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LETTER XXXVII.

suppression of Vice. The lines will come well in aftos the couplets concerning Naldi and Catalani.

"Yours truly,

« BYRON » "Feb. 220, 1809."

TO R. C. DALLAS, ESQ.

“Feb. 7th, 1809.
"MY DEAR SIR,
"Suppose we have this couplet— *

# Though sweet the sound disdain a borrow'd tone,
Resign Achaia's lyre, and strike your own;

LETTER XXXVIII.

TO MRS. BYROX.

NOTES TO MR. DALLAS.

· in his age

“ Though acft the echo scora a borrow'd tone,

"8, St. James's-street, March 6th, 1809. Resiga Achaia's lyre, and strike your own.

"DEAR MOTHER, "So much for your admonitions; but my note of notest "My last letter was written under great depression of my solitary pun must not be given up-no, rather spirits from poor Falkland's death, * who has left without

a shilling four children and his wife. I have been en"Let mightiest of all the beasts of chace,

deavouring to assist them, which, God knows, I cannot That roam in woody Caledoa'

do as I could wish, from my own embarrassments, and

the come against me: my annotation must stand.

many claims upon me from other quarters. "We shall never sell a thousand; then why print so

“What you say is all very true: come what may many? Did you receive my esterday's note? I am Newstead and I stand or fail together. I have now troubling you, but I am apprehensive some of the lines lived on the spot, I have fixed my heart upon it, and no are omitted by your young amanuensis, to whon, how-pressure, present or future, shall induce me to barter the ever, I am infinitely obliged.

last vestige of our inheritance. I have that pride within "Believe me, yours very truly,

me which will enable me to support difficulties. I can " BYRON."

endure privations ; but could I obtain in exchange for Newstead Abbey the first fortune in the country, I would reject the proposition. Set your mind at ease on that score; Mr. Hanson talks like a man of business on

the subject, I feel like a man of honour, and I will not

“Feb. 11, 1809. sell Newstead. "I wish you to call if possible, as I have some altera

“I shall get my seat on the return of the affidavits tions to suggest as to the part about Brougham. "B." from Carhais, in Cornwall, and will do something in the

House soon: I must dash, or it is all over. My Satire "Excuse the trouble, but I have added two lines which must be kept secret for a month, after that you may say are necessary to complete the poetical character of what you please on the subject. Lord Carlisle has used Lord Carlisle.

me infamously, and refused to state any particulars of

my family to the Chancellor. I have lashed him in niy His scenes alone had damn'd our sinking stage ;

rhymes, and perhaps his Lordship may regret not being But managers for once cried, 'hold, enough!'

more conciliatory. They tell me it will have a sale; I Nor drugg'd their audience with the tragic stuff.

hope so, for the bookseller has behaved well, as far as

"B." “Yours, &c.

publishing well goes.

« Believe me, yours truly. “Feb. 12th, 1809."

"P.S. You shall have a mortgage on one of the

farms." "I wish you much to call on me, about one, not later, if convenient, as I have some thirty or forty lines for addition.

LETTER XXXIX. * Believe me, &c.

"B." * Feb, 15, 1809." * Ecce iterum Crispinus !—I send you some lines to

€8, St. James's-street, March 18th, 1809. be placed after 'Gifford, Sotheby, M'Neil.' Pray call * There was no necessity for your excuses: if you lo-morrow any time before two, and believe

have time and inclination to write, 'for what we receive, &c. me, "B."

the Lord make us thankful.'-If I do not hear from you, "P. S. Print soon, or I shall overflow with more I console myself with the idea that you are much more rhyme.

agreeably employed. “Feb. 16th, 1809."

