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pounds to the use of their majesties, pounds whereof may be allowed to the informer.'

** This charge cannot be accounted great; for, by this means, the prodigious expence of hiring smacks and ketches to attend the press will determine; and one thousand men and boys, commonly employed therein, may be at liberty to serve their majesties on board the fleet, besides the charge allowed and expended by captains and lieutenants, on such occasions,

*** And the seamen and shipwrights belonging to merchantships, being so secured for their majesties service, may enjoy the benefit of selling and disposing of what they have, as an adventure on board their respective ships, together with the happiness of receiving their wages, and providing themselves with apparel and other necessaries fit for sea service, and be sent on board the fleet like men; who otherwise, after a long and tedious voyage, without recruit or money, are forced on board their majesties ships in & poor and ragged condition, which is one main occasion of sickness and distempers on board the fleet; and for such reasons many refuse to go to sea, and others forsake their ships, in foreign nations.

*** And by such means, as aforesaid, merchant ships at sea, and under convoy, may be secure from the rage

and ill usage

of some commanders; who, if denied their unreasonable demands for light or convoy money, do often cause the seamen to be impressed ; whereby such ships or vessels are too often disabled, and the ships and goods, with the small and helpless number of men left on board, do often miscarry, or perish at sea ; whereby the merchants lose their goods, their majesties lose their customs, the subjects lose their lives, the owners their ship, or vessel,

become widows and fatherless thereby; which brings great complaints and poverty througbout the nation.

and many

PART II. Proposal 1. ' And, as the honour and glory of the English nation doth so much depend upon the strength and good conduct of the royal navy, so it may be highly necessary at such time, when the common enemy is so potent and powerful, that all due encouragement be given to seamen and mariners; and, to that end, it is most humbly proposed, that no offices belonging to the fleet be bought or sold, but that every person may be preferred according to his deserts and merits.

Prop. 2. • That the said seamen be allowed their full share of all prizes that shall be taken, and that some law be passed to prevent embezzlements therein; and that those persons, in what station soever, that shall endeavour to defraud them of such parts and shares, as have by customn, or may hereafter be allowed, shall (being convicted thereof) forfeit his said office, or employment.

Prop. 3. • That, if any seamen be dismembered in their majesties service, such smart-money, as hath been formerly allowed,

VOL, X.

an

may be advanced, and be forthwith duly paid. And further, that there may

be additional allowance made for all such pensioners, as shall be dismembered in their majesties service.

Prop. 4. “That, if any seamen be killed in their majesties service, that the bounty-money, generally allowed on such occasions, be forthwith paid to those who shall produce a just right to receive the same.

Prop. 5. •That all profaneness, which having, by long custom, gotten the ascendant on board the fleet, be forthwith suppressed and abolished; and all offenders, being officers, may be displaced, and others receive such punishment, as may be appointed by authority of parliament,

Prop. 6. And that no seaman or mariner, that hath served twelve months in any of their majesties ships, shall be turned over, to serve on board any other of their majesties ships, before he be paid all wages due to that time.

Prop. 7. That when, and so often as their majesties, by their royal proclamation, shall require the service of such seamen, on board the royal navy, by such a day or time prefixed; that all able seamen, who shall, in obedience thereunto, voluntarily enter themselves, by applying to the next port-oficer, or officers, shall be allowed, during the whole voyage, twenty-eight shillings per month, according to the course of the navy; and that so often as any of their majesties ships shall arrive into any harbour, to lay up for any time, that then the seamen and mariners, thereunto belonging, shall be forthwith discharged; and that all wages, to them then due for such service, be fully paid, not in tickets, but in money: and, if the voyage be long, that then their wives or friends, having a lawful power to receive the same, may be paid six months wages out of every nine months, tbat such ship shall be abroad.

Prop. 8. “That all such seamen, now belonging to the royal navy, as shall be continued on board the fleet, at such time as the service of others shall be required by proclamation as aforesaid, may havr. and receive the full benefit of such, as shall then enter them. selves voluntiers.

