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preposterous. If I wished to excite your interest, I should describe particularly the parties,-and the circumstances which produced the letter originally. And yet, how many christians there are who could not tell whether Paul's letter to the Ephesians was written before or after he. went there, or where Titus was when Paul wrote to him, and for what special purpose he wrote. “ Take another case.

The father or mother whom Providence has placed at the head of a family, contrive to close their worldly business at an early hour on Saturday evening, and gather around the table, at their fireside, all those who are committed to their charge. They choose suine subject for examination,-real, thorough examination. Perhaps it is the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the captivity. The various books calculated to assist their inquiries are distributed among the members of the group. The reference Bible is given to one-the Concordance to another -Scott, or Doddridge, or Henry, to the third—the Bible Dictionary to the fourth, and then, when all are seated, and the Divine blessing has been asked upon their labours, the father asks them all to turn to any part of the Scriptures which gives information upon the subject. They examine first, the accout of the destruction of the city when the Jews were carried captive, that they may know in what condition it was probaLly found on their return. They search in several books for an account of the first movements in Babylon of those who were desirous of returnexamine the plans they formed compare one account with another;every question which occurs is asked, and the information which it seeks for obtained.

The two expeditions of Ezra and Nehemiah are examined—the object of each and the connexion between them. Under the control of a judicious parent, even secular history might be occasionally referred to, to throw light upon the subject. We may properly avail ourselves of any helps of this kind, so far as their tendency is really to throw light upon ihe sacred volume. The children of the family soon take a strong interest in the study,—their inquiries are, encouraged-their curiosity is awakened,—they regard it a pleasure, not a task. Instead of the evening of Saturday, the afternoon or the evening of the Sabbath, if more convenient, may be used ; and if the children are members of a Sabbath School, their next lesson may be the subject. Those accustomed to the use of the pen will derive great advantage from writing, each evening, notes or abstracts, expressing in a concise and simple style the new knowledge they have acquired; and every difficulty should be noted, that it may be presented at some convenient opportunity to some other Christian student, to the superintendent of the Sabbath School, or to a minister of the Gospel.

“This method of studying the Scriptures, which I have thus attempted to describe, and wbich I'might illustrate by supposing many other cases, is not intended for one class alone. Not for the ignorant peculiarlynor for the wise. Not for the rich—nor for the poor; but for all. The solitary widow, in ber lonely cottage among the distant mountains, with nothing but her simple Bible in her hand, by the light of her evening fire, may pursue this course of comparing Scripture with Scripture-and, entering into the spirit of sacred story-throwing herself back to ancient times, and thus preparing herself to grasp more completely and feel more vividly the moral lessons which the Bible is mainly intended to teach. And the most cultivated scholar may pursue this course, in his quiet study, surrounded by all the helps to a thorough knowledge of the Scriptures which learning can produce or wealth obtain,”


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THERE are several methods, any one of which may be adopted in defending a particular system of doctrines or received series of opinions; to classify these, and to consider the superior advantages which one may possess over another, is not the object of the present paper. Much may depend upon the subject of controversy itself, something upon the particular constitutional character and tone of the mind engaged in it, and not a little

upon the current opinions of society at the time of its agitation. It must be lamented by every lover of truth, that so frequently the worst passions of human nature are liable to be roused into action by controversies respecting the doctrines of revelation. A certain degree of zeal, and even of enthusiasm, is absolutely necessary to every man in the advocacy of those doctrines which he considers to be based upon the explicit declarations of the word of God; he cannot truly appreciate their importance without manifesting a feeling of intense earnestness in their defence and advancement; but however difficult it may be to analyze our own emotions, so as to effect it, we should ever endeavour to draw a line of demarcation between devotedness to our cause and the bitterness of personal hostility towards its opponents. It is alone by such conduct as this that we will be enabled to advance the cause of evangelical truth, and to check the progress of error. Personalities, unless in very peculiar circumstances, ale never justifiable; they engender a prejudice against the cause in which they are used, and they steel the mind of the person against whom they are directed, so as to make it insensible to evidence, and morally incapable of conviction. Buť where they are required to bring an opponent to a proper knowledge of himself, perhaps they may be occasionally not only justifiable, but also desirable.

The unsparing use of personalities by Unitarian controversialists of late years, has been most scandalous and abominable : whenever they mention a Trinitarian who is an honest and uncompromising advocate of what he is convinced in his conscience to be the truth, that is accompanied either with some direct personal attack, or is coupled with some slyinsinuation, each having å like malignant tendency to blacken and to defame his character. We have always been led to consider this as a sure index of an untenable system. Even the public prints over which the Unitarians have either an immediate or an in

direct control, in general, instead of attempting to expose or to refute opinions, descend to the mean vulgarity of personal abuse. The righteous cause of truth can never stand in need of such unhallowed weapons of offence. If there be persecution in the land, this is the most vile species of it; but as the Almighty makes the wrath of man to praise him, so, under his providence, in our own day have we seen this very con duct, however reprehensible it may be in itself, contributing its influence, though intended to produce quite a contrary effect, to the overthrow of that error which it was expected to sup: port, and to the advancement and triumph of that evangelical truth and vital godliness, of which it was foolishly supposed capable of effecting the overthrow,