“ I send down to you by this post a certain Satire

lately published, and in return for the three and sixpence " I enclose some lines to be inserted, the six first after, expenditure upon it, only beg that if you should guess 'Lords too are bards, &c.' or rather immediately follow- the author, you will keep his name secret ; at least, for ing the line :

the present. London is full of the Duke's business. 4*Oh! who would take their titles with their rhymes po

The Commons have been at it these last three nights

and are not yet come to a decision. I do not know it The four next will wind up the panegyric on Lord the affair will be brought before our House, unless in the Carlislo, and come after 'tragic stuff.'

shape of an impeachment. If it makes its appearance “Yours, truly,

«B." in a debatable form, I believe I shall be tempted to say Feb. 19th, 1809."

something on the subject. I am glad to hear you liko

Cambridge: firstly, because to know that you are happy * A cut at the opera-Ecce signum! from last night's is pleasant to one who wishes you all possible sublunary observation, and inuendoes against the Society for the enjoyment; and, secondly, I admire the morality of the

sentiment. Alma Mater was to me injusta noverca : and

the old Beldam only gave me my M. A. degree beca uso • Mr. Dallas objected to the lines as originally writion

"Translation's kervile work at length disown,

And quit Achaia's muse to court your own." t Sve English Bards, and note, p. 425.

• See English Bards and pole, p. 426.

TO MR. HARNESS.

she could not avoid it.-You know what a farce a noble continned him in my service. If he does not behave Cantab. must perform.

well abroad, I will send him back in a transport. I have "I am going abroad, if possible, in the spring, and a German servant, (who has been with Mr. Wilbraham before I depart I am collecting the pictures of my most in Persia before, and was strongly recommended to me intimate schoolfellows; I have already a few, and shall by Dr. Butler of Harrow, *) Robert, and William; they want yours, or my cabinet will be incomplete. I have constitute my whole suite. I have letters in plenty.eraployed one of the first miniature-painters of the day you shall hear from me at the different ports I touch to take them, of course at my own expense, as I never upon; but you must not be alarmed if my letters mis. allow my acquaintance to incur the least expenditure to carry. The continent is in a fine state-an insurrec. gratify a whim of mine. To mention this may seem in- tion has broken out at Paris, and the Austrians aro delicate ; but when I tell you a friend of ours first re- beating Buonaparte--the Tyrolese have risen. fused to sit, under the idea that he was to disburse on “There is a picture of me in oil, to be sent down to the occasion, you will see that it is necessary to state Newstead soon. I wish the Miss Pigots nad sonje these preliminaries to prevent the recurrence of any thing better to do than carry my miniatures to Nottingsimilar mistake. I shall see you in time, and will carry ham to copy. Now they have done it, you may ask you to the limner. It will be a tax on your patience for them to copy the others, which are greater favourites i week, but pray excuse it, as it is possible the resem-than my own. As to money matters, I am ruined-a blance may be the sole trace I shall be able to preserve least till Rochdale is sold ; and if that does not turn out of our past friendship and present acquaintance. Just well

, I shall enter into the Austrian or Russian service now it seems foolish enough, but in a few years, when -perhaps the Turkish, if I like their manners. The some of us are dead, and others are separated by inevi- world is all before me, and I leave England without retable circumstances, it will be a kind of satisfaction to gret, and without a wish to revisit any thing it contains, retain in these images of the living the idea of our except yourself, and your present residence. former selves, and to contemplate in the resemblance of

"Believe me, yours ever sincerely. the dead, all that remains of judgment, feeling, and a host

"P. S. Pray tell Mr. Rushton his son is well, and of passions. Pu: all this would be dull enough for you, doing well ; so is Murray, indeed better than I ever saw and so good night, and to end my chapter, or rather my him; he will be back in about a month. I ought to add homily, believe me, doar H. yours most affectionately.

the leaving Murray to my few regrets, as his age perhaps "p.s. I do not know how you and Alma Mater will prevent my seeing him again. Robert I take with agree. I was but an untoward child myself , and I be- me; I like him, because, like myself

, he seems a friend lieve the good lady and her brat were equally rejoiced less animal.” when I was weaned; and, if I obtained her benediction at parting, it was, at best, equivocal."

LETTER XLIII.

TO MR. HENRY DRUKY.
LETTER XL.

"Falmouth, June 25th, 1809. TO R. C. PALLAS, ESQ.

