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is all; and that if a man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.' The little interesting work to which we have thus briefly adverted, is well calculated to serve the great cause which it so successfully advocates; and we trust that it will be the means, in God's hands, of making many a "Temperance Family.' LECTURES TO YOUNG MEN ON THE FORMATION OF, CHA
RACTER. By Joel Hawes, D.D. Glasgow, George Gallie ; Belfast, William M'Comb. P.p. 160. The present may be denominated the age of inventiveness. The truth of this remark will appear, not only from the numerous and valuable discoveries which have been recently made in the arts and sciences, but also, and especially, from the numerous means which have been employed to ameliorate the temporal and moral condition of our species. Plans of usefulness have been devised, tried, and accomplished, which, until recently, “it entered not into the heart of man to conceive." In these “labours of love" our transatlantic brethren are confessedly taking the lead. With them we find a pleasing confirmation of the truth" the liberal soul deviseth liberal things.”
Many of the plans of usefulness recently employed with so much success in our native land, are American in their origin. Among them we may place the effect which has been (as yet partially) made for promoting the intelligence, virtue, and piety of the young men of our country. America has discovered and, in her zeal for the welfare of other lands, has published the truth, that the virtue and intelligence of its YOUTH, and especially of its YOUNG MEN, constitute, under God, the strength and the safety of any community.
Among those Christian ministers who have practically recognised this truth, we must place the talented and devoted man whose name stands at the bead of this article. Dr. Hawes first preached, and then published a series of lectures to young men on the formation of character, We have read these lectures with pleasure and with profit; and we consider them eminently calculated to accomplish, instrumentally, the benevolent design of the author. We like them, not only because the style in which they are composed is perspicuous, manly, chaste, and natural, but also because they appear to us admirably fitted to excite in young men a strong desire_a fixed resolution to excel in intellectual attainments, in active usefulness, and in the pursuit of every noble enterprise which seems likely to promote the glory of God, and secure the best interests of man.
We admire the prudence of the author in the arrangement of his subjects. He wisely commences by endeavouring to convince young men of the strong claims which society has upon them, and of the manner in which they should be prepared to recognise these claims. He then reminds them of the danger to which young men are peculiarly exposed, and of the importance of established principles in meeting and overcoming these dangers. Having gained their confidence, he commends himself to every one's conscience, by a suceessful effort to prove that religion is the chief concern of each.
Finally, we strongly recommend these lectures to the rising youth of our country, because of the importance of the object which they appear so obviously intended, and so well fitted to accomplish. There is certainly no object of deeper interest, whether contemplated in itself or in its consequences, than the formation, on right principles, of the character of the rising youth. To themselves personally, it is unspeakably momentous, involving results which affect their happiness in time, and their destination for eternity. It has a bearing moreover on all the scenes, present and perspective, of domestic life-those scenes in which, from their necessary universality, the largest amount of human pleasure must be enjoyed, and of human woe endured. Its connection is close and manifest with the strength, and honour, and prosperity of the civil community, of which a well-informed, welldisciplined, moral, and religious youth is at once the present ornament and the future hope. And it is associated not less intimately with the prospects of the church of God, which, in her anticipations of the future, cannot but look to those who are in the dawn and the advancing noon of life, as the instruments in preparation, either for the fulfilment of her gladdening hopes or the verification of her desponding fears.
We had marked several passages for insertion in our columns, but we cannot refrain from indulging the hope that our readers will render this unnecessary by procuring the book. There are few more valuable presents which Christian parents could present to their sons on leaving the parental roof. And, after what we have written, we need scarcely say, that to all young men we most cordially recommend these interesting lectures. It may be proper to add, that the present edition is enriched by a recommendatory preface from the elegant pen of Dr. Wardlaw, of Glasgow.
