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The subjunctive mode is the same as the indicative ar potential, with if prefixed.
Plural. Common Form, Love, or Love thou, Love, or Love ye or you, Emphatic Form,
Do thou love, Do ye or you love, Progressive Form, Be thou loving, Be ye or you loving, Fasside Farm, Be thou loved,
Be ye or you loved.
Loving, (common form,)
Being loved, or loved, (passive form.)
Having loved, (common form,)
Having been loving, (progressive form)
Having been loved, (passive form.) Notr. Some few intransitive verbs take the passive fcrrr. as, * I am come; “ The sun is risen ; " " He is fallor.”
An adverb is a word used to modify the meaning of a verb, adjective, participle, or other adverb.
Adverbs may be divided into four general classes ; adverbs of place, of time, of cause, of manner.
Adverbs of place answer the questions, Where? Whither ? Whence ? as, here, there, above, yonder, below, somewhere, back, upwards, downwards, &c.
Adverbs of time answer the questions, When? How long? How often? as, then, yesterday, always, ever, con. rinually, often, frequently, &c.
Adverbs of cause answer the questions, Why? Wherefore? as, why, wherefore, therefore, then.
Note. Causal relations are commonly expressed by phrases and clauses. (See 132, a.)
Adverbs of manner answer the question, How ? as, ele. gantly, faithfully, fairly, &c. They are generally derived from adjectives denoting quality.
Under this head may be classed those which answer the ques tion, How? in respect to quantity or quality; as, How much! How good? &c.; as, too, dery, greatly, chiefly, perfectly, mainly, wholly, totally, quite, exceedingly.
Modal adverbs belong to this class. (See 134, a.) The following are the principal modal adverbs : — yes, yea, dcrily, truly, surely, undoubtedly, doubtless, forsooth, certainly; no, nay, not, possibly, probably, perhaps, peraddenture, perchance.
All phrases or clauses which denote place, time, cause, or manner, are of the nature of adverbs.
COMPARISON OF ADVERBS.
Many adverbs, like adjectives, admit of comparison; as, soon, sooner soonest ; bravely more bravely, most brarely.
Norg. For interrogative and conjunctive adverbs, see Les soos XIV. and XV.
Note. For e construction and use of the prepositions Ko Chapter II.
A préposition is a word used to show the relation between a noun or pronoun and some preceding word ; as, upon, on, with.
The following is a list of the principal prepositions in
throughout, from, in, into,
to, notwithstanding, touching, of,
toward UT off,
under, out of,
unto, regarding, up, respecting, upon, round,
An interjection is a word used to express some emotion of the mind; as, oh ! alas !
Interjections are to be found chiey in sentences expresetve af joy, sorrow, or reverence.
NIE. This lesson should be studied n connection with Flection IX. page 121.
Interrogatives are words used in asking questions.
There are three kinds of interrogatives, - pronouns, ad. jectives, and adverbs.
Interrogative pronouns are used to inquire for some per son or thing. They are who, which, and what.
Who is used to inquire for persons ; what, as a pronoun, inquires for things ; which refers to one of several persons or things; as, Who wrote ? James."
• What do you A tree.” “Which shall I take? The largest one." Interrogative adjectives are used to inquire for some de. scription of a person or thing. They are, which, what, joined to the noun to be described; how many, used to in. quire for number; as, “What book have you? A blank book.” “Which path shall we follow? The right-hand path.” “ How many lessons has he learned ? Four lessons.”
Interrogative adverbs inquire for some circumstance of place, time, cause, or manner; as, “Where, when, why, how, did he go?"
For a list of the several interrogatives, see I 258, (a.)
Connectives are words used to unite the elements of a sentence; as, “When a wise man is derided by a foolish he will not be indignant."
Connectives ar; divided into two classes, – coördinato
Coördinate connectives are always conjunctions. They
Coördinate conjunctions are of three kinds, - copulative,
A subordinate connective is used to join a subordinate
Subordinate connectives are conjunctions, relative pro.
Subordinate connectives are used to connect tha three
Substantive clauses are connected by that and the varicus
Adverbial clauses are connected by conjunctive adverbs
A relative pronoun is used to represent a preceding noul
For the different relatives, and their different uses, see Sec
Relative and interrugative pronouns have the same acci-
Sirg. and Plur. Sing, and Pluar
What and that are used only in the nom'native and ab.