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ings. Now there is one word which nity, and of the atonement. The first proves the vicariousness, and that I could deduce is this—What an enorword contains three letters. Dear mous load of guilt is ours? There brethren, if you can take those three are many ways of forming an estimate letters and apply them to your own of this guilt. When I look at the name, you shall have as much happi- barred Paradise, I have some idea of it. ness as the past, the present, and the When I look at the drowned world, I future can give you-you shall have have some idea of it. When I look at as much happiness as body, soul, and Sodom consumed with fire-at Jeruspirit are capable of receiving-you salem trampled down—when I look at shall have as much happiness as the hell's flames, and see them kindled by three worlds, heaven, earth, and hell the hot displeasure of the Lord, I have can think of-you shall have as much some idea of it. “But I have not the happiness as the blessed trinity chooses full Scriptural idea of the enormity of to bestow. And when we are called our guilt till I believe this simple fact, on to hear and consider this report, the that Christ was God, and was made Prophet seems to say, Earth, Earth, flesh, and dwelt amongst us; until I Earth, by all the regard you have for behold the streams of guilt and of body, soul, and spirit-by all your suffering rolling from all the creation concerns and associations connected upon him—until I see the iniquities of with the past, the present, and the us all caused to meet upon him—until future-by all your interests con- I behold the blessed Jesus prostrate in nected with the heavens and the earth, the garden of his agony, and pailed to and the world beneath it—by all that the cross; and then when I have you can receive from Father, Son, and drawn near to him in the hour and Holy Ghost-hear these words of the power of darkness, and have heard out Lord. But what is the word of three of the cloud that surrounds his cross, letters? It is the little word our. My God, my God, why hast thou

He was wounded for our transgres- forsaken me?" Then I have received sions—he was bruised for our ini. some idea of what an enormous load quities—the chastisement of our peace of guilt our sinful nature has conwas upon him, and with his stripes tracted. we are healed.” O, dear brethren, The next lesson I would have you may the Spirit of God fill your hearts learn is, the great change that must with the comfort which these three take place in us. How can I form an letters contain, when they join you to estimate of this change that must take Christ : his vicarious sufferings, death, place in me? a change, illustrated by and his intercession, and the glories of the change that took place in the Lord his second coming, and all the happi- Jesus Christ. Who can describe this ness connected with his kingdom, in to us, who can describe the difference this short word you have the atone- between the Son of God and the suffer. ment expressed in the analysis of it. ing man Jesus Christ? Who can de. May the Holy Ghost fill your souls scribe the difference between the Son, with the satisfying consciousness that when cast off by the Father, and all the purchased blessings of that the man Christ Jesus rejoicing in the atonement are yours for ever!

brightness of the Father's love? Who After mentioning the atonement, I can describe the difference between would just intimate what are the les- the first Adam and the second Adam? sons we ought to learn from this— When you can describe these diffrom these doctrines of Christ's divi- ferences, then you shall have some

estimate of the mighty change that | Bible, which reached its meridian must be made in you, in passing out when Christ hung on Calvary. of the guilty, accursed, suffering first Again, dear friends, when you Adam, into the justified, the pure, the think of the divinity of Christ, and glorified second Adam, the Lord Jesus when you think of the atonement, Christ.

what conceptions ought you to have of Dear brethren, again I see in this the glory that awaits you? Do you the mercy of God, and many more know, my dear brethren, what conlessons which I cannot dwell upon at ceptions you ought to feel respectpresent. The mercy of God is taught ing the joy you will have in a few by this doctrine of the atonement. I years, after a few short stages of time do not know whether you can infer have passed over you? Let a few the