The crowded state of our pages has, for a considerable time, precluded us from laying before our readers several articles of intelligence with which we had been furnished from various quarters. We have often, indeed, regretted that our narrow limits prevented us from giving that circulation to religious intelligence, which we conceive it one chief object of a religious periodical to afford, and which, we know from experience, constitutes one of its chief attractions. This little work, we are confident, would make its monthly visit to the firesides and families of our kind friends with increased acceptance, provided it brought along with it the current news of the religious world noted the signs of the times--and exhibited the triumphs of Christ's power, and the advancement of his kingdom at home and abroad.
Under this impression, we purpose setting apart a portion of each Number during the year that has now commenced, for the reception of such articles of religious, and missionary, and ecclesiastical intelligence as may be most important in themselves, most interesting in point of locality, or may best illustrate the progress of the truth. For the present „We trust we shall be excused for our beginning at home, by voticing various matters connected with the state and prospects of our own section of the Christian church, to which the attention of our readers ought, long ere this, to have been directed.
In a former number (see pages 340-2 of vol. III.,) we gave a very brief summary of the proceedings of the last meeting of Synod; and we shall now give the sequel of several occurrences which we then noticed.-The first matter referred to was the case of Mr. M'Claine, of the united congregation of Criggan and Newtonhamilton, who, though suspended by our church, was so far received and countenanced by the Arian party, that they appointed a committee, consisting of all their choice spirits, who had proved themselves able revilers of the Synod and capital hands at ex. citing the passions of a multitude by mob harangues about tyranny and persecution, to visit one of the congregations in which Mr. M'Claine had officiated, and put him to a mock trial. The committee accordingly met at the place appointed; but no notice of their proceedings appeared. We thought at first that they were busy concocting a flashy paragraph to go the rounds of the Northern papers, complimenting the purity of the injured Mr. M'Claine, and eulogizing the independence and spirited conduct of his deluded partizans, in renouncing their connexion with the “Sydagogue of Satan,” (the ipsissima verba of one of that meek and charitable party, when speaking of the Synod) and attaching themselves to all that is pure and Christian in the Arian body, Nothing of the kind, bowever, met our view. Their newspaper and their periodical were ominously silent on the subject. At length, however, the truth appeared ; and never, truly, were such disgraceful proceedings terminated by so signai a discomfiture. The Arian committee, though led on by the redoubtable champion of the party and the head of their church, could not induce the plain people of that congregation to come under their ten. der care. Their principal object appeared to be to secure possession of the congregation, and abstract its house and endowments from the Synod, But in this they were entirely defeated. The people very naturally wished to know what were the religious principles of their new friends, wbo prafessed such regard for their rights. But it was not altogether convenient to gratify them in this wish. The usual tactics of the party were attempted to be played off, One of the committee was asked, did he believe in the divinity of Christ? And though well knowing the sense attached by the inquirer to this expression, he had the--what shall we call it-hardihood to reply, he did believe in it! Another question, however, from the honest and unsophisticated countryman, detected the insincerity of the answer, and at once revealed the Arian. From that moment, as we are informed, the congregation declined forming any connexion with them. The committee retired defeated and mortified; and were compel. led to abandon these benighted bigots who could not appreciate the value of Arianism, or the great advantage of being joined in fellowship with the opponents of Gospel truth. What degree of attention they bestowed on the care of their newly-found brother, Mr. M'Claine, we have not learned. We suspect they did not design to do much for him if they had succeeded in securing the congregation and endowment. We understand that he has subsequently submitted to his Presbytery. The anited congregation continues attached to the Synod as formerly ; and the people are regularly supplied with preaching by the Presbytery, till they choose a successor to their suspended Minister. Thus ended this magnanimous effort of the Arian Synod to insult the authority of the Synod of Ulster, and to ereet themselves into a safe receptacle for every Minister of our church who may be under process for immorality! The Remonstrant Presbytery of Armaghas a few Ministers in the county of Down affect to call themselves-must be content to remain without a single congregation in the large and populous county from which they absurdly take their designation!
