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and their dependencies, there are more than 180 millions of inhabitants who believe in the existence of a Supreme Being, too sublime for humanı adoration, and which is therefore addressed to inferior, though great and powerful divinities. The number of Missionaries now in ludia bears no proportion whatever to the multitudes among whom they are called to labour. There are also in India many millions of Pagans and Mahommedans subject to their native princes, to all of whom the obligation lies on us' and on all others who have been so highly favoured, to preach the Gospel of salvation. In the course of our Missionary intelligence, we shall often have occasion to refer w the peculiar and disgusting doctrines of their mythology.
The inhabitants of Arabia are all Mahommedans, although divided into different sects. About the end of the last century, Abdool Wahab raised the standard of revolt against the Sultan ; and pretending to have received a divine commission, asserted his intention of reforming Islamism. The leading doctrines of the sect of the Wahabees is the unity of the Godhead; they acknowledge the authority of the Koran-that Mahommed was a mere man, though charged with a divine commission. They have been called the Socinians of the Mahommedan Church; and although scepti. cism and fitting from one form of error to another, be of all states of mind the most adverse to the reception of Christianity, stil the Wahabees are nearer the truth than the Mahommedans; and they have given a decided proof of their sound sense and desire of truth, by rejecting the mone strous fables of the Koran. Persia, with its nine millions, still continues under the sway of the false prophet. In this country are still to be found some Parsees, or fire worshippers, who have nearly been cut off by the. Mahommedans, who have persecuted them to excess.
The subjects of France and Portugal in Asia amount to about 650 thou. sand, and are chiefly Papists. Russia has tbree millions and a half nominally belonging to the Greek Church, and Turkey has her twelve and one-half millions of Mahommedans. Among these are a few members of the Syrian Church, but these numbers are relatively as nothing. Very interesting notices of these people may be found in the life of Henry Martyn, and in the Christian researches of Dr. Claudius Buchanan.
In Africa, the inhabitants of Morono, Tunis, Tripoli, and of what was lately Algiers, amounting to about eight or nine millions, are Mahom. medans. Indeed it may be said that the whole of this continent is over.' shadowed by the deepest darkness; and with a few exceptions, in the South, which shall afterwards be noticed, and a few others in Egypt, the whole population, amounting to sixty millions, are sunk in the darkest idolatry.
Europe contains about 228 millions of inhabitants, who may be classed as follows:--Latin and Greek Churches, 135,000,000; Mahommedans, 8,000,000; Jews, 2,000,000; Protestants, 85,000,000, among whom are included Calvinists, Lutherans, Arminians, and Socinians.
In America and the islands known by the name of Australasia, there are about 40,000,000 of inhabitants that may be classed as follows:Roman Cotholics, 15,000,000; Mahommedans, 10,000,000; Heathens, 3,000,000; Protestants, 12,000,000, including Socinians and even Deists. The aboriginal inhabitants of North America are rapidly decreasing in number. When the Indian tribes were lords of the Continent, their numbers amounted to about one million, and now that the tide of the white population is rolling so rapidly to the west, their numbers are reduced to about 300,000. Of their religious belief it is enough to say that it is a species of Manichæism. The agents of the good spirit are thought to reside in the air, and those of the evil genius on earth ; every extraordinary occurrence of life is attributed to a 'supernatural cause, and they believe in sorceries, charms, and prognostications. The population of the globe is generally stated to be about 800,000,000, and is thus divided :-Jews, 2,000,000 ; Mahommedans, 140,000,000; Christians, 180,000,000 Pagans, 490,000,000.
