. We sincerely hope that and many convalescents from typhoid were attempt will be made at once to improve the rapidly restored to health. The hospital proves | lot of the destitute women at Newington.

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