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A historical collection-Corpus Historicum-adequate in all respects to the present and still increasing importance of the Christian Denomination to which the author is confirmed in his attachment, after a systematic scrutiny more persevering than perhaps any other layman ever engaged in-is even yet a deficiency in ecclesiastical literature. So successful has been the accumulation of contumely heaped by interested parties upon our sires, that they who should have inherited their spirit have been deterred from searching into their merits, and from duly displaying their virtues. Their very names seemed about to be lost. Now, however, enough is recovered to evince that our predecessors -our Fathers and Confessors—were mighty in word and deed; and that, to the dismay of their calumniators, their renown is spreading far and wide, with the dominion to which they and their immediate descendants gave existence, and which promises to be as enduring as the world !

The plan whereon the work is executed thus far, and on which it will be proceeded with, is that which admits of compliance with the dramatic unities ;-distingue tempora, et conciliabis scripturas. Words and deeds disposed in the closest connexion with what occasioned them; the exact or nearest succession of events; being the most natural and regular, must ordinarily present the best means of arriving at a correct judgment in relation to them. Accordingly, so much of what is original and documentary, whether amicable or hostile, is here placed, when practicable, in immediate vicinity. Hence, they who are dead, yet speak for themselves; and if all they spake io purpose be not adduced, the deficiency is one which could not be supplied. To prevent precipitancy of judgment, it is necessary to remark that the perplexed subject of Elders will unavoidably pervade the work to its close.

So far, the author-for he has endured all the labours of authorship-is secure in his self-approbation ; but that he has never erred when selecting and arranging his materials, nor ever misconceived his authorities, he cannot affirm : even his desire to be minute has led, in more than one instance, to irrelevancies, which were perceived when they could not be expunged. Thus also, it may be, with respect to the orthography of common names, which he has not hesitated to change when he had discovered what is most authentic. He takes no more credit to himself, for having practised impartiality in contrasting opponents, and adjudicating their merits, than comports with those prejudices, or infirmities, infecting every human breast. Some advantages he apprehends, will have resulted from his not being swayed by any professional interest to seek to elevate unduly the pastoral office and character.

In submitting, therefore, a volume of this description to public scrutiny, the author casts it, as it were, on the waters, knowing full well that he will find a contrariety of requital. Endeavouring, nevertheless, to estimate justly what shall be rendered to him, he will complete the remaining volume, and the index, with so much effort as in the course of Divine Providence he may be enabled. That afflictive event which has befallen him since he applied with vigour to this enterprise, has deprived him of the incitement to prosecute it which sprung from a parent's heart most anxious and delighted to advance the intellectual discernment of his only son, when just rising into manhood.

It remains to express thankful acknowledgments to those several individuals to whom the religious public are indebted for the loan of books; and also to the Trustees of Dr. Daniel Williams, whose kindness is enhanced by the urbanity of their librarian.

MARCH 1st, 1839.




Page 1.-Congregationalists; Independents — Their rise State - Church

Reformers, Presbyterians, or Puritans—Their rise- Progress--Subscription,
when first enforced-Enforced again— Precisians, the same with Puritans-
Martinists—Brownists-Conventiclers—The People's power-Under Anglo-
Episcopalians-Under Presbyterians— Bishop Hall and Milner deny Inde-
pendency-Gibbon affirms it—Tindal shows it— Again— Mosheim confirms
it-Result-Scripture Bishops-- Defined— Isaac Barrow and Whitgift, of the
First Churches-- The most Apostolical, which— Barrow's Argument, in
seven particulars—Condemns a political Church-Not divine- Hallowed
boast of Independents--Effect.


Page 14.-Refugees arrive – Persecution - Popish Emissaries cherished-
Gospellers-Bonner, and his spies— First Separatists scattered— Reassemble

- Protestants now persecute Protestants-Remote consequences—Browne ;
his intrepidity-Retires-Selections from his Doctrines-Retreats to Scot-
land-Returns to England, and revolts- Dr. Alison against Brownists-
Extracts, and remarks-Invaluable Tract, Of the Visible Church-Sir Walter
Raleigb, and Mr. Finch— The Second Separatists; succeed the Brownists.