The projected interference with Presbyterian marriages is the next subject requiring to be noticed. The obnoxious bill which was pending in Parliament at the sitting of the Synod, we are happy to state, has been relinquished ;-a result, which is entirely to be attributed to the steps taken by our church, and especially to the very zealous and judicious conduct of the Moderator, the Rer. John Brown, of Aghadoey. This is another in. stance of the promptitude and fidelity with which the Synod of Ulster has watehed over the general interests of the Dissenting cause in Ireland. All denominations of Dissenters, Independents, Seceders, Methodists, Baptists, &c. are all deeply indebted to our church. The fig-tree under which they sit, none making them afraid, has been planted and reared under her auspices; all the privileges they enjoy in this country have been secured to them by the faithful contendings of our forefathers in days of darkness and of peril.
The next topic of public interest to which we formerly adverted, is the Government System of National Education. And we are grieved to say, that the endeavours of the Synod to procure some modification of the System, have not been as successful as in the former case. Since the meeting of Synod, a deputation waited on Mr. Stanley at Dublin ; and, after a protracted interview, submitted certain specific queries in writing, to which we understand a written reply was subsequently returned by Mr. Stanley. But as these documents have not yet been made public, we are at present unable to gratify our readers with any account of their nature or contents. We fear Mr. Stanley's reply is not satisfactory. · Bult if so, let Bot the Presbyterians of Ulster be discouraged. Let them stand fast by the Bible, and not permit it to be excluded from their schools. Let them not be ensnared into an approval of the system. Let them prepare to petition Parliament against it, and respectfully state their obj jections and grievances. And now on the eve of a general election, when the friends of the enslaved African are seeking for candidates who will vote for the abolition of slavery; let the friends of the Bible rally round those, who will vote for abolishing the sentence of exclusion from the schools of the kingdom, which, in an evil hour, a British statesman has dared to pronounce against the word of God !
While our church has thus been vindicating her rights, and bearing a faithful testimony to the supreme authority and excellence of the Bible, she bas also been blessed with many "tokens for good,” promising a fur. ther extension of the Gospel in the land, as well as a further revival of its power and grace within her own bounds. We allude to the several ordi. nations of Ministers--the opening of the various houses of worship and the erection of the different new congregations which have latterly taken place, but which we have not as yet had an opportunity of noticing. With a brief summary of these we shall conclude our present supply of religious intelligence. When combined into one group, they present a most gratifying and delightful spectacle. All the congregations that adhered to our Synod, when their Ministers avowed themselves Arians, have, with two exceptions,, obtained fixed pastors, who are proving themselves able auxiliaries in the cause of the Gospel. During the past summer, two of these congregations, Ballycarry and Cairncastle, have had their houses of worship opened under the most favourable auspices; and the large collections received on these occasions, testified the esteem in which they and their cause are held by their surrounding brethren of various denominations. Above A THOUSAND POUNDS have been already expended by these two congregations on their houses, the greater part of which was raised by their own voluntary contributions. · These people have indeed “contended earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints.” Their contest has cost them much pain and many sacrifices, and exposed them to much reproach and many revilings. But, sure we are, they will feel themselves amply rewarded by seeing the success with which their efforts have been crowned, and by participating in the blessings that flow from the ministrations of the glorious Gospel of the Blessed God. Our church has also received some valuable additions to the number of her Ministers, by the filling up of several vacancies since the meeting of Synod. The only ordination, however, that lias, as yet, taken place, is that of the Rev. James A. Canning, who was ordained on the 4th of September, to the pastoral charge of the congregation of Downpatrick, vacant by the lamented death of the Rev. W. D. Stewart. A most impressive, affectionate, and faithful charge to the newly ordained minister and people, was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Breaky, of Killileagh. We gave insertion to this excellent charge in our last Number, and it has also been printed, in a separate form, for the use of the Downpatrick Congregation,
Several new congregations have been also lately added to our communion-some of them formed under very interesting circumstances. Of these, the congregation of Kilmore demands especial notice. It was one of those that, three years ago, seceded, under its minister, from the Sy- Dod. Attached to him from personal considerations, and trusting to the solemn professions of the Arian.body, that, in case of being thrown vacant, they, as well as every other congregation in connexion with them, would have the liberty of calling a minister of any principles they chose, they