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HESE two foregoing Catechisms of Scriptural Names and of Sacred History, may be sufficient for the instruction of those children in their younger years of life, who have either low capacities, short memories, or few advantages and opportunites for their acquaintance with the historical part of the bible. But there are other young creatures of brighter genius who make learning their delight, or whose memories are stronger to retain what they learn, or who are furnished by the Providence of God with more time and happier advantages for knowledge: Now for the entertainment and improvement of these children, I have collected a larger Catalogue of the most remarkable names and things in Scripture, most of which are entirely omitted in the two Catechisms, for fear lest if these things had been proposed to be learned by all children it should have been too great a burthen for many of them. Those that please may supply what is wanting in the Catechisms out of the following Catalogue, and turn it into questions and answers with the greatest ease.



Set down and explained for the better Understanding of the Holy Scriptures.

SECTION I-Names of God, Christ, Angels, Spirits, &c. JEHOVAH, The name of the true God, the God of Israel; Ps. lxxxiii. 18.

Jah, The same with Jehovah, shortened; Ps. lxviii. 4.

I am that I am, The name by which God sent Moses to release Israel from bondage; Exod. iii. 14.

The Lord of Hosts, Another name of God, signifying his government over the armies of creatures.

Alpha and Omega, A name of God, signifying the first and the last.

Jesus Christ, The Son of God, and Saviour of men. Jesus, The proper name of Christ, signifying a Saviour. Christ, One that is anointed or appointed of God.

Messiah, The same in the Hebrew as Christ is in the Greek.

Emanuel, A name of Christ, signifying God with us.

The word of God, A name of Christ, because he reveals the mind of God to men.

The Lamb of God, A name of Christ, because he was a sacrifice for sin, and he appeared to the apostle John in the form of a lamb.

The Holy Ghost, The Spirit of God, who makes his people holy.

Michael, The archangel, that is, the chief angel, or the prince of angels, supposed to be Jesus Christ.

Gabriel, The angel who was sent to give notice that Christ was coming into the world.





Different names for the devil, or the prince of devils.

The old Serpent or Dragon, The devil so called, because he hid himself in a serpent to tempt Adam and Eve.

SECT. II.-Heathen Idols, Gods and Goddesses.

Baal, An idol of the Canaanites, worshipped by some of the kings of Israel.

Ashtaroth, A goddess of the Sidonians.

Dagon, An idol of the Philistines which fell down and was broken to pieces before the ark of God.

Moloch, An idol of the Ammonites, to whom children were burned alive in sacrifice.

Mammon, The god of riches among the Syrians, as some have supposed; others say, it is only a name for riches.

Jupiter, The chief god among the Grecians and Romans.
Mercury, The messenger of the heathen gods.

Diana, A heathen goddess, who had a noble temple at Ephesus: She was the goddess of hunting.

Mars, The heathen god of war.

SECT. III.-Characters and Conditions of Men in general. Kings, A special title of honour for the chief rulers of a nation.

Priests, Those who offered sacrifices, and where chief managers in the things of religion and worship in every nation.

ISRAELITES, or JEWS.-Israelites, Those who came from Jacob or Israel, and God chose them for his people.

Hebrew of Hebrews, One whose father and mother were Israelites.

Jews, The same as Israelites, so called after their return from the captivity in Babylon, because most of them were of the tribe of Judah.

Patriarchs, Fathers of families, such as Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and his twelve sons.

Judges extraordinary, Governors whom God raised up in an immediate manner to take care of his people Israel.

Judges ordinary, Rulers of the several cities and tribes of Israel, chosen by the people.

Prophets, Men taught of God, who foretold things to come. Elders, Seventy grave and wise men who had a hand in the government.

Priests, The sons of Aaron, who offered sacrifice, explained the law to the people, prayed for them, and blessed them.

High priest, The chief of the priests, who should be always the eldest son in Aaron's family.

Levites, The tribe of Levi; those of them who were not of Aaron's family, were assistants in the ceremonies of worship, and teachers of the people.

Nazarites, Persons who put themselves under a vow of abstaining from wiue, and letting their hair grow long, &c.