"MY DEAR DRURY,

4 April 25th, 1809. “We sail to-morrow in the Lisbon packet, having DEAR SIR,

been detained till now by the lack of wind, and other rem *I am just arrived at Batt's Hotel, Jermyn-street, St. cessaries. These being at last procured, by this time toJames's, from Newstead, and shall be very glad to see morrow evening we shall be embarked on the vide you when convenient or agreeable. Hobhouse is on his vorld of vaters, vor all the vorld like Robinson Crusoe. way up to town, full of printing resolution, and proof The Malta vessel not sailing for some weeks, we have against criticism.

determined to go by way of Lisbon, and, as my servants * Believe me, with great sincerity, yours truly, term it, to see that there Portingale ;' thence to Cadiz

“Byron." and Gibraltar, and so on our old route to Malta and

Constantinople, if so be that Captain Kidd, our gallant LETTER XLI.

commander, understands plain sailing and Mercator, and

takes us on our voyage all according to the chart. 10 MR. WILLIAM BANKES.

" Will you tell Dr. Butler that I have taken the trea"Twelve o'clock, Friday night. sure of a servant, Friese, the native of Prussia Proper, "MY DEAR BANKES,

into my service from his recommendation. He has "I have just received your note ; believe me, I regret been all among the Worshippers of Fire in Persia, and most sincerely that I was not fortunate enough to see it has seen Persepolis and all that. before, as I need not repeat to you, that your conversa- “ Hobhouse has made woundy preparations for a book tion for half an hour would have been much more agree-on his return ;-100 pens, two gallons of japan ink, and able to me than gambling or drinking, or any other severa. volumes of best blank, is no bad provision for a fashionable mode of passing an evening abroad or at discerning public. I have laid down my pen, but have bune. I really am very sorry that I went out previous promised to contribute a chapter on the state of morals, to the arrival of your despatch: in future, pray let me &c. &c. hear from you before sis, and whatever my engagements

"** The cock is crowing,

I must be going, may be, I will always postpone them. Believe me And can no more.'-Ghost of Gafer Thonb. with that deference which I have always from my childhood paid to your talents, and with somewhat a vetter

" Adieu. Believe me, &c. &c." apinion of ycur heart than I have hitherto entertained, * Yours ever, &c."

LETTER XLIV.

TO MR. HODGSON.

TO MRS. BYRON.

LETTER XLII.

“Falmouth, June 25th, 1809.

"MY DEAR HODGSON, "Falmouth, June 224, 1809. “Before this reaches you, Hobhouse, two officers *DEAR MOTHER,

wives, three children, two waiting-maids, ditto subalterns "I am about to sail in a few days ; probably before

• The Page and Yeoman of the " Good Night," ln the form Canto o this reaches you. Fletcher begged so hard, that I have Childe Harold.

*

TO MR. HODGSON,

*

*

*

for the troops, three Portuguese esquires and domestics, than England, and I am infinitely amuserl with my pil j ail nineteen souls, will have sailed in the Lisbon grimage as far as it has gone. packel, with the noble Captain Kidd, a gallant com- “ Tomorrow we start to ride post near 400 miles as mander as ever smuggled an anchor of right Nantz. far as Gibraltar, where we embark for Melita and By

"We are going to Lisbon first, because the Malta zantium. A letter to Malta will find me, or to be fopacket has sailed, d'ye see ?—from Lisbon to Gibraltar, warded, if I am absent. Pray embrace the Drury and Malta, Constantinople, and all that,' as Orator Henley Dwyer and all the Ephesians you encounter. I am said, when he put the Church, and all thal,' in danger. writing with Butler's donative pencil, which makes my

« This town of Falmouth, as you will partly conjecture, bad hand worse. Excuse illegibility. * is no great ways from the sea. It is defended on the sea- "Hodgson! send me the news, and the deaths, and side by tway castles, St. Maws and Pendennis, ex- defeats, and capital crimes, and the misfortunes of one's irenely weil calculated for annoying every body except friends; and let us hear of literary matters, and the conan enemy. St. Maws is garrisoned by an able-bodied troversies and the criticisms. All this will be pleasantperson of fourscore, a widower. He has the whole com- 'Suave mari magno,' &c. Talking of that, I have been mnand and sole management of six most unmanageable seasick, and sick of the sea. Adieu. pieces of ordnance, admirably adapted for the destruc

“Yours faithfully, &c." tion of Pendennis, a like tower of strength on the oppo zite side of the Channel. We have seen St. Maws, but

LETTER XLVI. Pendennis they will not let us behold, save at a distance, because Hobhouse and I are suspected of having alsaady taken St. Maws by a coup de main.

