Institutions and Social Conflict
Many of the fundamental questions in social science entail an examination of the role played by social institutions. Why do we have so many social institutions? Why do they take one form in one society and quite different ones in others? In what ways do these institutions originally develop? And when and why do they change? Institutions and Social Conflict addresses these questions in two ways. First it offers a thorough critique of a wide range of theories of institutional change, from the classical accounts of Smith, Hume, Marx and Weber to the contemporary approaches of evolutionary theory, the theory of social conventions and the new institutionalism. Second, it develops a new theory of institutional change that emphasizes the distributional consequences of social institutions. The emergence of institutions is explained as a by-product of distributional conflict in which asymmetries of power in a society generate institutional solutions to conflicts. The book draws its examples from an extensive variety of social institutions.
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action advantage alternatives analysis approach argument arrangements asymmetries bargaining bargaining power behavior benefits chapter choice choose claims collective commitment competition conception consequences consider constraints contract conventions coordination costs create creditors decision depends discussion distributional division economic effects efficient efforts emergence emphasize enforcement equal equilibrium established evolutionary example exchange existing expectations explanations external fact favor focus formal forms future gain given governing greater important individual informal rules institutional change institutional rules intentional interactions interests involved issues less logic measure mechanism nature necessary norms offers organization outcomes particular parties players political possibility preferences present probability problem procedures produce question rational relationship relative relevant requires sanctions selection shared situations social actors social institutions society stability standard status strategies structure suggests theory tions types union unit various workers
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Ingen forhåndsvisning - 2005
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