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doubts were removed by a party shoulder, asked him if he could of Indians making their appear- run fast. Colter, who had been ance on both sides of the creek, some time amongst the Keeto the number of five or six hun katso or Crow Indians, had in dred, who beckoned them to a considerable degree acquired come ashore. As retreat was the Blackfoot language, and was now impossible, Colter turned also well acquainted with Indian the head of the canoe; and, at customs. He knew that he had the moment of its touching, an now to run for his life, with the Indian seized the rifle belonging dreadful odds of five or six hunto Potts; but Colter, who is a dred against him, and those remarkably strong man, imme-armed Indians; he therefore diately retook it, and handed it cunningly replied that he was to Potts, who remained in the a very bad runner, although he canoe, and, on receiving it, was considered by the hunters pushed off into the river. as remarkably swift.
He had scarcely quitted the 'The chief now commanded shore, when an arrow was shot the party to remain stationary, at him, and he cried out, “Colter, and led Colter out on the prairie I am wounded !” Colter re- three or four hundred yards, and monstrated with him on the folly released him, bidding him save of attempting to escape, and himself if he could. At this urged him to come ashore. In- instant the horrid war-whoop stead of complying, he instantly sounded in the ears of poor levelled his rifle at the Indian, Colter, who, urged with the hope and shot him dead on the spot. of preserving life, ran with a This conduct, situated as he was, speed at which he himself was may appear to have been an act surprised. He proceeded toof madness, but it was doubtless wards the Jefferson Fork, havthe effect of sudden but sound ing to traverse a plain six miles reasoning; for, if taken alive, in breadth, abounding with the he must have expected to be prickly pear, on which he was tortured to death, according to every instant treading with his their custom. He was instantly naked teet. He ran nearly halfpierced with arrows so numerous, way across the plain before he that, to use Colter's words, “he ventured to look over his shoulwas made a riddle of.”
der, when he perceived that the • They now seized Colter, Indians were very much scatstripped him entirely naked, tered, and that he had gained and began to consult on the ground to a considerable dismanner in which he should be tance from the main body; but put to death. They were at first one Indian, who carried a spear, inclined to set him up as a mark was much before all the rest, and to shoot at, but the chief inter- not more than one hundred yards fered, and, seizing him by the from him. A faint gleam of hope
now cheered the heart of Colter; the river. Fortunately for him, he derived confidence from the a little below this place was an belief that escape was within the island, against the upper part of bounds of possibility; but that which a raft of drift-timber had confidence was nearly fatal to lodged. He dived under the him, for he exerted himself to raft, and, after several efforts, such a degree, that the blood got his head above water amongst gushed from his nostrils, and the trunks of trees, covered over soon almost covered the fore with smaller wood to the depth part of his body. He had now of several feet. Scarcely had he arrived within a mile of the secured himself, when the Indians river, when he distinctly heard arrived on the river, screeching the appalling sound of footsteps and yelling, as Colter expressed behind him, and every instant it, “like so many devils." They expected to feel the spear of his were frequently on the raft durpursuer. Again he turned his ing the day, and were seen through head, and saw the savage not the chinks by Colter, who was twenty yards from him. Deter- congratulating himself on his mined, if possible, to avoid the escape, until the idea arose that expected blow, he suddenly they might set the raft on fire. stopped, turned round, and In horrible suspense, he remained spread out his arms. The until night, when, hearing no Indian, surprised by the sud- more of the Indians, he dived denness of the action, and per- under the raft, and swam silently haps by the bloody appearance down the river to a considerable of Colter, also attempted to stop, distance, where he landed, and but, exhausted with running, he travelled all night. fell whilst endeavouring to throw • Although happy in having his spear, which stuck in the escaped from the Indians, his ground and broke. Colter in- situation was still dreadful. He stantly snatched up the pointed was completely naked, under a part, with which he pinned him burning sun; the soles of his to the earth, and then continued feet were entirely filled with the his flight.
thorns of the prickly pear; he “The foremost of the Indians, was hungry, and had no means on arriving at the place, stopped of killing game, although he saw till others came up to join them, abundance around him, and was when they set up a hideous yell. at least seven days' journey from Every moment of this time was Lisa's Fort, on the Bighorn branch improved by Colter, who, al- of the Roche Jaune river. These though fainting and exhausted, were circumstances under which succeeded in gaining the skirt- almost any man but an Ameriing of the cotton-tree wood on can hunter would have despaired. the borders of the Fork, through He arrived at the fort in seven which he ran, and plunged into days, having subsisted on a root
much esteemed by the Indians cursions whenever they crossed of the Missouri.'
his path, or came within reach
of his rifle; for he was personBRADY'S LEAP.
ally engaged in more hazardous
contests with the savages than Captain Samuel Brady was any other man west of the mounone of that band of brave men tains, excepting Daniel Boone. who lived in the trying days of He was, in fact, an Indian the American Revolution, on hater,' as many of the early the western borders, exposed borderers were. This class of to all the horrors and dangers men appear to have been more of Indian warfare, and whose numerous in this region than in name should be perpetuated in any other portion of the fronhistory. He held a commission tiers; and this, doubtless, arose under the United States, and, from the slaughter at Braddock's for a part of the time, com- defeat, and the numerous murmanded a company of rangers, ders and attacks on defenceless who traversed the forests for families that for many years folthe protection of the frontiers. lowed that disaster. He was born in Sheppensburgh Brady was also a very sucin the year 1758, and removed, cessful trapper and hunter, and probably when a boy, into the took more beavers than any of valley of the Monono-gahela. the Indians themselves. In one At the period of this adventure of his adventurous trapping exhe lived on Chartier Creek, about cursions to the waters of the twelve miles below Fort Pitt, Beaver river, or Mahoning,a stream better known, however, which in early days so abounded to the pilots and keel boatmen with animals of this species, of modern days by the signifi- that it took its name from this cant name of Shirtee.' He fact,-it so happened that the died in 1796, soon after the close Indians surprised him in his of the Indian war.