Let this statement be seriously thought of, and whoever feels, in the smallest degree, the power of the constraining love of Christ, will require no arguments to induce him to exert all his energies in the cause of missions. Eighteen hundred years have elapsed since the glorious gos. pel of the Son of God was made known to man, and four-fifths of the inhabitants of the world are still igoorant of that name by which alone there is salvation. In the missionary field there may be difficulties to be met, and dangers to be vanquished, but Christians must not heed these. No contradiction, however unreasonable, no opposition however strenuous, no difficulty however great, no danger however threatening, should be allowed to prevent the onward course of the disciples of Jesus. They have the promise of the living God, that as their day is, so shall their strength be that their master is with them even unto the end of the world. Relying on these promises, as sure and steadfast, they should obey the commandment which says". Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations." Magniticently glorious as are the proofs of God's goodness and love to the children of men, in the works of creation, a mightier testimony to that love is borne in the incarnation, and sufferings, and death of the Redeemer. And when this lavish expenditure, so to speak, of wisdom, and goodness, and mercy has been showered down upon us, shall we shall Christians refuse the high, the peculiar honour of being fellow workers with God, in turning many sons and daughters unto righteousness, Shall we neglect to employ every means that we can devise, and every effort we can put forth, in order to bring into full operation the human agency that is required for the Christianization of the world. In our succeeding num. bers we shall lay before our readers the operations of the different societies engaged in the great work of evangelizing the Heathen. We shall notice, from time to time, the proceedings of the Scottish, the London, the Wesleyan, the Church, the Jewish, the Continental Societies, and that of the United Brethren-stating their resources, the stations in the Heathen countries, and the measure of success with which it has pleased God to crown their labours. Such information we trust will, under the blessing of the Great Head of the Church, have a tendency to encourage those who are already engaged in this good and glorious cause to rouse the at. tention, and call forth into active display, the energies of many among us who have hitherto been careless and negligent respecting the salvation of perishing souls, and the progress of the Redeemer's kingdom. ,
ORDINATIONS BY THE PRESBYTERY OF THE NORTH-WEST "OF ENGLAND. -At Wigan, in Lancashire, upon Thursday, the 18th October, the Rev. John M'Kenzie, licentiate of the Presbytery of Glasgow, after undergoing the usual examination and trials for ordination before the Pres. bytery of the North-west of England. prescribed by the Acts of the Ge. neral Assembly of the Church of Scotland, was solemnly set apart to the office of the holy ministrý, by the laying on of their hands. And at Bew. castle, upon the 25th October, after similar examinations and trials, by the same Presbytery, the Rev. Gavin Lochore, licentiate of the Presby. tery of Dumbarton, was ordained to the pastoral charge of the congrega. tion in that place. The whole of the interesting service was conducted in the most impressive manner-the chapel was crowded to excess, many of the people having come from a distance of twenty miles to witness the first ordination that ever took place at Bewcastle. The congregation gave Mr. Lochore a most cordial welcome amongst them; and there is every reason to entertain the hope that his labours will be justly appreciated and become extensively useful." "That the Ministers of other Presbyteries may have some idea of the labours of their brethren in the North-west of England, upon such occasions, it may be proper to state that Wigan and Bewcastle stand at the extreme points of the Presbytery bounds the former about one hundred and twenty miles, and the latter sixty-two miles from the towns where the majority of the members have their spheres of ministerial labour-and after travelling the greater part of the week to and from Wi. gan, attending to the business of Presbytery there, for two days in succes. sion, and preaching to their respective flocks upon the Sabbath, they had just to undertake their journey to the other remote district of the Presbytery's charge, to attend at the ordination of Mr. Lochore. But we have to communicate information of still greater interest to most of our readers, that though the congregation at Wigan was reduced to the very lowest possible state, and that at Bewcastle by no means in a prosperous condition, yet the Presbytery have the satisfaction to state, that the congregation at each place has increased beyond their most sanguine expectation; and, under the pastoral care of their young brethren, there is the prospect, with the blessing of the Great Head of the church, of many souls being converted and edified.
GLASGOW CITY MISSION. The committee of the Glasgow city mission have been lately endeavouring to introduce Christian instruction into the public factories in Glasgow and vicinity; and it is satisfactory to know that several of the proprietors of works are co-operating with the society in this design.
In six of these, arrangements have been already made, or are in progress, for collecting the people together once a-week, when a practical dis. course is given by a missionary.
In some instances, there has been an attentive audience of upwards of two hundred. The object of this proceeding is to gain access to those who are absent from their houses during the day, when the missionaries make their visits, and many of whom are negligent of the opportunities which they enjoy ou the Sabbath.
