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Pauperism and the poor law-

Ponsonby, George, attorney-general,
the Poor Relief Act of 1838 passed, 134
365-368, 406

on coercion, 151
the Poor Law Commissioners and the on Parliamentary reform, 152
famine of 1846–47, 402

on the Union project, 177
the poor law v. charity, 405, 406 Ponsonby, W. B., moved Parliamentary
three Acts passed in 1847, 406

reform resolutions, 152, 153
the “quarter of an acre" clause, 407, Poor law. Sec Pauperism
408

Population statistics, 206, 394, 424,
modified, 462

425, 474, 475
the Poor Laws Rate in Aid Bill, 414 Porter, Sir Charles, lord justice, im-
Peasantry. See Land

peached, 17
Peel, Sir Robert, secretary, 246-267 Portland, Duke of, viceroy, 89
prime minister, 318, 340, 346, 347, Portland, Duke of, secretary, 133-141
382, 398

pressed the postponement of the
his policy, 422

Catholic Relief Bill, 137, 140;
on agrarian disturbances, 260, 261

and desired the Union of Ire-
on Catholic Emancipation, 303, 316 land with Great Britain, 140, 141,
on the evictions in 1848, 409

143
on the relief of distress, 414

perfidy of, 140, 141
Pelham, Mr., secretary, 142-159

his orders to Lord Camden, 143
Pembroke, Earl of, governor, 37

Postal reforms, 98
Pensions, 72, 77, 78, 112, 113, 121 Potato disease, 397, 398. See also
a Pension Bill passed, 130

Famine
reduction of the pension list, 135 Potato introduced, 394
Perceval assassinated, 246

Powerscourt, Lord, an enemy of the
Perrin, Mr. Louis, attorney-general for Union, 176
Ireland, 350

Pramunire, 19, 27, 29, 39
Phænix Society. See Fenians

“Precursor Society,” 365
Pitt, Wm., Irish policy of, 109-232 Presbyterians. See also Nonconform.
introduced the Union project, 179

ists
deserted the Catholics, 224

William III.'s grant (Regium Do-
resigned office, 224

num), 22, 220, 22 I
resumed office, 229

withdrawn, 41, 483
rejected the Catholic petition, 230 a Toleration Bill, 46
died, 232

their position at the Union, 219
his commercial proposals for Ireland, Pretender. See Jacobites
109, 110

Privy Council, Irish, 70
his perfidy, 137

Proctors. See Tithes
on the regency question, 117, 118 Protestants. See also Church, Colonists,
on the dismissal of Mr. Beresford, Nonconformists, Presbyterians,
136, 137

Ulster Associations
Place Bill passed, 130

tolerance, 143
Plunket, Lord, Bishop of Tuam, and Ulster charged with an insurrection-

his tenantry (evictions), 459, 460 ary spirit, 150, 151
Plunket, Lord, on the Union project, Public meetings prohibited, 154,
177

155
Plunket on the Catholic Association, Public works, 266
287

Goulburn's Bill, 276
on Catholic Emancipation, 303

relief works in 1847, 403, 404
Poetry of the Irish people contrasted

with the Jacobite poetry of Scot-
land, 30

Q
Pole, Wellesley, secretary, 245, 246
Police-

Quarantotti, Monsignor, and the veto,
the Police Bill, 112, 113

241, 242
remodelled, 135

Queen Victoria visited Ireland in 1849,
reform under Drummond, 370

419

INDEX

525
Repeal. See Union
R

Repressive measures. See Coercion

Responsibility Bill passed, 130
Railways, Drummond's report, 370 Resumption Acts, 29, 69
371

Revenue, hereditary and temporary, 71.
Rebellion, insurrection, agrarian crime, See also Finance

etc. See also Coercion, Fenianism, Ribbonmen, 222, 283, 455, 456
Whiteboys, Orangemen

Richey, Prof., on tenants' improve
“Rebellion," a war in which the ments, 459
Irish are belligerents, 25

Richmond, Duke of, viceroy, 236
rioting under the Militia Bill and Rochester, Earl of, retired, 31

sectarian disturbances in Armagh Rockingham administration, 89
(1793-94), 131

Rossa, O'Donovan, Fenian, 463-467
sectarianism stimulated and rebellion Rosse, Lord, on landlords and tenants,
provoked (1795-98), 144-170

115
“Defenderism,” 147

Royal Irish Academy founded, 115
“Luttrellades,” General Carhamp- Russell (Emmett's insurrection), 227

ton's outrages, 147, 148, 154, 158 Russell, Earl, on Irish grievances,
the charge against Ulster and General