mercy of God from creation, there- winters shed their snows on your fore the poor infidel has no light re- houses—let a few more summers smile specting this most endearing attribute, upon your path-let disease and death the mercy of God. For instance, if come over you and hurry you out of there are some things in creation which this land of sin and misery, and then, seem to say that we are favourites of what tongue shall describe your hapGod, there are other things in crea- piness? In death, the rod and the tion that seem to say we are treated staff of our Lord and Saviour Jesus as his enemies. If there is health, for Christ shall accompany you; and in instance, now playing in our veins, the day of the resurrection—in the day and giving elasticity and strength to of the entrance into the glorious inheour frame, there is also sickness prey. ritance~in the day of the enjoyment ing upon us, at another time, and of the heavenly kingdom, what tongue making us the victims of a thousand shall describe the happiness belonging sufferings. If there is the pure breeze to you? I cannot describe your hapfanning and feeding life, there is also piness fully, when I tell you that all the malaria impregnated with death. the saints have been longing for it, If there be softness in the zephyr, from Abel down to the present hourthere is also wildness in the storm ; when I tell you that the whole creaif plenty crowns the harvest now, again tion is described by St. Paul as raising famine desolates the land; if there one voice, and that voice is the voice be sunshine to-day, to-morrow cometh of invocation, and the meaning of that gloom ; if here rushes the cooling and invocation is, “Let the manifestation refreshing mountain stream, then the of the sons of God come.” I cannot volcano rolls its burning and wasting describe it fully to you, when I say it lava-flood. Look, in fine, through is the work of the Holy Spirit to precreation, on the one side you have pare men for the enjoyment of that indeed ranged certain evidences of inheritance ; that is a great way of ilGod's benevolence, but, on the other lustrating it when we tell you that side, the striking evidences of His God himself calls the inheritance peanger. Oh, where will you find cer- culiarly his own work, for he says, tainty and relief in your perplexity | "I create all things new,” new blessand distress, but in the sure word ings, and new natures to participate of revelation. And, it is very re- and enjoy them. I cannot describe markable in the Old and New Tes. these things fully until I come to tament, you find no attribute of God this truth-your inheritance is just so often mentioned as the attribute as valuable as the life of Jesus. The of mercy. Mercy is the sun of the blood of Jesus Christ is called the

VOL. II.

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blood of God—the Church which God each of you will leave this house topurchased by his own blood. When day quite a different person from what you have told out the value of that you entered it: every word the miblood—that is, when you have told nister speaks softens or hardens; preout the value of all the unsearchable pares you for heaven or ripens you for riches of heaven's treasure house, then hell. Oh, which of these processes you have the value of the happiness has been going on to-day? It is not which you shall receive. Happiness an essay of philosophy, it is not a ever progressive throughout eternity, metaphysical exercise, they are the shining forth in fresh beauties and de- words of the living God, before whom veloping fresh glories as you travel we shall all stand, which we have on your way onwards and upwards, spoken to you. Oh, then, consider, with eagle's flight and with eagle's if these truths respecting Christ and gaze, towards the source of all light his nature, and his offices, and his and warmth, to the virtuous universe, atonement, do not soften your heart, towards the fountain of all purity and subdue your unruly will, and and joy, even the covenanted God of bring you to God, how shall you your salvation. Dear brethren, anti- stand in the day of the wrath of the cipate this happiness-rise above earth Lamb, when Jesus Christ shall come -wear the royal robes of dignity upon in the clouds of heaven, and in the you—let them not be soiled by this glory of his father, and shall take earth-walk through the world as

vengeance on those who know not those who are above it-walk through God and obey not his Gospel. May the world as those who have a better the God of all mercy avert from us all inheritance prepared for them—who the curses of that day, and give us to have the Redeemer of the world for hear the accents of the Saviour's love, their brother and husband, and God for pronouncing in our ears, their all-satisfying portion.

blessed children of my Father, in. Lastly, dear friends, who shall de- herit the kingdom prepared for you scribe the dreadful punishment of him who from the foundation of the world.” rejects the Gospel ? Mark, my friends,

« Come ye A Sermon

DELIVERED BY THE REV. JOHN VAUGHAN, LL.B.

AT ST. CLEMENT-DANE'S CHURCH, MAY 29, 1831.

Ephesians, iii. 14—19.-—“ For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord

Jesus Christ, of whom the whole family in hearen and earth is named; that he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man ; that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith ; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints, what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height ; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God."