Equally worthy of condemnation with this unsparing use of personalities, is that spirit of liberalism, as it is frequently denominated--that worthless indifference to the importance of any fundamental truth--that cringing meanness of soul-that unprincipled want of integrity which leads some men to profess a friendship for every system of opinions, thereby degrad: ing themselves in the estimation of those very individuals whose fayour they thus attempt to purchase at the expense of integrity and truth, and making honest men regard them as traitors, unworthy of confidence and undeserving of esteem. Little of this worthless sycophancy has, of late years, beep manifested by the opponents of Calvinism; they have, indeed, made a loud and trumpet-tongued profession of charity, but it has been extended to their own party; they have lauded themselves for their exclusive liberality, but it has always been converted into the rancour of bitterness when directed towards those who honestly and conscientiously differed from them. All are hypocrites, or bigots, or persecutors, or wild enthusiasts, who agree not with them;-"they are the people, and wisdom will die with them.But it is rather with opi, nions we have to deal than with persons, and we might, with. out much injury to the cause of truth, leave Unitarians to their own happy, flattering dreams of superior intelligence and oracular wisdom. Against those doctrines advocated in this periodical, many objections have been advanced, not certainly possessed of much weighat or intrinsic excellence in themselves, but deriving all their importance from the self-sufficient tone of arrogance with which they are propounded. We have frequently thought that a brief review of these might be de. sirable, for the purpose of disabusing the public mind, and showing the sandy foundation upon which the boasted temple of Unitarianism is erected. Not that we dread the conse> quences, even should we be silent; the good sense, the information, and the scriptural knowledge possessed by the Orthodox Presbyterians of the North of Ireland, will form, now since the Unitarian system has been unveiled, sufficient barriers against the farther spread of its erroneous principles, or the wider dissemination of its antiscriptural doctrines; but our silence might be construed into a felt consciousness of the weakness of our cause, and a tacit acknowledgment of the validity of the arguments and assertions adduced against it. We are aware that but a small number of the opponents of Calvinism are acquainted with the system otherwise than by name; we have heard some of the most popular and talented of the Unitarian divines of this country declaim against it, when all their intellectual energies were directed to its overthrow, and all their powers of rhetoric and eloquence exerted to raise an odium against it, almost all of whom displayed the most lamentable ignorance of the very first principles of the system which they were thus eagerly opposing. The ideas which they entertain of it are most erroneous, differing as much upon many points from what it really is, as light differs from darkness; and, under this impression, they represent it as unreasonable and antiscriptural; and even when their misrepresentations are corrected, they still adhere to them with unyielding pertinacity, and detail them to others still more ignorant than themselves, who place implicit confidence in their garbled and unfounded statements. Our charity leads us to attribute their misrepresentations rather to their ignorance than to any premeditated design of falsifying the opinions of others. Even some of their writers who have ventured as authors before the public, cannot be exempted from this charge, yet their statements have been received with as much deference by the party as that which they display towards the declarations of the everlasting Gospel. Every thing is distorted and disfigured, and the native loveliness of truth affords no guarantee for her protection from insult and profanation. With Unitarian clergymen in this country of late years, this has been a favourite mode of proceeding-imagination is strained to form a hideous monster, and when all its powers of creation have been exhausted, and when its soaring wing has flagged, the indefinable something which has been generated by the cogitations of their own fancy-this phantom of their holy terror and relentless hatred, is denominated-Calvinism; no more like what it really is than the putrid stream which sweeps, mingled with its foul waters, the filth of a city, is like the pure crystal fountain before it enters the precincts of contamination. Though their Calvinism owes its origin to themselves, yet, like the fabled god of antiquity who devoured his children as they were born, Unitarians endeavour to immolate, in its very infancy, this Pseudo-Calvinism of which they are the relentless parents.

Unitarians in almost all their controversies uniformly boast of the intelligence and respectability of their body, and particularly of their laity. Now they may certainly be very intelligent men, so far as the ordinary affairs of the world are concerned, and they may be very respectable men in the common intercourse of life ; but with the solitary exception of the laity of the Roman Catholic Church, we verily do not know any other body calling themselves Christians, who are more deplorably ignorant of the Sacred Scriptures. There is something in the system which withers that devotedness and that reverence which should ever be felt toward the written revelation of the Almighty. There are, doubtless, exceptions, and we wish most earnestly that they were more numerous than we can at present flatter ourselves they are; but the persons who form the exceptions, are such as have not completely thrown off the influence of evangelical sentiments, who still cling to them in part, and over whose spirits the blighting power of an erroneous creed has never yet been able to extend its dominion. It is sorrow that dictates to us the necessity of this exposure of the ignorance of the Unitarian

laity respecting the word of God, rather than any bitterness of feeling or desire of recrimination; we would rejoice to see them more intimately acquainted with the sacred oracles of truth, because we believe that then they would no longer be held in the bondage of error. This assertion of Unitarians has too long been permitted to pass in a great measure uncontroverted,-it may even be supposed by some to be partially true ; but so far as we are able to form an opinion upon the subject, it has sprung solely from the self-sufficiency and presumption which so peculiarly distinguish the party. In Scripture intelligence, which alone can elevate the moral principles and religious affections, the laity of the Unitarian Church in this country are most miserably defective. What their object may be in making this assertion we cannot well pretend to divine, as we are not competent, like them, to evolve the secrets of our brother's heart; nor are we able to rival them in the dogmatic positiveness with which they can pronounce judgment upon

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