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afflicting hand from off us, but let us rather be stimulated to more exertion and greater zeal since the Lord has again left us to the more common and the more comfortable means of grace.

Gratitude is now a debt, a double debt, and how shall it find expression unless it be by a publie thanksgiving. Hardened and cold mụst that heart indeed be which will not warm towards our merciful Father who has afflicted, but who is now comforting us. Let all join in it-even those who have been bereaved of near and dear relatives have reason to be grateful. To whom are they indebted for the destroyer being com. manded to pass over them ? Come, then, let us pay our vows unto the Lord, let us pay them before all the people--let all unite in raising a song of gratitude to him who, in the midst of deserved wrath, has remembered mercy.

Ob thou my soul bless God the Lord!

And all that in me is,
Be stirred up, his holy name

To magnify and bless.




THE state of Presbyterianism in England is annually becoming more interesting and important. At one period it flourished there to a considerable extent, but for many years past it has been sadly deteriorating, and seemed to be on the direet road to utter extinction, till, through the zeal of some of its friends, in the present times better prospects appear to be opening before it. The withering heresy of Arianism, and then Socinianism, first appeared in these countries in some of the Presbyterian Churches of England. The consequence, in a very short time, was the abandonment of all church discipline, for in all ages of the church, error in doctrine has uniformly been followed by neglect of discipline, and that again had its reaction upon the doctrines of the Gospel

, till both the doc. trines of the truth and the discipline of the church seemed wholly to depart from the Presbyterian Churches of England, leaving only the name behind. A few exceptions there were, but, alas! 'they were, indeed, few. A more humbling and melancholy spectacle than these churches presented, under the influence of what is now called Unitarianism, the history of the church never exhibited. The houses of worship are almost deserted—the few individuals who worship in them are


united by no common bond of Christian truth - they have no Session, no Presbytery, no Synod. They are maintained chiefly by misappropriated funds, originally bequeathed to support the preaching of the Gospel, and of the Presbyterianism of the New Testament they have not retained even the form, while they appear to have no other reason for continuing the name, than that it is deemed necessary for the enjoyment of those funds which were bequeathed for other purposes than those to which they apply them. Under these circumstances, it must be gratifying to the Christian public to find that any efforts are making for the revival of true Presbyterianism in England. And it is to put them in possession of what is doing by our much esteemed friends in the North of England, that the following document is submitted to our readers. As Presbyterians, we feel grateful to them for their zealous labours. With all our heart we wish them God speed. And we entreat for them the prayers and sympathy of all that love our Zion:CIRCULAR OF THE PRESBYTERY OF THE NORTH-WEST


“Tue Presbytery of the North-West of England is connected with the Church of Scotland, -all its Ministers having been licensed by Presby. teries of that Church, and the basis of the union of its Members being a recognition of its Standards. It was formed, after serious deliberation and prayer, on the 21st day of January, 1824, on the joint resolution of the several Kirk-Sessions, whose Office-bearers compose it. Previous to its formation, the Congregations, though nominally Presbyterian, wanted many of the benefits of that form of Church government. There had been no inspection of the Kirk-Sessions, no stated superintendence of of Congregations deprived of their Pastors, and no direct occasion of in. tercourse between Ministers and Elders of Churches which were in the neighbourhood of each other, and professedly in the same communion. And, from the want of the Presbyterian discipline, or the corruption of it, many Churches in the North-West of England had either dwiudled away, or lost the sound doctrines of their original constitutioni.

"At the formation of the Presbytery, a provision was contemplated against these serious erils; but it was also contemplated, that exertions might be made for reviving decayed Churches, and for planting new ones in those parts of the district connected with the Presbytery, in which & large population, and the scarcity of permanent means of religious instruction, render the establishment of such Churches desirable. For the prosecution of this object, the direct resources of the Presbytery are very scanty." The Congregations, in general, are far from being affluent, and the stipends of the Ministers are consequently very small. Yet the Presbytery trust that the design which they have in view, of in eeasing the number of Presbyterian Churches in the North-West of England, is one which will approve itself to many—especially to Scottish Christians, whom the Lord has blessed with the means of aiding them in it.

t'In Lancashire there are not fewer than thirty-nine Unitarian Chapels, seven of which were founded by Unitarians, and the remaining thirty-two by Orthodox Presbyterians, by whom also the most of them were amply endowed, In Cheshire, there are fourteen Unitarian Chapels, twelve* of which were founded, and these too, generally endowed by Orthodox Presbyterians. There are thus in those Counties wide fields, where the tares have choked the wheat, which invite the labours of this Presbytery.

“But the circumstance, that the population of the whole district of country with which the Presbytery is connected has far outgrown the present means of religious instruction provided for it, either by the Epis. copal establishment, or by any of the active bodies of Dissenters from that establishment, constitutes an independent and powerful claim on the exertions of the Presbytery in planting new Churches. And one feature of that population—the great number of emigrant Scotsmen to be found in it-particularly enhances this claim. These are found scattered in the villages, and are also collected in considerable numbers in the large towns, and yet it is believed that there is not in Lancashire, (Liverpool and Manchester excepted,) nor in Cheshire, nor in Westmoreland, nor in Yorkshire, one single Presbyterian Church connected with the Church of Scotland!

