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"To burst all links of habit-there to wander far away,
On from island unto island, at the gateways of the day.'

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LONDON:
RICHARD BENTLEY AND SON,
Publishers in Ordinary to Her Majesty the Queen.

1882.
[All Rights Reserved.]

DU 21

C77

188

PREFACE.

(TO THE SECOND EDITION.)

NOTWITHSTANDING the almost prohibitory price at which the first edition of Coral Lands' was issued, the very flattering reception which my work has received from both the public and press has resulted in its now being altogether out of print. Every day public attention is being more and more directed to the infant Colony of Fiji and the surrounding groups in the

Pacific

The importance of Polynesia will not perhaps be thoroughly understood by the majority of my countrymen until the completion of the Panama Canal has placed these rich archipelagoes on the direct route from London to our Australian Colonies.

In the meantime a popular edition of such a work as 'Coral Lands' may tend to prepare the public mind for estimating the full value in every sense of the islands of the great South Sea. The information afforded in this edition has been brought down to the latest news from the Pacific, and the whole work has been thoroughly revised.

In this revision I have been assisted by many good friends. For the most recent returns of the exports and imports of the colony of Fiji, I am indebted to the indefatigable Colonial Secretary, the Hon. John B. Thurston, C.M.G. ; while in regard to some interesting Samoan data, I have to acknowledge the kind assistance of Mr. H. Phipps Allender.

The beautiful lagoon of Mango, which forms the frontispiece, was sketched from a photograph by my friend M. Frédéric Sang, of the Salon, Paris. For the index appended to this edition I am indebted to Mr. F. W. Jordan.

H. STONEHEWER COOPER.

CHURCH END, FINCHLEY,

June, 1882.

PREFACE.

(TO THE FIRST EDITION.)

The original pioneers of the Pacific were exceptionally unfor

tunate.

In the church of St. Francis, in the town of Nombre de Dios, on the Darien isthmus, is a painting of Vasco Nunez de Balboa. With infinite labour he has dragged the timbers of his vessel across the mountains of America, and now, clad in complete armour and standing up to the waist in salt water, with a sword in one hand and the Papal flag in the other, he is depicted as taking formal possession of the islands of the Pacific on behalf of the Apostolic See of Rome. He died under the headsman's axe in 1517, for an unjust charge of treason, four years after his great discovery.

Magalhaens, who passed, in November, 1520, through the straits which bear his name, died the next year in a miserable skirmish with some Indians. Alvaro de Saavedra died upon his return voyage from Mexico to Manilla. It was Saavedra

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