Prop: 9. That there be one clerk at the navy-office, to attend all accidental business that may happen touching the premises, and that he be allowed, by their majesties, fifty pounds per annum, to answer and receive morrey for all such persons, as shall'employ him on such occasion; and that he may be allowed' six-pence or twelve-pente per pound, as shall be thought fit, for all such money as he shall so receive; and the said clerk, making default therein, to be displaced, and suffer such fine, or other punishment, as the parliament shall think fit.”

*** By such payments, as aforesaid, seamen may be inabled ta provide for themselves and families, and to pay their debts; which is one means to make money plenty, throughout the nation, and will encourage them, when occasion shall require, freely and gladly to enter themselves into their majesties service, without the charge of being pressed, or continued in pay for the whole year. And being certain of such provision, made for the maintenance of themselves and families, it will make them bold and daring, not being

make afraid to look death in the very face of their enemies.

** It is to be observed, that, for want of such payment as aforesaid, the seamen are greatly injured and discouraged ; first, especially, when, instead of money, they are put off with tickets, whilst many of them, and their families, wanting food and raiment, are compelled to sell such tickets at one-third part, and, sometimes, one-half loss; so that, thereby, the seamen's pay is very small and insignificant ; who, after having exposed themselves to the greatest dangers, are so cut off, being but as slaves and drudges to the common ticket-buyers, and their upholders; who, for supplying them so with money, do carry away the greatest part of their labour, when many of their poor families are ready to perish. Secondly, the paying such their wages on board the fleet, at such time as they are ready to sail, is very injurious both to seamen and others ; for, by such means, they have not the opportunity to serve themselves or families, but are obliged to buy all their necessaries on board the common higlers or boom boats, and they not many, who, making it their business to attend the fleet, do, by their extortion, bring away the greatest part of the seamen's wages. So that a great part of the treasure of the nation, which ought to be divided amongst all, falls into the hands of a few private persons; wbereas, if such payment were to be made on shore, as aforesaid, they may have the benefit to buy all they want at the best hand, to pay their debts, and relieve their families. And, by this means, all such money would, as from a fountain, pleasantly distil itself into so many silver streams, until it returns again to its first rise; which would be a great encouragement to seamen, and all other their majesties good subjects, who, being now obliged to give them, and their families, credit, are forced to sit down by loss, which is

great cause of the decay and detriment of trade.

* If it should be objected, that paying the seamen their wages on shore, upon the discharge of their service, as aforesaid, will cause them to desert their majesties service, it is humbly answered, that, there being, in England, a sufficient number, to serve both their majesties royal navy and merchants ships, at one time, as, by sufficient iestimony, did appear this last summer, it is impossible to believe the royal fleet should ever want seamen, if good payment was to be made, and encouragement given, as aforesaid, for these reasons following: First, they, being in such service, are more secure from the enemy, than in merchants ships. Secondly, being allowed thirteen months to the year, without after-claps, or paying damages, which, in merchants ships, often cuts off one month's pay in three. Thirdly, if a ship of their majesties happen to be lost, the seamen's wages stand good. Fourthly, being out of all danger of being impressed, during the whole voyage ; by means whereof, in merchants ships, they often lose both their wages and adventure. Fifthly, having a prospect in making advantage, by taking of prizes. Sixthly, if loss of members happen, smart-money is allowed, with a yearly

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pension, during life. Seventhly, if killed in fight, a considerable bounty-gift is bestowed on their families, according to the greatness thereof; when seamen, in merchants ships, running all risques, as aforesaid, fall short of these so great advantages.

Prop. 10. Furthermore it is proposed, that if any difference should happen, within the term of the said voyage, between the master of such merchants ship, or vessel, and any of the seamen, belonging thereunto, for, or by reason of any wages due, or goods damaged, by leekage of the ship, or vessel, such differences may be determined by such officer, as aforesaid, who may be impowered to call to his assistance two, three, or more, bonest and indifferent men, being sufficient house-keepers, who may have power to hear and determine all such differences, as aforesaid, which would be of great advantage to poor seamen; who, by reason of poverty and the press, being not in a capacity to maintain or attend a suit of law, are often ruined and undone.

