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over by

Army-continued.
foreign mercenaries sent

England, 171
Athlone, siege of, 5, 6
Aughrim, battle of, 6

B

Abercronibie, Sir Ralph, commander-

in-chief of the army, 158, 161
Aberdeen, Lord, prime minister, 446
Adair, Mr., and his tenants (Glenveagh

evictions), 459
Agrarian crime. See Rebellion, Coer-

cion, etc.
Agriculture. See also Famine, Land,

Tithes, etc.
progress of, 115, 419, 420
Althorp, Lord (Earl Spencer)

leader of the House of Commons, 320
resigned, 337
returned to office, 338-340
on the Coercion Bill of 1833, 320, 321

on the Church Bill of 1833, 323, 324
American War of Independence, 82, 83
Anglesey, Lord, viceroy, 304-309,

316-325
on the need of concession, 308, 309
Appropriation question. See Land

(Tithes)
Arms Acts. See Coercion
Army. See also Volunteers, Navy

native Irish excluded, 3, 13
enlistments for the service of France,

54, 55
Nevill's corruption and jobbery, 76,

77
Irish troops sent to America and

foreign mercenaries refused in

their place, 82
Irish soldiers at the service of Eng.

land, 94
a Militia Bill passed, 131
Ireland and the English war with

France (1795), 135, 137
an armed association for the defence

of the country against invasion, 150
General Lake's tyranny in Ulster

Bath, Marquis of, on tenant right,

451
Baths for the poor subsidised, 95
Bedford, Duke of, viceroy, 232
Beresford, Lord G., candidate for

Waterford, 298-301
Beresford, Mr., dismissed, 134-137

restored to the Revenue Board, 142
Berkeley, Bishop-

on the coinage, 51

on Irish grievances, 55, 56
Bessborourgh, Lord, viceroy, 401-411

on a poor law test, 407
Bolton, Duke of, viceroy, 46
Boulter, primate, 43-58
Bounty system, 106, 116
Boyle“ patriots” pensioned, 77
Boyne, battle of the, 5
Bribery. See Corruption
Brougham on the Catholic Association,

285
Burgh, Hussey, 84, 85
Burke, Edmund-

on the penal code, 39
on the relaxation of slavery, 59
on Ireland's loyalty, 137
on the recall of Lord Fitzwilliam,

139
Butt, Mr. Isaac, Home Ruler, 421
on the Encumbered Estates Act,

428, 429
on tenant right, 497

с

and Carhampton's military out-
rages. See Coercion
Sir R. Abercrombie's attempts at

reorganisation, 158-161
General Lake commander-in-chief,

161, 167

Cairnes, Prof., on the Encumbered

Estates Act, 430
Camden, Lord, viceroy, 143-169
Campbell, Lord, on coercion, 415, 416

Canning, George-

Catholics-continued.
and the Irish question, 246, 247

Pitt's desertion, 224
on the Catholic Association, 287

Pius VII. and Dr. Troy, 229
on Catholic Emancipation, 303 the struggle for emancipation after
Canters, 64, 65

the Union, 229, et seq.
Capel, Sir Henry, lord justice, 17-23 the petition renewed in 1808, 237
Caravats, 237, 258, 259

the veto controversy, 239-243
Carders, 258, 259

other petitions presented by Grattan
Carhampton's military outrages, 147, 245, 246
148, 154, 156-158

a representative committee elected,
Carlisle, Lord, viceroy, 86

246
Carlyle on Irish misery, 343-344

inquiry refused, 246
Castle government. See also Coercion, Grattan's Bill dropped, 248
Corruption, Viceroyalty, etc.

other attempts unsuccessful, 248–268
the junto replaced by a representa- the Catholic Board, 278
tive ministry, 132

the Catholic Association organised
Castlereagh, Lord, secretary, 152-276 by O'Connell and Sheil, 279-284
and the Union (corruption and O'Connell prosecuted for seditious

intimidation), 174, 175, 177, 178, language, 284
180-202

the Suppression Bill, 286-288
on the Presbyterians, 220

reform promoted, 289
on clauses 6 and 7 of the Act of the Association reorganised, 291–
Union, 254