That prayer is one of the primary | imitation in praying for others, but it duties, and one of the most valuable is replete, generally, with the most privileges of the Christian, none but valuable instruction. It is also by no those who are accustomed to live means inappropriate to the subject, without it will hesitate to acknow- which our church brings more immeledge. It is strongly recommended diately before our view this day. For to us in the Scriptures, both by pre. if we do not find the doctrine of the cept and example. It is one of the Trinity directly asserted, we find it main channels through which the clearly implied in it. It contains a Lord is pleased to dispense the richest distinct reference to each of the sacred blessings; it is one of the means by three: to God the Father, to the Lord which he condescends to administer Jesus Christ, and to the Holy Spirit. to their consolation and support in "For this cause I bow my knees unto the hour of trial ; strength and courage the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, in the day of weakness; mercy and of whom the whole family in heaven grace to help in time of need.

and earth is named, that he would In all ages of the church the saints grant you, according to the riches of of God have been eminently men of his glory, to be strengthened with prayer. Nor have they prayed for might by his Spirit in the inner man; themselves alone. Taught by divine that Christ may dwell in your hearts grace to feel a serious concern for their by faith ; that ye, being rooted and own souls, they have learned to feel grounded in love, may be able to for the souls of others. Hence, they comprehend with all saints, what is have diligently employed the most the breadth, and length, and depth, effectual means in their power of be- and height, and to know the love of nefiting their fellow-creatures (espe- Christ, which passeth knowledge, that cially those of the household of faith) ye might be filled with all the ful. by pouring forth in their behalf fervent ness of God.” May the same divine supplications at the throne of mercy. Spirit, who dictated this prayer to the

Of this intercessory prayer St. Paul Apostle, be graciously pleased to dihas furnished us in the text with a fine rect and aid the exposition of it, to example. And it is not only worthy which, in dependence on his blessing, of our serious attention and regard in I would lead your attention. this particular point of view; it not The prayer thus begins : “For this only presents us with a model for our cause I bow my knees unto the Father

of our Lord Jesus Christ.” The cause fight of faith, with the courage and to which St. Paul here alludes, we constancy which become the soldiers learn on a reference to the context. of Christ, he avails himself of the “I desire,” saith he, in the verse im- grand resource, of which his enemies mediately preceding the text, “ that could not deprive him; he flees to the ye faint not at my tribulations for you.” throne of grace, and there pours forth He was at that time a sufferer in the the supplications of his heart in behali cause which he so ardently loved. of those whom he is addressing “For His zeal and boldness in preaching this cause I bow my knees to the Fa. among the Ephesians and other Gen. ther of our Lord Jesus Christ.” tiles “the unsearchable riches of

My brethren, let us learn to copy Christ,” had brought upon him the this example. In every season of difrage and persecution of the enemies ficulty or trial-on every occasion of of the Gospel, and he was now detained alarm or apprehension, whether for as a prisoner at Rome. But the Apos- ourselves or others-in every possible tle was not one of those, who, when emergency, let us betake ourselves to persecution or tribulation ariseth be

prayer. cause of the word, are presently of

Prayer is the contrite sinner's voice fended. No difficulties, no opposition,

Returning from his ways; no persecution, could damp his ardour

While angels on their wings rejoice, in the great cause in which he had

And say—“Behold, he prays !" embarked. In his captivity his soul retained its wonted greatness. He Instead of attempting to hew out for was not discouraged, nor deprest; he ourselves cisterns, broken cisterns, that knew in whom he had believed, and will hold no water, let us have rewas willing not only to suffer bond. course at once to the fountain of living age but even to die for his sake. But waters. Instead of looking for deliver. he felt some anxiety respecting the ance, or support, or strength, in every effect which his sufferings in the cause direction but that of Heaven. Instead of the Gospel might have upon the of leaning on every arm but one that Christians at Ephesus. They were is Almighty-instead of placing our yet, if I may so express it, but young reliance on every friend but the best, in Christianity; they had but recently let us bow our knees to the Father of been converted to the faith of Christ; our Lord Jesus Christ. To Him let and he felt a degree of fear, lest they our prayers be directed—on Him let should be discouraged by the suffer- our hope, and faith, and confidence ings to which they saw him exposed, be reposed, and we shall assuredly find, by his boldness in maintaining and that when we are weak, then are we preaching that faith ; and be thus led strong; that when we are most sento abandon a cause which had brought sible of our own helplessness, and fix upon him hatred, persecution, and our dependance simply and entirely imprisonment. Accordingly, St. Paul upon the Lord, we shall find him most endeavours to comfort and encourage near to succour and support us; that them : " I desire that ye faint not at when we most feel our own insuffimy tribulations for you.” And in ciency, we shall have the most conorder that he may behold the accom- vincing proofs that our sufficiency is plishment of this desire, and see the of Him. Ephesian converts (undismayed by But while we derive this lesson from the dangers and difficulties of this our text, before we quit this part of warfare) continue to fight the good our subject, let us not omit to mark

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