camp and took him prisoner. Samuel Brady, the hero of the To have shot or tomahawked following adventure, was about him on the spot, would have six feet in height, with light blue | been but a small gratification eyes, fair skin, and dark hair; to that of satiating their revenge he was remarkably straight; an by burning him at a slow fire, athletic, bold, and vigorous in presence of all the Indians backwoodsman, inured to all of their village. He was therethe toils and hardships of a fron- fore taken alive to their encamptier life, and had become very ment, on the west bank of the obnoxious to the Indians, from Beaver river, about a mile and a his numerous successful attacks half from its mouth. on their war-parties, and from After the usual exultations and shooting them in his hunting ex- rejoicings at the capture of a
noted enemy, and causing him him to elude his enemies and to run the gauntlet, a fire was to reach the settlements on the prepared, near which Brady south of the Ohio river, which was placed, after being stripped he crossed by swimming. The naked, and with his arms un hill near whose base this advenbound. Previous to tying him ture is said to have happened to the stake, a large circle was still goes by his name; and the formed around him, consisting incident is often referred to by of Indian men, women, and child the traveller as the coach is dren, dancing and yelling, and slowly dragged up its side. uttering all manner of threats Captain Brady seems to have and abuse that their small know- been as much the Daniel Boone ledge of the English language of the north-east part of the could afford. The prisoner valley of the Ohio as the other looked on these preparations was of the south-west ; and the for death and on his savage country is equally full of tradifoes with a firm countenance tionary legends of his hardy and a steady eye, meeting all | adventures and hairbreadth estheir threats with a truly savage capes, although he has lacked fortitude. In the midst of all a Flint to chronicle his fame, and their dancing and rejoicing, a to transmit it to posterity in the squaw of one of their chiefs came glowing and beautiful language near him, with a child in her of that distinguished annalist of arms; quick as thought, and the west. From undoubted with intuitive prescience, he authority, it seems the following snatched it from her, and threw incident actually transpired in it into the midst of the flames. this vicinity. Brady resided
Horror-struck at the sudden on Chartier Creek, on the south outrage, the Indians simultane- side of the Ohio; and being ously rushed to rescue the infant a man of herculean strength, from the fire. In the midst of activity, and courage, he was this confusion, Brady darted generally selected as the leader from the circle, outrunning all of the hardy borderers in all that came in his way, and rushed their incursions into the Indian into the adjacent thickets, with territory north of the river. the Indians yelling at his heels. About the year 1780, on one He ascended the steep side of occasion, a large party of wara high hill amidst a shower of riors, from the falls of the Cuyabullets, and darting down the hoga and the adjacent country, opposite declivity, secreted him- had made an inroad on the south self in the deep ravines and side of the Ohio river, in the laurel thickets that abound for lower part of what is now Washseveral miles to the west of it. ington county, but which was His knowledge of the country then known as the settlement and wonderful activity enabled of the 'Catfish Camp,' after an
old Indian of that name, who tisements which he had inflicted lived there when the whites first upon them, left all the others, came into the country, on the and with united strength purMonono - gahela river. This sued him alone. party had murdered several The Cuyahoga here makes a families, and with the plunder wide bend to the south, includhad re-crossed the Ohio before ing a large tract of several miles effectual pursuit could be made. of surface, in the form of a By Brady a party was quickly peninsula. Within this tract the summoned of his chosen fol- pursuit was hotly contested. lowers, who hastened on after The Indians, by extending their them; but the Indians having line to the right and left, forced one or two days the start, he him on the bank of the stream. could not overtake them in time Having in peaceable times often to arrest their return to the hunted over this ground with villages.
the Indians, and knowing every Near the spot where the town turn of the Cuyahoga as famiof Ravenna now stands, the liarly as the villager knows the Indians separated into two par- streets of his own hamlet, Brady ties, one of which went to the directed his course to the river, north, and the other west, to at a spot where the whole stream the falls of the Cuyahoga. is compressed by the rocky cliffs Brady's men also divided; a into a narrow channel of only part pursued the northern trail, twenty-two feet across the top and a part went with their com- of the chasm, although it is mander to the Indian village, considerably wider beneath, lying on the river in the present near the water, and in height township of Northampton, in more than twice that number of Portage county.
feet above the current. Through Although Brady made his ap- this pass the water rushes like proaches with the utmost cau a race-horse, chafing and roartion, the Indians, expecting a ing at the confinement of its pursuit, were on the look-out, current by the rocky channel, and ready to receive him with while a short distance above numbers fourfold to those of the stream it is at least fifty his own party, whose only safety yards wide. was in a hasty retreat, which, As he approached the chasm, from the ardour of the pursuit, Brady, knowing that life or death soon became a perfect flight. was in the effort, concentrated Brady directed his men to sepa- his mighty powers, and leaped rate, and each one to take care the stream at a single bound. of himself; but the Indians It so happened that on the knowing Brady, and having a opposite cliff the leap was most inveterate hatred and dread favoured by a low place, into of him, from the numerous chas- which he dropped, and grasping