473
Lake's tyranny, 150, 151

Russell, Lord John, prime minister,
Sir R. Abercrombie in the "disturbed 399-442
districts ” (1798), 159, 160

on Peel's interregnum, 348, 349
General Lake's cruelties, 161, 167 on coercion, 391
the “United Irish” insurrection on the abolition of the viceroyalty,
(1798), 165-170

433, 434
Emmett's insurrection (1803), 226, Rutland, Duke of, viceroy, 102–113

227
the Threshers' war, 233

S
Shanavests, 237
Caravats, 237, 259

Sadleir, Mr. John, and the Tenant-
famine and disturbances (1821–22), Right League, 446, 447
273--275

St. Patrick order of knights created,
agrarian disturbances (1814), 257

115
(1823), 278

St. Ruth, Lieut.-General, commander-
(1830), 342

in-chief of the Irish army, killed at
(1843), 384-387

Aughrim, 5, 6
(1848), 416

Salt from Ireland smuggled into Great
(1860-65), 461-462

Britain, 103
Carders, 258, 259

Saul, Mr., prosecuted for harbouring a
Ribbonism, 222, 283, 455, 456

Catholic relative, 59, 60
social disorder (1832–33), 319, 320 Saurin on the Union project, 172, 173
outrages” in Tipperary and the Schomberg, 4

magistrates' protest (1841), 371-374 Secret service money from England to
the rebellion of 1848, 417-419

bribe and corrupt, 174, 175, 195,
Orangeism. See Orangeism

196
Fenianism. See Fenianism

Secret societies. See Ulster Associa-
Redesdale, Lord, 260

tions, Irish Union, Fenianism, etc.
Reform. See also Electoral, Parlia- Sectarianism, policy of. See Catholics,
mentary

Coercion, etc.
Reform Bill (English) of 1832, 317 Settlement, Act of, to be maintained,
Regency question (1788), 117-122
Regium Donum. See Presbyterianism repealed, 3, 9
Reickavallos, 218

a second Act of Settlement passed, 14
Relief committees. See Famine

intimidation, 120
Relief works. See Public Works Shanavests, 237
Religious questions. See Church, Shee, Mr., and tenant-right, 445-452

Catholics, Coercion, Nonconform- on “tenants' improvements, land.
ists, Presbyterians, Protestants

lords' perquisites,” 488

1, 2

105, 106

Sheffield, Lord, on Irish manufactures, Talbot, Richard. See Tyrconnel

Temperance. Father Matthew's mis.
Sheil on the Church establishment, 330 sion, 368, 369
Sheridan and coercion, 225, 237 Temple, Lord, on the need for inquiry
Sherlock v. Annesley, 73, 89

into the state of Ireland (1804),
Sidney, Lord, viceroy, 10-17

228-229, 230
Smith, Mr. Baron, judge, inquiry into Tenant right, See Land
his conduct moved, 327, 328

Test Acts. See Coercion
Smith, Mr. Goldwin, on Fenianism, 472 Threshers, 233
Smuggling from Ireland into Great Tithes, 64-66
Britain, 103

proctors, tithe farmers and canters,
Soap and candles, trade in, 103, 104 64, 65, 214-216, 237
Social condition of Ireland-

reform needed, but a sanguinary law
at the Union, 205-222

passed, 113
18 30-34, 341-346

more tithes granted, 113
1835-41, 368-374

Grattan's resolutions for the modifi-
1848, 413

cation of the tithe system met by
1870, 504-508

the premature prorogation of Par-
Social legislation of Grattan's Parlia-

liament, 114
ment, 97, 98

Mr. H. Parnell's Bill (1809), 245
Social prosperity, 115

Tithe Reform Bill passed (1822),
Somerville, Sir W., secretary, 412

276
South of Ireland. See also Whiteboys history of, 318, 319

Its condition, 1700-1750, 63-67 composition of the tithe made com-
Stanhope, Lord, 260

pulsory, 318
Stanley, Mr., secretary, 316-325

the collection of arrears, 318
on the Coercion Act of 1833, 320, an Amending Act passed, 318
321

O'Connell's amendment to the Coer-
on the tithe and appropriation ques-

cion Act of 1833, 322
tion, 330-333

a Tithe Commutation Bill and the
Steel Boys, 61, 62, 67

question of appropriation, 331-
Stephens and the Fenians, 463-468

333, 340
started the Irish People, 465

a Church commission, 333
arrested, 466

origin of the tithe war (1830), 341,
went to America, 467, 468

342
Stone, Primate, 58-80

the appropriation question renewed,
Sugden, Lord Chancellor, 383

348, 349, 355-357, 359
Sullivan, Mr. A. M., and the Fenians, the Court of Exchequer and the col.
470

lection of tithes, 358, 359
Sunday Observance Act, 21

the tithe question settled (1838),
Supremacy, Oath of, abrogated in Ire. 362, 363
land, 11