“Now, without disparaging the Church of England, or English Dissenters, and without insinuating that Scotsmen in England can be excused for neglecting the ordinances of the Gospel, although they have not these administered according to the forms of their Country's Church, or by its Ministers, it is yet obvious that many of them, whose religion has been more in the letter and form than in the spirit, will be tempted to neglect Divine ordinances altogether, when they cannot enjoy the administration of them in those modes, which from their childhood they have been taught to revere, and the love of which in them mingles with the very love of country. And it is a melancholy fact, that in the district alluded to, emigrant Scotsmen have in some cases swelled the numbers of the Unitarians, having been allured to attend on their Chapels, from the name of Presbyterian, which Unitarians there unwarrantably assume.

“The Presbytery of the North-West of England have thus felt that a powerful call was made on them for Missionary exertions in their own neighbourhood. They entertain no fear of exposing themselves to the charge, in a discreditable sense, of being influenced by a proselytizing spirit; seeing that the Legislature, in the recent large pecuniary grants for building Churches,—the Methodists, by their systematical preacbing itineracy, and the Dissenters, by their Home Missionary Associations, all confess the same prevailing want in our country of increased means of religious instruction.

“The Presbytery bave been encouraged in the commencement of their labours by pecuniary subscriptions from various quarters ; and by the assurance of co-operation on the part of many of the most eminent Mi. pisters of the Church of Scotland. They lately opened a preaching station at Manchester, one of the most populous towns in the North-West of England, where the want of a Scotch Church was long felt and deplored, but where a splendid edifice for the worship of God will soon be completed. And prior to the death of the Rev. JOHN SELKIRK, at Workington, and

• Among the twelve, unhappily, is included the Chapel built for the venerable Matthew Henry and his congregation.

that of the Rev. JAMES LAURIE, at Brampton, the Presbytery were under the necessity of making several pecuniary grants to the congregations in these towns, which proved highly beneficial, and at present they have un. dertaken to supply a Presbyterian Chapel at Wigan, where the preacher, at least for some time, must be entirely supported from the Presbytery's fund, and they only want funds to enable them to open and supply with active and pious preachers, many such stations for the eventual formation of churches. And they would earnestly press their claim for pecuniary aid on those individuals and societies who appreciate the paramount importance of evangelizing our own neighbours and countrymen : and they at the same time entreat such in the words of an Apostle-Brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may have free course and be glo




Gallit, 1832. Pep. 166.

Glasgon, George

PUBLICATIONS on the subject of Temperance now present themselves in a great variety of forms. The Ulster Temperance Society alone has issued between two and three hundred thousand publications, of from two up to ninety-six pages : and what manifests the deep interest taken by the public in these works is, that, though issued by a charitable society, a very considerable proportion of them has been sold.

The great evidence, however, of the firm hold which the principles of Temperance Societies have taken on public approbation, is to be found in the support given to them by such an overwhelming proportion of the public press.

Temperance Societies are now advocated, not only by all the American religious newspapers and periodicals, as well as those of our own country, with scarcely an exception; but in many of the most influential political papers, their cause has been maintained with spirit and effect, as the cause of patriotism and humanity, as well as the cause of God.

The history of Temperance Societies has in fact been a part of the history of benevolence; and their extensive operations have already taken a place in the history of kingdoms. The Congress of the United States are labouring most successfully to induce the sailors of the American Navy to renounce the use of ardent spirits; and the experiment in progress by our own Government, of withdrawing the rations of spirits from soldiers, has already been productive of the happiest results.

Temperance Societies are, however, presented in the most

interesting point of view, when occupying a place in the history of the church. Already have the General Assembly of America and the Synod of Ulster congratulated each other on the success of Temperance Societies within their bounds; and it is to be hoped, that when, as has been the case already, our -American brethren tell of Temperance Societies having been the breaker up of the way before the preaching of the Gospel, the General Synod will continue to reply as they have done, that God is glorifying himself by carrying forward the same blessed work among

them. There is now abundant evidence before the world, that distilled spirits are, for men in health, not only useless, but noxious ;—that even the most moderate use of such a substance is not merely throwing a temptation in the way of those engaging in it, and of their brethren, but giving the weight of their moral influence to the support and perpetuation of a system of delusion which has in times past slain its thousands and tens of thousands, and which, till the establishment of Temperance Societies, was rolling over the world a wider and a deeper flood of death and ruin.

The small publication now before us has especially as its object a recommendation of Temperance Societies to the understandings and hearts of the young; and certainly among such the cause may be expected most extensively to flourish. Prejudice, and ignorance, and bad babit, and an opposition to every thing new, may induce some of the old to hold out against the progress of improvement; but to the warm, uncontaminated hearts of the young the subject will come home with all the force and efficiency of truth. Let but the rising generation be trained up with such a salutary fear of distilled spirits on their minds, as to adopt for their motto, Touch not, taste not, handle not-and oh, what blessings are yet in reserve for our unhappy country!

The author of the Temperance Family' has also the benevolent desire of engaging females in the great cause of Christian Temperance; and he appeals with affecting tenderness to the hearts of mothers on behalf of those whom God has given them in charge, and for their care of whom God will one day call them to account. He is very far, however, from representing Temperance as every thing ; but on the contrary, not only urges the duty by Gospel motives, but puts it in its proper place; and entreats most affectionately those who have gained the one Christian grace to press onward for the attainment of others, remembering continually that Christ

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