Rulers of the synagogues, Elder or grave men, who were to take care of order and decency in the synagogue-worship.

Scribes, Those who wrote and taught the law of Moses.

Pharisees, A sect among the Jews, the chief pretenders to religion, precise and zealous for ceremonies..

Sadducees, Some Jews who believed neither angel, nor spirit, nor a world to come, and thought all God's promises regarded this life only.

Herodians, Jews who formed their opinions and religion to please Herod.

GENTILES.-Gentiles or Heathens, All the nations besides

the Jews.

Greeks or Grecians, A learned people amongst the heathens. Barbarians, All the unlearned people amongst the heathens. Note, Jews and Greeks signify Jews and Gentiles; but Greeks and barbarians signify the learned and the unlearned Gentiles.

Proselytes, Heathens who received aud owned the God of


Governors, Those who ruled the provinces under the Roman emperors, were sometimes called governors, sometimes kings, or sometimes deputies, as the emperor pleased.

Tetrarchs, Such deputy governors as had kingly power in four provinces.

Publicans, Those who gathered the taxes: They were chiefly Gentiles.


Centurions, Captains of a hundred soldiers.

Philosophers, Professors and teachers of wisdom.

Epicureans and Stoics, Different sects of heathen philoso

CHRISTIANS.-Disciples of Christ, Those who learned the doctrine of Christ, and took him for their Teacher and Master. Apostles, Those twelve disciples whom Christ chose for his chief ministers, and sent them abroad to preach the gospel.

Prophets, Those who spoke by inspiration of God, espe cially such as foretold things to come.

The four Evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, who wrote the history of Christ.

Note, Sometimes the word evangelist signifies an inspired preacher of the gospel.

Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Extraordinary ministers in the first age of the christian church.

Bishops, Elders, Pastors, Teachers, Ordinary ministers to continue in all ages in the church for teaching and govern


Deacons, Officers chosen and appointed to take care of the poor in the church.

SECT. IV.-Names of the Twelve Patriarchs, the Fathers of the Tribes of Israel.

Reuben, The first-born; but he defiled one of his father's


Simeon and Levi, They wickedly slew the Shechemites after they had made a league with them.

Levi, The priesthood and care of the worship of God was given to his family or tribe.

Judah, The kingdom was promised to his family: from him came David and Christ.

Joseph, Israel's beloved son; but his brethren hated him and sold him into Egypt, where he was made ruler of the land. Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, and Benjamin, are the other seven patriarchs, but have nothing so remarkable recorded concerning them.

Ephraim and Manasseh were the two sons of Joseph, but Jacob in prophecy appointed them to make two distinct tribes in the nation of Israel.

SECT. V.-Names of Kings.

JEWS-Saul, The first king of Israel; he sought his father's cattle, and the prophet found him and anointed him king. David, The man after God's own heart, who was raised from a shepherd to a king.

Solomon, A king of Israel, and the wisest of men: he built the temple at Jerusalem.

Rehoboam, A proud young king of Israel, who lost all his subjects except Judah and Benjamin.

Jeroboam, The first king of Israel when they parted from Judah, and he set up the idolatry of the calves.

Ahab, An ungodly king of Israel, who set up the idol Baal. Hezekiah, A good king of Judah, who reformed the nation; he prayed when he was sick, and was promised that he should live fifteen years longer.

Manasseh, A king of Judah, who did much wickedness, but he repented and was forgiven.

Josiah, A very young king of Judah, whose heart was tender, and he feared God.

Zedekiah, The last king of Judah; he was taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar, and had his eyes put out.

GENTILES. Abimelech, The name of some of the ancient kings of the Philistines.

Pharoah, The name of the kings of Egypt: one who made the Israelites slaves, and was drowned in the red sea with all his army.

Balak, King of Moab, who hired Balaam to curse Israel. Adonibezek, The king of Bezek in Canaan, who had cut off the thumbs and great toes of threescore and ten kings, and was served so himself at last.

Eglon, A king of Moab, who oppressed Israel, and was stabbed with a dagger by Ehud their deliverer.

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