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his last illness, he burnt "many papers that had passed his pen, both in the days of his youth, and in the busy part of his life;" and it must not be forgotten, that both in his Life of Donne, and in his Complete Angler, Walton professed to be merely doing what Wotton meant to have done, "had not death prevented him." To the specimens of his Table-talk which Walton has preserved, many might be added from other sources.*
His Letters and Journals, of which many were printed in Rel. Wotton., are often of considerable value, even to the general Historian. From these documents, the best illustrations of Walton's beautiful biography have been drawn ; and his future commentators might furnish some important additions from papers which have never been collected.†
* For example :-"Sir Henrie Wotton vsed to say; That Critticks are like Brushers of Noble-mens cloaths." Bacon's Apoth. No. 64, p. 83, ed. 1625. (A letter from Lord Bacon to Wotton, with the reply, is in Rel. Wotton. pp. 297-302. Wotton is said to have written the famous inscription on Bacon's monument," Franciscus Bacon....Sic sedebat," &c.) Park, in his MS. notes to Rel. Wotton. quotes another saying from Fragmenta Aulica, 1662, p. 127.—A story which Wotton related to King James, in illustration of the sagacity of the fox," perhaps derived," as Mr. Thoms says, "from dear old Izaak Walton," was no doubt told with all possible gravity. (Anecd, and Trad. p. 25.) It was quite as characteristic of Wotton to repeat it as of James to believe it.
+ Some of these have been already mentioned; viz. the Journal of 1591, two letters to Lord Pembroke in 1612, a letter to Spinola in 1614, and a letter to Lord Middlesex in 1624. Many others are mentioned in the catalogues of Public Libraries, especially that of the Harl. MSS.; but these I need not specify, as they will be readily found by those who want them.Mr. Pickering has an unpublished letter of Wotton's dated June 5: 1604: -One which is printed in Winwood, ii. 24, dated Dover, July 19: 1604: marks the period of his leaving England.-Some of his letters written to Prince Henry, during his first Venetian embassy, were quoted from Harl. MS. 7007, by Birch, in his Life of Prince Henry (pp. 99, 106, 114, 171). One of them has been lately printed at length by Sir Henry Ellis (Orig. Letters, I Ser. iii. 98; Birch, p. 114). In another occurs the expression "a poor counterfeit Italian," which is quoted by Zouch (p. 141; Birch, p. 107).—I have been kindly informed that there is a letter of Wotton's among Mr. Dawson Turner's MSS. dated Venice, Mar. 9: 1607: and signed Ottavio Baldi.--Collins printed two letters written at Venice in 1617, in
Notwithstanding the affectionate sedulity with which Walton recorded the chief occurrences of his life, and the labour which has been expended on it by various modern writers, there are several points in his character which might be placed in a still clearer light by a more extensive examination of contemporary letters and publications; but as this volume is designed to trace the history of poems rather than of men, it would be impossible to enter on the subject here. Any elaborate details of dates and pedigrees would be still less appropriate; and I must therefore content myself by appending a note on his connection with Sir Albertus Morton, to redeem a promise which I have made elsewhere.*
his Histor. Collect, on Noble Fam. pp. 266-7, whence they were copied by Brydges (Peers of James I.) and from Brydges by Miss Aikin.-The letters in Cabala (pp. 364-7, ed. 1691,) are all in Rel. Wotton.-There are two letters from Wotton to Wentworth among the Strafford Papers (i. 45, 48 ); as well as two from Wentworth to Wotton (i. 5, 6). The rough sketch of one of Wotton's is printed among his Remains, p. 373.
* See this vol. p. 40.-Thomas Wotton, the father of Sir Henry, was twice married; by his first wife, Elizabeth Rudstone, he had six sons and three daughters, some of whom died young. By his second, Eleanor, daughter of Sir W. Finch, and widow of Robert Morton, esq., he had only two sons, William, who was born Apr. 14:1566: and died in the July of the same year; and Henry, who was born March 30: 1568:-George Morton, esq., the father of Sir Albertus, was the son of Sir Henry's mother by her former husband. (Pedigrees of Wotton and Morton, communicated by W. Courthope, esq., Rouge-Croix, to whom I am indebted for this and many other favours.) Sir Albertus is mentioned in one of Wotton's Venetian Letters cited by Birch (Life of Pr. Henry, p. 171); and I think in one of those to Lord Pembroke, preserved among the Ashm. MSS.; though only the first and last letters of his name can be now decyphered. His appoint. ment to a clerkship of the Council seems to have taken place in 1613 (Rel. Wotton. pp. 421-5; Winwood, iii. 469); and his future advancement may probably be ascribed to the influence of Buckingham, whose "singular Love" for him is recorded by his uncle, as "concurring with" the Queen of Bohemia's "inestimable affection." (ib. p. 552.) His name is mentioned in the list of candidates for the vacant Provostship of Eton, at the time when it was given to Sir Henry (Zouch, p. 160). Wood thought that he left "a son of both his names, who was elected scholar of King's Coll. [Cambridge] in 1638; but left that house soon after, and became a lieut. col. in the wars in Ireland." But this person must have been the "second son to Sir Robert Morton, Knight, late deceased" (brother to Sir Albertus), who was one of Wotton's executors. That Sir Albertus died without issue, is proved
SIR WALTER RALEIGH.