"Gibraltar, August 6, 1809. “The town contains many quakers and salt fish-the "I have just arrived at this place after a journey nysters have a taste of copper, owing to the soil of a through Portugal, and a part of Spain, of nearly 500 mining country—The women (blessed be the Corpora- miles. We left Lisbon and travelled on horseback to tion therefor!) are flogged at the cart's tail when they Seville and Cadiz, and thence in the Hyperion frigate to pick and steal, as happened to one of the fair sex yester. Gibraltar. The horses are excellent-we rode seventy day noon. She was pertinacious in her behaviour, and miles a day. Eggs and wine and hard beds are all the damned the mayor.

accommodation we found, and, in such torrid weather “Hodgson! remember me to the Drury, and remem- quite enough. My health is better than in Englana ber me to-yourself when drunk :- I am not worth a * sober thought. Look to my Satire at Cawthorne's,

" Seville is a fine town, and the Sierra Morena, part Cockspur-street.

of which we crossed, a very sufficient mountain-bu: "I don't know when I can write again, because it de- damn description, it is always disgusting. Cadiz, sweet pends on that experienced navigator, Captair. Kidd, and Cadiz:-it is the first spot in the creation. the 'stormy winds that (don't) blow,' at this season. I The beauty of its streets and mansions is only excelled leave England without regret-1 shall return to it by the loveliness of its inhabitants. For, with all nawithout pleasure. I am like Adam, the first convict, tional prejudice, I must confess the wonien of Cadiz are Bentenced to transportation, but I have no Eve, anu have as far superior to the English women in beauty as the eaten no apple bui what was sour as a crab ;—and thus Spaniards are inferior to the English in cvery quality ends my first chapter. Adieu. Yours, &c."

that dignifies the name of man.

Just as I began to know the principal persons of the city, I was

obliged to sail. LETTER XLV.

“ You will not expect a long letter after my riding so far 'on hollow pampered jades of Asia.' Talking of Asia puts me in mind of Africa, which is within five

miles of my present residence. I am going over before "Lisbon, July 16th, 1809.

I go on to Constantinople. * Thus far have we pursued our · route, and seen all

* Cadiz is a complete Cythera. Many of sorts of marvellous sights, palaces, convents, &c.- the grandees who have left Madrid during the troubles which, being to be heard in my friend Hobhouse's forth- reside there, and I believe it is the prettiest and cleanest coming Book of Travels, I shall not anticipate by smug- town in Europe. London is filthy in the comparison. gling any account whatsoever to you in a private and *

The Spanish women are all alike, their educlandestine manner. I must just observe that the village cation the same. The wife of a duke is, in information, of Cintra* in Estremadura is the most beautiful, perhaps, as the wife of a peasant,—the wife of a peasant, in nianin the world.

ner, equal to a dutchess. Certainly, they are fascinal" I am very happy here, because I loves oranges, and ing; but their minds have only one idea, and the business talk bad Latin to the monks, who understand it, as it is of their lives is intrigue. * like their own, and I goes into society, (with my pocket

“I have seen Sir John Carr at Seville and Cadiz, and pistols,) and I swims in the Tagus all across at once, like Swift's barber, have been down on my knees to be and I rides on an ass or a mule, and swears Portuguese, he would not put me into black and white. Pray re. and have got a diarrhea and bites from the musquitoes. member me to the Drurys and the Davies, and all of But what of that? Comfort must not be expected by that stamp who are yet extant. Send me a letter and folks that go a pleasuring. *

news to Malta. My next epistle shall be from Mount " When the Portuguese are pertinacious, I say, 'Car-Caucasus or Mount Sion. I shall return to Spain be racho!--the great oath of the grandees, that very well fore I see England, for I am enamoured of the country supplies the place of 'Damme'-and, when dissatisfied Adiey, and believe me, &c." with my neighbour, I pronounce him 'Ambra di merdo.? With these two phrases, and a third. 'Avra Bouro'

LETTER XLVII. which signifieth 'Get an ass,' I am universally understood to be a person of degree and a master of languages. How merrily we lives that travellers be-if we had food

"Gibraltar, Aug. 11th, 1809. and raiment. But, in sober sadness, any thing is better "DEAR MOTHER,

"I have been so much occupied since my departure Seo Childe Haroid, Canto I. stanza 181b, &c.

from England, that till I could address you at ler.php

TO MR. HODGSON.