The employers of the thousands of our fellow-citizens, engaged in these works, possess unquestionably an influence over the minds of their people, which they do well to improve; and we are happy to observe that many are conscious of the responsibility which lies upon them, to forward by such means as Providence presents to them the best interests of those by whose labours they maintain their commercial enterprise. The plan recommended to induce attendance is, that the people, so far as willing, should be assembled at the close of the day's work, once a week, within the premises.
SCOTTISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY..
..£1 0 0
son and Colville...
We have now arrived at the close of another year; another annual revolution of our world has been numbered with the thousands that are past, and we are startled when we reflect that we are now one year nearer eternity than we were at the closing of the last_one year nearer the glorious realms of happiness and peace, or one year nearer the precincts of misery--the abodes of unmitigated woe and sorrow. There are moments when the most profligately immoral of our species are arrested in the mad recklessness of their career of folly and of crime there are moments when the spell which binds them to their vices and their abominations is burst asunder ;when conscience assumes its empire over their hearts, and they are forced to behold themselves polluted with all the foulness of moral enormity and uncleanness, as rebels against
their God, and as cumberers of the vineyard of the Lord. This is not, perhaps, such a time-- this is not such an awakening moment; but it is a season when we are called upon, as rational and accountable creatures, to ponder the paths of our feet; and, as the expectants of glory and of immortality, to reflect upon our former ways. There are periods of peculiar importance in the personal history of every individual, from the circumstances connected with which a new or more vivid tone of moral feeling is given to the mind, and a path, hitherto untrodden or unobserved, is opened up to invite the footsteps of the earthly sojourner. But this, unless sanctified by the bles. sing of the Lord, is, perhaps, not such a time. There is nothing in it so peculiarly marked and impressive, no circumstance connected with it so astonishing or so startling as to arrest the votary of crime or of folly in his unholy career;—and by many it may be regarded as a time to be set apart for joyous revelry, when a loose is to be given to the social feelings in all the glad hilarity of thoughtlessness and of mirth. But to us it has always come bearing with it feelings of sobered reflection, if not of melancholy interest. It is one of those oc.
currences in our history, which not unfrequently exercise over our associations, if not a legitimate, at least an unrestrained and beneficial control :--and we envy not the obtuse indifference of that man's mind who can let such a season escape without casting a look of sorrow over the errors of the past, or without forming resolutions respecting the future, in dependence upon the grace and strength of heaven for ability to serve the Lord with greater zeal, devotion, and purity than heretofore. It is not that there is any thing in the close of the year naturally or positively to demand thismit is not that the Almighty has hallowed it as a time especially to be devoted to such exercises—it has had its origin in the arbitrary appointment of man in harmony with the revolutions of nature and for the purposes of utility. We do not therefore attach to this period any of those superstitious feelings which the Church of Rome associates with its fasts and its festivals. We are strangers and sojourners before the Lord, as were all our fathers; and this is one of those eminences to which we occasionally attain in our earthly pilgrimage, from whose summit we can look back over the bewildered path which we have trodden, and mark the windings of our onward way, so far as we are permitted to gaze upon it, studded with temptations, or strewed with sorrows and with cares.
We live, perhaps, with one exception, in the most eventful period of the history of man-in an age when mighty moral movements are taking place in our own land, and in the nations around us. We, perhaps, may not be able to tell what will be the result of all-we may not be able to uplift the vail which shrouds in darkness the wonder-working hand of God we may not be able to penetrate with one gaze the dim vistas of futurity, and read the effects wbich existing causes are calculated to produce; but one thing we do know, and one thing we have the testimony of heaven itself to warrant us in believing—that all things are working together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. Every event, even the most trifling in the mighty system of moral machinery, is contributing its part, as assigned by the Lord, to bring about the period when the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of God and of his Christ when apostacy, and heresy, and infidelity shall be withered from every land, and when the banner of the cross shall be unfurled over regions now slumbering in all the degradation of paganism and idolatry. The Christian, then, has no cause for despondency-he may, indeed, perceive that