IGHTEEN of the poems contained in this volume have been ascribed to Raleigh:* but I have not discovered any direct evidence which extends to more than eleven; and even that number contains some much disputed pieces.† Of the other seven, two have apparently been assigned to Raleigh by mere mistake; and his claim to five, though there is nothing to give it a positive contradiction, has not hitherto been satisfactorily established. But several other pieces to which his name is generally annexed have been incidentally quoted or referred to; and as the whole number of his reputed poems is but small, I will give such a list of them as my present materials enable me to furnish.
by the disposal of his property after the death of his widow in 1627. (See also Cartwright's Rape of Bramber, p. 243. Hasted's Kent, iii. 136.) Wotton's "Nephew Colonel Morton," or, as he elsewhere calls him, " my Sir Thomas Morton," was another of Sir Albertus Morton's brothers (Rel. Wotton. pp. 479, 578).
* Namely, one in Part I.; six in Part II.; all the nine poems in Part III.; and two short pieces printed on pp. 74, 81.
They are, No. vi. in Part II.; all Part III. except No. iii.; and the two short pieces just mentioned, one of which (p. 81) rests only on the testimony of a single MS.-Of these, The Lie (III. i.) and the piece beginning "Passions are likened best," &c. (III. ix.) have been most disputed; but I believe that Raleigh wrote them both; the Reply to Marlow (III. viii.) is not a very certain case, but the general opinion is in Raleigh's favour; the four lines containing a pun on his name (III. iv.) read more like an attack upon him; and the Ballad on a Pilgrimage to Walsingham (III. vii.) must be regarded as exceedingly doubtful.-Seven of the eleven were in the Lee Priory ed.; two were among the Addit. Poems in the Oxford ed.; one is taken from Davison; and one from MS.
The two are, Wotton's Hymn at Venice (I. xiii.), and Tychbourne's Verses (II. iv.) The five are, those pieces in Part II. which are signed Ignoto (i. ii. v. viii.), and the Farewell to the Vanities of the World (III. iii.). The four signed Ignoto in Part II. are in the Lee Priory ed. of Ra leigh. The other three are not claimed by his modern editors.
In the Life of Raleigh which Oldys prefixed to his edition of the History of the World (1736), about seventeen poems were mentioned ;* but his references were sadly wasted on his successors. In Birch's edition of Raleigh's Minor Works (1751), only nine poems were ascribed to him;-Cayley (1805), though he made some additions, merely repeated the titles of other poems from Oldys ;-and when Sir Egerton Brydges published a thin quarto volume at the Lee Priory Press, in 1813, as "The Poems of Sir Walter Raleigh now first collected," he did not even try to exhaust the materials which had been previously brought together, while he filled up his book by reprinting all the poems in England's Helicon and Reliquiæ Wottonianæ which bore the signature Ignoto. The following is the Table of Contents prefixed to the Lee Priory edition;—†
I. A Description of the Country's Recreations.-Ignoto. -Reliquia Wottoniana.
II. Dispraise of Love and Lovers' Follies.-Ignoto.— England's Helicon.
* Eight of the nine in Birch had been named by Oldys (the other being The Lie, or, as Birch called it, the Farewell). So had one which Brydges took from Cayley. Oldys had also mentioned seven of the Addit. Poems given in the Oxford ed., two of which were also in Cayley, but not in Brydges. A lost Poem (Cynthia, known from Spenser) makes up the number. But as he referred with an "&c." to an Ashm. MS. from which another of the Oxford additions was taken, he may be said to have pointed out eighteen in all.
+ I have added the numbers, for convenience in reference; and have marked by an asterisk the nine poems which were printed by Birch. (Of the two pieces omitted in the numeration, one, which Birch also gave, is professedly by Marlow; it was introduced, because the Answer is ascribed to Raleigh; the other is only a second copy of that which precedes it.)— The authorities appended to each title (as well as the titles themselves) are exactly copied from the original Table; and they are preserved here, because they are the only testimonies which Brydges thought fit to supply.His Collection was reprinted in London the year after it was published at the Lee Priory Press; but without any additional pieces.
*III. On the Snuff of a Candle.-Dr. Birch.
IV. A Dialogue betwixt God and the Soul.-Ignoto.— Reliq. Wott.
V. Phillida's Love-call to her Coridon, and his Replying.-Ign.-Eng. Hel.
*VI. Sir Walter Raleigh the Night before his Death.— W. R.-Rel. Wott.
VII. The Shepherd's Slumber.-Engl. Heli.
VIII. De Morte.-Ignoto.-Reliq. Wott.
IX. A Nymph's Disdain of Love.-Ignoto.-Engl. Heli.
X. The Shepherd's Description of Love.-Ignoto.-Engl. Heli.
XI. Hymn.-Ignoto.-Reliq. Wott.
Song By Christopher Marlow.-Dr. Birch.-Engl. Heli.
* XII. The Answer.-By Sir Walter Raleigh.-Dr. Birch.-Engl. Heli.
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd.-Ignoto.-Engl. Heli.
XIII. Another of the same Nature made since.-Ignoto. -Engl. Heli.
XIV. An Heroical Poem.-Ignoto.-Engl. Heli. XV. The Shepherd to the Flowers.-Ignoto.-Engl. Heli.
*XVI. Upon Gascoigne's Poem, called "The SteelGlass."-Dr. Birch.
XVII. Thirsis the Shepherd to his Pipe.-Ignoto.Engl. Heli.
XVIII. Love the only Price of Love.—Ignoto.—Engl. Heli.
XIX. The Shepherd's Praise of his Sacred Diana.-Ignoto.-Engl. Heli.
*XX. The Silent Lover.-Dr. Birch.
*XXI. A Vision upon the Fairy Queen.-Spenser.
*XXII. On the same.-Spenser.