** If it should be objected, that this may prove prejudicial to the government, it is humbly answered, that the seamen in general, by such injuries, and for such reasons, as aforesaid, are not in a capacity to go to law; so that, where nothing is, nothing can be expected.

*** So that by thus civilly impressing of some, and paying and encouraging of others, as aforesaid, it may be presumed, their majesties royal navy may, at all times, be readily and plentifully provided, with the most able seamen and mariners, on all occa: sions, and all extraordinary charge of impressing and maintaining them on board the fleet, in the winter-season (which, by Captain St. Lo, was computed at five-hundred and four-thousand pounds for one winter-season, besides sixty-thousand pounds, expended for conduct, bounty, and impress-money) avoided and saved, as well now as in former times. And, to this, all the seamen, and faithful people of England, will say Amen.

*** If any objection should be made, that, in manning the royal tavy, according to the methods of this second proposition, their majesties affairs may be prolonged or prejudiced thereby, then it is humbly proposed, that a recourse may be had to the aforesaid register, as followeth.

Prop. 11. • That the right honourable the lords commissioners of the Admiralty, calling to the port-officers of London for a general list of all seamen in each county, taken as aforesaid, may

direct their warrants to the several sheriffs of the counties aforesaid,' ser quiring them to direct their precepts to the several constables of each parish, as aforesaid, who, with the assistance of the church wardens and overseers of the poor, shall forthwith, to the utmost of their power, cause such, and so many as are required, by an equal quota, to appear before the next port-officer, who sball dispose of them on board their majesties ships, as shall be most 'meet and convenient for their majesties service; and such as press men, to be allowed but twenty-four shillings per month. And what seamen soever shall abscond from their habitation, or uşual place of being, at such time as the service of their majesties shall require them on board the fleet, shall suffer imprisonment, or as the parliament shall think fit. And that the port-officer do then forthwith pay

unto the said constables, for travelling, and other necessary charges, the sum of two shillings and six-pence per head, for every person by them delivered, or produced as aforesaid; and that the said port-officer be allowed the same (with other necessary charges), for sending such on board the fleet, out of their majesties treasury.'

By what hath been proposed, I hope, it will appear, that the impressing of seamcn, and others, by sea-officers, may be wholly laid aside, which hath, hitherto, been very chargeable to their majesties, and injurious to the subjects, as is briefly sumnied up as followeth.

1. That several vessels, employed in that service, after having laid twelve or urteen days in the river of Thames, on that occasion, have, by the ill management of some lieutenants, thereunto belonging, been sent on board their majesties ships with twenty or thirty men at one time, who, being not fit or useful in such service, have been often discharged, and turned ashore; by which means, their majesties treasure hath been vainly expended, and many landmen and tradesmen have been often carried from their habitations to the Downs, Portsmouth, and Plymouth, to their great charge and prejudice.

2. That the impressing and detaining seamen in their majesties service, on such hard terms as before specified, causeth many to defer their majesties service, who, by such means, come to an untimely exit. And many seamen there be, who, having families, will rather expose themselves to such vile and shameful ends, than Teave their families to perish for want of food and raiment.

3. Many other inconveniencies there be attending the present discipline of the navy; as, paying the fleet at Portsmouth, &c. whereby their majesties affairs are often retarded, and the seamen, whose wives or friends are yery populous about the river of Thames, do, by travelling and attending at such remote parts, often expend more than they receive, whereby many families are ruined and undone : and many others there be, who, for want of money, are obliged to take up all they want upon trust, paying one shilling for the value of nine-pence, losing thereby 251. per cent. and, by selling their tickets, as aforesaid, they generally lose 30, 40, or 501: per cent. so that, by. 'a modest computation, their whole loss amounts to 601. per cent. out of their small wages.

4. The turning of seamen over from one ship to another, after having been in such service, one, two, or three years, without money, produceth the same effect as the former.

5. For the aforesaid reasons, the seamen, their wives and friends, are at a great charge and trouble, by petitioning and attending the admiralty and navy-board, on such occasions, who spend great part of iheir time in bearing and examining these and such likė grievances.

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