296
on Orange societies, 267

suppressed, 286-288, 309, 310,
Catholics. See also Native Irish, Oath

312, 313
question, Coercion, Education, etc. the National Association organised,
penal legislation. See Coercion

360
Concessions to, 82

the education question (1824), 288,
Mr. Gardiner's three Bills, 88, 89

293-295
freehold leases granted to, 115

the Emancipation Bill passed, 311
Popish plots rumoured, 112

Catholics not promoted by the Grey
the “Catholic Committee” move- ministry, 316
ment, 79, 80, 125-127

Stanley's policy, 317
a petition to the English Parliament Catholics not to be excluded from
rejected, 125, 126

juries, 350
the projected union with Great

Repeal agitation. See Union
Britain denounced, 140, 141

Catholics enabled to hold property
a Catholic convention demands the and accept bequests for religious
repeal of the penal code, 127, 128

purposes, 392
statistics in 1790, 124

the grant to Maynooth College
Langrishe's Franchise Bill, 126

increased, 392, 393
the Franchise Act of 1793 passed, the administration of charity, 404
1 29

Irish Church missions to proselytise
complete emancipation urged, 134- the Catholics, 438-441
140

the priests and the tenants, 443
Grattan's Relief Bill denounced and the priests and the election of 1852,
rejected, 143, 144

443
small salaries granted to priests, 172 a commission of inquiry into the
their position in 1799, 189, 190

working of Maynooth College
protests against the Union, 140, 141 (1853-55), 452, 453
190-194

Cattle plague, 63
“Promoted Addresses” repudiated, Charlemont, Lord, commander-in-chief
191, 192

of the volunteers, 86
Anti-Union declarations, 192, 193 Charter schools founded, 52, 53
Orangemen and Catholics combine, Chartist movement in England, 417
193, 194

Chesterfield, Lord, viceroy, 58, 59
their political status at the Union, Chisholm, Mr., on Irish taxation, 252
219

254

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Church Establishment in Ireland. See

also Tithes
the High Church party, 22
the Church Bill of 1833 passed,

323-325
a Church Commission appointed, 332
the Ecclesiastical Titles Act of 1851,

432, 442
failure of the Church missions, 438–

441
a Ministers' Money Bill passed in

1853 and abolished in 1854, 452
Mr. Shee's Suspension of Benefices

Bill rejected, 452
Disestablishment, 472-484
the case against the Irish Church,

474-476
the defence, 476-479
the Union and, 478-480
concurrent endowment, 480, 481
Mr. Dillwyn's motion in 1865, 481,

482
Mr. Gladstone's motion in 1868,

482
Mr. Gladstone's Bill passed in

1869, 483, 484
Citizens' Journal. See Dr. Lucas
Clanbrassil, Lord (Earl of Limerick),

60

Coercive and repressive measures-

continued.
priests from abroad not to enter the

kingdom, 31
Popish clergy to be registered, 31, 32,

35
the Articles of Limerick and Galway

altered, 33
Foreign Education Act made more

stringent, 32, 33
an Act to prevent the growth of

Popery, 32
land held by a Protestant not to

come into the possession of a

Papist, 32
Catholics not to vote at elections,

27, 33, 51
the Sacramental test clause, 33-35
informing against Papists an honour-

able and lucrative trade, 36
Catholics not to act as grand jurors,

37
the Popery Act as amended rejected

by the Irish colonists, 38
a second Act to prevent the growth

of Popery passed and the penal

code completed, 38-39
fresh legislation recommended, 43
Catholics conforming to the Estab.

lished Church not to practise as
solicitors until after a seven years'
probationship; the Bill lost, 43,

44
a Bill with a five years' probation-

ship passed, 44
Papists prevented from voting at the

elections of M.P.'s and magistrates,

51
the Charter Schools, 52, 53
Mr. Saul's case, 59, 60
another Bill for the registration of

priests quashed in the Privy

Council, 60
Papists disqualified from purchasing

resumed forfeited lands, 70
the Popery Laws reinforced, 78, 79
penal legislation relaxed. See