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TO THE HON. MRS. BYRON.

have forborne writing altogether. As I have now made, I met a great merchant, a Mr. Gordon of Scule passed through Portugal, and a considerable part of land, who was extremely polite, and favoured me with the Spain, and have leisure at this place, I shall endeavour inspection of his vaults and cellars,-80 that I quaffed at to give you a short detail of my movements. We the fountain heaa. sailed from Falmouth on the 2d of July, reached Lisbon "Cadiz,* sweet Cadiz, is the most delightful town 1 after a very favourable passage of four days and a half ever beheld, very different from our English cities in and took up our abode in that city. It has often been every respect, except cleanliness, (and it is as clean as described without being worthy of description; for, ex- London,) but still beautiful and full of the finest women cept the view from the Tagus, which is beautiful, and in Spain, the Cadiz belles being the Lancashiro witches some fine churches and convents, it contains little but of their land. Just as I was introduced, and began to Githy streets and more filthy inhabitants.*

like the grandees, I was forced to leave it for this cursed * To make amends for this, the village of Cintra, about place; but before I return to England I will visit it fifteen miles from the capital

, is, perhaps in every re- again. The night before I left it, I sat in the box at the spect, the most delightful in Europe ; it contains beau- opera with Admiral Cordova's family; he is the com. ties of every description, natural and artificial. Palaces mander whom Lord St. Vincent defeated in 1797, and and gardens rising in the midst of rocks, cataracts, and has an aged wife and a fine daughter, Senorita Cordova; precipices; convents on stupendous heights-a distant the girl is very pretty in the Spanish style, in my opinion siew of the sea and the Tagus; and, besides (though by no means inferior to the English in charms, and cer. that is a secondary consideration) is remarkable as the tainly superior in fascination. Long black hair, dark scene of Sir H. D.'s Convention. It unites in itself all languishing eyes, clear olive complexions, and forms more the wildness of the western highlands, with the verdure graceful in motion than can be conceived by an Englishof the South of France. Near this place, about ten man used to the drowsy, listless air of his countrywomen, miles to the right, is the palace of Mafra, the boast of added to the most becoming dress, and, at the same time, Portugal, as it might be of any country, in point of mag- the most decent in the world, render a Spanish beauty gificence without elegance. There is a convent an- irresistible. I beg leave to observe that intrigue here is nexed; the monks, who possess large revenues, are the business of life ; when a woman marries she throws courteous enough, and understand Latin, so that we had off all restraint, but I believe their conduct is chaste a long conversation: they have a large library, and enough before. If you make a proposal, which in Engasked me if the English had any books in their country. land would bring a box on the ear from the meekestr