Page 35.—Henry Barrowe, Greenwood, and the High Commissioners-Conse-

quences of rigour-Barrowe answers Interrogatories-His Principles fatal
to the English Hierarchy-His “ Discovery" —How watched— The False
Church detected—Which, the only perfect-Magistrates' province defined
Private Judgment_Officers in the Scripture Churches defined— Prayer-Book
dissected - Above the Bible- An Idol - Masking-Fools, who-Apocrypha
Trumpery, what—Reflection-Why all this, adduced— Further of the Eccle-
siastical Government–The Pontificals—The Disciplinarians-Both, defraud
the People--Barrowe's affecting Letter-Recital of the Treatment of Himself
and Greenwood— They are Hanged-Of their Opponent, Giffard-Why he
wrote-Position of his Party, the Puritans-His idea of the True Church-
Test of Schism-Sects and Heresies charged upon the Gospel preached
Answered by Barrowe -- His and Greenwood's Dedication to Burghley-
Their Inconsistency-What they condemn in the Church of England - That
Church's difficulty when arguing against Schism-Private men may institute
a Church-Spiritual Prayers- Who True Ministers—The Church of England
and her Service Book tested-Giffard's railing exposed- His Church never
approved by Scripture-Intricacy of its Ministry_Of the Collegiate Class-
Right Method of Calling Ministers—Election by every Member-Ordination
-Giffard's Reasons Refuted—Prelates, and their Puritan Subalterns, defend
their cause differently— Of Giffard's Reply-Calvin, not implicitly followed

- Particulars in the Church of England blamed, and refused-Óf singing
other than Psalms-Barrowe's Platform.



Page 83.—The new policy commenced-Francis Johnson expelled the Univer-

sity; excitement occasioned—Admonished against Separation by Jacob, then
a Puritan— Particulars of Johnson becoming a Pastor, in Buck's Deposition ;
and, administration of the Sacraments-Johnson disavows being a Brownist

— The Separatists refuse judiciary Oaths-Places of their Assembly-Sup-
plicate the Council. No Inquests where death follows committal by a
Bishop— Again address the Council on the Bishops' enormities–Justice
Young, a zealous persecutor; Rippon's corpse paraded before Young's door
-Johnson and Ainsworth in Holland-- Ainsworth's early history unknown
- Siate of affairs abroad peculiar-Confession of Faith- The Presace-
Select Articles of Discipline-Obscure views concerning magistracy: value
of the Confession- Why Reprinted— Ainsworth’s intense labours-Dissen-
sions began- Jobnson's family variance-Lewne's desertion-His recital -
Jacob formally opposes the Separatists; and Johnson's Answer— The latter
advised with Ainsworth— Jacob's persecuting spirit, in common with
Puritans-Seventeen points of False Doctrine in the Church of England
White's Discovery of Brownism; and Johnson's Answer-Particulars of
White, Rapidity of his change proved— Discountenanced, and deserts-
His malice-Ingratitude-Of Johnson's Father- White slanders Bowman-
Misrepresents wilfully– Why George Johnson was not answered— What
fluctuations were in the Exiled Cburch in thirteen years—White's incon-
sistency and evil-mindedness— Fit instrument for those who espoused and
sustained him.

CHAP. VI. — Temp. James I.


Page 111.-Change of Dynasty brings no change of Measures: Suitors contrasted

— Appeal to the King's Clemency-Renewed- Repeated; with particulars

Condensed, in three Propositions—The Puritans' Millenary Petition incites

the Universities, and implicates the Separatists—They repel the Imputations

of the Heads of Houses, etc.-

::- Show whence only they derive their religious

opinions—The Puritan Ministers left to defend themselves.



Page 120.- Private Judgment; its Triumph-Separatists excluded the Confer-

ence–The Convocation-Certain Canons, with Strictures—Comment-
Prebendary Townsend's rebellious conduct-The King's tyrannous Resolu-
tion—The Deprived Ministers desire another Conference-Implore Com-

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