Catholics
effect of penal legislation, 124, 125
repeal demanded, 127, 128
the Gunpowder Bill and the Con.

vention Act passed, 130, 131
Catholic peasants expelled from

Armagh, 145-147
the Insurrection Act, 148-151
Carhampton's military outrages, 147,

148, 154-158
Gen. Lake's cruelties, 150, 151

Clare, Lord. See Fitzgibbon
Clare election (1828), 305-307
Clarendon, Earl of, viceroy (1688), 1, 2
Clarendon, Earl of, viceroy (1847), 412
• Clearance system,” 409-411
Cloncurry, Lord (Hon. V. B. Lawless),

153, 155
Clontarf meeting, 389
Coercive and repressive measures. See

also Evictions, Rebellion
Irish Papists disarmed, 18
the Foreign Education Act, 18, 20,

32, 33
two Acts concerning the observance

of holy days and Sundays, 20, 21
Papists exercising ecclesiastical juris-

diction banished, 25
Papists not to intermarry with

Protestants, or be solicitors, 26;
or vote at elections for members

of Parliament, 27
oaths to be more strictly exacted,

27, 28

no Catholic bishop or priest to teach

or to exercise religious functions, 29
the Resumption Acts, 29, 69
no Papist to purchase land or to

send his children to be educated
abroad, 29

Coercive and repressive measures- Coercive and repressive measures-
continued.

continued
martial law, 166-170, 182

the Arms Act renewed (1848), 416
free discussion prevented, 186

the Rebellion of 1848 crushed, 418,
Waterford and Tipperary proclaimed, 419
188

the Alien Act renewed, 418
petitioning against the Union for- sentences on Smith O'Brien and
bidden, 193

others, 419
intimidation and corruption, 194- the Crime and Outrage Act of 1848
199

renewed, 431
the Union measure carried, 200 the Crime and Outrage Bill of 1853,
the Insurrection Act of 1796 renewed, 449
205, 225, 226

the Peace Preservation Act renewed
Habeas Corpus suspended, 205, 225, (1860), 454
226, 227, 230, 274, 407

oppression under the Land Acts of
an Indemnity Act for all acts of 1860, 459, 460

martial law since 1793, 205, 226 the Fenian movement. See Fenian-
the Arms Act of 1807, 222

ism
rebels to be tried by court-martial, Coinage-
227

James II.'s brass coinage, 3
the two Coercion Bills re-enacted, the coinage (1724-29) deficient and
228-233

debased, 48
another Insurrection Act and a Bill Wood's copper coinage, 49, 50

authorising magistrates to search Dean Swift's Drapier's Letters,"
houses for unregistered weapons,

50
236, 237

the patent withdrawn, 50, 51
the Convention Act of 1793 to be the difficulty intensified, 51
enforced, 245

Colonists. See also Protestants
Sheridan and Kirwan, of the Catholic Protestants of English or Scottish

Representative Committee, prose- origin, 3
cuted, 246

rejected a money Bill and a mutiny
the Superintending Magistrates Bill, Bill in the Irish House of Com-
258

mons, , 12
the Insurrection Act of 1807 revived, their “grievances” discussed in the
260, 261, 267, 274, 278

English Parliament, 12
the Ejectment Act of 1816, 263, growth of a national sentiment, 73,
265

74, 91
the Seditious Meeting Act of 1817 colonists and natives united, 83
inapplicable to Ireland, 267

statistics in 1790, 124
inquiry refused, 278

Commercial questions. See also Coin.
the Catholic Association Suppression age, Finance, Free Trade, Land,
Bill, 285-288, 309, 310

Agriculture, Famine, Manufac.
the Coercion Bill of 1833, 319–322

tures
the county of Kilkenny proclaimed the commercial

treaty between
and the “ Association of Irish England and Ireland, 108-111
Volunteers” suppressed, 322

prosperity, 183-184
the renewal of the Coercion Act and depression, 200-201

the suppression of meetings clauses, the state of Ireland, 1801-17, 249-
333-336

256
new Coercion Bill without the Compensation to tenants. See Land
meeting clauses, 339, 340

