Island Colonization: The Origin and Development of Island Communities
Cambridge University Press, 19. mar. 2007
New or recently sterilized islands (for example through volcanic activity), provide ecologists with natural experiments in which to study colonization, development and establishment of new biological communities. Studies carried out on islands like this have provided answers to fundamental questions as to what general principles are involved in the ecology of communities and what processes underlie and maintain the basic structure of ecosystems. These studies are vital for conservation biology, especially when evolutionary processes need to be maintained in systems in order to maintain biodiversity. The major themes are how animal and plant communities establish, particularly on 'new land' or following extirpations by volcanic activity. This book comprises a broad review of island colonization, bringing together succession models and general principles, case studies with which Professor Ian Thornton was intimately involved, and a synthesis of ideas, concluding with a look to the future for similar studies.
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Krakatau Sunda Strait
a new island
New islands in the sea
Anak Krakatau Krakataus
Surtsey Island of Surtur b 1963
an emergent island
Long and Ritter Islands Bismarck Sea
Learning from natures lessons
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Â Â Â Anak Krakatau animals archipelago arrived avifauna Ball and Glucksman become established biota bird species butterflies caldera cays colonists colonizing interval crater Crete Dammerman devastated dispersal early ecosystems equilibrium eruption ETIB evidence explosive fallout fauna ferns Ficus Ficus species flora forest Fridriksson frugivores grass guild Guinea gull colony habitat Heatwole Heimaey Iceland important insects invertebrates Java Kameni Krakatau islands Lake Wisdom land birds lava flows Long Island lycosid MacArthur and Wilson mainland Minoan Minoan eruption monitored Motmot Mount St Helens nest number of species occur Panaitan Panjang pioneer plant species present propagules pyroclastic flows Rakata recolonization recorded Santorini seabird Sebesi seeds Sertung shore soil species number spiders stepping stone role stochasticity studies substrates Sumatra supertramps surface Surtsey Surtsey’s survey tephra Thera Thornton trees Tuluman Umboi vascular plants vegetation volcanic volcanic activity Volcano Island wasps Whittaker