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PREFACE.

Ir would be an injustice to themselves as well as an unbecoming forgetfulness of the numerous and highly respectable portion of the public which has favoured the conductors of the Asiatic Journal with their patronage, were they to omit the opportunity afforded by the completion of another volume, of expressing their gratitude for the support the publication has already obtained at this early stage of its establishment, and the desire they feel for the extension of its influence and usefulness.

After more than half a century had elapsed, since the power of Britain became ascendant in the East, a periodical publication devoted to convey information respecting an Empire claiming the allegiance of princes and nations, and whose influence is felt throughout all Asia, was any thing but premature and unrequired.

If we consider the magnitude and importance of the British relations with India, the progress of affairs must certainly appear, of sufficient importance to require a regular, authentic and

separate communication to the public.

If we consider the fertility of these regions in whatever is interesting to science or curiosity, the mines of ancient knowledge, the fields of nature, and the varieties of human circumstances and character observable, it will not appear less a desideratum that those who are interested in the various branches of Oriental knowledge should have the opportunity of that sort of literary intercourse which the pages of a miscellany afford. How very desirable, also, a commercial and domestic intelligencer must

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appear, if we consider of what vital influence upon national prosperity the India trade has always been regarded, a general conviction evinced by the perpetual struggles of individuals and communities to obtain a participation of it; and if we consider the closeness of the ties which, multiplying with the diffusion of commerce, and the extension of our establishments, turn the anxieties of an increasing number of British families to news from the East.

Impressed with the conviction that a periodical intelligencer, calculated to meet such a state of the public mind, cannot fail of success, the projectors of the Asiatic Journal are actuated by a most earnest desire to promote its utility in every point of view, political, scientific, and domestic.

THE

ASIATIC JOURNAL

FOR

JANUARY 1817.

A BRIEF MEMOIR

OF THE LIFE OF

THE LATE EARL OF BUCKINGHAMSHIRE.

ROBERT, late Earl of Bucking. turn to Europe, and accordingly hamshire, and President of the resigned his charge in February Board of Commissioners for the 1798. We do not think that we Affairs of India, was the son of can describe the character of his George, Earl of Buckinghamshire, lordship's measures and usefulness, Baron Hobart of Blickling; he was better than by a citation of his own born the 6th of May 1760.

It words used on the occasion of his is well known that his lordship was retiring from the Government*. attached to the administration of

“ Having always met, and ex. Mr. Pitt, to whose line of politics plicitly stated, the pecuniary emhe invariably adhered during the barrassments under which this whole course of his life. His lordship received the appointment of avoidable causes, has laboured, Governor of Madras in 1794, and at

I shall not be silent

upon

that subthe same time was nominated suc

ject at present: at the same time cessor as Governor General of India I can confidently assert, that in the event of the removal of Sir John Shore. A detailed recapitu- strict regard to economy, nor a

amongst those causes, neither a lation of the successive acts of his minute attention to so essential an think necessary; it would be equal object

, has been wanting on my

conquests cannot ly improper, however, were we not be made without extraordinary exto remind the public of some of

pense; and the increase of the those measures in the discharge military establishment, with an of his exalted functions for the extended investment, will be found service of his country, which, to have occasioned that pressure perhaps, may be regarded as cha- upon the Treasury against

which I racteristic of his government. The have had to contend. The records Court of Directors having, in Oc- will bear testimony to the persetober 1797, superseded the above

verance and diligence with which successional nomination, by the the revenues have been attended appointment of the Earl of Morn- to. In some instances they have ington to the supreme government, considerably, and, I trust, perand of General Harris to the go- manently, increased :, in others, vernment of Madras, Lord Hobart where there may have been a temconceived that these dicated the expediency of his re • Vide Parliamentary Papers. Asiatic Journ.-No. 13.

VOL. III. B

measures in

porary failure, the cause of it has found highly beneficial to the been sufficiently manifest, to shew Company's interests. that it has arisen from circum “ If, in times of peculiar turbustances not within the power of lency and agitation all over the this government to control. world, the government of Madras “ The complete subjection to

has been remarkable for the due which the tributaries of the Com- respect which has been paid to its pany have been reduced may, I authority, some merit may be althink, be adverted to as a promi- lowed to those by whom it has been nent feature of my government ;

conducted.

" and 'some particular notice may

“ If the very proud and advanperhaps be due to the proceedings tageous situation in which the respecting the Vizianagram Ze

British Empire in India is now mindary,

placed be attributable to the exer

tions of this government, I may be “ When I arrived at Madras, that Zemindary was in a state permitted to congratulate those

with whom I have had the honour of serious commotion. Although Vizeram Rauze had fallen, the

to act, upon a circumstance so power of the Zemindar remained creditable to our administration.

“ It would ill become me, when formidable ; and it was not till after a severe struggle, and the upon this subject, to be unmindful

of those services and of that cosurmounting of. difficulties that

operation, for which this governrendered perseverance in our plan sometimes questionable, that a

ment has so repeatedly had occasettlement was made, by which Rainier, whose zeal for the public

sion to be grateful to Admiral the inordinate and' dangerous good has been as conspicuous as power of the Pushputy family was brought within reasonable bounds,

his integrity in avoiding all Durbar the rights of the inferior Zemin. the disinterestedness of his cha

intrigue has been demonstrative of dars (in which is included the

racter. restoration of the heir of the un

“ If the resistance I have made fortunate Bhupali Raja) established, and the Company's authori- to the destructive system

of lend

to the natives upon ty rendered decidedly permanent usurious loans, and particularly to throughout that extensive and va

the Nabob of the Carnatic and the Juable country.

Raja of Tanjore, has laid the “ The investment has been in- foundation of abolishing a practice ereased to an unexampled extent; so injurious to the government and and although the heavy expenses to the people, I shall never regret of the war, and the existing any personal enmity it may

have scarcity of specie, have rendered provoked against me: it was an enit advisable to curtail it for the mity I always foresaw, and which present, the Company may derive I should not have been so imprugreat future advantage from the dent as to have h zardėd, had i knowledge they have acquired of not been impelled to it by a deep the extent to which it may be sense of the magnitude of the evil. carried.

“ I should wish to pass entirely “Having every reason to be unnoticed (if consistency would lieve that the regulations which permit it) the differences that have have been established during my taken place between the Supreme povernment, with a view to a com

Government and me. plete system of check and control however, it must be evident, that In the military department, will be they were differences into which I steadily followed up, I am confi- was led by the necessary defence song that their operati

""! be of my own measures. The princi

I trust,

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