"I sent my baggage and part of the servants' by sea virgins, to a Spanish girl she thanks you for the honour to Gibraltar, and travelled on horseback from Aldea you intend her, and replies, "Wait till I am married, and Galheda, (the first stage from Lisbon, which is only ac- I shall be too happy. This is literally and strictly true. cessible by water,) to Seville, (one of the most famous Miss C. and he little brother understood a little French, cities in Spain,) where the government called the Junta and, after regretting my ignorance of the Spanish, she is now held. The distance to Seville is nearly four hun- proposed to become my preceptress in that language. dred miles, and to Cadiz almost ninety miles further 10- I could only reply by a low bow, and express my regret wards the coast. I had orders from the government, and that I quitted Cadiz too soon to permit me to make the every possible accommodation on the road, as an Eng- progress which would doubtless attend my studies under lish nobleman, in an English uniform, is a very respecta- so charming a directress. I was standing at the back ble personage in Spain at present. The horses are re- of the box, which resembles our opera boxes, (the theatre Inarkably good, and the roads (I assure you upon my is large, and finely decorated, the music admirable,) in honour, for you will hardly believe it) very far superior the manner in which Englishmen generally adop, for to the best British roads, without the smallest toll or fear of incommoding the ladies in front, when this fair turnpike. You will suppose this when I rode post to Spaniard dispossessed an old woman (an aunt or a Seville in four days, through this parching country, in duenna) of her chair, and commanded me to be seated the midst of summer, without fatigue or annoyance. next herself, at a tolerable distance from her mamma. Seville is a beautiful town; though the streets are nar- At the close of the performance I withdrew, and was row they are clean. We lodged in the house of two lounging with a party of men in the passage, when, en Spanish unmarried ladies, who posscos six houses in passant, the lady turned round and called me, and I had Seville, and gave me a curious specimen of Spanish the honour of attending her to the admiral's mansion. I manners. They are women of character, and the eldest have an invitation on my return to Cadiz, which I shall a fine woman, the youngest pretty, but not so good a accept if I repass through the country on my return figure as Donna Josepha. The freedom of manner from Asia. which is general here, astonished me not a little; and in “I have met Sir John Carr, knight errant, at Sevillo the course of further observation 1 find that reserve is not and Cadiz. He is a pleasant man. I like the Spaniards the characteristic of the Spanish belles, who are, in ge- much. You have heard of the battle near Madrid, and neral, very handsome, with large black eyes, and very in England they call it a victory-a pretty victory! 200 fine forms. The eldest honoured your unworthy son officers, and 5000 men killed, all English; and the with very particular attention, embracing him with great French in as great force as ever. I should have joined tenderness at parting, (I was there but three days) after the army, but we have no time to lose before we get up cutting off a lock of his hair, and presenting him with the Mediterranean and Archipelago. I am going over one of her own, about three feet in length, which I send, to Africa 10-morrow; it is only six miles from this forand beg you will retain till my return. Her last words tress. My next stage is Cagliari in Sardinia, where I were, 'Adios tu hermoso! me gusto mucho.'-'Adieu, shall be presented to his majesty. I have a most suyou pretty fellow, you please me much. She offered a perb uniform as a court dress, indispensable in tra. share of her apartment, which my virtue induced me to velling. decline; she laughed, and said I had some English August 13th.— I have not been to Africa; the wind is amante,' (lover,) and added that she was going to be contrary; but I dined yesterday at Algesiras, with Lady married to an officer the Spanish army:

Westmoreland, where I met General Castanos, the ce"I left Seville, and rode on to Cadiz, through a beau- lebrated Spanish leader in the late and present war: w tiful country. At Xeres, where the sherry we drank is day I dine with him; he has offered me letters to Te

tuan in Barbary, for the principal Moors; and I am te

• Ser Chikde Harold, Canto I. ranza 16.

| Ibid. 24. $1.5, ke.

9 Don Juan, Canto I. stanza 8.

• See Childe Harold, Canto I. stanna 65, &c.

TO MRS. BYRON.

TO MR. RUSHTON.

have the house for a few days of one of the great men, had scarcely any other companion. I have found her which was intended for Lady W. whose health will not very pretty, very accomplished, and extremely eccentric. permit her to cross the Straits.

Buonaparte is even now so incensed against her, that her August 15th. I could not dine with Castanos yester- life would be in some danger if she were taken prisoner day, but this afternoon I had that honour; he is pleasant, a second time. and for aught I know to the contrary, clever. I cannot You have seen Murray and Robert hy this time, and go to Barbary. The Malta packet sails to-morrow, and received my letter-little has happened since that date. myself in it. Admiral Purvis, with whom I dined at I have touched at Cagliari, in Sardinia, and at Girgento, Cadiz, gave me a passage in a frigate to Gibraltar, but in Sicily, and embark to-morrow for Patras, from whence we have no ship of war destined for Malta at present. I proceed to Yanina, where Ali Pacha holds his Court The packets sail fast, and have good accommodations. Iso I shall soon be among the Musselmans. You shall hear from me on our route. Joe Murray de

* Adieu. Believe me with sincerity. livers this. I have sent him and the boy back; pray

* Yours ever show the lad every kindness, as he is my great favourite.

"BYRON I hope this will find you well. * Believe me, ever yours sincerely, " BYRON."