Concordatum list reduced, 135
the Clontarf meeting proclaimed, 389 Coningsby, Lord Justice, impeached, 17
the Arms Acts of 1843, 385-387 Conolly, Mr., on landlords and im.
O'Connell and others arrested and

provements, 458
found guilty, 389, 390

Constitution, Irish, 70
released, 391, 392

Convention Act of 1793, 131, 245
an extension of the Arms Acts re- Corn and four (English) imported into
jected, 398-400

Ireland, 106

a

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I 22

Cornwallis, Lord, viceroy, 169-226 · Drapier's Letters,” by Dean Swift,
and the Union (bribery and intimi. 50, 51, 73, 74
dation), 175-203

Drummond, Thomas, under-secretary,
his tour in the south and through 351-374
Ulster, 187, 188

on the duties of property, 373, 374
Corruption and intimidation, 114, 118- on the distress, 397

Dublin city-
bribery and corruption to carry the improvements, 95, 114, 115

Union, 174, 175, 180-182, 185- depression after the Union, 201
188, 194-196, 198–200

the corporation's dispute with
the escheatorship of Munster, 185 Shrewsbury's Government, 42
Coshier, 212

Dufferin, Lord, on tenant-right, 451,
Craddock, Col., 146, 147

452
Crawford, Mr. Sharman, leader of the Duffy, Sir Gavan, on the Tenant-Right
Federalist party, 381, 382

Conference (1850), 436
on the Arms Act of 1843, 385, 386 Duigenan, Dr.-
and tenant-right, 427, 444

on Irish atrocities, 230
Crime. See Rebellion, Coercive on the Irish Catholics, 230
Measures, Fenianism

Dungannon Convention, 87, 88, 90
Crimes Bill. See Coercion

Durham letter of Lord John Russell
Cuffe, Mr., on Ireland in 1795, 142

(1850), 432
Cullen, Dr., Archbishop of Armagh, D'Usson, Major-General, 5
440, 441

Duties on imports. See Free Trade
his hostility to tenant-right, 447 Duvergier's description of O'Connell,
Curran on Parliamentary reform, 152 295-296

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Dallas, Rev. A. R. C., Church mis-

sionary, 438-440
Davitt, Mr. M., formed the Land

League, 502
Declaratory Act, 73

repeal moved, 89-91
“ Defenderism,” 147
Derby, Lord, prime minister, 444-446
Derry taken by the English, 2

besieged by the Irish, 3, 4
Devon Land Commission (1843-45),

207, 392, 395, 396, 486, 487, 491
the report, 408, 409
Dillwyn, Mr., on the Irish Established

Church, 481, 482
Disraeli, Mr., and the Irish question,

391
Doddington, Mr. George, Pembroke's

secretary, 37, 38
Doherty's promotion to the bench, 316
Dopping, Bishop, 2
preached on the Treaty of Lime-

rick, 8
a privy councillor, 9
examined in Committee of the House

of Commons, 17
Dorset, Duke of, viceroy, 75, 76
Downshire, Marquis of, and the Union,

187, 188, 198

Eden, Mr., moved the repeal of the

Declaratory Act, 89
Education. See also Penal Legislation

against Catholics
the question discussed in 1824, 288,

293-295
the elementary education grant in-

creased, 392
the grant to Maynooth College in.

creased and three other undenomi.

national colleges founded, 392, 393
effect of the Church missions, 440
Ejectment Act. See Evictions
Electoral. See also Catholics, Corrupt

Practices
Papists not to vote at elections, 27,

33, 51
reform rejected (1783-84), 98, 99
tests for candidates, 118
the Catholic struggle for emancipa-

tion, 134-141
Langrishe's Franchise Bill, 126
the Franchise Act of 1793, 129
Grattan's Relief Bill, 143, 144
the Catholic struggle for emancipa-

tion after the Union, 229, et seq.
Waterford election (1826), 298–301

lare election (1828), 305-306
elections discussed in Parliament, 302

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