Toleration Act defeated, 22, 23
Swift, Dean-

Tone, Wolfe, 164
published his “ Proposal for the and the United Irishmen, 162,

Universal Use of Irish Manufac- 163
tures,” 47, 73, 74

Townsend, Rev. Mr., on letting land
published the "Drapier's Letters," by auction, 211
50, 51, 73, 74

Townshend, Lord, viceroy, 81
on free trade, 82

Treaty, commercial, with England.
“Swiss guards" bribed, 195, 196

See Commercial
Treaty of Limerick. See Limerick
Trench, Mr. Stuart-

on the famine of 1846-47, 402
T

on English and Irish crime, 455

Troy, Dr., Pius VII.'s agent, 229
Taafe, Rev. D., on the Catholics and Tyrconnel, Duke of (Richard Talbot)-
the Union project, 141

commander-in-chief of the army, I
Tablet and justice for Ireland, 437 viceroy, 2

1

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67

Union of Ireland with England--con-

tinued
U

the prospects of repeal in 1848, 421,

422
Ulster associations, 60. See also Irish disestablishment and, 477-480
Union

the Home Rule movement, 501-503
Oak Boys and Steel Boys, 61, 62, Union of Ireland with France feared,

140, 142
Ulster declared insurrectionary, 150, Union of Scotland with England, 36
151

United Irishman advocates revolution,
Ulster tenant right, 488

417
Union of Ireland with England-

United Irishmen. See Irish Union.
proposed, 36, 37, 70, 71, 140, 144,

145
resisted by the Catholics, 140, 141

V
petition against, 153
the Pitt- Portland Cabinet's proposal, Vere, Mr. de, on his experiences on an
171

Irish emigrant ship, 412, 413
protests, 173

Veto controversy, 239-243
corruption and intimidation, 174, Viceroyalty-
175

abolition proposed and abandoned
the measure introduced, and a

(1850), 432-434
majority of five for the national former proposals, 432
party, 176-178

the scheme renewed (1857-58) and
the measure introduced by Pitt

rejected, 433
into the British House of Volunteer movement, 83-88, 94
Commons, 179

free trade won, 84, 85
Sheridan's proposal voted down, the convention of Dungannon, 87,
179

88
the resolutions passed, 179

the volunteers and Parliament, 98, 99
Castlereagh's calculations, 180,

181
corruption and intimidation, 174,

W
175, 180-182, 185-187, 194-
196, 196, 198, 1991

Wakefield, Mr. Edward, on Ireland,
Lord Cornwallis's tour in the south 206, 207, 208, 210, 211, 212, 214,
and through Ulster, 188

260
Catholic protests, 190-193

Waterford election (1826), 298–301
Catholics and Orangemen com- Wellesley, Sir Arthur. See Welling.

bine, 193, 194
the project in the Irish Parlia- Wellesley, Marquis of, viceroy, 325

ment, and return of Grattan, Wellington, Duke of (Sir Arthur Wel.
197-200

lesley)
the Bill passed, 200

secretary, 236
Union Parliament. Sec Parlia- viceroy, 276
mentary (1801)

prime minister, 304
resolutions in favour of repeal, on Catholic Emancipation, 308, 309,
432

310, 311
clauses 6 and 7 of the Act of Union, Westmorland, Lord, viceroy, 121
249

on a union with England, 145
agitation for repeal, 315, 326 Wharton, Thomas, Earl of, governor,
the repeal debate of 1834, 328, 38-41
329

Whately, Archbishop, on concurrent
the Repeal Association founded by endowment, 480
O'Connell, 376-380

Whig Club founded, 123
the Young Ireland party, 378, 379 Whig opposition to commercial pro-
the Presbyterians and Federalism, posals, 110, 111
380, 381

Whiteboys, 64, 67

ton

William of Orange-

Wood's coinage. See Coinage
proclaimed king in Derry, 2

Woollen manufactures-
landed in Ireland, 4, 5

not to be exported, 69
returned to England, 5

exports (1780-83), 104
died, 30

Wyse on the priests and the electors,
Winchester, Marquis of, lord justice, 299, 300

23
Wogan, Sir Charles (chevalier), on the

Y
treaty of Limerick, 8
Wolfe, aitorney-general, raised to the Young, Arthur, the Whiteboy
peerage, 134

risings, 67
Women publicly whipped, 66, 76 Young Ireland party, 378, 379, 416-418

on

UNIV. OF MICU.

04 7 1912

THE END

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