LETTER L.
P.S. So Lord G. is married to a rustic! well done!
If I wed, I will bring you home a Sultana, with half a

« Prevesa, Nov. 13, 1809. dozen cities for a dowry, and reconcile you to an Otto

"MY DEAR MOTHER, man daughter-in-law with a bushel of pearls, not larger

"I have now been some time in Turkey: this place than ostrich eggs or smaller than walnuts."

is on the coast, but I have traversed the interior of the province of Albania on a visit to the Pacha. I left

Malta in the Spider, a brig of war, on the 21st of SepLETTER XLVIIL

tember, and arrived in eight days at Prevesa. I thence

have been about 150 niles, as far as 'Tepalen, his high

ness's country palace, where I stayed three days.* The "Gibraltar, August 15th, 1809.

name of the Pacha is Ali, and he is considered a man of

the first abilities: he governs the whole of Albania, (the "MR. RUSHTON, I have sent Robert home with Mr. Murray, because

ancient Illyricum,) Epirus, and part of Macedonia. His

son, Vely Pacha, to whom he has given me letters, the country which I am about to travel through is in a state which renders it unsafe, particularly for one so governs the Morea, and has great influence in Egypt; in

short, he is one of the most powerful men in the Ottoyoung. I allow you to deduct five-and-twenty pounds a year for his education for three years, provided I do not after a journey of three days over the mountains, through

man empire. When I reached Yanina, the capital, return before that time, and I desire he may be considered as in my service. Let every care be taken of

a country of the most picturesque beauty, I found that him, and let him be sent to school. In case of my death Ibrahim Pacha in the castle of Berat. He had heard

Ali Pacha was with his army in Illyricum, besieging I have provided enough in my will to render him independent. He has behaved extremely well

, and has tra. had left orders in Yanina with the commandant to pro

that an Englishman of rank was in his dominions, and velled a great deal for the time of his absence. Deduct vide a house, and supply me with every kind of necesthe expense of his oducation from your rent.

"Byron."

sary gratis ; and, though I have been allowed to mahe presents to the slaves, &c., I have not been permitted to

pay for a single article of household consumption. LETTER XLIX.

"I rode out on the vizier's horses, and saw the palacos

of himself and grandsons: they are splendid, but too TO THE HONOURABLE MRS. BYRON,

much ornamented with silk and gold. I then went over

the mountains through Zitza, a village with a Greek “Malta, Sept. 15th, 1809.

monastery, (where I slept on my return,) in the most * DEAR MOTHER,

beautiful situation (always excepting Cintra, in Portugal) *Though I have a very short time to spare, being to I ever beheld. In nine days I reached Tepalen. Our sail immediately for Greece, I cannot avoid taking an journey was much prolonged by the torrents that had opportunity of teling you that I am well. I have been fallen from the mountains, and intersected the roads. in Malta a short time, and have found the inhabitants shall never forget the singular scene on entering Tepa. hospitable and pleasant. This letter is committed to len at five in the afternoon, as the sun was going down. the charge of a very extraordinary woman, whom you It brought to my mind (with some change of dress, howhave doubtless heard of, Mrs. Spencer Smith * of whose ever) Scott's description of Branksomé Castle in his escape the Marquis de Salvo published a narrative a

Lay, and the feudal system. The Albanians, in the few years ago. She has since been shipwreckel, and dresses, (the most magnificent in the world, consisting of her life has been from its commencement so fertile in re- a long while kill, gold-worked cloak, crimson velvet gold, markable incidents, that in a romance they would appear laced jacket and waistcoat, silver-mounted pistols and improbable. She was born at Constantinople, where daggers,) the Tartars with their high caps, the Turks in her father, Baron Herbert

, was Austrian ambassador ; their vast pelisses and turbans, the soldiers and black married unhappily, yet has never been impeached in slaves with the horses, the former in groupes in an inipoint of character; excited the vengeance of Buonaparte mense large open gallery in front of the palace, the laiter by a part in some conspiracy; several times risked her placed in a kind of cloister below it, two hundred steeds Sie ; and is not yet twenty-five. She is here in her ready caparisoned to move in a moment couriers en. way to England, to join her husband, being obliged to

tering or passing out with despatches, the kettle-drums 'eave Trieste, where she was paying a visit to her mother, by the approach of the French, and embarks beating, boys calling the hour from the minaret of the

mosque, altogether, with the singular appearance of the buon in a ship of war. Since my arrival here, I have building itself, formed a new and delighiful spectaclo to 2

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• The "Florence" of several of his smaller poems; and alluded to in Chikle flarid, Canto Il. stanta 30.

• See Childe Harold, Canto II, an 65.

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